Yueyang, also known as "baling" and "Yuezhou" in ancient times, is a prefecture level city in Hunan Province, a provincial sub central city, the second largest economy, the first batch of open cities along the Yangtze River by the State Council, an important regional central city in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, a big city in Hunan Province, and a Hunan free trade zone. The construction of the city began in 505 B.C. and got its name because the original Prefecture was located in the south of Mufu mountain. It is a famous cultural city with a long history of more than 2500 years. It is located in the northeast of Hunan Province, with the Yangtze River in the north, three rivers and four rivers in the South and Dongting in the arms.
Yueyang has very convenient transportation. The Yangtze River, Beijing Guangzhou railway, Haoji railway, Beijing Guangzhou high speed railway, Beijing Hong Kong Macao expressway, Hangzhou Ruizhou Expressway and other national transportation arteries are interwoven into a network in the urban area. Yueyang is not only the only international trade port city in Hunan, but also a famous port city in China. Chenglingji port is connected to the river and sea, with Chenglingji comprehensive bonded zone. On December 26, 2018, Yueyang Sanhe airport was officially opened, forming a comprehensive traffic pattern of water, land, air and rail.
Yueyang, with profound culture and beautiful scenery, integrates famous mountains, famous waters, famous buildings, celebrities and famous articles. It is one of the important origins of Chinese culture and a famous tourist attraction at home and abroad. In 2014, Yueyang was rated as the city with the most happiness and cultural soft power in China, and it is the only prefecture level city in China that has won two awards. In 2015, Yueyang won the title of "China's top ten dynamic leisure cities". In 2015, Yueyang won the title of "national civilized city". In 2019, Yueyang ranked 37th among the top 100 prefecture level cities in China. In June 2020, the Central Committee for the rule of law was selected as the first batch of national government construction demonstration areas and projects. In July 2020, the National Patriotic Health Association confirmed Yueyang as a national health city.
In the Paleolithic age, about 200000 years ago, human beings in Yueyang had been living and reproducing here. A Paleolithic site was excavated in Changyuan village, Yuantan Town, Linxiang city. Seven stone specimens were collected.
In the Neolithic age, from 10000 to 5000 years ago, the ancestors of Yueyang began to plant rice and mulberry, raise livestock, spin and make pottery. The excavation of more than 130 Neolithic sites, including huangjiayuan and fushanyuan in Miluo City and chegushan in Huarong County, shows that primitive agriculture and handicraft industry have developed, and primitive culture, art, science and technology have sprouted.
About 5000 years ago in Xia and Shang Dynasties, Yueyang was the field of Yunmeng and the land of Sanmiao. It is said that Huang Di, Yao, Shun and Yu all left footprints in the territory, which can be seen in historical records, Zhuangzi and Huainanzi.
In the early Western Zhou Dynasty, Yueyang belonged to the activity area of Yue people and other indigenous tribes. By the end of the Western Zhou Dynasty, King Xuan of Zhou granted Zhaogong to Jianghan, and Yueyang was one of Zhaogong's fiefdoms.
During the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period, Yueyang belonged to Chu. In the process of opening up its territory, Chu moved the adherents to Yueyang, and established such vassal states as Luozi state and mizuojun state.
In the Qin Dynasty, Yueyang belonged to Changsha County.
During the Han Dynasty and the Three Kingdoms period, it belonged to Xiajun County, Luo County and Nanjun County in Changsha, guhuarong county and Fuling County in Wuling county. After Wang Mang built the new Han Dynasty, Yueyang was divided into Jingzhou and Wuling counties. In Xiping period (172-178), Hanchang county was built in the east of Luoxian county. In the 15th year of Jian'an (210), the northern part of Changsha County was set up as Hanchang County, and the county government was set up in jinpuguan in the southeast of Pingjiang County, which was the beginning of setting up the county in the city. In the 20th year of Jian'an (215), Sun Quan set up Datun Garrison (now Yueyanglou District) in Bachu DIGE and built it as Bachu city (the predecessor of Yueyang ancient city). During the period of the Three Kingdoms, it belonged to Wu.
In the Jin Dynasty, Yueyang belonged to Jingzhou and Xiangzhou. In the first year of Taikang in the Western Jin Dynasty (280), baling county was set up in the west of Xiajun County, Jiang'an county was set up, and Nan'an county (now Huarong) was built. In the first year of Yuankang (291), Jianchang County was established in four counties in the north of Changsha County, and baling county was set up in the county. Since then, the ancient city of Yueyang has been the seat of the county, prefecture, government, local and municipal government. In the first year of Xiankang in the Eastern Jin Dynasty (335), Jianchang County was withdrawn and merged into Changsha County.
During the northern and Southern Dynasties, Yueyang belonged to Xiangzhou, Jingzhou, Bazhou, Luozhou and nanjingzhou. In the 16th year of Yuanjia (439), baling county was set up, which still belongs to Xiangzhou. The county government was set up in Baling county. In 474, Yiyang County, Xiangxi county and Luoxian county were divided into Xiangyin County. In the second year of Liang Datong (528), Yueyang County was built in the east of fenluo county and the west of Wuchang County, and Xiangbin county was built in the south of Luoxian County; Yueyang County was built in Yueyang, Luoxian, Xiangbin, Yushan and Xiangyin, and changlan village in Changle Town of Miluo City was set up in county and county administration.
In 589, Yueyang County was abolished and baling county was changed into Bazhou. In the 11th year of kaihuang (591), Bazhou was changed to Yuezhou, which is the beginning of Yueyang being called Yuezhou. In the first year of Daye (605), Yuezhou was changed to Luozhou. In the third year of Daye (607), Luozhou was changed into baling County, and five counties including baling County, Huarong County, Xiangyin County, Luozhou county and Yuanjiang County were led.
In 621, Wuling county was changed to Bazhou. In 623, it was renamed Yuezhou because it had the same name as Bazhou (now Cangxi County) in Sichuan. In the first year of Zhenguan (627), the country was divided into ten roads, and Yuezhou belonged to Jiangnan Road. In the 21st year of Kaiyuan (733), Yuezhou belonged to Jiangnan West Road. In the first year of Tianbao (742), Yuezhou was changed into baling county. In the first year of Qianyuan (758), baling county was changed into Yuezhou.
In May of 907, the first year of Kaiping in the late Liang Dynasty, Yang Wo set up Yuezhou regiment training envoy. In the late Tang Dynasty (934-936), a court was set up in Lucheng in the northeast of Baling county. In the first year of Guangshun in the Later Zhou Dynasty (951), Yuezhou belonged to the governor of Wu'an army in the Southern Tang Dynasty. The next year, it was under the control of the old general of Southern Chu.
In Song Dynasty, Yuezhou belonged to Jinghu North Road, Jinghu East Road and Jinghu South Road. In the second year of Zhidao (1996), Yuezhou led baling, Linxiang, Pingjiang, Huarong and Yuanjiang counties. In June of the first year of Xuanhe (1119), Yuezhou was taken as Yueyang's army. In 1275, Ali Hague captured Yuezhou.
In 1276, Hunan appeasement department was set up in Tanzhou, which belonged to Yuezhou. In 1277, Yuezhou was changed into the office of the general manager of Yuezhou Road, belonging to the North Road of Jiangnan in Huguang province.
In 1369, Yuezhou road was changed into Yuezhou government, which was under the Department of Hu Guangcheng; in 1371, a commander of Yuezhou Wei was set up in the southeast of Yuezhou government, responsible for the river defense from Wuchang to Mianyang, Changsha and Changde.
In the Qing Dynasty, Yuezhou belonged to yuechanglidao of Hunan Province. In the third year of Yongzheng (1725), it was merged into baling County by Yuezhou Wei. In 1899, Yuezhou was set up as a trading port. Yuechanglidao, which was originally stationed in Changde, was moved to Yuezhou.
In September 1913, baling county was changed to Yueyang County. In 1914, Yueyang belonged to Wuling road and Xiangjiang Road respectively. In 1916, it belonged to Xiangjiang Road. In 1922, Daocun county was abolished, and each county was directly under Hunan Province. In August 1930, the Communist Party of China (CPC) Xiangbei special commission was set up in the south slope of zhegang cave in Yueyang county (now Zhuping village, Zhangguying town), leading the activities of the revolutionary base areas in Yueyang, Pingjiang, Linxiang, Huarong and Xiangyin. In May 1931, Xiangbei special commission withdrew to Jinggangshan. From November 1938 to September 1939, the counties in the territory were successively occupied by the Japanese army, and the Japanese puppet maintenance Council or the Japanese puppet county government were established. In December 1938, nine administrative supervision districts were set up in Hunan Province. Yueyang, Linxiang, Pingjiang and Xiangyin were under the jurisdiction of the first supervision district, while Huarong was under the jurisdiction of the fourth. During the period from September 1939 to June 1944, the Chinese and Japanese troops fought four fierce battles in Northern Hunan. The Yueyang army and people paid huge sacrifices and property losses to the Japanese army, which was known as four "battles in Northern Hunan". In July 1949, all counties in Yueyang were peacefully liberated one after another. From then on, Yueyang entered the period of socialist construction. From July 1949 to October 1952, all counties in the territory belonged to Changsha special district (Huarong County belonged to Changde special district, and later to Yiyang special district).
From October 1952 to July 1964, all counties (excluding Huarong County) in the territory belonged to Xiangtan district.
In September 1964, in accordance with the instructions of Mao Zedong, chairman of the CPC Central Committee, the Yueyang special office was officially established, which governs Yueyang, Pingjiang, Linxiang and Xiangyin counties originally belonging to Xiangtan special area and Huarong County originally belonging to Yiyang special area. The special office is located in Zhuyin street, Yueyanglou District. In February 1966, Miluo county was established in five districts in the eastern half of Xiangyin County. In March 1967, Yueyang production leading group was established to perform the leading function of the special office. In April, the Yueyang regional production leading group was changed to the Yueyang regional revolutionary production promotion headquarters. In February 1968, the Yueyang District Revolutionary Committee was established to replace the leadership of the local Party committee and the special office, and the Yueyang district was renamed Yueyang district. In 1979, the Revolutionary Committee of Yueyang district was abolished and changed into Yueyang district administrative office. In July 1983, Yueyang City (established in January 1960, withdrawn in October 1962 and restored in December 1975) was upgraded to a provincial city. In April 1984, the southern, northern and suburban districts of Yueyang City were established.
In January 1986, the State Council approved the abolition of Yueyang Prefecture, and its five counties of Pingjiang, Linxiang, Xiangyin, Miluo and Huarong, and three farms of Quyuan, Qianlianghu and huanggaihu were put under the jurisdiction of Yueyang City.
In September 1987, Miluo county was abolished and Miluo City was established; in September 1992, Linxiang county was abolished and Linxiang city was established.
Chinese PinYin : Hu Nan Sheng Yue Yang Shi
Yueyang City, Hunan Province
Release Time:2022-01-27 04:20:52
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