Xiangyang, a prefecture level city in Hubei Province, is a new industrial base in Hubei Province and a central city in Northwest Hubei Province approved by the State Council. The city has 3 municipal districts, 3 county-level cities and 3 counties, with a total area of 19 thousand and 700 square kilometers, 5 million 898 thousand registered residence households, 5 million 680 thousand permanent residents, and 61.7% resident population urbanization rate.
Xiangyang is located in Central China, the northwest of Hubei Province and the middle reaches of Hanjiang River. It is a central city in Hanjiang River Basin, a central city in the adjacent areas of Hubei, Henan, Chongqing and Shaanxi, and an important member of the urban agglomeration in the middle reaches of Yangtze River.
Xiangyang is a famous historical and cultural city in China. It was founded here by King xuanwang of Zhou who granted zhongshanfu (fan Muzhong). It has a history of more than 2800 years. It is the main birthplace of Chu culture, Han culture and Three Kingdoms culture. It has been known as "the first city in China", "the iron battle of Xiangyang" and "the land for military strategists".
The earliest cultural relics in Xiangyang are mainly concentrated on the North Bank of the Han River, including junyingpo, gongjiazhou, jinjizui, Shanwan and other Paleolithic sites. Most of the utensils were made by direct one-sided striking, and their characteristics were similar to those used by "Lantian people" in Shaanxi Province and "Dingcun people" in Shanxi Province. The age of the site is about 100000 years ago in the middle or late Paleolithic period.
At least in the Neolithic Age about 10000 years ago, Xiangyang ancestors began to try to grind stone tools, make tools, fish and hunt, collect, slash and burn. According to the investigation, there are more than 180 Neolithic cultural sites in Xiangyang, which are densely distributed along both sides of the Han River and its tributaries. Especially in the middle and late Neolithic period, relatively concentrated large-scale settlements gradually formed in the southwest of Nanxiang basin on the North Bank of the middle reaches of the Han River, Xiangyi plain on the West Bank and SuiZao corridor on the east bank, and also in the mountainous edge of Western Hubei There is a small amount of distribution.
Xia divided the world into nine states, and today it belongs to Jing and Yu.
During the Shang and Zhou dynasties, there were many feudal states in the territory. Such as the state of Deng, the state of Ying, the state of Gu, the state of Luo, the state of Ying, the state of Yin, the state of Tang, the state of Lu, the state of fan and the state of Chu.
In the spring and Autumn period, the state of Chu was strong and prosperous. It destroyed all the States one after another. (today's territory refers to the jurisdiction of Xiangyang City, the same below)
In the Warring States period, Chu was defeated by Qin. In 223 B.C., the Qin Dynasty destroyed Chu and entered the Qin Dynasty. Qin County, this territory is divided into South County, Nanyang County. Nanjun governs Jiangling and leads six counties, among which Ying, Ying and Yan are suitable cities; Nanyang governs Wan and leads fourteen counties, among which Deng, Zhuyang, Shandu and Ying belong to the present.
In the Western Han Dynasty, Nanjun and Nanyang still belong to the two prefectures, and the two prefectures are under the same jurisdiction as the Department of Cishi in Jingzhou. There are 12 counties in Nanyang County, including Xiangyang, Yicheng, Zhonglu, Ying and Ying, and Deng, Shandu, Yin, Ying, Zhuyang, Caiyang and Chongling. In the sixth year of emperor Gaozu of the Han Dynasty (201 BC), Xiangyang City was built and Xiangyang County was set up.
In the Eastern Han Dynasty, Chongling was changed into Zhangling and Caiyang was set up in Xiangxiang county.
In Wang Mang's time (8-23 years), Xiangyang was once renamed "Xiangyang".
When Emperor Guangwu of the Eastern Han Dynasty came back to his original name. In 190, Liu Biao, the governor of Jingzhou, moved to rule Xiangyang. Xiangyang became the political, economic, military and cultural center of Nanjun, Nanyang, Jiangxia, Wuling, Changsha, Lingling, Guiyang and Zhangling. In the 13th year of Jian'an (208), Cao Cao took Jingzhou, and now it belongs to Nanyang County, Xiangyang County and Nanxiang county. Nanyang County has Deng, Zhangling, Xiangxiang, Caiyang and other counties; Xiangyang County has Xiangyang, Yicheng, Zhonglu, Ying, Shandu, Ying and other counties; Nanxiang county has Ying, Yin, Zhuyang and other counties.
During the Three Kingdoms period, the current territory belongs to Wei, which is divided into Nanyang, Xiangyang, Nanxiang, Yiyang and Xincheng. Xiangyang County and Nanxiang county are the same as those in the Eastern Han Dynasty. Nanyang County led Deng and Caiyang counties. Yiyang County was changed from Zhangling county to linganchang county and Pinglin county.
In the Western Jin Dynasty, Xiangyang, Shunyang, Xincheng and Yiyang were the main districts in this area. Xiangyang County led by Xiangyang, Yicheng, Zhonglu, Linju, Ying, Shandu, Shanghuang seven counties. Shunyang county was led by Zhuyang County, Zhuyang county and Yinxian county. The new town leads the town. Yi Yang led Deng, Cai Yang and an Chang.
The counties in the Eastern Jin Dynasty generally followed the Western Jin Dynasty. "During the Yongjia rebellion, the three powerful families lived in fanmian and lived on the side of the Han River. The establishment of Yongzhou, because of people's thinking, in order to pacify the people. Yonghe nine years (353 years) or Ningkang two years (374 years), in Xiangyang County home Yongzhou, leading Jingzhao, Fufeng, Shiping, Guangping, Henan, North Henan six counties. In addition, the Yicheng County established by Emperor Cheng was divided into seven counties, all of which were unified in Xiangyang. Xiangyang also served as the governor of Liangzhou and Sizhou, so it is said that "one county governs, and three prefectures send Yan.".
In 449, Xiangyang, Nanyang, Xinye, Shunyang and Yongzhou were cut from Jingzhou to govern Xiangyang County. There are Xiangyang County (Lingxian Xiangyang, Zhonglu, Ying), Jingzhao county (Lingxian Dengcheng, Du, Xinfeng), Fufeng County (Lingxian Zhuyang, Xunyang), Henan county (Lingxian Caiyang, Xiangxiang), Guangping county (Lingxian Yin), Yicheng County (Lingxian Yicheng, Wannian), Fengyi county (Lingxian Ying), Shiping County (Lingxian Ying), Huashan county (Lingxian Huashan, Lantian, Shanghuang), etc. In addition, the town of Tai (today's Baokang territory) in New Town County of Liangzhou is also in this territory. Qi and Liang counties are in chaos, and today they are still Yongzhou and Liangzhou. In the Liang Dynasty, Xiao Chen descended to the Western Wei Dynasty in Xiangyang (554).
Emperor Gong of the Western Wei Dynasty got Xiangyang and set up Xiangzhou governor's office, leading Xiangyang, Henan, Shandu and other 13 counties. Today, Xiangyang County, Zhonglu county and Yi'an county are located in Xiangcheng District. Today, there are Ying County, Yan County, Ludao County, Hannan county and Wuquan county. Today, there are Shanghuang, Kainan, Zao, Guiren and other counties in Nanzhang. Today, there are many counties in Laohekou, such as Yan, Yincheng, Yin, Shunyang, Anshan, Longquan, Huli and baiting. Today, there are Zhuyang, Yicheng and other counties in Gucheng. Today, there are Fancheng, Anyang, Shandu and other counties in Fancheng. Today, there is Dahong County in Baokang. Get Caiyang, set caizhou. Leading Caiyang and Qianjin counties. Today, there are Caiyang, Shuangquan, Fuyuan and other counties in Zaoyang. Now Xiangzhou District, no test.
Sui kaihuang three years (583 years) strike county to state the county. In the third year of Daye (607), the Prefecture was changed into a county, and the county was unified by the county. Today's territory is Xiangyang, Chongling, Fangling and Nanyang. Xiangyang County leads Xiangyang, Anyang, Changping, Gucheng, Shanghong, Ludao, Hannan, Xiang, Yincheng, Yiqing, Nanzhang and other counties. Chongling county leads Zaoyang, Chongling, Qingtan, Caiyang and other counties. Yongqing County of Fangling county (in the west of Baokang) and Shunyang County of Nanyang County (in the northeast of Laohekou).
In 627, the first year of Zhenguan of Tang Dynasty, there were ten roads in the world. In the 21st year of Kaiyuan (733), it was divided into 15 roads. Today, it belongs to Shannan East Road. Xiangyang County of Xiangzhou has seven leading counties: Xiangyang, Dengcheng, Gucheng, Yiqing, Nanzhang, Yicheng and Lexiang. Xiangyang County is governed by state and Taoism. Today's Zaoyang City belongs to Zaoyang county and Tangcheng County in Suizhou. Today, Baokang County belongs to Yongqing County, Fangling County, Fangzhou.
The administrative regions of the Five Dynasties generally followed the Tang system.
In the third year of the reign of Emperor Taizong of the Song Dynasty (997), the whole country was divided into 15 roads. Jingxi road Zhihe Nanfu (now Luoyang, Henan Province) governs sixteen prefectures, among which Xiangzhou has six counties, namely Xiangyang, Dengcheng, Gucheng, Yicheng, Zhonglu and Nanzhang. Today, Zaoyang is Suizhou, Laohekou is Guanghua army. In 1072, the 15th Road was divided into 23 roads. Jingxi road is divided into Jingxi South Road (governing Xiangyang) and Jingxi West Road (governing Henan Province). South Road jurisdiction (Jinzhou, Junzhou, Dengzhou, tangzhou, Suizhou, Yingzhou, Xiangzhou, Fangzhou) eight states. The leading County of Xiangzhou remained unchanged, the provincial Guanghua army, and Qiande county was changed to Guanghua County, which was subordinate to Xiangzhou. Today's Zaoyang City belongs to Suizhou Zaoyang county. At the beginning of Yuanyou, Guanghua army was restored, and Guanghua county was renamed Qiande county. In 1119, Xiangzhou was promoted to Xiangyang Prefecture. Shaoxing five years (1135), the "province Dengcheng (county), into Xiangyang", Xiangyang County jurisdiction then extended to the north of the Han River, still belongs to Xiangyang Prefecture.
Xiangyang Road in Yuan Dynasty belongs to Jiangbei province of Henan Province. In 1274, Xiangyang Sanfu was promoted to Xiangyang Road general office. Led Xiangyang, Dengcheng (later province into Xiangyang), Yicheng, Gucheng, Nanzhang five counties. Nineteen years (1282) cut Nanyang house of Guanghua, Zaoyang two counties to belong.
In the Ming Dynasty, in the early years of Hongwu, it belongs to Xiangyang Prefecture of xingzhongshu Province in Huguang. In the ninth year of Hongwu (1376), it belongs to Xiangyang Prefecture of the Minister of politics announced by Huguang Cheng. Xiangyang Prefecture governs seven counties, including Xiangyang, Nanzhang, Yicheng, Gucheng, Guanghua and Zaoyang. Today Baokang County is subordinate to Yunyang Prefecture.
At the beginning of the Qing Dynasty, Jingjing belonged to Huguang political department, and in the third year of Kangxi (1664), it belonged to Hubei political department.
Xiangyang Prefecture was abolished in 1912, and now there are eight counties (Junzhou county and Baokang County belong to each other). At first it belonged to Anxiang Yunjing Road, and later it belonged to Ebei road. Xiangyang Road was set up in 1914 to govern Xiangyang and lead 20 counties, including Xiangyang, Zaoyang, Nanzhang, Yicheng, Gucheng, Guanghua and Baokang.
Xiangfan City was established in 1949, under the third special office of Tongbai administration. In May 1950, Xiangfan City was subordinate to Xiangyang special office. In June of the next year, the office of the Commissioner of Xiangyang administrative region was renamed the office of the Commissioner of Xiangyang District of Hubei Provincial People's government.
In 1979, Xiangfan City was upgraded to a provincial city.
On August 19, 1983, the State Council approved the cancellation of Xiangyang District by letter No. 164, and its administrative region was incorporated into Xiangfan City.
On August 31, 2001, Xiangyang County was abolished and Xiangyang District of Xiangfan City was established. Zhangwan Town, Dongjin Town, Shuanggou Town, zhangjiaji Town, Yushan Town, Huanglong Town, Chenghe Town, Zhuji Town, Guyi Town, huopai Town, Huangji Town, Shiqiao Town, Longwang Town and Mizhuang town in Fancheng District of Xiangfan City were put under the jurisdiction of Xiangyang District.
On December 9, 2010, according to Ezheng's letter 366
Chinese PinYin : Hu Bei Sheng Xiang Yang Shi
Xiangyang City, Hubei Province
Release Time:2022-01-27 04:20:34
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