Mianyang, also known as "China Science and technology city", is a prefecture level city in Sichuan Province, located in the northwest of Sichuan Basin and in the middle and upper reaches of Fujiang River. It is adjacent to Qingchuan county and Jiange County of Guangyuan City in the East, Nanbu county and Xichong County of Nanchong City in the south, Shehong city of Suining City in the south, Luojiang District, Zhongjiang County and Mianzhu City of Deyang City in the west, Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture and Wen County of Gansu Province in the northwest. It is between 30 ° 42 ′ - 33 ° 03 ′ N and 103 ° 45 ′ - 105 ° 43 ′ e, with a total area of 20200 square kilometers and a built-up area of 162.6 square kilometers. By the end of 2020, Mianyang had jurisdiction over 3 districts, 1 county-level cities and 5 counties, and hosted the Sichuan science office of the people's government. The registered residence population was 5 million 312 thousand, the resident population was 4 million 877 thousand, the urban population was 2 million 640 thousand, and the main urban area was 1 million 419 thousand and 700. The urbanization rate was 54.13%.
Since the second year of emperor Gaozu of Han Dynasty (201 BC) and the establishment of Fuxian County in the Western Han Dynasty, Mianyang City has a history of more than 2200 years. It has always been the seat of a prefecture. Later, it was named "Mianyang" because it is located in the south of Mianshan mountain. Bianduishan site is the birthplace of Li Bai, a poet, and Ouyang Xiu, one of the eight masters of Tang and Song dynasties. It is also the hometown of Leizu, the mother of silk and the founder of Xia Dynasty.
Mianyang is the only science and Technology City in China approved by the CPC Central Committee and the State Council. It is an important national defense scientific research and electronic industry production base. It is the central city in the north of Chengdu Plain Urban Agglomeration and one of the seven regional centers of Chengdu Chongqing economic circle. It has won the United Nations best example award for improving human settlements (Dubai Award) and the National Civilized City Award.
On December 24, 2020, the people's Government of Sichuan Province agreed to establish a new area of Mianyang Science and technology city.
The origin of place names
Mianyang, located in the south of Mianshan, was named Mianyang in 1913 according to the ancient meaning of "Yang" in the south of the mountains and the north of the rivers.
History of construction
Mianyang City is one of the early human activity areas in China. There are 4500 years old Neolithic stone tools and pottery unearthed from the bianduishan site.
In the second year of Gaozu in the Western Han Dynasty (201 BC), Fu County was established. Guanghan county was established in the sixth year of emperor Gaozu (201 BC). In 106 BC, Guanghan County moved from Chengxiang (now Guanghan City) to Zitong county.
In the first year of ruziying (8 years), Wang Mang usurped the Han Dynasty to establish a new dynasty, and changed Fu County into Tongmu County, which implied the meaning of unity and harmony, so it got its name and belonged to Jiudu county.
In the 37th year of Emperor Guangwu's reign in the Eastern Han Dynasty, his family was destroyed and Fu County was restored, belonging to Guanghan county.
In the second year of emperor an's reign in the Eastern Han Dynasty (115), both the governor's Department of Yizhou and Guanghan County moved to Fu County. Three years later, both the prefecture and the county moved out of the city.
At the end of the Eastern Han Dynasty, Liu Bei ruled Shu. In the 22nd year of Jian'an (217), Zitong county was set up in the northern part of Guanghan county (governing Zitong county), and in the third year of Jianxing (225), dongguanghan county was set up in the eastern part of Guanghan County (governing Santai County). Since then, the city has been built in all generations, including prefectures, counties and prefectures.
During the three hundred years of the Jin Dynasty and the southern and Northern Dynasties, wars were frequent and the establishment of administrative regions changed greatly. In the Western Wei Dynasty, Fu County was changed into Bazhong County, and TongZhou was set up to govern Bazhong county (now east of Mianyang City, Sichuan Province).
After the Sui Dynasty, the establishment of administrative districts gradually stabilized. In the first year of kaihuang (581), Bazhong county was changed to Brazil county. In 585, Tongzhou was changed to mianzhou. In the Yuan Dynasty, Brazil county was abandoned into mianzhou.
In 1727, mianzhou was promoted to Zhili. It has jurisdiction over five counties, namely Deyang (county governance in Deyang City, Sichuan Province), an (now Anzhou District, Mianyang City), Mianzhu (now Mianzhu City, Sichuan Province), Zitong (now Zitong County, Sichuan Province) and Luojiang (county governance in Luojiang District, Deyang City, Sichuan Province).
In March of 1913, mianzhou was abolished and Mianyang county was established in mianzhou.
In 1935, the government of Sichuan Province was unified. Mianyang City became the 13th administrative supervision district of Sichuan Province. In 1948, Mianyang, Anxian, Mianzhu, Deyang, Zitong, Luojiang, Guanghan, Shifang, Jintang and Zhangming counties were owned.
After the founding of the people's Republic of China, Mianyang was set up in 1950, belonging to the West Sichuan administrative region. In 1952, Mianyang was under the leadership of Sichuan Province.
In 1953, Guanghan County, Jintang County and Shifang county were assigned to Wenjiang District, while Guangyuan County (in Jialing town), Wangcang County (in fengjiaba town), Jiangyou County, Beichuan County, Pingwu County, Qingchuan county and Zhaohua county (in Baolun town) were assigned to Mianyang district. It has jurisdiction over 15 counties.
In 1958, Suining County, Santai County, Pengxi County, Yanting County, Tongnan County, Shehong County (in Taihe Town) and Zhongjiang County of Suining district were included in Mianyang district. The two counties of Zhangming and Jiangyou were abolished and jiangzhang county (in Zhongba) was merged. Mianyang has jurisdiction over 21 counties.
In 1959, jiangzhang county was renamed Jiangyou county. Zhaohua county was merged into Guangyuan County, while Luojiang county was merged into Mianyang, Deyang and Anxian counties. Mianyang has jurisdiction over 19 counties.
In 1970, Mianyang area was renamed Mianyang area, and the area was located in Mianyang county.
In 1976, Mianyang City was set up by Mianyang County, under the leadership of Mianyang region. Mianyang is located in Mianyang City. It has jurisdiction over 1 city and 19 counties.
Tongnan County was assigned to Jiangjin area in 1977. Mianyang has jurisdiction over one city and 18 counties.
In 1979, Mianyang county was abolished and merged into Mianyang City at the county level. Mianyang has jurisdiction over one city and 17 counties.
In August 1983, Deyang City was established. Deyang, Zhongjiang and Mianzhu counties in Mianyang area and Guanghan and Shifang counties in Chengdu City are classified as Deyang City.
In 1985, Mianyang district was abolished, Mianyang City was upgraded to prefecture level city, and Shizhong District was established. Seven counties in the former Mianyang area, including Jiangyou, were put under the jurisdiction of Mianyang City. Guangyuan County was abolished, and prefecture level Guangyuan City and Shizhong District were established; Qingchuan and Wangcang counties in Mianyang area were put under the jurisdiction of Guangyuan City. Suining County was abolished and Suining City and Shizhong District were established at prefecture level; Pengxi and Shehong counties in Mianyang area were put under the jurisdiction of Suining City.
On October 30, 1992, the Central District of Mianyang City was abolished and Youxian district and Fucheng District were set up respectively with the main channel of Fujiang River as the boundary.
In July 2003, Beichuan county was abolished and Beichuan Qiang Autonomous County was established.
On April 4, 2005, the office of Mianyang Municipal People's government was moved from No. 76, east section of Linyuan Road, Fucheng District to Torch Building, high tech Zone.
On March 20, 2016, Anxian county was divided into districts and renamed as Anzhou district.
On December 24, 2020, the website of Sichuan Provincial People's government published the reply on Approving the establishment of Mianyang Science and technology city new area, and agreed to establish Mianyang Science and technology city new area. The new area has a planning area of 396 square kilometers, covering the administrative areas of nine towns (streets) under the jurisdiction of Fucheng District, Youxian district and Anzhou District of Mianyang City, namely Yongxing Town, Puming street and pioneer park Street, Qingyi Town, Shima town of Youxian district and Jiepai Town of Anzhou district; suburban street of Fucheng District, Youxian street of Youxian district and Huapeng town of Anzhou district.
Mianyang City governs 9 county-level administrative divisions (Municipal District 3, county-level city 1, county-level 5) and 166 township level administrative divisions (street 13, town 122, township 31) to manage the Science City Office of Sichuan Provincial People's government. It covers an area of 20257 square kilometers and has a population of 5.45 million. Mianyang Municipal People's government is located in No. 98, mianxing East Road, New District of science and technology city.
Remarks: the following areas are listed separately in the plan and enjoy the authority of entrusted management of social and economic affairs in the area.
1. Mianyang high tech Industrial Development Zone (entrusted with Puming street and Yongxing Town)
2. Mianyang Economic and Technological Development Zone (Tongxun street, Songya town)
3. Mianyang Science and technology city science and education entrepreneurship Park (entrusted entrepreneurship Park Street)
4. Xianhai Water Conservancy Scenic Spot in Mianyang (Chenkang town)
Mianyang City is located in the northwest of Sichuan Basin, in the middle and upper reaches of Fujiang River, adjacent to Qingchuan county and Jiange County of Guangyuan City, Nanbu county and Xichong County of Nanchong City in the East, Shehong city and Daying County of Suining City in the south, Luojiang District, Zhongjiang County and Mianzhu City of Deyang City in the west, Jiuzhaigou County, Songpan county and Mao County of Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture and Wen County of Longnan City in Gansu Province in the northwest. Located between 103 ° 45 '- 105 ° 43' e and 30 ° 42 '- 33 ° 02' n, it is a long and narrow belt from northwest to Southeast, with a maximum width of 187 km from east to west and a maximum length of 256 km from north to south, covering a total area of 20248.4 square kilometers, accounting for about 4.2% of the land area of Sichuan Province.
In Mianyang City, the strata are well developed, the rock formations are complex, and the lithology and lithofacies change greatly; the structural morphology is extremely complex due to multiple structural inheritance, interference and superposition; the late magmatic activity and regional metamorphism are weak; the sedimentary mineralization is strong, and the endogenetic mineralization is weak. Taking Jiangyou fault as the boundary, it is divided into two first-order structural units. According to the plate theory, it is located in the meridional chimeric zone of the East and West plates in China, and according to the theory of trough platform, it straddles the Ganzi Songpan geosyncline and the Yangtze platform obliquely. This regional geological pattern controls the spatial distribution and combination characteristics of natural conditions and resources, such as lithofacies, strata, minerals, topography, geomorphology, soil, climate, water system and biology, and has a profound impact on human social and economic activities.
The strata of Mianyang city span two first-class areas: Yangtze area and Bayan Har Qinling area. It includes four divisions, namely Sichuan Basin division, Longmenshan division, markang division and West Qinling division; six stratigraphic districts, namely Nanchong District, Guangyuan District, north section of Longmenshan District, middle section of Longmenshan District, Jinchuan district and Motianling district.
According to now
Chinese PinYin : Si Chuan Sheng Mian Yang Shi
Mianyang City, Sichuan Province
Release Time:2022-01-27 04:21:57
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