Jilin is a prefecture level city in Jilin Province. It is an important central city, a new industrial base and a tourism city with the characteristics of northern China approved by the State Council. As of 2019, the city has 4 districts, 1 counties and 4 county level cities, with a total area of 27120 square kilometers, with an area of 189.04 square kilometers, 4 million 116 thousand registered residence population, 2 million 181 thousand urban population and 53% urbanization rate.
Jilin City China city is located in the northeast of China and central Jilin province. It is China's only province and city with the same name. Northeast China and Jilin province are important transportation hub cities and new industrial bases. The larger cities approved by the State Council are rime capital, tourism city with characteristics of northern China, and Chinese calligraphy city. Ron den Forbes's list of the best commercial cities in China. The first batch of national new urbanization comprehensive pilot areas.
Jilin is a national famous historical and cultural city. Jilin Province is named after Jilin City. Jilin city is named after chicken forest. It is the original capital of Jilin Province. Because Jilin shipyard city was built along the river in Ming and Qing Dynasties, Jilin city is also known as "shipyard", "river city" and "river city of north country". The second hometown of Peking Opera.
Jilin City has held the 24th China Golden Rooster Baihua Film Festival, the first and second Jilin International Marathon, the world snow day activities in China and other domestic and international large-scale activities, and held the Jilin international rime ice and snow festival for 22 consecutive times. In 2019, Jilin's GDP will reach 141.66 billion yuan.
Jilin city is one of the important areas inhabited and developed by human beings earlier in Northeast China. The immortal cave in Shoushan, a human habitation site 20000 years ago, is unearthed here, belonging to the late Paleolithic culture.
From Shun and Yu to Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties, the ancient nationalities in Jilin Province began to establish a tributary relationship with the Central Plains Dynasty, and gradually became an important part of the Chinese nation During this period, Sushen, Jue, Donghu, Shanrong, Fuyu and other ethnic local regimes were formed. The ancient city of Erlonghu and Zhenfan barrier were under the jurisdiction of Yan state. And built Liaodong County Jilin Yan Great Wall.
In the Qin Dynasty, it belonged to Liaodong.
In the third year of Yuanfeng (108 BC), Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty set up xuantu county to control the southeast of Jilin Province. In the East and south, Changbai, Tumen, Dunhua, Helong, Wangqing, Longjing, Hunchun, Yanji and other cities and counties successively belong to Canghai County, lintun county and Lelang County, while Tonghua, Ji'an, Meihekou, Jingyu, Baishan and other cities and counties successively belong to Zhenfan county and xuantu county. This is the beginning of Jilin area into the Central Plains Dynasty administrative construction.
From the end of Han Dynasty to the period of Cao Wei, it belonged to Liaodong County of Gongsun duping Prefecture. After the war of Wei exterminating Yan, it belonged to the Fuyu state of Gaogouli and xuantu County of Caowei.
In the sixth year of the Yixi reign of the Eastern Jin Dynasty, the 19th generation king Guangkai of the Koguryo Kingdom, King Tan De, was called Haotai Wang, whose power expanded to the present Jilin area. In order to resist the southward movement of Wuji Kingdom, military castles of different sizes were built in Longtan mountain, dongtuan mountain and sandaolingzi of Jilin City.
From the early Tang Dynasty to the middle Tang Dynasty, it was under the jurisdiction of Anton capital.
After the middle of the Tang Dynasty, the Yingzhou rebellion broke out in the Dongyi capital. Da zuorong, the leader of Su Mo's tribe, defected. In the winter, the Tang Dynasty launched the battle of Tianmen Mountain (zhangguangcai mountain) and failed. In 698, Wu Zetian established the Bohai State in Dunhua and Ning'an, which belonged to Fuzhou, Fuyu Prefecture of Bohai kingdom.
In the Liao Dynasty, it belonged to daotongzhou, Tokyo.
In Jin Dynasty, it belonged to Hanzhou of Xianping road.
During the Yuan Dynasty, Jilin Province is now under the jurisdiction of Kaiyuan Road in Liaoyang province.
During the Ming Dynasty, the Ming government set up a shipbuilding base in Jilin City, and used Jilin shipyard to strengthen the connection between Liaodong Dusi and nurgan Dusi (as far as 30000 households). It was responsible for the construction of ships carrying officers and soldiers, grain and grass rewards and tributes. At the same time, it was also used as a transfer station for the protection army to transport officers and soldiers, grain and grass.
The Qing Dynasty implemented the military government system in Northeast China, and Jilin city was the garrison of Jilin general.
In the Qing Dynasty, the rulers regarded Shenyang as the birthplace of the Qing Dynasty. In order to prevent the Manchu from sinicizing and protect the local local products, they implemented a strict policy of banning. In Shunzhi and Kangxi years, they successively built two wicker side walls (trenches). Jilin is located outside the old border and inside the new border, so it is called Bianwai.
In 1727, Yongji Prefecture was established and Jilin city was governed by the prefecture.
In 1747, Yongji Prefecture was changed into Jilin hall.
In 1881, Jilin hall was upgraded to Jilin Zhili hall, and the next year it was upgraded to Jilin mansion.
In 1913, Jilin Prefecture was renamed Jilin county.
In 1929, Jilin county was renamed Yongji County, and Jilin Municipal preparatory office was set up.
On September 21, 1931, the Japanese occupied Jilin City.
On March 1, 1932, the puppet Jilin Provincial Office was established.
In August 1945, Japan was defeated and surrendered, and the KMT established the Jilin Local Security Council. In October, Jilin Municipal government was established under the organization of the CPC Jilin Municipal Committee. In November, Jilin provincial government was established, with the provincial capital in Jilin City.
In May 1946, the Communist army withdrew from Jilin City, where the KMT established the Jilin provincial government and Jilin Municipal government.
On March 9, 1948, the CPC liberated Jilin City. On March 10, the CPC Jilin provincial government moved to Jilin City, and on March 23, the people's Government of Jilin city was established.
On September 27, 1954, the people's Government of Jilin Province moved out of Jilin City, and the provincial capital moved to Changchun City.
In March 1968, Jilin Revolutionary Committee was established. In 1980, Jilin Municipal Revolutionary Committee was abolished and Jilin Municipal People's government was restored.
As of 2014, Jilin City has jurisdiction over 4 municipal districts (Changyi District, Chuanying District, Longtan District and Fengman District), 4 county-level cities (Shulan City, Panshi City, Jiaohe City and Huadian City), 1 county (Yongji County), 64 streets, 23 townships and 54 towns, 311 communities and 1397 administrative villages, 1 National High-tech Industrial Development Zone and 1 national economic and Technological Development Zone.
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Jilin city is located in the middle of Jilin Province, northeast hinterland of Changbai Mountain, Changbai Mountain to Songnen Plain transition zone of Songhua River, the geographical location is between 125 ° 40 ′～ 127 ° 56 ′ e, 42 ° 31 ′～ 44 ° 40 ′ n. Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture in the East, Changchun City and Siping City in the west, Harbin City in Heilongjiang Province in the north, Baishan City, Tonghua City and Liaoyuan City in the south. Jilin city covers an area of 27120 square kilometers, including 395916 hectares of cultivated land.
Urban trunk road
Jilin city is located in the transition zone from Changbai Mountain area to Songnen Plain, with superior natural environment and complex geomorphic types. Due to the tectonic movement in different periods and the water geomorphology formed by the erosion, denudation and accumulation of rivers, the terrain gradually decreases from southeast to northwest, forming four major geomorphic landscapes: the middle mountain area, the low mountain and hilly area, the Canyon Lake area and the valley plain area. The central city is surrounded by mountains on four sides and water on three sides. The Songhua River passes through the city in an inverted "s" shape. The whole city comes from the river, walks along the river, and develops according to the river. It is beautiful for the river and has the unique charm of a landscape city. The average altitude is 196 meters, and the altitude decreases in turn.
It is located in the middle, East and southeast of Jilin Province. There are Longgang mountains in Changbai Mountain in the South and Fuerling in the southeast. Hulanling is in the northeast. There are Laoyeling in Songhua Lake, Motianling, Nanlou mountain and zhaodaji mountain in the west of the lake. They are all Zhongshan mountains. There are 110 peaks above 1000 meters in Zhongshan Mountain area. Zhongshan Mountain area is the main forest area and specialty area of the city.
It is distributed in Jiaohe, Huadian basin and the middle of Shulan and Yongji counties. The mountain ranges are 300-400 meters above sea level, and a few peaks are 600-700 meters high. The gorge Lake area, from Fengman dam to jinyinbie in the upper reaches of Baishan reservoir, along the lake and river, is a man-made landform area formed after the construction of Fengman, Hongshi and Baishan cascade hydropower stations. The valley plain area is located in the middle reaches of Songhua River, the north of Yongji County, the middle of Shulan city and the tributaries of Songhua River. It is an important agricultural economic zone in the city.
The climate of Jilin city belongs to the sub humid monsoon climate type in the middle temperate zone, with four distinct seasons. It is dry in spring, warm and rainy in summer, cool and sunny in autumn, and long and cold in winter. The annual average temperature of the whole region is 3 ℃～ 5 ℃. Affected by the terrain, the temperature gradually decreases from west, northwest to East and Southeast. The average temperature in January is the lowest, generally from - 18 ℃ to 20 ℃. The average temperature in July is the highest, generally from 21 ℃ to 23 ℃. The extreme maximum temperature is 36.6 ℃. The frost free period is 120 days in mountain area and 130-140 days in plain area. The annual rainfall is about 700 mm. The sunshine hours are 2400 to 2600 hours.
Jilin City has developed water system, which is composed of Songhua River, Lalin River and Mudanjiang River. There are 277 rivers over 10 km long and 73 rivers over 20 km long. The drainage area of Songhua River System in Jilin city is 22336 square kilometers, accounting for 84% of the city's total area, Lalin river for 15%, and Weihu River, a tributary of Mudanjiang River, for only 1%. There are also 1327 gullies and streams in small watersheds, most of which are distributed in hilly areas and basins and valleys. There are 3.5 million kilowatts of power resources in the region, and water resources are extremely rich.
Jilin city is rich in resources and products. Land, water conservancy, mineral resources, forest, wildlife
Chinese PinYin : Ji Lin Sheng Ji Lin Shi
Jilin City, Jilin Province
Release Time:2022-01-27 04:18:00
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