Huizhou, a prefecture level city in Guangdong Province, is located on the East Bank of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao Dawan District, with Luofu Mountain on its back and Daya Bay on its south. The Dongjiang River winds more than 100 kilometers in its territory. It is one of the central cities in the Pearl River Delta. With a total area of 11599 square kilometers, it has jurisdiction over Huicheng District, Huiyang District, Huidong County, BOLUO county and Longmen County. There are two national development zones, Zhongkai high tech Industrial Development Zone and Daya Bay Economic and Technological Development Zone. By the end of 2019, the city's permanent resident population will be 4.88 million.
Huizhou is the central city in the middle and lower reaches of the Dongjiang River. It is located in the intersection of Hakka culture, Guangfu culture and Chaoshan culture. Various cultures blend with each other. Guangdong Han Opera, fishing songs, folk songs, dragon dance, lion dance, spring cattle dance, Yao people's fire dog dance and other cultural activities are flourishing, and the folk culture is colorful. It is listed as a national historical and cultural city by the State Council.
Huizhou was an important town in eastern Guangdong in Sui and Tang Dynasties, and has been a political, economic, military, cultural center and commodity distribution center of Dongjiang River Basin for more than 1400 years. In ancient times, it was known as "famous county in Lingnan" and "gateway to eastern Guangdong", which was called e city for short.
Huizhou is also an important settlement and distribution center for Hakkas. Overseas Chinese and compatriots from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan rank the first among the four Hakka States and are known as the capital of Hakka overseas Chinese. Huizhou is the most successful place for the integration of the three major ethnic groups of Hakkas, Chaoshan and Guangfu in Guangdong. It is also one of the important channels for the Hakkas to move from the land civilization to the marine civilization. Hakka is the largest group of Huizhou people. Hakka culture is an indispensable part of Huizhou culture. Huizhou is the ancestral home of many overseas Hakka Chinese. Huizhou is the forefront of the history of modern Chinese resistance. It once established Dongjiang column, the main force of the Anti Japanese war in South China. From the Tang Dynasty to the end of the Qing Dynasty, more than 430 Chinese celebrities lived in Huizhou, leaving many historical and cultural heritages that the world is proud of.
Huizhou was included in the national administrative division since the Qin Dynasty. In 214 BC (the 33rd year of the first emperor of Qin Dynasty), Fuluo county was set up. After Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty pacified the Nanyue state, it was renamed BOLUO county. In the Three Kingdoms period, the administrative division system of Wu state was the same as that of Han Dynasty, and there was no record of the county division.
In 331 (the sixth year of Jin Xianhe), BOLUO county was divided into Haifeng County, in 336 (the second year of Jin Xiankang), Xinle county and Anhuai County, and in 483 (the first year of Qi Yongming in the Southern Dynasty), Luoyang county. In 503 (the second year of Liang Tianjian in the Southern Dynasty), Nanhai and Dongguan counties were set up in Lianghua County, which governed Xinle, BOLUO, Heyuan, Longchuan and leixiang counties. In 507 (the sixth year of Liang Tianjian), Huaian County was merged into Xinle County, Luoyang County into BOLUO county. In 588, Xinle county was renamed Guishan county. Lianghua County governs Guishan County, BOLUO County, Longchuan County, Heyuan county and leixiang county.
In 589 (the ninth year of kaihuang reign of Sui Dynasty), Lianghua county was abandoned and set up as Xunzhou, which was governed by Guishan County, BOLUO County, Heyuan county (Longchuan County), Xinfeng County, Xingning county (leixiang county) and Haifeng County. In 590, he moved to Guishan. In 598 (the 18th year of kaihuang), Xinfeng changed its name to Xiuji. Six counties including Guishan, BOLUO, Heyuan, Xingning, Haifeng and Xiuji (Xinfeng reform) were under its jurisdiction. In 607 (the third year of the great cause of Sui Dynasty), Xunzhou was abolished and Longchuan County was established. It has jurisdiction over Guishan, BOLUO, Haifeng, Heyuan (xiujiru province), Xingning and other five counties.
In the Tang Dynasty, in 622 (the fifth year of Wude of Tang Dynasty), Longchuan County was renamed as Xunzhou, governed by Xunzhou and Chaozhou, and successively subordinate to Guangzhou (general manager's office and dududu's office). Seven counties, including Guishan County, BOLUO County, Haifeng County, Anlu County, Heyuan County, Shicheng County and Xingning County, were led by Xunzhou. In 627, Longchuan County was merged into Guishan County, Luoyang County into BOLUO County, Qichang County into Xingning County, and Shicheng County into Heyuan county. Shunzhou governs Guishan, BOLUO, Haifeng, Heyuan and Xingning counties. In 690 (the first year of Tianzhi in Tang and Zhou dynasties), Xunzhou was abolished and leixiang county was set up, with jurisdiction over Guishan, BOLUO, Haifeng, Heyuan and leixiang (set up in xixingning county). In 742 (the first year of Tang Tianbao), leixiang county was changed to Haifeng County, and the county governance was Guishan County, which governed six counties, including Guishan, BOLUO, Haifeng, Heyuan, leixiang and Xingning. In 758 (the first year of the Qianyuan period of the Tang Dynasty), Haifeng County was abolished and Fuxun Prefecture was established. It has jurisdiction over 6 counties, including Guishan, Luoyang (BOLUO county reform), Haifeng, Heyuan, leixiang and Qichang (Xingning County province).
In 917, Luoyang county was renamed BOLUO county. According to the analysis of Zhenzhou, it has jurisdiction over Guishan, BOLUO, Haifeng and Heyuan counties.
The administrative division of Song Dynasty basically followed the Tang system. In 971 (the fourth year of Kaibao in the Northern Song Dynasty), after the Southern Han Dynasty was destroyed by the Northern Song Dynasty, it was still called Zhenzhou and governed four counties. In 1020, Zhenzhou was renamed Huizhou. In 1120 (the second year of Xuanhe of Song Dynasty), Huizhou was granted BOLUO county. In 1133 (the third year of Shaoxing of Song Dynasty), BOLUO county was renamed Huizhou and still governed four counties.
In the Yuan Dynasty, provincial administration was implemented. In 1279 (the 16th year of the Yuan Dynasty), Huizhou was changed to Huizhou Road, still under the jurisdiction of four counties. In 1286 (the 23rd year of the Yuan Dynasty to the Yuan Dynasty), along the State Road was reduced to the state and merged into Huizhou road. Therefore, Huizhou road has jurisdiction over 3 counties, Longchuan, Xingning and Changle, with a total of 7 counties. Among them, in 1295 (the first year of Yuanzhen), Changle County was changed to Huizhou Road, and in 1324 (the first year of yuantaiding), it was restored to Xunzhou.
In the early Ming Dynasty, the administrative region inherited the yuan system. In 1368 (the first year of Hongwu in the Ming Dynasty), Huizhou road was changed to Huizhou Prefecture, with jurisdiction over Guishan, BOLUO, Haifeng and Heyuan counties. In 1369 (the second year of Hongwu), shunzhou was abolished, and Longchuan, Xingning and Changle counties under its jurisdiction were incorporated into Huizhou Prefecture. In 1518 (the 13th year of Zhengde of Ming Dynasty), Longchuan and Heyuan were located in Heping County, in 1569 (the 3rd year of Longqing of Ming Dynasty), Guishan and Changle were located in Yong'an County, and Heyuan, Wengyuan and Yingde were located in Changning County. All of them belong to Huizhou Prefecture, which governs 10 counties. In 1633 (the sixth year of Chongzhen in Ming Dynasty), Lianping Prefecture was established in Heyuan, Heping, Changning and Wengyuan counties. Huizhou governs 10 counties including Guishan, BOLUO, Changning, Yong'an, Haifeng, Longchuan, Changle, Xingning, Heyuan and Heping, and lianpingzhou (two counties of lingheyuan and Heping).
In the Qing Dynasty, the system was basically based on the Ming Dynasty. At the end of 1646 (the third year of the reign of emperor Shunzhi of the Qing Dynasty), the counties under the jurisdiction of Huizhou government remained unchanged. In 1731 (the ninth year of Yongzheng reign of the Qing Dynasty), fangkuo, Shifan and Jikang of Haifeng County were all located in Lufeng County, and Huizhou Prefecture governed Lianping Prefecture and 11 counties. In 1733 (the 11th year of Yongzheng), Changle and Xingning counties were transferred to Jiaying Zhili Prefecture, and Huizhou government governed one Prefecture and nine counties.
In the early years of the Republic of China, the provincial and county level system was implemented. In 1912 (the first year of the Republic of China), Guishan county was changed to Huiyang county (revised by the Ministry of the interior in January 1914). In January 1914 (the third year of the Republic of China), after the implementation of the three-level system of province, road and county, Huiyang county and BOLUO county were subordinate to Guangdong Province, with chaoxun Road (formerly huichaojia Road), and Longmen County was subordinate to Yuehai road.
In December 1920 (9 years of the Republic of China), the provincial and county level system was still restored. In January 1921, the eastern district was set up in Huizhou, which is a temporary administrative district and governs Huiyang, BOLUO and other counties. In July 1925, China's local administrative regions were divided into four levels: Province, administrative region, county and city. Guangdong Province is divided into six administrative regions. Dongjiang Administrative Region governs 25 counties including Huiyang and BOLUO. In November 1926, the administrative region was abolished. In 1928, Nanjing national government stipulated that counties and cities directly under the provincial government should be set up. Soon, Guangdong Province was divided into five administrative regions: East, West, South, North and middle. In March of the same year, the eastern district was re established, with jurisdiction over BOLUO, Huiyang and other counties. After that, it was set up and abandoned again and again, and there was no customization.
In September 1936 (the 25th year of the Republic of China), Guangdong Province set up the fourth administrative supervision district, which is located in Huiyang County, and has jurisdiction over eight counties, including Huiyang, BOLUO, Haifeng, Lufeng, Heyuan, Zijin, Xinfeng and Longmen. In March 1940, the office was moved to Heyuan, with jurisdiction over Dongguan, Zengcheng and Bao'an, a total of 11 counties. In 1947, the administrative regions of Guangdong Province were readjusted again, and the administrative supervision was divided into the direct supervision area of the provincial government and the special administrative supervision area. The special administrative supervision district is an organ dispatched by the provincial government, not a local administrative district at the first level. The Fifth District of the special administrative supervision district has jurisdiction over seven counties, including Huiyang, BOLUO, Haifeng, Lufeng, Heyuan, Zijin and Longmen. In February 1949 (the 38th year of the Republic of China), the administrative districts of Guangdong Province were adjusted again. Huiyang, BOLUO, Dongguan, Bao'an, Zhongshan and other five counties belonged to the second administrative supervision district, while Longmen County belonged to the sixth administrative supervision district.
Dongjiang district was set up in December 1949 and abolished in January 1950. Huiyang county was divided into eastern Guangdong administrative region, BOLUO county and Longmen County into central Guangdong administrative region. By January 1956, the three counties were under the new Huiyang District. In April 1958, Huizhou town in Huiyang county was set up as Huizhou City (county level), and Huidong County was set up in the east of Huiyang county. In November of the same year, Longmen County was merged into Zengcheng County, under the jurisdiction of Guangzhou city. Huizhou City and Huidong County were abolished successively in November and December, and still belong to Huiyang county. In March 1959, Huiyang District was abolished and Huiyang and BOLUO counties were assigned to Foshan district. Longmen County was restored in October 1961, and it was also assigned to Foshan district. Huiyang District was restored in July 1963, and Huiyang, BOLUO and Longmen counties were assigned to Huiyang District. In October 1964, Huiyang County re analyzed Huizhou town and established Huizhou City (county level). In July 1965, Huidong County was restored. In October 1970, Huiyang District was renamed Huiyang District, and its jurisdiction remained unchanged. Huiyang, Huidong, BOLUO, Longmen and Huizhou City were still under its jurisdiction. In March 1975, Longmen County was assigned to Guangzhou city.
On January 7, 1988, the State Council approved the abolition of the organizational system in Huiyang area, which was divided into four prefecture level cities, namely Huizhou, Dongguan, Shanwei and Heyuan. Huizhou has jurisdiction over Huicheng District, Huiyang County, Huidong County, BOLUO county and Longmen County. In May 1994, Huiyang was removed from the county
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