Siping Siping City is a prefecture level city in Jilin Province, which is located in the central hinterland of Songliao plain and the junction of Liaoning, Jilin and Mongolia provinces. Siping is an important transportation hub and logistics node city in Northeast China. The city covers an area of 10300 square kilometers and has a population of 2.16 million, including an urban area of 1100 square kilometers, an urban built-up area of 62.5 square kilometers and a population of 680000. It has jurisdiction over Lishu, Shuangliao and Yitong, Tiedong and Tiexi districts, one national economic and Technological Development Zone and six provincial economic development zones.
Siping has a long history, 50 kilometers away from the urban area, the ancient city of Yan on the Bank of Erlong Lake is the earliest witness of the Han nationality's development of Northeast China; history has left cultural relics such as Hanzhou in Liao Dynasty, Xinzhou in Jin Dynasty, Yehe tribe in Ming Dynasty, etc., including Daqingshan village cultural relics, Yehe ancient city ruins, Zhaosu city ruins in Liao and Jin Dynasties, etc.; Yehe Manchu town is empress xiaocigao in Qing Dynasty The birthplace of Cixi and Longyu.
In 2018, Siping achieved a GDP of 94.432 billion yuan. Among them, the first industry realized 20.453 billion yuan; the second industry realized 26.334 billion yuan; the third industry realized 47.646 billion yuan. The per capita GDP is 29556 yuan. On July 5, 2019, the Ministry of ecological environment of the people's Republic of China announced the special investigation of black and odorous water bodies in the first stage of overall planning and strengthening supervision in 2019. Siping was listed in the list of cities with less than 80% black and odorous water elimination proportion, and the elimination proportion was 0%. On October 23, 2019, it was identified as "the third batch of demonstration cities for urban black and odorous water treatment". In October 2020, it was rated as the national model city (county) of double support.
During the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period, the Yan ruins unearthed in Siping indicate that the Han nationality began to enter Northeast China during the spring and Autumn period. The state of Yan was under the jurisdiction of Erlonghu ancient city and Zhenfan barrier fortress. And built Liaodong County Jilin Yan Great Wall.
In the Qin Dynasty, it belonged to Liaodong.
In the Han Dynasty, xuantu county was set up to defend Manchu.
From the end of Han Dynasty to the period of Cao Wei, it belonged to Liaodong county.
During the period of the Sixteen States of the Jin Dynasty (206-420), it belonged to Fuyu, a state of xuantu Prefecture.
From the southern and Northern Dynasties to the early Tang Dynasty, it belonged to the Koguryo region.
From the early Tang Dynasty to the middle Tang Dynasty, it was under the jurisdiction of Anton capital.
After the middle of Tang Dynasty, Fuzhou belonged to Fuyu Prefecture of Bohai kingdom.
In the Liao Dynasty, it belonged to daotongzhou, Tokyo.
In Jin Dynasty, it belonged to Hanzhou of Xianping road.
In Yuan Dynasty, it belonged to Kaiyuan Road.
In the Ming Dynasty, it belonged to the north of Dusi in Liaodong and Jilin shipyard.
During the Qing Dynasty, it belonged to the Zhelimu League in Inner Mongolia, and then it was put under the Changtu hall.
In the first year of Daoguang (1821), Changtu hall set up a branch in shangmai Street (now Lishu town), which governed Siping district.
Fenghua county was established in 1878, under which there were nine communities. Among them, Xinen community governs most of the village communities in Siping City. Xinen social governance office is located in Siping Street (now old Siping, Changtu County). In September 1905, the Russo Japanese war ended and tsarist Russia was defeated. The Japanese imperialists took over the South Manchuria branch line from tsarist Russia, and changed the "railway leased land" in tsarist Russia era into "Manchuria Railway subsidiary land", and the Japanese took charge of all the administrative, economic, street construction, land, housing construction, culture, education and health, tax and other affairs in the "subsidiary land". Since then, Siping has implemented the policy of "one land, two governance".
In five (1916), in March, the four Railway Bureau of the Northeast Traffic Commission of the Ministry of communications set up "North Station" in Siping Street, directly managing the registered residence, civil, architectural, and public security matters in the north station, not subject to "affiliated lands" and Lishu County.
In 1922, sipingjie Village (subordinate to Lishu District 2) was established here.
After the September 18th Incident in 1931, the administrative power of North Railway Station was replaced by Siping Street office.
On December 1, 1937, the administrative power of Siping Street East and Daoli was unified, and the State Council of xinman Prefecture ordered the establishment of Siping market. The Japanese Guguan Shang was also the first mayor of Siping market. Since then, Siping Street has been separated from Lishu County and directly subordinate to Fengtian province.
On July 1, 1941, the puppet Manchukuo dismembered the northeast into 19 provinces. Among them, some counties in Fengtian province were dismembered and established pseudo Siping province. The puppet Siping provincial office is located in the office building of the former Sitao Railway Bureau (in today's ailingqi Hospital of Siping City). The puppet Siping province led Siping City, Gongzhuling City, Tongyang County, Lishu County, Shuangliao County, Dongfeng County, Huaide county and Changling County.
In 1945, Japan surrendered and the puppet Siping province was abolished. The autonomous government of Northern Liaoning Province was formed in Siping on November 5. Yan Baohang, chairman of the provincial government, and Li Youwen, vice chairman of the provincial government. The provincial government of Northern Liaoning governs Liaoyuan (Liaoyuan, Shuangliao, Changling and other counties), Xi'an, Huaide (Huaide, Lishu and other counties), Siping City and 13 county governments.
On January 10, 1946, the northern Liaoning Provincial Government of the Kuomintang was established in Siping, and Liu Handong, chairman of the provincial government, was elected. Northern Liaoning Province governs Siping City, Tongliao, Shuangliao, Lishu, zaotu, Kaiyuan, Xifeng, Dongfeng, Beifeng, Hailong, Changling, Horqin Left wing front, middle and rear banners, Horqin Right Wing Front, middle and rear banners, Kulun banner and Zhalute banner. Siping used to be the residence of the two provincial capitals of the Communist Party of China and the Kuomintang in northern Liaoning.
On March 13, 1948, the Communist Party of China liberated Siping and the Kuomintang government of Northern Liaoning Province collapsed.
In May 1949, the Communist Party of China abolished Northern Liaoning Province and Siping was subordinate to western Liaoning Province.
On July 7, 1954, the Northeast administrative committee abolished western Liaoning Province; in August, Siping City was under the jurisdiction of Jilin Province.
Since October 1958, Siping district has been set up in Jilin Province, and Siping City is under the jurisdiction of Siping district.
In August 1983, the State Council approved the abolition of Siping district and the establishment of a new Siping City (prefecture level city) under the new system of city leading county. Siping City has Tiexi District and Tiedong District, as well as Huaide County, Lishu County, Yitong county and Shuangliao county.
In March 1985, Huaide county was abolished and Gongzhuling City was established. Yitong county was under the jurisdiction of Gongzhuling City. Siping City governs Lishu and Shuangliao counties.
In January 1986, Gongzhuling City was changed into a county-level city, which was managed by Siping City, and Yitong county was under the jurisdiction of Siping City.
In May 1996, Shuangliao County abolished the establishment of Shuangliao City.
In June 2000, Liaohe agricultural reclamation management zone was added with the approval of Jilin provincial government.
On September 18, 2013, Gongzhuling City officially became a pilot city of county management in Jilin Province, giving prefecture level cities economic and social management authority.
In June 2020, the State Council approved to change the county-level Gongzhuling City from Siping City to Changchun City.
As of June 2020, Siping has jurisdiction over five county-level administrative regions, including two municipal districts, one county-level city, one county and one Autonomous County, namely Tiexi District, Tiedong District, Shuangliao City, Lishu County and Yitong Manchu Autonomous County. Siping Municipal People's government is located at 59 Shifu Road, Tiexi District.
Siping City is located between 42 ° 31 'n to 44 ° 09' n and 123 ° 17 'e to 125 ° 49' e, which is the "South Gate" of Jilin Province. It is located in the middle of Northeast China, the southwest of Jilin Province, the lower reaches of dongliaohe River, the junction of Liaoning Province and Jilin Province. It is located in the transition zone between Jidong low mountains and Liaohe plain, with Daheishan in the East, Liaohe Plain in the west, Changchun in the north and Shenyang in the south. The city covers 14700 square kilometers, including 1480 square kilometers of urban area.
Siping City is high in the southeast and low in the northwest. The southeast suburb is a hilly area with an altitude of 230-448 meters. It is a wavy plain in the northwest suburb, 140-230 m above sea level. The urban area is surrounded by hills in the north, East and south, forming a dustpan shaped basin with the "bojikou" facing west. There are two inclined zones in the urban area: one is inclined from east to west, with Daodong Yima road as the boundary, and the gradient is about 3-7 degrees. On the other hand, it is inclined from north to south. From the south foot of Beishan Mountain to Zhongyang East Road, it is slightly inclined. The south of Zhongyang east road is relatively inclined. Compared with the terrain at the foot of Beishan Mountain, nansiwei road is about 15-25 ° lower. Plain, mountain and hill are the main geomorphic forms of Siping City, followed by platform and sand beach.
Siping City belongs to the middle temperate humid monsoon climate zone. The main characteristics are obvious Continental, although the four seasons are distinct, the periods are uneven, dry and windy in spring, humid and rainy in summer, mild and cool in autumn, long and cold in winter, and few precipitation. April 20 to June 20 is spring, June 20 to August 20 is summer, August 20 to October 10 is autumn, October 10 to next year's April 20 is winter. The average annual sunshine hours in Siping City are about 2800 hours. The lowest monthly average temperature appeared in January in the middle of winter, which was minus 14.8 ℃. July is the month with the highest temperature in the whole year, and the monthly average temperature is 23.6 ℃. Siping is windy, generally between 30 and 60 days over the years.
There are only six small rivers in Siping City, which belong to Liaohe River system and zhaosutai River Basin. The common points of all rivers are short flow, small flow, narrow channel, shallow water level and nearly dry in dry season. But because the upper reaches or the whole river is located in low mountains and hills. The surface runoff in urban area mainly comes from atmospheric precipitation
Chinese PinYin : Ji Lin Sheng Si Ping Shi
Siping City, Jilin Province
Release Time:2022-01-27 04:18:02
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