Chinese trumpet creeper
(Tang materia medica)
[synonyms] Zhihua (Wu Pu's materia medica), abortion flower (a textual research on the name and reality of plants), tengluo flower (Kaibao's skill).
[source] it is the flower of Bignoniaceae.
[plant morphology] Bignonia (Ben Jing), also known as Wuwei, Quling, lingju belly, Guimu (Wupu materia medica), lingtiao (bielu), Lingxiao (Tang materia medica), tengluocao, Zhuluo (classified herbal medicine), daoguajinzhong (Lingnan medicine Collection), Shangshu centipede, bone broken wind.
Deciduous woody vines with air roots. Stem yellowish brown, with prismatic reticulate lobes. Leaflets 7-9, apical leaflets larger, ovate to ovate lanceolate, 4-9 cm long, 2-4 cm wide, apex acuminate, base asymmetric, margin serrate, petiole with yellowish brown tufts. The flower is in a sparse terminal cymose panicle; the flower is large, 4-5 cm in diameter; the calyx is 5-lobed, green, and the lobes are lanceolate; the Corolla is reddish yellow, funnel-shaped, bell shaped, and the apex is 5-lobed, and the lobes are round, spreading; the stamens are 4, 2 long and 2 short; the pistils are 1, ovary is superior, 2-locular, and there is a disk at the base. Capsule slender, podlike, 10 cm long, with ovary stalk, locular dorsal dehiscence. Seeds numerous, flat, winged at both ends. The flowering period is from July to September. The fruit period is from August to October.
It grows in valleys, streams, under sparse forests, or climbs on trees, stone walls, or for cultivation. It is distributed in the north and south of China.
The roots (roots) and stems and leaves (stems and leaves) of this plant are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] harvest from July to September, select sunny day to harvest the flowers that just open, and dry them in the sun.
[herbal medicine] the dried flowers are mostly wrinkled, curled or folded, and the complete flowers are about 6-7 cm long. Calyx dark brown, about 2.5cm long, base united into a tube, upper 5-lobed, lobes triangular, apex long and deciduous, calyx tube surface convex longitudinal vein 10; corolla tube, brown yellow, upper 5-lobed, lobes semicircular, surface with brown red veinlets, and scattered brown spots, thin. 2 long and 2 short curved stamens on the inner surface, anthers with "Ge" shape on the top. 1 pistil and 1 disk. Slightly fragrant. It tastes slightly bitter and slightly sour. It is better to have large, complete, brown yellow and no pedicel.
It is mainly produced in Jiangsu, Zhejiang and other places.
Sour and cold.
① Ben Jing: "sour, slightly cold. "
② Wupu materia medica: "Shennong, Leigong, Qibo: Xin. Bianque: bitter and salty. Huangdi: sweet, nontoxic. "
③ "Lvyan Materia Medica": "it tastes pungent and poisonous. "
④ Ben Cao Bei Yao: "sweet and sour but cold. "
[Guijing] into the liver meridian.
① "Gangmu": "hand, foot Jueyin, line blood. "
② "Lei Gong's treatment of medicinal properties": entering the spleen and liver meridians. "
③ Ben Cao Zai Xin: "enter the kidney meridian. "
Functions and indications: cool blood and remove blood stasis. It is used to treat blood stagnation, amenorrhea, Baihuang, blood hot wind itching and wine burning nose.
① "Ben Jing" says: "a housewife is suffering from breast disease, collapse, hoarseness, blood stasis, cold, heat and emaciation. "
② "Theory of medicinal properties": "the main hot wind, wind epilepsy, adverse defecation, intestinal solid, stop postpartum hemorrhage, dripping. "
③ "Rihuazi Materia Medica" says: "it is used to treat wine, heat toxic wind, pricking wind, women's blood diaphragm, swimming wind, collapsing, leading down. "
④ "Lu? Yan Ben Cao": it can reduce all kinds of poison. "
⑤ Yilin zuanyao: "slow liver wind, catharsis liver heat. It can cure the pain of liver wind. "
⑥ Tianbao materia medica: "Xingxue Tongjing: treating traumatic injury, phlegm fire, beriberi. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1-2 yuan; or powder. External use: grind and mix.
[should avoid] Qi and blood weakness and pregnant women should not take it.
① "On medicinal properties": "fear of bittern and salty. "
② "Pinhuijingyao": "pregnancy is not acceptable. "
③ The classic of materia medica: "it is good at breaking blood and removing blood stasis. It should not be applied to women with deficiency of blood Qi. It should not be used before treatment. "
[prescription selection] 1. It is used to treat women's and women's moon syndrome, navel pain, and all blood diseases: two liang of Bignonia, one or two of Angelica sinensis and one or two of Mao (zedoary turmeric). The upper part is fine. The hollow cold wine is transferred to the next two towns. If you travel ten miles, you can use hot wine to transfer one suit. (Ziwei powder in Jifeng Puji Fang)
② It's not good to cure women: Lingxiao flower is the last. Two yuan per serving, warm wine before eating. (Xu's formula for fetal production)
③ Bleeding in the treatment of avalanche: Lingxiao flower powder, warm wine, Fangcun dagger, three days. (guanglifang)
④ Treatment of itching: Lingxiao flower as the end, wine, bu money. (true story of Medicine)
⑤ Treatment of skin wet ringworm: Lingxiao flower, the same amount of sheep's hoof root, drink add orange alum, grind the end of the rub on the affected area. (commonly used Chinese herbal medicine in Shanghai)
⑥ Treatment of lung wind heat, nasal pruritus blisters: lingxiaohua half Liang (take the end), sulfur one or two (other research), greasy powder one money, walnut four (shell). First, mix the first three flavors, then add the walnut meat, grind it together as a paste, and frequently wipe it with raw silk. (Ziwei powder in Yang's family collection)
⑦ Treatment of wine and nose: Lingxiao flower, Gardenia jasminoides. The upper part is divided into fine parts. Take two yuan for each meal. After eating, adjust the tea and take two servings every day. (Bai Yi Xuan Fang) 2: Lingxiao flower research end, and mithushen end, Tiao Tu. (collection of herbs in Lingnan)
⑧ Treatment of epilepsy: Lingxiao flower, for the fine end. Three yuan per serving, warm wine, hollow service. (applicable Party of communication)
⑨ Treatment of blood after defecation: Lingxiao flower, drink wine. (Zhejiang folk herbal medicine)
⑩ For those who eat herbal medicine by mistake: steam the flowers together with black beans, remove the flowers and take only three or five beans. (Lu Yan Ben Cao)
[discussion of famous experts] 1. Supplement to the meaning of materia medica: "Lingxiao flower is an important medicine for treating pain in blood, and it can replenish Yin very quickly. It can be used in women's prescriptions. "
② "The compendium of Medical Sciences:" the flowers and roots of Campanula are sweet and sour, and cold, and the stems and leaves are bitter. They can separate the blood and remove the hidden fire in the blood. Therefore, they mainly produce milk, metrorrhagia and other diseases, as well as the syndrome of blood heat generating wind. "
③ "The classic of Materia Medica" says: "Bignonia is a powerful medicine for blood circulation into the liver. Therefore, it can be used cautiously for women to have residual diseases of milk, as well as other syndromes such as collapse in the middle, Bai Huang, blood stasis, cold and heat, and emaciation. "
④ "Materia medica says:" the Qi of Bignonia is cold, its taste is salty first and win, bitter then kill, know into the blood and heat knot undoubtedly. The cloud of the second Danxi river is very quick to replenish Yin. On the brink of the lake, it is said to enter the blood and go away to subdue the fire. It is not only for passers-by. For example, Miao Xiyong thought that it was a good medicine for blood circulation, or according to the so-called "Ben Cao" for treating Baihuang, it was a good way for blood circulation to close and cloud. He knew that Zhen quanyun was a good doctor for hot wind, and "RI Hua Zi" was a good doctor for treating redufeng, which covered and transformed redufeng. Although nature is the main body of action, it must be able to replenish Yin and then eliminate heat, toxin and wind. If you doubt that it can stop the blood circulation, why does it fear bittern and salty? If you eat more salty food, it will hurt the blood. Those who fear the blood circulation will not be more severe than those who do. Danxi said that he could walk alone because he was defensive, but he didn't think so. "
⑤ "Materia medica Chongyuan": "recently, it was used as a medicine to pass the meridians and lower the fetus. Zhongjing Biejia Jianwan, also used to eliminate Baihuang, must not be the product of abortion. The word "Yangtai" in this classic should be the false ear of abortion. "
⑥ "Fengyuan of Ben Jing" says: "Lingxiao flower is used for dispersing evil blood. "
⑦ "Seeking truth from Materia Medica" says: "ordinary people with fire in the blood can see Yang and blood stasis, wind itching, collapse and rash. All those who are caused by blood stasis and blood heat should use this (Lingxiao flower) to regulate and treat. It is specially used for purging heat, removing heat and activating blood. It's the medicine of lung carbuncle. It's useful for you. Pregnancy with this ke an, with the accumulation of blood stasis, blood stasis to the meaning of the fetus is safe. It is said that pregnant women should not take it, for fear that they have no blood stasis, and that they will use it in vain, for fear of giving birth to others. This is a medicine that must be used in women's Department, but it should be used to treat ear diseases. "
⑧ Ben Cao Zheng Yi: "the flower of Lingxiao, Wu Pu said that Shennong, Leigong and Qibo are all pungent. Bianque is bitter and salty. It can eliminate the heat of clearing blood. Therefore, it can promote blood circulation and stagnation, and can also cure the collapse of the belt. This classic specially deals with women's residual diseases of lactation. At the time of primipara, yin and blood are already deficient, and solitary Yang is too strong. It is most suitable for this kind of sour, salty and slightly cold to enter the blood, so as to protect the consumed Yuan Yin and absorb the floating Yang flame. It can be seen that the treatment of postpartum in the ancients was mainly to help Yin and suppress Yang, which was just opposite to the vulgar view in recent years. When it comes to the treatment of collapse, it means that it can control the collapse of blood deficiency. Baihuang blood block, cover also for blood heat too much, burning Shuo into blood stasis, also not Yin cold coagulation Baihuang block can be seen. It is also called cold and heat and thin, but it is also blood deficiency and internal heat. "
Chinese PinYin : Ling Xiao Hua
Chinese trumpet creeper
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