Anshun, a prefecture level city in Guizhou Province. Located in the Midwest of Guizhou Province, 90 kilometers away from Guiyang, the capital of Guizhou Province. Located in the watershed between Wujiang River Basin and Beipanjiang River Basin of Zhujiang River system, Changjiang River is a typical karst landform concentration area in the world.
Anshun, known as "China's waterfall town", "Tunpu culture town", "batik town" and "West show", is an excellent tourism city in China, a class a tourism open city in China, the only reform pilot area in China with "deepening reform, promoting the symbiosis and prosperity of various economic components, speeding up development", a national high-tech industrial base of civil aviation industry, and a provincial historical and cultural base in Guizhou Huaming city is a "special economic zone for Guizhou to speed up its development". In 2009, it is one of the top ten leisure cities with Chinese characteristics, the preferred area for Karst scenery tourism in the world, one of the six Golden Tourism Hotlines in China and the tourism center in western Guizhou. Gui'an new area is the main part of the eighth national level new area approved by the State Council.
Anshun was listed as the first batch of national new urbanization comprehensive pilot areas. In June 2017, Anshun City was named national health city. In October 2017, it was named national garden city by the Ministry of housing and urban rural development. In October 2020, it was rated as the national model city (county) of double support.
Anshun City belongs to the state of Yao in the spring and Autumn period. During the Warring States period, it belonged to Yelang state. Qin belongs to Yelang county and Qielan county.
At the beginning of the Western Han Dynasty, all the states of the southwest Yi were independent. There is a record in historical records that "the number of the southwest Yi's rulers is the largest, and Yelang is the largest.".
In the third year of Yuanshuo (126 BC), Emperor Wu set up Yelang and Qielan counties in Yelang state. Today, the city belongs to Yelang county.
In the sixth year of Yuanding (111 B.C.), the Han Dynasty destroyed Nanyue and Qielan States, retained Yelang state, and granted Yelang Marquis Yelang king and seal ribbon. In the same year, in Yelang state, a Prefecture was set up, which formed a combination of prefecture and state. Today, the city is the center of Jue County, with 17 counties (16 counties in the Eastern Han Dynasty). The western counties belong to Tanzhi County, and the eastern counties belong to Qielan county.
In the Heping period of emperor Cheng (28bc-25bc), Yelang kingdom was defeated by Han Dynasty, and its territory belonged to Jue County until the end of Eastern Han Dynasty.
During the Three Kingdoms period, it belonged to Yelang and Qielan counties of Yizhou County in Shu Han Dynasty.
Later, in 233, he set up a rebellion against the people of ancient Liao. Later, he set up a fire to fight for peace, and granted PRI a title. Jihuo asked his brother's son, Baimo, to take charge, which is known as "Baylor revolution". Jurisdiction of the present Puding, Pingba, Anshun area.
In the Jin Dynasty, it belonged to Qielan County, Yelang County, guangtan County, Tanzhi county and tanle county.
In 311, the city belongs to Yelang county. Guanling and Ziyun are Tanzhi County, Zhenning and Langdai are tanle County, Anshun and Puding are guangtan County, and Pingba is guangtan County after it was merged with Quxian county. It is called "the place of three talks" in history. In the northern and Southern Dynasties, the buildings remained unchanged, mostly remote.
In the Sui Dynasty, it successively belonged to cuanzhou and cuanzhen, and governed Binhua County; it was once occupied by dongcuan wuman.
In Tang Dynasty, it first belonged to Xie's Kingdom, then belonged to Luodian Kingdom and Puning county. He, Luodian and Puri successively attached to the imperial court and accepted the title.
Taizong Zhenguan four years (630 years) home Yanzhou, led by Xie Jimi xiazhou, jurisdiction of 5 counties, Zhenguan added 2 counties, a total of 7 counties. In today's city, there are six counties: Wuhou County, in today's Guanling Dingying, is governed by Yanzhou Prefecture; Wangjiang County, in today's Anshun and Zhenning, on the side of mulangzhi Erlang River; Yingjiang County, in today's Pingba County nanchangbao; jiangkun County, in today's Ziyun West fire; Yanzhou County, in today's Guanling Yongning; Shi'an County, in today's Puding County shajiamachang. In addition, the area of dongpingba Racecourse is the territory of Qingzhou.
In the first year of emperor Wenzong's reign (836), dongcuan wuman was attached to ape nei, the ghost master of Yabu, and granted his land the kingdom of Luo's ghost.
In the second year of wuzonghuichang (842), he was attached by his other commander and granted the title of king of Luodian. The land of Luodian was under the jurisdiction of Ziyun, Guanling and the southeast of Zhenning. At the same time, the PRI tribe was also granted the title of king of Yunnan, seeking to change the king of Puning Prefecture, leading the nine tribes. He once sent troops to occupy Xie's territory several times and occupied the counties in the west of Anshun. At that time, the king of Luodian lived in the south of the five ridges, and the king of Puning lived in the north of the five ridges.
In the Five Dynasties (936-941), the king of Chu sent Ma Ping and long Deshou to lead the eight surnamed soldiers of Yongguan in Liuzhou to Guizhou. In 940, he set up Nanning (now Duyun) and granted the great general of long Deshou Huaiyuan. He led the army westward to Huishui, Changshun and the Southeast belt of Anshun. Therefore, he divided the land and granted the world's duties. Now the old Anshun prefecture (formerly known as 81 village or Longjia Village) is Zhang's regime Zhang Fan, the great surname in history.
In the Song Dynasty, most of the western part of Anshun City belonged to the territory of Puning Prefecture, and some belonged to the state of Luodian. Among them, Puding, Pingba, Xixiu and most of Zhenning, Ziyun and Guanling belong to King Puning, and the southeast of Ziyun, Zhenning and Guanling belong to Luodian.
In the Yuan Dynasty, in the fifth year of Liyou in the Southern Song Dynasty, that is, the seventh year of Mongolian Xianzong (1257), the two tribes of Puli and Pudong descended to Mongolia. They set up ten thousand households in Puding and changed them into Puding Prefecture. They led Hehong and Daan prefectures and were subordinate to xuanweisi in Qujing, Yunnan Province.
In the 27th year of the Yuan Dynasty (1290), Luodian Xuanwei and appeasement department was set up, belonging to the Department of Xuanwei and appeasement in Bafan of Huguang province.
In the 29th year of the Zhiyuan Dynasty (1292), the provincial government of Yunnan played an important role, and Puding was still subordinate to the provincial government of Yunnan.
In the seventh year of Chengzong Dade (1303), Puding mansion was changed into Puding road.
In April of the 11th year of Emperor Shun's reign (1351), Luodian was attached to the state of Xi'an, Anshun and Puding County. Hehong Prefecture was changed into Zhenning Prefecture, and Daan Prefecture was changed into Yongning Prefecture. At this point, Puding led four prefectures and one county. Road manager Fu Zhi is located in Yangwu ximatang, Xixiu District.
In the Ming Dynasty, the fifth year of Hongwu (1372) set up Puding tufu, which still led the four states and one county under the jurisdiction of the Yuan Dynasty, namely, Anshun Prefecture, Zhenning Prefecture, Yongning Prefecture, Xi'an Prefecture and Puding County. The hospital is still in Yangwu, Xixiu District.
On December 20, the 14th year of Hongwu (January 4, 1382), the Ming Dynasty chose adabuzhai to build the present Anshun City. On the seventh day of the first month of the 15th year (January 21, 1382), a new commanding Department of pudingwei was set up, belonging to the capital of Sichuan Province. The city was called pudingwei city. On March 3 of the same year (April 16, 1382), pudingwei commander was promoted to civil military commander. On March 10 (April 23, 1382), Puding Prefecture was upgraded to Puding military and civilian Prefecture, which belonged to the Chief Secretary of Sichuan Province and still led four prefectures and one county. In August of 1385, the military and civilian government of Puding was abolished, and Anshun Prefecture was changed into Zhili Prefecture, which was subordinate to the Chief Secretary of Yunnan Province. In the same year, apart from Puding County and Xi'an Prefecture, their territories were merged into Anshun Prefecture. Zhenning and Yongning belong to Puding military and civil health. In August of 1392, Anshun was regarded as a military and civil health center in Puding. The history called it "Yiwei side base, lapel belt three states".
On February 2, the 11th year of Yongle (March 8, 1413), the imperial court newly established Guizhou Chengshi Department (namely Guizhou Province). In August of the third year of Zhengtong (1438), Anshun, Yongning and Zhenning were the three prefectures of Zhili in Guizhou, and pudingwei was the capital of Guizhou.
During the Chenghua period (1465-1487), Anshun Prefecture moved to Puding Weicheng, where the prefecture Wei ruled together. The former Anshun Prefecture was the old state. In September of the 30th year of Wanli (1602), the imperial court promoted Anshun prefecture to the military and civilian government of Anshun. Anshun military and civilian government led Zhenning and Yongning. The original jurisdiction of Anshun Prefecture is not separately designated as the jurisdiction of the government.
In the Qing Dynasty, in 1658, Anshun was incorporated into the territory of the Qing Dynasty. In March of 1660, the Qing government allowed Hong Chengchou to ask: "the governor of Yunnan and Guizhou concurrently served as the governor of the two provinces and ordered him to stay in Qujing for half a year and Anshun for half a year in a moderate place.". In 1661, the governor of Guizhou moved from Guiyang to Anshun.
In the first year of Kangxi (1662), Yunnan and Guizhou were divided into two provinces under the jurisdiction of Wu Sangui, king of Pingxi. In 1673, Wu Sangui rebelled against the Qing Dynasty, and in 1673, the Qing government put down the rebellion. Guixi road in Guizhou Province is located in Anshun.
In the tenth year of Kangxi reign (1671), it was changed from funanlong tongduan hall in Guiyang to funanlong tongduan hall in Anshun and moved to Anlong (now Anlong county). In 1672, pudingwei was changed into Puding County, dingnansuo (now Puding County) was transferred into Puding County, and Zhuangwei was cut off to retain zhenningzhou. In 1687, pingbawei was changed into Anping County, and Weiqing and Zhenxi were changed into Qingzhen County, belonging to Anshun Prefecture. In the same year (1687), Annan Wei was changed to Annan county (now Qinglong County), belonging to Anshun Prefecture. In addition, Pu'an County (today's Pu'an County) was established in 1661, and Pu'an prefecture (today's Pan County) was retained, which was also assigned to Anshun Prefecture. In this way, the area under the jurisdiction of Anshun prefecture has been expanded, including Puding, Anping, Qingzhen, Annan, five counties of Pu'an, Zhenning, Yongning, three prefectures of Pu'an and nanlongting, with a total of nine counties, prefectures and departments.
In 1687, Anshun Junmin government was changed into Anshun government.
In the fifth year of Yongzheng (1727), the Qing government changed nanlongting into nanlongfu, which divided Pu'an Prefecture, Pu'an County and Annan county from Anshun and belonged to it. Anshun Prefecture: Zhenning and Yongning; County: Puding, Anping and Qingzhen.
In 1730, the Department of naturalization (now Ziyun county) was set up. In 1731, Langdai hall was set up. Anshun Prefecture leads Puding, Qingzhen and Anping counties, Zhenning and Yongning prefectures, Langdai and Guihua prefectures. This pattern continued until the end of Qing Dynasty.
During the period of the Republic of China, Wuchang was successful in the 1911 Revolution, and Guizhou responded and established the Guizhou military government of the Han Dynasty. In the first year of the Republic of China (1912), Anshun established the military branch. In March, the Yunnan army entered Guizhou, and Anshun military branch was overthrown.
January 15, 1913
Chinese PinYin : Gui Zhou Sheng An Shun Shi
Anshun City, Guizhou Province
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