Jieyang City, also known as "Lingnan water city", is a prefecture level city in Guangdong Province, one of the four cities in Chaozhou and Shantou, and one of the cities in Chaozhou and Jiezhou metropolitan area. It is located in the center of the geographical axis of Guangdong, Hong Kong, Macao and Haixi Economic Zone. It has jurisdiction over Rongcheng and Jiedong districts, JieXi and Huilai counties, and administers Puning City. The total land area is 5240 square kilometers, and the sea area is 9300 square kilometers.
Jieyang is not only an important birthplace and settlement of Chaoshan people, but also an important birthplace and prosperous place of Chaoshan culture. It is a well-known hometown of overseas Chinese in China, with nearly 6 million overseas Chinese, compatriots from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, as well as overseas Chinese living all over the world. Jieyang has profound Chaoshan culture, represented by Chaozhou language, Chaozhou Opera, Chaoshan English songs and dances, Chaoshan Gongfu tea, Chaoshan cuisine, Chaozhou embroidery, Chaoshan Shantang, Chaoshang culture, Yingye, Sanshan king, Chaoshan woodcarving, Chaoshan folk houses, Chaoshan ancestral hall, Chaoshan crafts, Chaoshan drawl, out of garden, moon worshiper, etc.
There are three major water systems in Jieyang: Rongjiang River, Longjiang River and Lianjiang River. Rongjiang River, the second largest deep water river in Guangdong Province, is surrounded by the north and South rivers of Jieyang City, forming a unique shape of water lotus. It has the reputation of "land of fish and rice", "floating water gourd" and "water lotus". Jieyang is named after Jieyang mountain, one of the five ancient mountains. It has been recorded for more than 2200 years. Chaoshan is an emerging city with a long history, the largest area and the largest population. It is the jade capital of China, the jade capital of Asia, the production base of stainless steel products in China, and a famous historical and cultural city of Guangdong Province. It is also known as the "seaside zoulu", "hometown of traditional Chinese painting", "hometown of drama" and "hometown of dragon boat". Jieyang is the main battlefield of the east wing of Guangdong coastal economic belt, and Jieyang Binhai New Area is a key platform of Guangdong coastal economic belt, which is specially planned and supported by Guangdong provincial Party committee and government.
In December 2020, it was awarded the honorary title of "model city (county) of double support in Guangdong Province". In January 2021, it was selected into the list of national health cities in the cycle of 2018-2020.
Origin of place names
Jieyang was named after Jieyang mountain, one of the five mountains of the Qin Dynasty.
The ancient city civilization of Chaoshan
History of construction
Jieyang is an ancient city in the east of Guangdong, a famous historical and cultural city in Guangdong, and also one of the oldest counties in Guangdong. Jieyang county was established in the 33rd year of the first emperor of Qin Dynasty (214 BC), belonging to Nanhai county. Since then, Chaoshan area has a formal administrative system.
Jieyang has a long history of humanities. According to the unearthed cultural relics, Jieyang has a history of human life of more than 10000 years, a history of prehistoric culture and human civilization of 8000 years, and a history of civilization of 5000-6000 years.
In the Paleolithic age, Jieyang had been inhabited and propagated by human beings. In the Neolithic age, Jieyang civilization and the Central Plains Civilization have been synchronized.
Jieyang belongs to Baiyue in Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties, and Haiyang state (Southern Ou state) in Xia and Shang Dynasties.
From the Qin Dynasty to the Three Kingdoms, it belonged to Jieyang County, Nanhai county. Jieyang county was set up in the 33rd year of the first emperor of Qin Dynasty (214 BC), which was subordinate to Nanhai county. Since then, Chaoshan area has a formal administrative system. Jieyang County of Nanhai County covers the whole territory of Jieyang City, Chaozhou City and Shantou City in Guangdong Province, part of Shanwei City, most of Meizhou city and south of Zhangzhou City in Fujian Province.
City Scenery of Jieyang, Guangdong
In the third year of emperor Gaozu of Han Dynasty (204 BC), Zhao Tuo built Nanyue state, and Jieyang county was subordinate to Nanyue state. In the sixth year of Yuanding (111 BC) in the Western Han Dynasty, Nanyue was pacified and Jieyang county was subordinate to Nanhai county. After the Han Dynasty, Wang Mang changed Jieyang county to Nanhai Pavilion, which was subordinate to Jiaozhou (now Guangzhou). Jieyang county was renamed in the Eastern Han Dynasty, and was subordinate to Nanhai county.
From Jin Dynasty to Qing Dynasty, it belonged to Yi'an Prefecture and Chaozhou Prefecture of Guangzhou. Jieyang County, Chaozhou Prefecture, Guangdong Province includes Rongcheng District, Jiedong County, Jiexi County and Fengshun County.
In the third year of Xuanhe (1121) of the Northern Song Dynasty, Jieyang county was restored to Yongning and Chongyi townships of Haiyang county and Longxi, Xijiang, crocodile Pu and Pengzhou townships of Yande county.
In 1132, it was incorporated into Haiyang county.
In 1138, Haiyang county was restored to Jieyang County, which was subordinate to Chaozhou Prefecture.
In the 10th year of Shaoxing in the Southern Song Dynasty (1140), the county was established in Yujiao Village (today's Rongcheng District), and the organizational system of Jieyang County remained unchanged from then on to December 1991.
In 1524, Huilai, youtou and Dani, the three capitals of Chaoyang County, half of Longjing, and Longxi, the capital of Haifeng County, were set up as Huilai County and subordinate to Chaozhou Prefecture.
In 1563, the capital of Yangwu, Shuicheng and Huangkeng in the west of Chaoyang County was analyzed, and Puning county was set up under Chaozhou Prefecture.
In 1912, Nan'ao County was established and Haiyang county was renamed Chao'an county.
In 1914, it belonged to Chaozhou City of Guangdong Province, where Daozhi was located in Shantou. It was once stationed in Chaozhou City. It has jurisdiction over seven cities, namely Shantou, Chaozhou, Jieyang, Shanwei, Meizhou, Huizhou and Heyuan.
In March 1921, Shantou Municipal Council was established in Shantou.
In July 1921, Shantou Municipal Council established Shantou City Hall, which was divided from Chenghai county.
In 1930, Shantou Municipal Council established Shantou City, which is subordinate to Guangdong Province.
In 1936, it was the Fifth District of Guangdong Province, and was stationed in Chaoan County. Later, it moved to Shantou. The Fifth District has jurisdiction over today's Shantou City, Chaozhou City, Jieyang City and Fengshun County.
From the founding of new China to December 1991, Jieyang City was subordinate to Chaoshan District, eastern Guangdong administrative region and Shantou District of Guangdong Province.
In December 1991, the former Shantou prefecture level city was divided into three prefecture level cities: Shantou, Chaozhou and Jieyang.
At the beginning of the founding of the people's Republic of China, Chaoshan District of Guangdong Province was set up to govern Chaoan County. Chaoshan District has jurisdiction over Chaoan, Chenghai, Raoping, Nan'ao, Chaoyang, Jieyang, Puning, Huilai, Nan'ao and other counties. Its jurisdiction is probably today's Shantou City, Chaozhou City and Jieyang City.
In 1952, it set up the eastern Guangdong administrative region of Guangdong Province, and managed Chaoan County. It has jurisdiction over 21 counties and 7 cities in Shantou, Chaozhou, Jieyang, Shanwei, Meizhou, Huizhou and Heyuan.
In 1956, Shantou District Office was set up, which is located in Shantou City. Shantou district has jurisdiction over 18 counties of Chaoan, Chaoyang, Jieyang, Raoping, Huilai, Dapu, Puning, Chenghai, Fengshun, Nan'ao, Haifeng, Lufeng, Meixian, Xingning, Wuhua, Jiaoling, Pingyuan and Zhenping, and Shantou City. Shantou district has jurisdiction over 5 cities of Shantou, Chaozhou, Jieyang, Shanwei and Meizhou.
In December 1958, the system of Huilai County was abolished, belonging to Chaoyang and Puning counties.
In March 1959, Huiyang District was abolished and Haifeng and Lufeng were assigned to Shantou district;
In March 1961, Huilai County was restored.
In July 1965, hEPO, Liangtian, Pingshang, Longtan, Huizhai, fengjiang, Dongyuan, Wujingfu, jingxiyuan, Qiankeng, Jinhe, Tatou commune and Mianhu town were separated out in Jieyang county. Shangsha commune and Wuyun commune were set up in Lufeng County and Jiexi County was subordinate to Shantou area. After the establishment of Jiexi County, Jieyang county includes today's Rongcheng district and Jiedong county.
In 1968, Shantou regional Revolutionary Committee was established, and it is located in Shantou City. Shantou region governs 11 counties of Chaoan, Chaoyang, Jieyang, JieXi, Chenghai, Puning, Raoping, Huilai, Nan'ao, Lufeng and Haifeng, and Shantou City. Shantou region governs 4 cities of today's Shantou, Chaozhou, Jieyang and Shanwei.
In 1980, Chaozhou City at the county level was separated from Chaoan District, and the county-level Chaozhou city system was restored, belonging to Shantou area.
In 1981, Longhu District of Shantou City set up a special economic zone on a trial basis, covering an area of 1.6 square kilometers.
In December 1983, the system of city governing county was implemented, and Shantou district was abolished. Eight counties and one city of the original district were merged into Shantou City. Haifeng and Lufeng were under the jurisdiction of Huiyang District.
In April 1991, Shantou Special Economic Zone expanded to the whole urban area of Shantou, covering an area of 234 square kilometers.
In December 1991, Shantou City was divided into three cities: Shantou, Chaozhou and Jieyang. Jieyang county was upgraded to Jieyang City. The municipal government was stationed in Rongcheng district. Jiexi County, Puning County, Huilai County and Jieyang County of Shantou City were under the jurisdiction of Jieyang City.
On April 6, 1993, with the approval of the State Council, the organizational system of Puning county was abolished and Puning City (county level) was established, which was directly under the provincial government and managed by Jieyang City.
On May 9, 1994, Jieyang City adjusted the administrative area of Rongcheng district and divided the former Rongcheng district into Rongcheng District, Dongshan District and Jieyang Economic Development Experimental Zone.
In August 1995, with the approval of Jieyang municipal Party committee and municipal government, Puning overseas Chinese farm was restructured to set up Puning overseas Chinese management area, and Dananshan Overseas Chinese farm was restructured to set up Dananshan Overseas Chinese management area.
In July 2007, with the approval of Guangdong provincial government, Jieyang Dahai petrochemical industrial zone was established.
On December 17, 2012, with the approval of the State Council, DIDU Town, Paotai town and denggang town of Jiedong county were put under the jurisdiction of Rongcheng district; Jiedong county was abolished, Jiedong District of Jieyang City was established, and Pandong street of Rongcheng District of Jieyang City was put under the jurisdiction of Jiedong District. The administrative divisions of Jiedong county (excluding DIDU Town, Paotai town and denggang town) and Pandong street of Rongcheng district were taken as the administrative divisions of Jiedong district.
In February 2013, Jieyang municipal Party committee and government decided to abolish Dongshan District, set up Jieyang Airport Economic Zone in Rongcheng District, and set up Jieyang Lancheng District in Jiedong district.
In December 2016, Jieyang municipal Party committee and municipal government decided to abolish Lancheng District, and its responsibilities were integrated and assigned to the Management Committee of Jieyang industrial transfer park. The former management committee of Lancheng district was entrusted with the management of padong street, Yuecheng Town, Linpan Town, Guiling Town, Baita Town and Longwei town. In 2019, Puning overseas Chinese management zone and Dananshan Overseas Chinese management zone will be abolished.
In 2019, Jieyang City governs Rongcheng District, Jiedong District, Jiexi County and Huilai County, and administers Puning City on its behalf. In addition, Jieyang industrial transfer park, Jieyang Airport Economic Zone and Jieyang Dahai petrochemical industrial zone will be set up. The land area is 5240 square kilometers (including 1031 square kilometers of urban area).
Jieyang City now administers banyan
Chinese PinYin : Guang Dong Sheng Jie Yang Shi
Jieyang City, Guangdong Province
Release Time:2022-01-27 04:21:26
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