Yangzhou, a prefecture level city in Jiangsu Province, is one of the 27 cities in the central area of the Yangtze River Delta. It is a world heritage city, a World Food City, a world canal city, a East Asian cultural city, one of the first batch of national historical and cultural cities, and a scenic and tourism city with traditional characteristics. It is located in the middle of Jiangsu Province, at the intersection of the Yangtze River and the Beijing Hangzhou Grand Canal. Due to its special geographical location, Yangzhou experienced almost a general historical prosperity in ancient China, and with the prosperity of culture, it has a long history Jiangsu Province land geographical geometry center (Yangzhou Gaoyou City) is known as "huaizuo famous capital, Zhuxi good place" and "China's first canal city"; it is known as Yang Yier and moon city.
Yangzhou, known as Guangling, Jiangdu and Weiyang in ancient times, can be traced back to 486 BC. Yangzhou section of China's Grand Canal was included in the world heritage list, and Yangzhou was listed as one of the world heritage cities on China's Maritime Silk Road. It has jurisdiction over Hanjiang District, Guangling district and Jiangdu District, one county in Baoying County and two county-level cities in Gaoyou City and Yizheng City.
Yangzhou is an important part of Jiangsu Yangtze River economic belt, a member city of Nanjing metropolitan area and a city group in the Yangtze River Delta; it is the water source of the East Route of South to North Water Diversion Project, the winner of UN Habitat Award, the national civilized city, the famous hot spring city in China, the national garden city and the national forest city.
Yangzhou has successfully held the 2017 world sports events and tourism summit, the world geographical indication conference, the world canal city forum, the 2018 World canal customs and folk customs exhibition, the 19th Jiangsu Provincial Games and the 10th Jiangsu Provincial horticultural exposition. It will hold the 2021 Yangzhou World Horticultural Exposition and the 2022 World Half Marathon Championship.
Yangzhou ranked 45th in the list of China's top 100 cities in 2018. In November 2018, it was selected into the top 100 of the overall well-off index of Chinese cities. On October 31, 2019, Yangzhou will be selected as the world food capital. In October 2020, it was rated as the national model city (county) of double support.
The history of Yangzhou's construction can be traced back to 486 B.C. and 2015 is 2500 B.C. in ancient times, it was sometimes used as Yangzhou (Note: the characters of Yang in Han Dynasty steles were changed from "wood" to "hand" by later generations, and Wang Niansun has a detailed research), which is equivalent to "province". According to du you's Tongdian, there were 39 prefectures and 196 counties in ancient Yangzhou. Although this Yangzhou contains Yangzhou after the Sui Dynasty (today's Yangzhou), it cannot be confused with the prosperous Yangzhou City after the Sui Dynasty (today's Yangzhou).
In the spring and Autumn period, it was called "Han Yue" (later Han state was established, and Han state was one of the Fang states of Zhou Dynasty. Later, it was destroyed by Wu and the capital of Wu was established).
In the Qin and Han Dynasties, it was called "Guangling" and "Jiangdu". In the Eastern Jin and Southern Dynasties, it was called "nanyanzhou". In the Northern Zhou Dynasty, Guangling was changed into Wuzhou. During the reign of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, there were 13 Department of history, including Yangzhou Department of history. In the Eastern Han Dynasty, the government was located in Liyang (now Hexian County, Anhui Province). In the last year, the government was moved to Shouchun (now Shouxian County, Anhui Province) and Hefei (now northwest of Hefei City, Anhui Province). During the Three Kingdoms period, Wei and Wu set up Yangzhou respectively. The governing place of Wei was Shouchun, and the governing place of Wu was Jianye (now Nanjing, Jiangsu). After the extermination of Wu in the Western Jin Dynasty, the government was still in Jianye (formerly renamed Jianye, later renamed Jiankang, now Nanjing). In the ninth year of kaihuang of Sui Dynasty, Wuzhou was changed to Yangzhou, but the office of the general manager was still located in Danyang (now Nanjing).
In the eighth year of Wude of Tang Dynasty (625), Yangzhou was moved from Danyang to Guangling (now Yangzhou). In the first year of Tang Zhenguan (627), the state system was abolished and the whole country was divided into 10 states. Yangzhou belongs to Huainan state. So far, "Yangzhou" is no longer a provincial concept, and "Yangzhou City" has continued since then. The prosperous city of Yangzhou in history is Guangling District, the old city of Yangzhou. In 742, the first year of Emperor Xuanzong of Tang Dynasty, Yangzhou was changed into Guangling county. In 758, Guangling county was rebuilt as Yangzhou. At the end of Tang Dynasty, the Yangtze and Huaihe rivers were in chaos. In 902, Emperor Zhaozong of Tang Dynasty, Huainan Jiedu envoy Yang xingmi was appointed king of Wu in Yangzhou. In 919, Yang Wei (Yang Longyan, the second son of Yang xingmi) formally established the state of Wu. He took Jiangdu as the capital of the state, changed Yangzhou into Jiangdu Prefecture, and changed the Yuan Dynasty to Wuyi. In the third year of Wu Tianzuo's reign (937), the Southern Tang Dynasty destroyed Wu, with Jinling (now Nanjing) as its national capital and Yangzhou as its eastern capital. In the 15th year of Baoda in the Southern Tang Dynasty (957), Jiangdu Prefecture was changed to Yangzhou in the Later Zhou Dynasty.
In the fourth year of Chunhua of Zhao Guangyi in Song Dynasty (993), there were ten roads in the whole country, and Yangzhou belonged to Huainan road. In the third year of Zhidao reign of Zhao Guangyi in Song Dynasty (997), it was divided into 15 roads in the whole country, and Yangzhou belonged to Huainan road. In the fifth year of Xining reign of emperor Shenzong of Song Dynasty (1072), Huainan road was divided into East Road and West Road, and Yangzhou belonged to Huainan East Road. In 1129, after Gaozong's southward migration, Guangling county was separated from Jiangdu County, and Guangling and Taixing counties were added to Yangzhou.
In 1276, the governor of Yangzhou was set up. The next year, it changed Dadu governor's office to Yangzhou road governor's office, led Gaoyou office and Zhenzhou, Chuzhou, Tongzhou, Taizhou, Chongming (now Chongming District of Shanghai), and led Jiangdu and Taixing counties.
In 1357, Zhu Yuanzhang's army occupied Yangzhou, changed Yangzhou road to Huainan wing Marshal's mansion, and sought to change Huaihai mansion, which belonged to the province of letters in the south of the Yangtze River. Twenty one years later, Huaihai Prefecture was changed into Weiyang Prefecture. In the 26th year, it was renamed Yangzhou Prefecture. Yangzhou government leads Gaoyou, Tongzhou and Taizhou, and Jiangdu, Taixing, Yizhen, Rugao, Haimen, Baoying, Xinghua, Liuhe and Chongming counties.
In the first year of Hongwu (1368) of the Ming Dynasty, the capital was set up (later changed to Yingtian mansion in Nanjing), which belonged to Yangzhou mansion. In the 23rd year, Liuhe belonged to Yingtian Prefecture, Chongming to Suzhou Prefecture, Yangzhou prefecture to lead three states and seven counties, and Jiangdu, Yizhen and Taixing counties were directly under the central government, Gaoyou prefecture to lead BAOYING and Xinghua counties, Taizhou to lead Rugao County, Tongzhou to lead Haimen county.
In 1644, Jiashen year, the Qing army entered the pass. In April of the first year of Hongguang, 1645, Yiyou year, and the second year of Shunzhi year of the Qing Dynasty, shikefa governor of Hongguang's military department led the army and people of Yangzhou to resist the defeat of the Qing army's attack on Yangzhou City under the command of AI xinjue Luo Duoduo. After the defeat, the Qing army launched a brutal massacre on the people in Yangzhou city The massacre lasted for ten days, so the history called it "Yangzhou ten days", which killed 800000 people in Yangzhou.
In 1645, the Qing government set up Jiangnan buzhengsi, which belonged to Yangzhou government.
In the sixth year of Kangxi (1667), Jiangnan province was officially divided into Jiangsu and Anhui provinces.
In April of 1853, the Taiping army occupied Yangzhou. It took more than eight months to change Yangzhou Prefecture into Yangzhou county and Ganquan County into ganquantian county. In the late Qing Dynasty, Yangzhou government led Gaoyou Prefecture, Taizhou and Jiangdu, Ganquan, Tianchang (Chuzhou), Yizheng, Xinghua, Baoying and Dongtai counties, commonly known as "Yangba".
In the third year of Xuantong, on September 17, 1911 (November 7, 1911), Yangzhou was restored. On the 20th, Yangzhou military and government branch was established under the jurisdiction of Zhenjiang governor. In January 1912, Yangzhou Prefecture was abolished, and Ganquan County entered Jiangdu county. The counties of Yangzhou prefecture were directly under Jiangsu Province. On December 25, 1912 (February 12, 1912), the Qing Dynasty was destroyed. On March 10, 1912, the north and south of China were formally unified. In June 1914, Jiangsu Province was divided into five roads, and Jiangdu county was under Huaiyang road.
During the Anti Japanese War, Yangzhou was subordinate to the Central Military Area of the Soviet Union of the Chinese people's army. The people of Yangzhou fought unremittingly against the Cruel Japanese aggressors, and the national revolutionary war force continued to grow.
On January 25, 1949, Jiangdu county (Yangzhou City) was liberated. On the 27th, Yangzhou was established as the second administrative region of Jiangsu Anhui border region. In the same year, the second administrative region of Jiangsu Anhui border region was renamed as Yangzhou special administrative region of Central Jiangsu administrative region, and the office of the commissioner was located in Yangzhou city.
In January 1950, Yangzhou district was merged with Nantong District of Rugao and Hai'an, Taizhou district of Dongtai and Taipei (now Dafeng District of Yancheng City) to Yancheng District, Liuhe County of Chuzhou to Yangzhou, and Jiangpu County to Nanjing. Yangzhou has jurisdiction over Yangzhou City, Taizhou City, Xinghua County, Gaoyou County, Baoying County, Jingjiang County, Taixing County, Jiangdu County, Tai county, Yizheng county and Liuhe County.
In March 1956, Jiangdu county was divided into Jiangdu county and Hanjiang county. In April 1960, Baoying County and Gaoyou County divided Huxi area into Jinhu County. In March 1966, Yizheng, Liuhe and Jinhu counties were assigned to the newly established Liuhe area. In 1971, Liuhe District was abolished and Yizheng and Liuhe counties were zoned back to Yangzhou. In 1975, Liuhe County was put under the jurisdiction of Nanjing City, and Yangzhou prefecture has jurisdiction over two cities and nine counties.
In March 1983, Jiangsu Province reformed the system of prefectures and cities, adjusted the administrative divisions, and Yangzhou district administrative office was abolished. Taizhou City, Jiangdu County, Hanjiang County, Gaoyou County, Jingjiang County, Baoying County, Taixing County, Xinghua County and Yizheng County, which originally belong to Yangzhou, are under the jurisdiction of Yangzhou city. Yangzhou city is under the jurisdiction of the province, with Guangling district and suburbs. In April 1986, Yizheng county was set up as a city. In December 1987, Xinghua County was set up as a city. In April 1991, Gaoyou county was set up as a city. In September 1992, Taixing county was set up as a city. In August 1993, Jingjiang county was set up as a city instead of a county. In April 1994, Jiangdu county was set up as a city instead of a county. In July 1994, Tai county withdrew from the county and established Jiangyan City.
In August 1996, with the approval of the State Council, the administrative division of Yangzhou city was adjusted. Taizhou city at the county level was abolished and Taizhou city at the prefecture level was established. The four county-level cities of Taixing, Jiangyan, Jingjiang and Xinghua, which were originally under the management of Yangzhou City, were under the jurisdiction of Taizhou city. Yangzhou has Guangling district and suburb (renamed in 2002)
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