Fuzhou, a prefecture level city under the jurisdiction of Jiangxi Province, is an important member of the urban agglomeration in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River. It is located in the east of Jiangxi Province. Its administrative region is about 222 kilometers long from north to South and 169 kilometers wide from east to west, with a total area of 18816.92 square kilometers, accounting for 11.27% of the total area of the province. Fuzhou has two districts and nine counties, covering a total area of 18817 square kilometers, with a resident population of 4047200 in 2018.
Fuzhou is an ancient county of Jiangyou, which has bred celebrities such as Wang Anshi, Tang Xianzu and Zeng Gong. Fuzhou is one of the 20 cities in the Economic Zone on the west side of the Straits determined by the State Council. It is the first Poyang Lake Ecological Economic Zone in Jiangxi Province to be included in the national strategic regional development plan and one of the important cities in the former Central Soviet area. Fuzhou has been known as "leading the rivers and lakes, controlling Fujian and Guangdong" since ancient times. Fuzhou is a national garden city, with a per capita park green area of 16.6 square meters and a city green rate of 43.4%. The comprehensive environmental assessment ranks seventh in China and first in Central China, with a forest coverage rate of 64.5%. Zixi County, with a forest coverage rate of 85.9%, is known as the "natural oxygen bar". In October 2020, it was rated as the national model city (county) of double support.
In 2019, Fuzhou's GDP will reach 151.092 billion yuan, an increase of 7.9% over the previous year.
Evolution of organizational system
Qin and Han Dynasties
In the 26th year of the first emperor of Qin Dynasty (221 BC), there were 36 counties in the world, and Fuzhou belonged to Jiujiang county.
In the fourth year of Gaozu (203 BC) of the Western Han Dynasty, the territory belongs to the Huainan kingdom. In the fifth year of Gaozu (202 BC) of the Western Han Dynasty, Yuzhang county was set up in part of the Huainan Kingdom, with 18 counties under its jurisdiction. Nancheng county was named after the 11th County in the south of Yuzhang, which was the beginning of the county construction in Fuzhou. Yongyuan eight years of the Eastern Han Dynasty (96), set up Linru county. Nancheng county and Linru County belong to Yuzhang County of Yangzhou.
Wu, Jin and Southern Dynasties
In the second year of Wu Taiping in the Three Kingdoms (257), Linchuan county was set up in Linru county and Nancheng County of Yuzhang County, which was the beginning of the establishment of the county in Fuzhou. Linchuan county is subordinate to Yangzhou, with Linru as the upper County, followed by Nancheng. In the same year, the southeast part of Nancheng county was divided into Dongxing, Yongcheng and Nanfeng counties, and the southwest part of Linru County into Xiping, Xinjian, Xicheng, Yihuang and Anpu counties. So far, Linchuan county has jurisdiction over Linru, Nancheng, Xiping, Xinjian, Xicheng, Yihuang, Anpu, Nanfeng, Yongcheng and Dongxing counties. The governor of the county is in you. In the first year of Yuankang in the Western Jin Dynasty (291), Linchuan County belonged to Jiangzhou, and its jurisdiction remained unchanged. In 479, Linchuan county was moved from Linru to Nancheng. In 522, Bashan county was set up in Linchuan County, and Bashan county was set up in addition. Linchuan county and Bashan County belong to Jiangzhou. Linchuan County governs 8 counties of Linru, Nancheng, Xifeng, Yihuang, Anpu, Nanfeng, Yongcheng and Dingchuan, governing Nancheng and Linru in the same year. Bashan County governs Xinjian, Xining, Bashan, Dafeng, Xin'an, Xingping and Fengcheng, and zhigongxi ancient city. In 557, Linchuan and Bashan belonged to Gaozhou.
Sui and Tang Dynasties
In the ninth year of kaihuang of Sui Dynasty (589), Pingchen and Yang Wutong, the general manager, were pacified by envoys. Linchuan and Bashan counties were abolished and Fuzhou was established (meaning pacification). The name of Fuzhou began here. Xifeng County and Dingchuan county were merged into Linru county and renamed Linchuan County; Nanfeng County and Yongcheng county were merged into Nancheng County; Dafeng County, Xin'an County, Bashan County, Xinjian County, Xingping County, Fengcheng county and Xining county were abandoned and Chongren county was established; Yihuang County and Anpu county were also merged into Chongren County. In 592, Qianshan County and Guangze county were established as Shaowu county. Fuzhou governs Linchuan County, Nancheng County, Chongren county and Shaowu county. In the third year of Daye (607), Fuzhou was changed into Linchuan county.
Tang Wude five years (622), Linchuan county to Fuzhou, Li Hongzhou general office. Yongcheng county and Dongxing county were set up in Nancheng County, Yihuang County in Chongren county and Jiangle County in Shaowu county. Fuzhou governs Linchuan, Nancheng, Chongren, Shaowu, Yongcheng, Dongxing, Yihuang and Jiangle counties. In the seventh year of Wude (624), the general manager's office of Hongzhou was changed to the governor's office, which belonged to Fuzhou. Yongcheng county and Dongxing county were merged into Nancheng county again, and Jiangle County was merged into Shaowu county again, which was classified as Jianzhou. In the eighth year of Wude (625), Yihuang County was merged into Chongren County, and Fuzhou only governed Linchuan, Nancheng and Chongren counties. In the first year of Zhenguan (627), Fuzhou belonged to Jiangnan Road. In 711, a part of Nancheng county was set up in Nanfeng County. In 718, Nanfeng County was merged into Nancheng county. In 720, Nanfeng County was reset. Fuzhou governs Linchuan County, Chongren County, Nancheng county and Nanfeng County. In the 21st year, Fuzhou belonged to the west of Jiangnan. In the first year of Tianbao (742), Fuzhou was changed into Linchuan county. In the first year of Qianyuan (758), Linchuan county was restored to Fuzhou. In the sixth year of Yuanhe (811), Fuzhou was promoted to Shangzhou. In the sixth year of Xiantong (865), Jiangnan Xidao was promoted to Zhennan army, which belonged to Fuzhou. In 958, Jinxi farm was set up in Shangmu town and guizheng township of Linchuan county.
Song and Yuan Dynasties
In the early Northern Song Dynasty, Fuzhou was under the jurisdiction of the Southern Tang Dynasty. In the first year of Kaibao (968), yihuangchang was set up. In the second year of Kaibao (969), Jianwu army was set up in the south of the city, which was under the jurisdiction of Jiangnan Xidao and governed the south of the city. In the third year of Kaibao (970), Yihuang farm was changed into Yihuang County, belonging to Fuzhou. In the eighth year of Kaibao (975), the Southern Tang Dynasty died, and Fuzhou was changed into a military state. Fuzhou and Jianwu troops returned to the Song Dynasty, belonging to Jiangnan West Road. In the first year of Taiping's rejuvenation of the state (976), Fuzhou and Jianwu were transformed into Jiangnan Road. In the fourth year of Taiping's rejuvenation of the state (979), the military was transformed into Jianchang army. In the second year of Chunhua (1991), Nanfeng County was transferred to Jianchang army. In the fifth year of Chunhua (1994), Jinxi farm was transformed into Jinxi County. The military of Fuzhou governs Linchuan, Chongren, Yihuang and Jinxi counties. Jianchang army governs Nancheng and Nanfeng counties, and governs Nancheng. In the first year of Shaoxing in the Southern Song Dynasty (1131), Fuzhou and Jianchang belonged to Jiangnan East Road. Shaoxing four years (1134), back to Jiangnan Road. Shaoxing eight years (1138), home town, Guangchang county. Shaoxing 19 years (1149), home Le'an county. Fuzhou military governs Linchuan County, Chongren County, Yihuang County, Jinxi County and Le'an county. Jianchang military governs Nancheng, Nanfeng, Xincheng and Guangchang, and governs Nancheng.
From the Yuan Dynasty to the 13th year of the Yuan Dynasty (1276), Fuzhou army was changed into Fuzhou Road, and the next year Chang army was changed into Jianchang road. Fuzhou and Jianchang road belong to Jiangxi Province. In the 19th year of Zhiyuan Dynasty (1282), Nanfeng County was promoted to Nanfeng Prefecture, also known as Jiahe Prefecture, which was directly under Jiangxi xingzhongshu province. Fuzhou Road governs counties and administrative offices unchanged. Jianchang road only governs Nancheng County, Xincheng County and Guangchang county.
Ming and Qing Dynasties
In the first month of the first year of Hongwu in the Ming Dynasty (1368), Fuzhou road was changed to Fuzhou Prefecture and Jianchang road to Zhaochang Prefecture. In September, Zhaochang Prefecture was changed to Jianchang Prefecture. In 1370, Nanfeng Prefecture was reformed into Nanfeng County. In the ninth year of Hongwu (1376), Zhongshu province was abolished, and Fuzhou and Jianchang belonged to the East Road of Jiangxi Province. Fuzhou governs Linchuan County, Chongren County, Yihuang County, Jinxi County and Le'an county. Jianchang Prefecture governs Nancheng, Nanfeng, Xincheng and Guangchang. Zhengde seven years (1512), home Dongxiang County, under the Fuzhou government. Wanli six years (1578), home Luxi County, under the Jianchang Prefecture.
In 1645, Fuzhou and Jianchang belonged to Hudong road of Jiangxi Province. In the ninth year of Yongzheng reign (1731), Fuzhou and Jianchang were transferred to Nanfu Jiandao, Jiangxi Province.
Republic of China
In the first year of the Republic of China (1912), Zhili Prefecture was abolished, and 11 counties under the jurisdiction of former Fuzhou and Jianchang prefectures were directly under Jiangxi Province. In 1914, the name of the county with the same name was changed. Xincheng County was renamed Lichuan County, and Luxi County was renamed Zixi County. In the summer of 1931, Nancheng County, Lichuan County, Nanfeng County, Yihuang County and Le'an County belonged to the seventh district, Guangchang county belonged to the Sixth District, Jinxi County and Zixi County belonged to the eighth District, and Linchuan County, Chongren county and Dongxiang County still belonged to the province. In December of the same year, the counties were still in Zhili Province. In the summer of 1932, Jiangxi Province was divided into 13 administrative regions. Linchuan, Jinxi, Zixi, Dongxiang, Guixi and Yujiang were the seventh administrative region, Nancheng, Lichuan, Nanfeng, Chongren, Le'an and Yihuang were the eighth administrative region, and Guangchang was the twelfth administrative region. In 1935, Jiangxi Province was reduced to eight administrative regions. Linchuan County, Nancheng County, Lichuan County, Nanfeng County, Chongren County, Le'an County, Yihuang County, Jinxi County, Zixi County, Dongxiang County and Guangze County belong to the seventh administrative region. Guangchang is the eighth administrative region.
The People's Republic of China
In May 1949, Dongxiang, Jinxi, Zixi, Linchuan, Chongren, Yihuang, Nancheng and Lichuan counties were successively liberated. Linchuan, Dongxiang, Jinxi and Zixi counties belong to Guixi District of Northeast Jiangxi. Then, the two towns of Yangcheng and Dongwai in Linchuan county were divided into Linchuan City, which also belongs to Guixi district. On July 1, 1949, Fuzhou district was formally established in Linchuan City and Linchuan, Chongren, Yihuang, Nancheng and Lichuan counties. The office of district administrative inspector was located in Yangcheng Town, Linchuan city. In August 1949, Nanfeng County was liberated, belonging to Fuzhou district. Jinxi and Zixi belong to Fuzhou district. In September 1949, Guangchang and Le'an counties were liberated one after another, belonging to Fuzhou District, and Guangchang county to Ningdu district.
In April 1950, Linchuan city was merged into Linchuan county and changed into Chengguan District. In September 1950, Fuzhou district was changed to Fuzhou district. In June 1951, Chengguan District of Linchuan county was changed into Fuzhou City, a city under the jurisdiction of Linchuan county. In July, Fuzhou district was renamed Fuzhou special district. In December 1952, Guangchang was designated as Fuzhou special area.
In 1953, Fuzhou City was changed into Fuzhou Town, still under the jurisdiction of Linchuan county. In 1954, Fuzhou town was promoted
Chinese PinYin : Jiang Xi Sheng Fu Zhou Shi
Release Time:2021-03-06 00:35:22
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