Shangrao, known as Xinzhou in ancient times, is a prefecture level city under the jurisdiction of Jiangxi Province and an important member of the urban agglomeration in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River. It is located in the northeast of Jiangxi Province, between 27 ° 48 ′～ 29 ° 42 ′ N and 116 ° 13 ′～ 118 ° 29 ′ e, belonging to the inland region. It connects Zhejiang in the East, Fujian in the South and Anhui in the north, and is located at the intersection of Yangtze River Delta Economic Zone, Haixi Economic Zone and Poyang Lake Ecological Economic Zone. It is known as "the best city of richness and ecology", "the thoroughfare of all directions" and "the first gateway of Yuzhang".
As of June 2020, Shangrao City has three municipal districts, eight counties and one county-level city with a permanent resident population of 6.833 million (in 2019). It is 210 kilometers wide from east to west and 194 kilometers long from north to south. The total land area is 22791 square kilometers, the mountainous area is 2342 square kilometers, the hilly area is 14436 square kilometers, and the plain area is 6013 square kilometers, accounting for 10.27%, 63.34% and 26.39% of the total area of Shangrao City, respectively. Shangrao is a famous mountain with many scenic spots. As early as the Tang Dynasty, Shangrao has been a tourist attraction. There are countless travel notes, poems and songs left by officials, celebrities and literati. The territory is rich in landscape, red revolutionary sites and ancient cultural relics.
Shangrao has been rated as "China's happiest city", "China's best Zhejiang investment city", "China's best Guangdong Investment city", "China's best Fujian investment city", "one of the four key cities of Jiangxi Province's regional development" and "China's excellent tourism city". The best ecotourism destination of China National Tourism in 2018.
In 2019, Shangrao's GDP will reach 251.31 billion yuan, an increase of 7.7% over 2018. Among them, the added value of the primary industry is 27.34 billion yuan, the added value of the secondary industry is 97.88 billion yuan, and the added value of the tertiary industry is 126.08 billion yuan. The contribution rates of the three industries to economic growth were 4.1%, 38.0% and 57.9% respectively. The per capita GDP is 36839 yuan, and the ratio of three industrial structures is 10.9:38.9:50.2.
Evolution of organizational system
In the history of Shangrao, it belongs to Yangzhou, the earliest city of Zhou, which belongs to the east of Chu. In the 16th year of King Jing of Zhou Dynasty (504 BC), Wu conquered Chu and took fan, belonging to Wu. In the third year of King yuan of Zhou Dynasty (473 BC), Yue destroyed Wu and belonged to Yue. In the 36th year of King Xian of Zhou Dynasty (333 BC), Chu destroyed Yue and returned to Chu.
In Qin Dynasty, when the county system was set up, it mainly belonged to Jiujiang county (Yushan and Qianshan counties belonged to Kuaiji County, Wuyuan County belonged to Zhangjun county).
In Han Dynasty, it belonged to Yuzhang county (Yushan County and Qianshan County belonged to Tongqin County, Wuyuan County was changed to Danyang county). From Wu to Sui Dynasty, it belonged to Poyang County. In 553, it changed Poyang County to Wuzhou. The time zone mainly belonged to Wuzhou, followed by Jinhua County, Xin'an County and Jian'an county. In 568, it returned to Poyang County.
In the early Sui Dynasty, Jinhua County was changed to Wuzhou, and Yang county was assigned to Xin'an County. In 589, Poyang County was changed into Raozhou and Xin'an County into Shezhou. In the third year of Daye (607), Furao Prefecture was Poyang County, Fuwu Prefecture was Jinhua County, and fushe Prefecture was Xin'an County.
In the Tang Dynasty, the county was changed to a state. In the first year of Zhenguan (627), the county was divided into ten roads, and the area belonged to Jiangnan Road. In the first year of Qianyuan (758), Xinzhou was established. At that time, the main city was Rao and Xin, followed by Shezhou and Fuzhou, both of which belonged to Jiangnan West Road. In the Five Dynasties, the area was under the jurisdiction of the southern army of Zhenzhou. During the period of Yang and Wu, the area still belonged to Rao, Xin, she and Fu. In 937, Raozhou was changed into Yongping army.
In 975, the Yongping army was still Raozhou. The region belongs to Rao, Xin and she, all of which belong to Jiangnan East Road. After the first year of Yuanzhen (1295), the area was divided into Xinzhou Road, Raozhou Road, Huizhou road and Qianshan Prefecture, all of which were under the jurisdiction of Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces. In the early Ming Dynasty, Guangxin, Raozhou and Huizhou were the three prefectures.
In the year of Dingyou (1357, the 17th year of yuanzhizheng), Taizu of Yuan Dynasty changed Huizhou road to Xing'an mansion; in the year of gengzi (1360, the 20th year of yuanzhizheng), Xinzhou road was changed to Guangxin mansion, which was still under the jurisdiction of Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces; in the year of xinchou (1361, the 21st year of yuanzhizheng), Raozhou road was changed to Poyang mansion.
In the second year of Hongwu in Ming Dynasty (1369), Poyang Prefecture was rebuilt as Raozhou Prefecture. In the fourth year, Guangxin government was transferred to Jiangxi Province. In the ninth year, he was transferred to Zhongshu Province as the Secretary of Chengxuan government. Guangxin and Raozhou were subordinate to the Secretary of Chengxuan government of Jiangxi Province. The Qing Dynasty is the same as the Ming Dynasty.
In the first year of the Republic of China (1912), the Prefecture was abolished, and each county was directly under the province. The road was set up in three years. The area mainly belongs to Yuzhang road and Xunyang road in Jiangxi Province, followed by Wuhu Road in Anhui Province. In June of the 38th year of the Republic of China, it was established as the Northeast administrative region of Jiangxi Province. It is located in Guangping Town, Shangrao County, and has jurisdiction over four special districts, namely Shangrao, Guixi, Poyang and Leping. In September, the Northeast Jiangxi administrative region was abolished, and its subordinate regions were under the jurisdiction of Jiangxi Province. After the founding of the people's Republic of China, in September 1952, Shangrao district and Fuliang district were called Shangrao District, and the special office was located in Shangrao City. On April 23, 1971, Shangrao area was renamed Shangrao area. In October 2000, with the approval of the State Council, Shangrao district was abolished and Shangrao City was established.
Changes of jurisdiction
Zhoufanyi is adjacent to Yuzhang (today's Nanchang City) in the south, Gumi (today's Quzhou City, Zhejiang Province) in the East, quean (today's quetou Town, Anhui Province) in the north, Jiuzi (today's Wuhu City, Anhui Province) in the northeast, AI (today's Yongxiu County, Jiujiang City) in the southwest and Qian (today's Huoshan County, Anhui Province) in the northwest. In Qin Dynasty, Yuhan county was located in the areas of Zi, Yi, Shan, Le'an, Gexing, geyang and Jinxing. In the Western Han Dynasty, Fanyang county had jurisdiction over today's Poyang County, Jingdezhen city and its subordinate Fuliang County, Wannian county and Duchang County, and Zhide county and Qimen County in Anhui Province.
Yuhan county has jurisdiction over six counties, including Yugan, Leping, Yujiang, Shangrao, Yiyang, Guixi and Hengfeng, two cities, Shangrao and Dexing, and five counties, Wannian, Dongxiang, Guangfeng, Yushan and Qianshan. In the first year of Guanghe in the Eastern Han Dynasty (178), Yuhan county was divided into Le'an Township and Leping county. At the beginning of Jian'an, Poyang County was divided into Guangchang county, Yuhan County into Shangrao County, and Shangrao County into Jianping County. In the 15th year of Jian'an (210), nine counties were under the jurisdiction of Poyang County. Except for Yingyang and Liling, which were the original counties of Yuzhang county and were the new territories after the establishment of Poyang County, Guangchang county, Le'an County, geyang County, Shangrao County and Jianping County were all separated by qinfanyang county and Yuhan county.
Among the Three Kingdoms, the territory of Poyang County remains unchanged. After the third year of Wu Yong'an (260), Jianping County was transferred to Jianan county. They are the original territory of Poyang County. In the fifth year of Wude (622), Yichang county was set up in the west of Poyang County; in the second year of Zhide (757), Zhide county was set up in the north of Poyang County; in the second year of Yongtai (766), Qimen County was set up in Fuliang County; in the seventh year of Yuanhe (8 Leping county was divided into Danyang Township and Wuyuan County. In the first year of Qianyuan Dynasty (758), most of the counties in Xinzhou were originally under the jurisdiction of Raozhou, with newly added territory. Yiyang County has three townships of Ehu, Jingxiao and Zhaoshan from Jianzhou, Renyi from Fuzhou, Yushan from Quzhou, and Yongfeng from the north of Jiangxi. In the Five Dynasties, Dexing County was newly added under the jurisdiction of Yongping army, and Qianshan County was newly added under the jurisdiction of Xinzhou, both of which belonged to Rao and Xinzhou.
In Song Dynasty, Yongping army was restored to Raozhou, Anren County was added, and Yongfeng county was restored to Xinzhou. In the eighth year of Kaibao (975), Qianshan County was ruled out of Xinzhou, Zhili capital, and soon Xinzhou. In Yuan Dynasty, the jurisdiction of Rao and Xin roads remained unchanged except Qianshan County, Qianxin Prefecture, Shangrao Qianyuan and Yongle Township, Yiyang Xinzheng and Shanzheng township. In the Ming Dynasty, Raozhou Prefecture increased Wannian County, Guangxin Prefecture increased Xingan County, all of which were set up under the jurisdiction of the territory, but Qianshan Prefecture was reduced to county, which was the new territory of Guangxin Prefecture. Yugan County in the seventh year of Zhengde (1512) was divided into one part of Xitai township to benefit the establishment of Dongxiang County, which was divided from the district. The Qing Dynasty is still clear.
The first year of the Republic of China (1912), the abolition of the government, the county first directly under the province, and then under the road. In the 21st year, the former Raozhou governs Poyang County as the fourth administrative inspector's office, which governs Poyang, Yugan, Wannian, Dexing, Fuliang and Leping counties; the former Guangxin governs Shangrao County as the sixth administrative region, which governs Shangrao, Yushan, Guangfeng, Hengfeng, Qianshan and Yiyang counties.
In 24 years, the fifth administrative region was relocated to Fuliang, with jurisdiction over 12 counties including Fuliang, Wuyuan, Dexing, Leping, Poyang, Duchang, Pengze, Hukou, Jiujiang, Xingzi, De'an and Ruichang; the sixth administrative region is still located in Shangrao, with jurisdiction over four new counties including Guixi, Yujiang, Wannian and Yugan. At this time, the territory should be dominated by the sixth administrative region. In 36 years, Wuyuan County was assigned from the fifth administrative region to the seventh administrative region of Anhui Province.
From June 38 to April 23, 1971, when Shangrao district was named, there were frequent changes in the establishment of regional divisions and the shrinkage of territory in the past 20 years.
So far, Shangrao prefecture has jurisdiction over Shangrao City and 12 counties and cities including Shangrao, Yushan, Guangfeng, Qianshan, Hengfeng, Yiyang, Yugan, Poyang, Wannian, Dexing and Wuyuan. It borders Jiujiang and Jingdezhen in the north, Huangshan and Chizhou in Anhui Province, Quzhou in Zhejiang Province in the East, Nanping in Fujian Province across Wuyishan in the south, Yingtan and Fuzhou in the southwest, and Poyang Lake in the West. The total area is 22971 square kilometers. After the test
Chinese PinYin : Jiang Xi Sheng Shang Rao Shi
Shangrao City, Jiangxi Province
Release Time:2022-01-27 04:19:43
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