Yancheng, a prefecture level city in Jiangsu Province, is one of the 27 cities in the central area of the Yangtze River Delta. It is located in the east coastal area of China, in the middle of Jiangsu Province, adjacent to the Yellow Sea in the East, Nantong in the south, Yangzhou and Taizhou in the southwest, Huai'an in the northwest, and Lianyungang across the Guanhe River in the north.
Yancheng has a total land area of 16931 square kilometers, including 4553 square kilometers of coastal beaches. It is the only world natural heritage site in Jiangsu Province and the habitat of migratory birds in the yellow (Bohai) sea of China. By the end of 2019, the registered residence population was 8 million 213 thousand and 500 and the resident population was 7 million 208 thousand and 900.
Yancheng has convenient sea, land and air transportation, basically forming a three-dimensional transportation network of expressway, railway, aviation, sea transportation and inland river transportation. Nanyang International Airport, Yancheng port Dafeng port area, Binhai port area, Sheyang port area and Xiangshui port area have become the first-class open ports in China. Yancheng City has become a prefecture level city with two first-class open ports of airport and seaport at the same time. It is the intersection of two major strategies of national coastal development and Yangtze River Delta integration.
Before the Western Zhou Dynasty, it was "Huaiyi". In the fourth year of Yuanshou (119 BC), Emperor Wu of the Western Han Dynasty, Yandu County was built. In 411, the seventh year of Yixi reign of emperor an in the Eastern Jin Dynasty, Yancheng was renamed as Yancheng because of "all the salt fields around the city". In the northern and Southern Dynasties, Sheyang County was set up first, and then Yancheng county was changed. At the end of the great cause of the Sui Dynasty, Wei Che, the leader of the Jianghuai peasant uprising army, called Wang Lishe Prefecture according to Yancheng, which was divided into Sheyang, Xin'an and Anle counties. In the early Tang Dynasty, the state of Shezhou was abandoned and Yancheng county was restored to Chuzhou; in the first year of Qianyuan (758), Yancheng supervisor was set up to manage the salt affairs of Chuzhou. In Song Dynasty, Yancheng belonged to Chuzhou. In the Yuan Dynasty, it belonged to Yangzhou road and Huai'an road. It belonged to Yangzhou and Huai'an in Ming and Qing Dynasties. During this period, Funing County was established in 1731, and Dongtai county was established in 1768.
During the period of the Republic of China, it belonged to Huaiyang road first, and then to the province. There were the tenth administrative supervision district of Jiangsu Province, Yancheng administrative supervision district of Jiangsu Province, and the sixth administrative supervision district of Jiangsu Province. It governed Yancheng County, Dongtai County, Funing County, Xinghua County, and was located in Yancheng county. In October 1940, the New Fourth Army and the Eighth Route Army joined forces in SHIZIKOU, Baiju, and established the central China headquarters. After the southern Anhui Incident, the New Fourth Army rebuilt its headquarters in Yancheng. In September 1941, Yanfu district administrative office was established. It has jurisdiction over seven counties of Yancheng, Yandong, Jianyang, Funing, Fudong, Huai'an and Lianshui, and lianguanfu border region office. The next year, lianguanfu border area was rebuilt into Sheyang and Binhai counties. At the end of October in 1947, Yancheng was liberated.
On April 21, 1949, Yancheng special district was established, which governs Yancheng, Sheyang (composed of some areas to the east of Chuanchang River and the south of Sheyang River in the former Funing and Yancheng, and the county people's government is stationed in Hede town), Jianyang (composed of areas to the west of Chuanchang River and the north of picha River in the former Funing and Yancheng, and the county people's government is stationed in Huduo town), Funing, Huai'an, Binhai (composed of former Funing, Lianshui, Guanyun) The county people's government is located in dongkan Town, and Liandong county is located in dachengji. The office of the Commissioner is located in Yancheng town.
On January 11, 1950, Dongtai and Taibei counties of the former Taizhou district were assigned to Yancheng district. In the same year, Liandong county was abolished and Lianshui County was merged into Huaiyin District. On July 11, 1951, Taipei County was renamed Dafeng County and Jianyang County Jianhu County. Yancheng District governs 8 counties and 1 city.
On January 1, 1953, the people's Government of Jiangsu Province was established and set up Yancheng special zone. Yancheng District has jurisdiction over Yancheng, Huai'an, Binhai, Funing, Sheyang, Jianhu, Dafeng and Dongtai counties. In 1954, Huai'an county was assigned to Huaiyin special area. Yancheng District governs 7 counties.
In 1966, Xiangshui county (located in Xiangshui town) was separated from the area north of Zhongshan River in Binhai County. Yancheng District governs 8 counties.
In May 1971, Yancheng district was renamed Yancheng area, which still has jurisdiction over Yancheng, Xiangshui, Binhai, Funing, Sheyang, Jianhu, Dafeng and Dongtai counties.
In 1983, Yancheng Prefecture and Yancheng county were abolished and Yancheng City under provincial jurisdiction was established.
In 1983, with the approval of the State Council, Yancheng implemented a new system of city governing county. Yancheng District and Yancheng county were abolished and a prefecture level Yancheng city was established. All the counties under the jurisdiction of the former Yancheng District were under the jurisdiction of Yancheng City, and the former Yancheng county was divided into two districts: the urban area and the suburbs of Yancheng City. Yancheng City has jurisdiction over 7 counties including Xiangshui, Binhai, Funing, Sheyang, Jianhu, Dafeng and Dongtai, and 2 districts including urban and suburban areas.
In December 1987, with the approval of the State Council, Dongtai county was abolished and Dongtai City at the county level was established. Yancheng City has jurisdiction over two districts, six counties and one city.
In July 1996, with the approval of the State Council, Yancheng suburb was abolished and Yandu County was established. In August of the same year, with the approval of the State Council, Dafeng County was abolished and Dafeng City at the county level was established. Yancheng City has jurisdiction over one district, six counties and two cities.
In 2003, with the approval of the State Council, Yancheng city changed its name to Tinghu District of Yancheng City; Yandu County was abolished and Yandu District of Yancheng city was established; Yancheng City has jurisdiction over 2 districts, 5 counties and 2 cities.
In August 2015, according to the decision of the State Council and the provincial government on adjusting some administrative divisions of Yancheng City, Dafeng City at the county level was abolished and Dafeng District of Yancheng city was established; Yancheng City has a total of 3 districts, 5 counties and 1 city.
As of December 2019, Yancheng has five counties including Jianhu, Sheyang, Funing, Binhai and Xiangshui, three districts including Tinghu, Yandu and Dafeng, and one county-level city in Dongtai, with Yancheng Economic and Technological Development Zone and Yannan high tech Zone. There are 26 streets, 96 towns and 2432 villages (communities). Yancheng Municipal People's government is located at 21 Century Avenue, Yancheng City, Jiangsu Province.
Yancheng city is located between 32 ° 34 ′ - 34 ° 28 ′ N and 119 ° 27 ′ - 120 ° 54 ′ E. It is adjacent to the Yellow Sea in the East, Nantong City and Taizhou City in the south, Huai'an City and Yangzhou City in the west, and Lianyungang City across the Guanhe River in the north. The total land area of the city is 17000 square kilometers, including 455300 hectares of coastal beach area, accounting for 75% of the coastal beach area of Jiangsu Province, and 582 kilometers of coastline, accounting for 56% of the total coastline length of Jiangsu Province. The coastal area to the south of Sheyang estuary also extends to the sea at the speed of more than 10 square kilometers per year.
Yancheng city is a plain landform, with high altitude in the northwest and Southeast, low-lying in the middle and northeast. The altitude of most areas is less than 5 meters, and the maximum relative height is less than 8 meters. It is divided into three plain areas: Huanghuai Plain Area, Lixiahe plain area and coastal plain area. Huanghuai Plain is located in the north of the main irrigation canal in Northern Jiangsu Province. The terrain of Huanghuai Plain takes the abandoned Yellow River as the central axis and gradually declines to the northeast and Southeast. The highest altitude of the abandoned Yellow River is 8.5 meters, and the lowest one along the Sheyang River in the southeast is only about 1 meter. Lixiahe plain is located in the south of North Jiangsu irrigation canal and the west of Chuanchang river. It is a part of Lixiahe plain, with a total area of more than 4000 square kilometers. The plain is high around and low in the middle, with the lowest altitude of only 0.7 meters. The coastal plain is located to the south of the irrigation canal and to the east of the Chuanchang River, with a total area of more than 7000 square kilometers, accounting for about half of the total area of the city. The plain area slopes slowly from southeast to northwest. The terrain in Dongtai is relatively high, generally between 4 m and 5 m above sea level, and gradually decreases to the north, reaching 1 m to 1.5 m at Sheyang River.
Yancheng city is located in the transition zone from the north subtropical climate to the warm temperate climate, generally bounded by the North Jiangsu irrigation canal. The south of the canal belongs to the north subtropical climate, and the north of the canal belongs to the South warm temperate climate, with transitional characteristics. Compared with the western region of Jiangsu Province at the same latitude, the temperature in spring is lower and rises later; the temperature in autumn is lower and higher than that in spring; the annual precipitation is also more than that in the western region of Jiangsu Province. The monsoon climate is obvious. In winter, affected by the Eurasian cold air mass, northerly wind prevails and cold weather prevails; in summer, affected by the Pacific subtropical high, southerly wind prevails and hot weather prevails, with warm and humid air and abundant rainfall.
In Yancheng City, there are 12 large rivers more than 50 km long, with many lakes, ponds and ponds. The main rivers are the Huaihe River system. The territory has a long coastline, starting from xingangzha which borders Nantong City in the South and ending at guanhekou which borders Lianyungang City in the north. Radial sand ridges, also known as radial sandbanks, are distributed in the coastal periphery between the south of Sheyang estuary and lvsigang, Qidong County, Nantong city. Its range is 200 kilometers from north to South and 90 kilometers from east to west. Although it is beyond the scope of the city, the main part is in the city. Yancheng sea area is located in the middle of Jiangsu coast, with a total coastline of 582 km, accounting for 56% of Jiangsu Province, and a deep water coastline of 70 km. The sea area is 18900 square kilometers, including 12100 square kilometers of internal water and 6753 square kilometers of territorial sea.
On July 5, 2019, the Ministry of ecology and environment of the people's Republic of China announced the special investigation of black and odorous water in the first stage of overall planning and strengthening supervision in 2019. Yancheng was listed in the "list of cities with less than 80% black and odorous water elimination proportion", and the elimination proportion was 40%. On October 23, it was identified as "the third batch of urban demonstration cities for black and odorous water treatment".
World Natural Heritage
On July 5, 2019, China's yellow (Bohai) sea migratory bird habitat (phase I) was listed in the world heritage list. So far, this natural wetland in Yancheng has become the 14th World Natural Heritage in China and the first natural heritage in Jiangsu Province, filling the blank of coastal wetland type World Heritage in China.
China's Yellow Sea (Bohai Sea) migratory bird habitat is a series of world heritage declaration projects, including 16 declaration sites
Chinese PinYin : Jiang Su Sheng Yan Cheng Shi
Yancheng City, Jiangsu Province
Release Time:2022-01-27 04:18:37
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