Baicheng Baicheng city is a prefecture level city under the jurisdiction of Jilin Province. It is located in the northwest of Jilin Province, the west of Nenjiang plain and the east of Horqin grassland. The terrain is low mountains, hills, plains and slightly uplifted in the southwest from northwest to Southeast. It is located in the plain area at the eastern foot of Daxinganling Mountains, with a temperate continental monsoon climate. It has jurisdiction over 1 District, 2 cities and 2 counties, with a total area of 26000 square kilometers. It will be completed in 2019 The population is 1.885 million.
The area of cultivated land, grassland, suitable forest land, water surface and reed per capita in Baicheng city ranks first in Jilin Province. There are abundant oil resources, wind resources and a variety of mineral resources. There are world-class a wetlands, National Nature Reserve Xianghai, and National Nature Reserve Momoge. In 1992, Xianghai was designated by the State Council and listed in the list of international important wetlands. In the same year, it was rated as "A-class nature reserve with international significance" by the World Wildlife Fund. Momoge is an important testing area of international GEF project and a national forestry science popularization base. In 2005, Xianghai and Momoge were rated as "national AAAA tourist attractions" by the state. In 2009, "Xianghai Crane Dance" was rated as one of the "eight scenic spots in Jilin". In September 2019, it won the national greening model unit.
In 2019, the city's GDP will reach 49.155 billion yuan. Among them, the added value of the primary industry is 12.418 billion yuan; the added value of the secondary industry is 8.040 billion yuan; and the added value of the tertiary industry is 28.698 billion yuan.
According to archaeological investigation and historical documents, human life existed in the late Paleolithic period.
From Shang and Zhou Dynasties to Qin Dynasty, it was the nomadic land of Donghu.
During the Han and southern and Northern Dynasties, Xianbei and Fuyu lived there.
In Sui and Tang Dynasties, it was a nomadic land of Qidan people.
In the Liao Dynasty, Changchun was set up here to govern the ancient city of sijiazi, the Mongolian town of Deshun in today's Taobei district. Changchun is the palace of emperor Shengzong, Xingzong, daozong and Tianzuo of Liao Dynasty. It is the political center of spring of Liao Dynasty and the political, military, economic and cultural center of Northeast Road of Liao Dynasty.
During the Jin Dynasty, Changchun continued to be used until the second year of jintiande (1150), and then it was reduced to Changchun County under the jurisdiction of Zhaozhou (Tahu City, Qianguo County). Taizhou was reestablished in 1198, the third year of Jin Cheng'an. The site of Taizhou is still in the ancient city of sijiazi.
During the Mongol Yuan Dynasty, it was first granted by the fourth brother of Genghis Khan, and then belonged to Taining house, Taining Road, Liaoyang province. Its governance was still in the ancient city of sijiazi.
During the Ming Dynasty, it was under the jurisdiction of nurgandu division.
During the Qing Dynasty, it belonged to the Horqin tribe of Mongolia. In 1902, the Qing government approved the land reclamation. In 1904, Taonan mansion was set up under Shengjing general. In the same year, Kaitong county and Jing'an county were set up under Taonan Prefecture. In December 1905, Dalai hall was set up under Heilongjiang general. Guangxu 31 years (1905), set up an Guang County, under the Taonan house. Guangxu 33 years (1907), withdraw the general, set up Fengtian, Jilin, Heilongjiang Province. Taonan Prefecture, Kaitong County, Jing'an county and angung County belong to Fengtian province, while Dalai department belongs to Heilongjiang Province. In 1910, Zhendong county was set up under the jurisdiction of Fengtian province.
In the second year of the Republic of China (1913), the government, prefectures and departments were abolished, and the counties in the territory were under the jurisdiction of taochang road in Fengtian province and Longjiang Road in Heilongjiang Province.
In 1915, Zhanyu county was set up under the jurisdiction of taochang Road, Fengtian province. During the period of the Northeast occupied by the Japanese, the counties in the territory were subordinate to the puppet Longjiang Province.
On August 15, 1945, after the restoration of Northeast China, the counties in the territory were subordinate to Nenjiang province.
In 1946, it was subordinate to the administrative office of Jijiang, Nenjiang province and Liaoji district.
In 1947, it belonged to Liaobei province.
In 1949, it was subordinate to Heilongjiang Province.
In 1954, it was transferred to Jilin Province.
In August 1954, baichengzi District Office of Jilin Province was established, which has jurisdiction over Taonan, Baicheng, Zhenlai, angung, Dalai, Kaitong, Zhanyu and Qian'an counties.
In 1955, it was renamed Baicheng Office of Jilin Province.
In 1956, Changling County, Shuangliao county and qianguoerlos Mongolian Autonomous County (Qianguo County for short) were assigned to Baicheng special office.
In October 1958, Baicheng city was merged with some suburbs, and Baicheng City (county level) was established. The remaining 20 towns of Baicheng county were merged with Taonan county to form Taoan county. Dalai and angung counties were merged into Daan county. Kaitong and Zhanyu counties were merged into Tongyu County. In November of the same year, Fuyu County was classified as Baicheng special office and Shuangliao County as Siping Special office.
In August 1968, the Revolutionary Committee of Baicheng district was established.
In July 1969, Tuquan county and Horqin Right Wing Front Banner of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region were assigned to Baicheng special region (in July 1979, they were returned to Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region).
In July 1973, the Revolutionary Committee of Baicheng district was renamed the Revolutionary Committee of Baicheng district.
In January 1979, it was renamed Baicheng district administrative office.
In July 1987 and November 1988, Taoan county and Da'an county were changed into Taonan city (county level) and Da'an City (county level).
In March 1991, Qianfu economic development and management zone was established, which is under the jurisdiction of Jilin Provincial People's government. Fuyu city and Qianguo County belong to Qianfu economic development and management zone.
In June 1992, Songyuan City (prefecture level) was established, and Changling and Qian'an counties were assigned to Songyuan City.
In August 1993, Baicheng district administrative office was abolished and Baicheng City (prefecture level) was established. Baicheng City (county level) was abolished and Taobei district was established. Baicheng City governs Zhenlai County, Tongyu County, Taobei District, Da'an City and Taonan city.
As of December 2016, Baicheng city has jurisdiction over one district (Taobei District), two counties (Tongyu County, Zhenlai county), two cities (Taonan City, Da'an City), three provincial development zones (Baicheng Economic Development Zone, Da'an Economic Development Zone, chaganhaote Tourism Economic Development Zone), five industrial concentration zones (Baicheng Industrial Park, Taobei, Tongyu, Zhenlai, Taonan industrial concentration zone), and 38 towns There are 35 townships, 24 sub district offices, 106 residents' committees and 919 villagers' committees.
As of December 2018, Baicheng city has jurisdiction over Taobei District, Zhenlai County, Tongyu County, Taonan City, Da'an City and Jilin Baicheng economic development zone,
Baicheng city is located in the northwest of Jilin Province, the west of Nenjiang plain and the east of Horqin grassland. East longitude 121 degrees 38 seconds to 124 degrees 22 minutes, north latitude 44 degrees 13 minutes 57 seconds to 46 degrees 18 minutes. The total area is 26000 square kilometers. In the East and Southeast, it is adjacent to qiangolos Mongolian Autonomous County and Qian'an County of Songyuan City in Jilin Province; in the south, it is adjacent to Changling County of Songyuan City in Jilin Province. The West and northwest are connected with Horqin Right Wing Middle Banner, Tuquan county and Horqin Right Wing Front Banner of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region; the north and northeast are across the river from Tailai County, duerbert Mongolian Autonomous County and Zhaoyuan County of Heilongjiang Province. The city is 230 kilometers long from north to South and 211 kilometers wide from east to west.
The terrain of Baicheng city from northwest to southeast is low mountain, hill, plain and slightly uplifted in southwest. The northwest is the fold belt at the eastern foot of Daxing'an Mountains, with hills and low mountains, with an altitude of 300-662.6 meters; the northeast and southeast are plains, with an altitude of 130-140 meters; the southwest is widely distributed with large and small sand dunes and ridges from northwest to Southeast, with an altitude of 150-180 meters, which is a latent desert area. The highest peak is aoniushan, with an altitude of 662.6 meters; the lowest area is the Moon Lake area in Zhenlai county and Da'an City, with an altitude of about 130 meters.
Baicheng city is located in the plain area at the eastern foot of Daxing'anling mountains. The climate belongs to temperate continental monsoon climate. In addition to the short-term influence of marine monsoon in midsummer, most of the year's precipitation system comes from the westerly belt. The special geographical environment has formed the climate characteristics of "sufficient light, large precipitation variability, more drought and less waterlogging". Baicheng has four distinct seasons, with long winter and short summer. The precipitation is concentrated in summer, with hot rain in the same period. It is dry and windy in spring. It is hot and rainy in summer, with uneven rain and heat. It is mild and cool in autumn, and cold and dry in winter, with less rain and snow. The annual average precipitation is 399.9 mm, of which the precipitation from May to September in crop growing season is 355.6 mm, accounting for 88% of the annual precipitation, which partly meets the water demand of crops; the annual average temperature is 5.2 ℃, the active accumulated temperature ≥ 10 ℃ is 2996.2 ℃, the average frost free period is 144 days, and the average first frost day is September 27, which is suitable for the introduction of mid late maturing varieties; the light resources are sufficient, and the annual average precipitation is 2.9 mm The average sunshine hours are 2915 hours (1961-2000), and the development potential of wind energy and solar energy is great.
Baicheng city has wide water area and 8 large rivers. Nenjiang River enters from shijiazi village, dandai Township, Zhenlai county and flows out from Sikeshu village, Da'an City. The river is about 150 km long. Taoer River flows through Taobei District, Taonan City, Zhenlai county and Da'an City. It flows into Nenjiang River from Moon Lake. The river is 302.3 km long. There are also Huolin River, Jiaoliu River, Najin River, Hulda River, erlongtao River, ermutai River and wenniugechi river. More than 700 Lake bubbles are scattered in low-lying areas, providing benefits for breeding and irrigation. The main products are Moon Lake, xinhuangpao, niuxintaobao Pao, halnao Pao, Yangsha Pao, Sijia Pao, laoguawo Pao, moshihai Pao, Guojiadian Pao, Momoge Pao, otou Pao, xiaoximi Pao, xinpingan Pao, xierlong Pao, Talahong Pao, xiaoxianghai Pao, etc. The total water area is 270033 hectares, accounting for 11.8% of the total area and 26.7% of the total water area of the whole province
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