Quanzhou, also known as Licheng, is a prefecture level city in Fujian Province, one of the central cities of the Economic Zone on the west side of the Straits approved by the Fujian Provincial People's government, and a modern industrial and trade port city. The city has jurisdiction over four municipal districts, three county-level cities and five counties, with a total area of 11015 square kilometers and a total population of 8.74 million.
Quanzhou is located in East China, with Fuzhou in the north, Xiamen in the South and Taiwan Island in the East. It has a subtropical marine monsoon climate with superior climate conditions. Minnan dialect is the main dialect, coexisting with Puxian dialect, Hakka dialect and other dialects, with a permanent resident population of 2.04 million.
Quanzhou is a famous historical and cultural city with a long history. Its economic development began as early as the Zhou and Qin Dynasties. In the third year of Wu Yong'an (260), Dong'an County was established in Fengzhou town of Nan'an City. At the end of the Western Jin Dynasty, the Central Plains war, a large number of scholars into the spring. In the Southern Dynasty, Liang Tianjian (502-519) set Nan'an County as the county government, which was the beginning of setting up county and county government. During the song and Yuan Dynasties, Quanzhou once became the largest port in the world. Quanzhou is one belt, one road that the United Nations only identified as the starting point of the maritime Silk Road, and the first maritime Silk Road in twenty-first Century. Quanzhou is one of the first batch of national historical and cultural cities, the first East Asian cultural capital, national civilized city and national health city.
Quanzhou is a famous hometown of overseas Chinese. There are more than 7.5 million overseas Chinese and Chinese from Quanzhou and 760000 compatriots from Hong Kong and Macao, which are distributed in 129 countries and regions around the world. More than 2.5 million returned overseas Chinese and their family members. In Taiwan, 44.8% of the Han people (about 9 million) are from Quanzhou.
In 2020, Quanzhou will achieve a GDP of 1015.866 billion yuan, and its total economic volume will remain the first in the province for 22 consecutive years.
Pre Qin period in ancient times
In ancient times, it was the place of Baiyue. Zan, a minister of Geography in Hanshu, said, "from Jiaozhi to Kuaiji, there are different castes in Baiyue."
In Xia and Shang Dynasties, Quanzhou belonged to Yangzhou.
In the Western Zhou Dynasty, it was the land of Qimin.
From the late spring and Autumn period to the early Warring States period, it belongs to Yue State.
Qin, Han and Three Kingdoms
In the 26th year of the first emperor of Qin Dynasty (221 BC), Minzhong county was established, and the spring land was returned to it. The chieftains of Minyue nationality had no command.
In the fifth year of emperor Gaozu of the Han Dynasty (202 BC), he was granted the title of king of Fujian and Yue, and led the hometown of central Fujian, dudongye, for no other reason. The spring land belongs to Minyue state.
In the sixth year of Emperor Wu's Jianyuan reign (135 BC), because the state of Fujian and Yue had been invading Baiyue, the Han Xingshi accused him, abolished the title of king of Fujian and Yue, and successively granted Two Kings (King Yueyao and King Dongyue) to lead the former state of Fujian and Yue.
In the first year of Yuanfeng (110 BC), the king of Dongyue was killed for treason. In the Han Dynasty, he was renamed the king of Yueyao as the Marquis of Dongcheng, and ordered military officials to move the people of Fujian and Vietnam between the Yangtze River and Huaihe River.
In the second year of the first Yuan Dynasty (85 BC), due to the reproduction of Minyue people who fled from the valley, Yexian County was established and attached to Kuaiji county. Quandi belongs to Yexian County.
After the establishment of Yexian County, Kuaiji County added the eastern Duwei to lead it. In the East, Duwei established Ye County at the beginning, and later moved to Dong'an, Zhejiang Province, leaving only one Marquis under Duwei to guard Ye County.
Because ye county was ruled by the Marquis of the eastern Duwei of Kuaiji County, it was called the Marquis of the Eastern Han Dynasty, or simply called the Marquis of the eastern region, or marquis of the eastern region, and later called the county name after Marquis of the eastern region. Because of its vast territory, the southern Duwei was added to lead it. As a result, Quandi was transferred to Houguan County, the southern Duwei county.
In the first year of Jian'an (196), sun CE captured the southern Duwei. In the third year of Wu Yong'an (260), Duwei in the south of Kuaiji was changed to Jian'an County, and Houguan county was set up in Dong'an County. Its administrative office was located in Fengzhou town of Nan'an City, Licheng District, Shishi City, Jinjiang City, Hui'an, Nan'an, Anxi and Yongchun of Quanzhou City, Tongan County of Xiamen City, Putian City and some parts of Zhangzhou city. Dehua belongs to Houguan county.
Jin, Sui and Tang Dynasties
In 282, Jian'an county was changed from Dong'an County to Jin'an county.
In 468, Jin'an county and Jin'an county were changed into jin'ping county and jin'ping county respectively. Qi Fu was called Jin'an county and Jin'an county.
Liang tianjianzhong (502-519) analyzed that Jin'an county was set up in Nan'an County, which led to three counties: Jin'an, Longxi and lanshui. The county government was set up in Jin'an (now Nan'an Fengzhou). Spring belongs to Jin'an County, Nan'an county. Nan'an county was under the jurisdiction of Jiangzhou at the beginning, and changed to East Yangzhou in 532.
In the first year of Chen Yongding (557), Fujian Province was established in Jin'an County, which belonged to Nan'an county.
In the sixth year of Tianjia (565), minzhou was still attached to Yangzhou.
In the second year of Everbright University (568), it set up Fengzhou in Jin'an county (its administrative office is located in Min County, now Fuzhou City), which belongs to Nan'an county.
In 589, Fengzhou was changed to Quanzhou (where it is now Fuzhou), and Nan'an and Jian'an counties were under its jurisdiction. Therefore, the name of "Quanzhou" appeared for the first time in Fujian history.
In the second year of Daye (606), Quanzhou was changed to minzhou, and Nan'an county was changed to minzhou. In the third year of Daye (607), minzhou was changed into Jian'an County, leading Nan'an County, Jian'an County, Min county and Longxi County. Today, Quanzhou belongs to Nan'an County, except Dehua County, which was abandoned by Houguan county.
In 618, the first year of Wude in Tang Dynasty, Anjun was rebuilt as Jianzhou. In the fifth year of Wude (622), Nanan county was established as Fengzhou and Putian County as Nanan county. Fengzhou under the leadership of Nan'an, Putian two counties, set up today's Nan'an Fengzhou town. In the sixth year of Wude (623), Quanzhou was established in Min county. In the eighth year of Wude, the governor's office was set up, with jurisdiction over Quanzhou, Jianzhou and Fengzhou.
In 627, Fengzhou was abolished and Nan'an and Putian counties were merged into Quanzhou.
In 684, Wurong Prefecture was set up in Nanan, Putian and Longxi counties of Quanzhou, and nananfeng Prefecture was set up. Soon Quanzhou was abandoned, and the three counties still belonged to Quanzhou.
In 686, Zhangzhou was built between Quanzhou and Chaozhou.
In the second year of the holy calendar (699), wurongzhou was set up in Nanan, Putian and Longxi counties, and the current nananfengzhou town was still set up. At the same time, the western boundary of Putian County is Qingyuan County (now Xianyou County), which is subordinate to Wurong Prefecture. In the third year of the holy calendar, the Prefecture was abolished, and the county was still subordinate to Quanzhou (the administrative office was set up in today's Fuzhou).
In the first year of Jiushi (700), sun shiye, a native of Nan'an County, claimed that he was far away from the state, and set up wurongzhou 15 Li southeast of the county (today's Licheng). He has four counties under his jurisdiction: Nan'an, Putian, Longxi and Qingyuan.
In the second year of Jingyun (711), Quanzhou, which was originally set up by Min County, was changed into minzhou, and Wurong was changed into Quanzhou, which was subordinate to the governor's office of minzhou. Since then, "Quanzhou" refers to today's Quanzhou.
In the sixth year of Kaiyuan (718), Feng Renzhi, the governor of Quanzhou, ruled no county because of the state. Please analyze the southeast location of Nan'an county and Jinjiang county. So far, Quanzhou has five counties. In the 13th year of Kaiyuan (725), minzhou was renamed Fuzhou, and the governor's office of minzhou was changed into the governor's office of Fuzhou. In the 21st year of Kaiyuan (733), Fujian was set up as an economic envoy. In 741, Longxi County was transferred to Zhangzhou.
In the first year of Tianbao (742), Quanzhou was changed into Qingyuan County, which belongs to the south of the Yangtze River. Because of the same name of the county, Qingyuan County was renamed Xianyou County.
In 758, Qingyuan County was restored to Quanzhou.
In the first year of the Shang Yuan Dynasty (760), the governor of Fuzhou was promoted to a governor, and Quanzhou and other six States belonged to it. In the sixth year of Dali (771), Quanzhou still belonged to this group.
During the reign of Zhenyuan (785-805), guidechang was set up in jieguiyi Township, Yongtai County, Fuzhou.
In the 19th year of Zhenyuan (803), the second year of Changqing (822) and the fifth year of Xiantong (864), the author analyzed the Di Li Xue Tong Chang, Taolin Chang and Xiaoxi Chang in Nan'an county.
In the third year of Qianfu (876), wudechang was set up in Wude Township, Nan'an county.
In the first year of Wende (888), the name of the stadium was changed to wusheng, and later to Wuan.
In the third year of qianning (896), Fuzhou was promoted to Weiwu army, which belonged to Quanzhou.
Five Dynasties and ten states
In 920, Fuzhou was promoted to be the governor's office of Dadu. Quanzhou is still in charge of four counties: Jinjiang, Nan'an, Putian and Xianyou.
In the first year of Tiancheng in the late Tang Dynasty (926), Wang Yanhan established himself as "the state of Fujian". In the first month of the fourth year of Changxing in the late Tang Dynasty (933), Wang Yanjun officially declared himself Emperor, and became the country's great boudoir. Shengtao forest farm is located in Taoyuan County, and Quanzhou has five counties. In December of the same year, Yongtai County was upgraded to Dehua County and changyuefu county.
In 938, Taoyuan County was renamed Yongchun County. In the fourth year of Tianfu (939), Datong was promoted to Tong'an county. At this time, Quanzhou planned to lead six counties. In February of the eighth year of Tianfu (943), the king of Fusha called himself Emperor in Jianzhou.
In the first month of the second year of Kaiyun (945), the great Yin changed its name to min, and Quanzhou was subordinate to it. In August, the master of Min came to the Southern Tang Dynasty. In September, Quanzhou belonged to the Southern Tang Dynasty.
In the second year of Qianyou in the later Han Dynasty (949), the Southern Tang Dynasty promoted Quanzhou to Qingyuan army and led the southern Zhou (namely Zhangzhou). In the same year, Dehua was assigned to the Qingyuan army, leading Changping and Jincheng townships, which were originally in Youxi.
In the second year of Later Zhou Xiande (955), at the request of Zhan Dunren, Qingyuan Jiedushi was sent to Qingxi county. In the same year, wuanchang was promoted to Changtai County (i.e. Changtai County in 943). So far, in addition to owning Nanzhou (Zhangzhou), Qingyuan army had nine counties: Jinjiang, Nan'an, Putian, Xianyou, Yongchun, Tongan, Dehua, Qingxi and Changtai.
Song, yuan and Ming Dynasties
Northern Song Dynasty
In the second year of Qiande in the Northern Song Dynasty (964), the Qingyuan army was changed into the Pinghai Navy.
In 978, pinghaijun was changed to Quanzhou, belonging to the Southwest Road of Zhejiang Province and still leading nine counties. In 979, Quanzhou set up Xinghua County in Youyang town of Xianyou County and Baizhang town of Putian County, and established Taiping Army in Xinghua County. Soon after, the Taiping army was transformed into the Xinghua army. In the fifth year of Taiping's rejuvenation of the state (980), Changtai County, at the request of Yang Hai and others, analyzed the situation because of the inconvenience of the long-term transportation
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