Yulin City, a prefecture level city under the jurisdiction of Shaanxi Province, began in the spring and Autumn period and Warring States period, and flourished in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. In the Ming Dynasty, Yansui town (also known as Yulin town) was located in Jiubian town. Emperor Kangxi granted the stele of "two garrisons, loyal and brave for thousands of years". It has the reputation of "south tower, North Taizhong ancient city, six floors, riding street, and the world's name". Such a strange urban construction is rare in China, which is also the national history of Yulin It is an important symbol of a famous historical and cultural city.
Yulin is located in the northernmost part of Shaanxi Province in China, at the junction of Loess Plateau and Mu Us sandy land. It is the transitional area between Loess Plateau and Inner Mongolia Plateau. It is adjacent to the Yellow River in the East, across the river from Shanxi Province, Ningxia and Gansu in the west, Yan'an in the south, and Ordos in the north. It is the junction of Shaanxi, Gansu, Ningxia, Inner Mongolia, and Shanxi provinces. It has been a must for military strategists since ancient times. It has jurisdiction over 2 districts, 1 county-level city and 9 counties, and is the main production area of coarse cereals in Shaanxi Province. Rich in energy and mineral resources, it is known as "China's Kuwait". There are Shenfu coalfield, one of the seven largest coalfields in the world, and ShanGanNing gas field, the largest integrated gas field in China.
Yulin is a national historical and cultural city, a national health city, a love city in China, one of the top 100 cities in China, a national new energy demonstration city, a national ecological protection and construction demonstration city, one of the top 100 cities in China in terms of competitiveness, one of the top 100 cities in the comprehensive evaluation of innovation ability of prefecture level cities in 2011, and one of the top 10 cities in China in 2012. In 2012, Yulin was selected as "top 200 charming cities with Chinese characteristics" and "top 200 cities with Western characteristics" in 2013 The north is the most attractive city for investment. Zhenbeitai, the first world cultural heritage of the Great Wall, is one of the ten most potential ancient cities in China: Yulin ancient city, hongshixia, Tongwancheng site, Hongjiannao, Yulin Desert National Forest Park, Shimao site, Baiyun Mountain, Qingyun temple, Xuankong Temple, Erlang mountain, Fuzhou City, Gaojiabao ancient city, Xifeng temple, Qingjian Bijia mountain and other major scenic spots.
According to historical records, during the Xia and Shang Dynasties, parts of Yulin City (Shenmu, Fugu, Jiaxian, etc.) were in the territory of Yongzhai people.
The Zhou Dynasty was a part of Baizhai in Yongzhou.
The spring and Autumn period was Jin, the Warring States period was Wei, and the Qin Dynasty was Shangjun after the unification of the six states.
In the Eastern Jin Dynasty, Hun helianheng established Daxia state in Tongwancheng (now baichengzi in Jingbian).
In 427 A.D., the Northern Wei Dynasty destroyed Daxia and established Tongwan town. In 488 A.D., xiazhou was established.
In the third year of kaihuang (583 A.D.), there were still four prefectures, namely Xia (governing WAN), Chang (governing CHANGZE, now in the border of Jing), Sui (governing Longquan, now in Suide County), and Yin (governing Rulin, now in Mizhi); in the first year of Daye (605 A.D.), Suizhou was renamed Shangzhou; in the third year, the state system was abolished, and two prefectures, Shuofang and Diaoyin, were established.
At the end of Sui Dynasty and the beginning of Tang Dynasty, it was occupied by Liang Shidu, a local powerful family, who claimed to be the kingdom of Liang and arrogated the throne of emperor.
In the second year of Zhenguan, all the divisions were destroyed. In the Tang Dynasty, three prefectures, Yin, Sui and Xia, were established, all under the jurisdiction of guanneidao. In 724 ad, Linzhou (now shenmuyang city) was added to the northeast of Yulin. In the first year of Tianbao (742 AD), Shangjun (now Suide), Yinzhou Jun (now dangcha), Shuofang Jun (now baichengzi) and Xinqin Jun (now Yangcheng) were established. In the first year of Qianyuan (758 AD), the county was removed and four prefectures, Sui, Xia, yin and Lin, were established. In 820 A.D., Yuzhou government moved from etoke banner of Inner Mongolia to Jinding border. In the later Tang Dynasty, Li Cunxu, the emperor of Zhuangzi, promoted Fugu County to the state (now Fugu).
During the Five Dynasties, there were xiazhou (lingshuofang, Dejing and ningshuo counties, all within the current Jing border), Yinzhou (lingzhenxiang, Kaiguang and Rulin counties, in today's Mizhi and Jiaxian counties), Linzhou (lingxinqin, liangu and Yincheng, in today's Shenmu), Fuzhou (today's Fugu), Suizhou (lingsuide, Longquan, Yanfu, Chengping and Dabin counties, in today's Suide, Qingjian and Dabin) Wubao, Zizhou).
In the Northern Song Dynasty, Yulin belonged to Yongxing Military Road (originally named Shaanxi Road). Suizhou and Youzhou were occupied by Xixia, without counties. They were recovered in the third year of Xining (1070 A.D.) and lost in the tenth year of Yuanfu (1096 A.D.).
After Song Gaozong's southward migration, he was reduced to Jinyou. As a part of Bingyan Road, he set up suidezhou and Jinning Army (jialuzhai). In the 22nd year of Dading (AD 1182), he withdrew and set up suidezhou and Jinning Army (changed to Jiazhou in the 24th year).
In Yuan Dynasty, Suide and Jiazhou belonged to Yan'an Road, Suide led Qingjian and Mizhi counties, and Jiazhou led Shenmu and Fugu counties.
In 1408, Yulin village was built in today's Hongshan (xiongshixia) in the sixth year of Yongle in the Ming Dynasty. Because the local soil is especially suitable for planting elm and willow, so it is named.
In 1471 A.D., Yulin guard was set up along the Great Wall. In 1505 A.D., East Road Shenmu road was set up, leading to Jiazhou, Fugu and Shenmu counties. Middle road Yulin road led to Suide, Mizhi, Qingjian and Wubao counties. West Road Jingbian road led to Baoan (jinzhidan), Anding (jinzichang) and Ansai counties, including Ding and Anshan counties in Yulin city Jing and Heng counties.
During the reign of Yongzheng in Qing Dynasty, there were two provincial administrative regions, Yulin Prefecture and Suide Zhili Prefecture.
After the revolution of 1911, the system of prefectures and prefectures was abolished and Yulin road was set up in 1913. After the abolition of the road, the county by the province directly under the central government.
The central red army arrived in Northern Shaanxi. In 1937, the government of the Shaanxi Gansu Ningxia border region was established. Except for Yuyang District, all counties in the city were liberated successively. On the basis of the former Soviet regime, the people's government was established, with Suide and trilateral sub regions under the jurisdiction of Suide, Mizhi, Jiaxian, Hengshan, Qingjian, Wubao, Jingbian, Dingbian and Anbian (later abolished).
On January 10, 1944, Zizhou county was established from Suide County, Mizhi County, Qingjian County, Hengshan County and Zichang County. At that time, Shenfu special zone was set up in the east of Shenmu and fugu, which was under the jurisdiction of Jinsui border region.
On June 1, 1949, Yulin city was peacefully liberated. The trilateral division was abolished and the Yulin division was set up to govern the six counties of Yulin, Dingbian, Jingbian, Hengshan, Shenmu and fugu.
In May 1950, Suide and Yulin were established.
In October 1956, Suide district was abolished, Suide, Mizhi, Jiaxian, Wubao, Qingjian and Zizhou counties were merged into Yulin District, Zichang and Yanchuan into Yan'an district.
In 1958, twelve counties were merged into six counties: Yulin (Hengshan), Shenmu (Fugu), Jingbian, Dingbian, Suide (Wubao, Qingjian, Zizhou) and Mizhi (Jiaxian).
In 1961, the original system was restored in the merged counties.
In 1968, the Yulin Commissioner's office was changed into the Yulin regional Revolutionary Committee as the first level political power institution.
In 1979, it was changed into Yulin district administrative office, which is an agency of the provincial people's government.
On September 2, 1988, Yulin County was changed into county-level Yulin city.
On July 1, 2000, Yulin district administrative office abolished and established prefecture level Yulin City, and the former county-level Yulin city was changed into Yuyang District.
On December 3, 2015, the State Council (Guo Han No. 209) approved the revocation of Hengshan County and the establishment of Hengshan District of Yulin city. The former administrative region of Hengshan County is the administrative region of Hengshan District. The people's Government of Hengshan District is located at No. 9, North Street, Hengshan Street.
In April 2017, the State Council approved the abolition of Shenmu county and the establishment of county-level Shenmu City, with the former administrative region of Shenmu county as the administrative region of Shenmu city. Shenmu city is directly under the central government of Shaanxi Province and managed by Yulin city.
As of July 2017, Yulin City has jurisdiction over two districts, one city and nine counties, covering an area of 42923 square kilometers and a population of 3.75 million. The Municipal People's government is located in Yuyang District.
Yulin is located in the northernmost part of Shaanxi Province, adjacent to Gansu and Ningxia in the west, Inner Mongolia in the north, Shanxi across the Yellow River in the East, and Yan'an City in Shaanxi Province in the south. Geographical coordinates: 36 ° 57 ′ - 39 ° 35 ′ n, 107 ° 28 ′ - 111 ° 15 ′ E. The figure of Yulin administrative division is like a triangle. The east end of Yulin is duanzhai village, Huangfu Township, Fugu County; the north end is liujiapo village, Gucheng Town, Fugu County; the west end is liumaoyuan Township, Dingbian County; and the south end is tiejiaocheng, baimayao Township, Dingbian county. The largest length from east to west is 309 km, and the largest width from north to south is 295 km, with a total area of 43578 square kilometers, accounting for about 21% of Shaanxi Province, ranking first among the 10 prefecture level cities in Shaanxi Province.
Yulin belongs to the Ordos platform slope of North China platform and the north central part of Shanbei depression. The northeast is close to the Dongsheng uplift, which is an ancient platform. There is no magmatic rock formation and magmatic activity, and there are few earthquakes. The terrain inclines from the west to the East, with an average altitude of 1600-1800 meters in the southwest and 1000-1200 meters in other places. The highest point is Weiliang in the south of Dingbian, 1907 meters above sea level, and the lowest point is Qingjian Wuding River entering the Yellow River Estuary, 560 meters above sea level.
The landforms can be divided into three types: sandy grassland area, Loess Hilly and gully area, and low mountain and hilly area. Generally bounded by the Great Wall, in the north is the sandy grassland area on the southern edge of the Maowusu Desert, covering an area of 15813 square kilometers, accounting for 36.7% of the area of Yulin city. The beaches under control are lush and green, and Haizi (lakes) are scattered all over the world. The south is the hinterland of the Loess Plateau, with crisscross gullies, hills and ridges. Soil erosion has been preliminarily controlled, and the ecological environment has been greatly improved. It covers an area of 22300 square kilometers, accounting for 51.75% of Yulin city. The Liangshan hilly area is mainly distributed in the southwest Baiyu mountainous area, where Wuding River, Dali River, Yanhe River and Luohe River originate. It covers an area of about 5000 square kilometers, accounting for 11.55% of Yulin city. The terrain is high, the Liangyuan is broad, the Liangjian is crisscross, the soil layer is deep, and the soil erosion is gradually controlled.
Yulin is one of the high sunshine value areas in China,
Chinese PinYin : Shan Xi Sheng Yu Lin Shi
Release Time:2021-03-06 00:47:51
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