Jixi City, also known as the coal city, is a prefecture level city in Heilongjiang Province, an important national energy base approved by the State Council, and one of the regional central cities in the southeast of Heilongjiang Province. The city has 6 municipal districts, 2 county-level cities and 1 counties, with a total area of 22500 square kilometers, 1 million 694 thousand registered residence households, 1 million 124 thousand registered residence towns, 66.35% urbanization rate, and 260 million dollars in total import and export value in the whole year.
Jixi is located in the northeast of China and the southeast of Heilongjiang Province. It is separated from Russia by Wusuli River and songacha River in the East and Southeast. The border line is 641km long, bordering Mudanjiang City in the West and south, and Qitaihe City in the north. Jixi has a continental monsoon climate in cold temperate Zone, with mountains, hills and plains as the main body. Linmi railway, Chengji railway, Heda, Jihu Expressway run through Jixi.
Jixi is an early developed area in the northeast border of China. As early as 6000 years ago, the ancestors of Jixi, Sushen people, began to live and multiply in this fertile black land, creating a splendid ancient fishing and hunting civilization - new open culture. Later, the descendants of Sushen people, yilou, Wuji and Nvzhen, traveled all over Jixi. In the Tang Dynasty, Jixi area had formal contacts with the Central Plains area, and the Bohai state established Dongping Prefecture here. It was founded in 1957.
In 2019, Jixi's GDP will reach 55.2 billion yuan, an increase of 4.6% over the previous year at comparable prices. Among them, the added value of the primary industry was 20.53 billion yuan, an increase of 3.2%; the added value of the secondary industry was 12.23 billion yuan, an increase of 3.4%; the added value of the tertiary industry was 22.44 billion yuan, an increase of 6.7%. The city's per capita GDP reached 32278 yuan, an increase of 6.3% over the previous year.
Jixi area is an early developed area in Northeast China. As early as 6000 years ago, the ancestors of Jixi area, Sushen people, began to live and multiply in this fertile black land, creating a splendid ancient fishing and hunting civilization - new culture. Later, the descendants of Sushen people, yilou, Wuji and Nvzhen, traveled all over Jixi.
It belongs to Liaodong County of Yan state. In 300 BC (the 12th year of King Yanzhao), the state of Yan defeated Donghu and gained more than 1000 li of land. It set up Shanggu, Yuyang, youbeiping, Liaodong, Liaoxi and other counties. The northeast area was the place where Sushen people lived.
In the Qin Dynasty, it was under the jurisdiction of Liaodong county.
In 225 B.C. (22nd year of the first emperor), the state of Qin set up troops to attack the state of Yan. In 221 B.C. (26th year of the first emperor), Qin unified China and set up three counties, namely youbeiping, Liaoxi and Liaodong.
In the Western Han Dynasty, it was under the jurisdiction of xuantu Prefecture. In 206 BC (the first year of emperor Gaozu of the Han Dynasty), Liu Bang destroyed Qin Dynasty and established the Han Dynasty. Northeast China is the land of Donghu. In 140 BC (during the reign of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty), four counties, Liaodong, Liaoxi, Lelang and xuantu, were set up in Northeast China, and xuantu was set up in Jixi. During the Eastern Han Dynasty, it was under the jurisdiction of Liaodong county.
During the Three Kingdoms period, it belonged to Changli County of the state of Wei. In the first year of Huangchu (220), Cao Pi became emperor. He was named Wei, and his capital was Luoyang. The territory is in Guanzhong and Hexi areas to the north of Huaihe River, reaching Xinjiang in the West and the northwest of Korean Peninsula in the north. Jixi area is under the jurisdiction of Changli County. In the Western Jin Dynasty, the North entered the period of Sixteen States, and the northeast area is the territory of Beiyan. Jixi City is under the jurisdiction of the number room.
In the first year of the Northern Wei Dynasty (386), the leader of Tuoba Xianbei became emperor. In 439, it destroyed the northern cool, unified the north and confronted the Southern Song Dynasty. Wuji (yilou called Wuji) in the Northeast developed and gradually formed seven tribes, namely, sumo tribe, bodou tribe, anchegu tribe, funei tribe, Haoshi tribe, Baishan tribe and Heishui tribe. Jixi area is the territory of Wuji, which is under the jurisdiction of the funei part of Muling River basin to the west of Xingkai Lake.
In the Sui Dynasty, it was under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of funei. In 581 (the first year of kaihuang), Emperor Wen Yang Jian became emperor. The Qidan people, nomadic in the upper reaches of the Dongliao River, were distributed in the Mudanjiang and Songhua river basins. The Pei people in the middle and lower reaches of Heilongjiang gradually became strong and submitted to the Sui Dynasty. Jixi City is still under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of fune.
In the Tang Dynasty, it was under the jurisdiction of Yizhou, Dongping Prefecture, Bohai State. In the Tang Dynasty, Jixi region had formal contacts with the Central Plains region. The Bohai state established Dongping Prefecture here (the government was located in Mishan City), and Jixi region was officially included in the territory of political power.
In 618 (the first year of Wude), Li Yuan, the king of Tang Dynasty, became emperor. In 698 (the first year of the holy calendar), dazorong, the suomo chieftain who lived in the upper reaches of the Huhan River (Mudanjiang River), took the suomo nobility as the main body and united with other suomo tribes and some Koguryo to establish the Zhenguo. In 713 (the first year of Kaiyuan of Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty), the Tang court granted dazorong the title of Bohai Prefecture, and granted him the title of governor of huhanzhou, which was renamed Bohai State. Its capital was Shangjing Longquan prefecture (Ningan County, Dongjing Town), and it has jurisdiction over five capitals, fifteen prefectures and sixty-two prefectures. Jixi City is under the jurisdiction of Yizhou, Dongping Prefecture.
Jixi City is under the jurisdiction of Qidan state. In 907 (the fourth year of emperor Tianyou of Tang Dynasty), the eight Khitan tribes elected Yelv abaoji as the leader of the Khitan people. In 916 (the second year of Later Liang Zhenming), Yelu abaoji, the leader of Khitan, established the Khitan state and built the capital linhuang (nanboluo City, Lindong Town, Balinzuoqi, Inner Mongolia). In 926, Khitan destroyed the Bohai Sea and changed its name to Dongdan state, and moved the adherents of the Bohai Sea to the South on a large scale. In 947, Qidan was renamed Liao, and in 983, it was renamed Qidan state, and the imperial capital was changed to Shangjing. Jixi area belongs to Jianzhou Nuzhen (靺鞨) under the jurisdiction of Khitan state. Jixi City is under the jurisdiction of Shangjing road.
In 1113 (the third year of Tianqing), Wanyan Aguda, the head of Nuzhen tribal alliance, unified the Nuzhen tribes and began to attack Liao. In 1115, Wanyan Aguda became emperor, established the great Jin State of slavery, established Huining prefecture (Baicheng, Acheng County, Heilongjiang Province), destroyed Liao in 1125, and the Northern Song Dynasty in 1127, confronting the Southern Song Dynasty. Five capitals, fourteen governor's offices and nineteen roads were built. Jixi area is under the jurisdiction of Shangjing Road (located in ussurisk in Russia).
In the Yuan Dynasty, it was under the jurisdiction of wanhufu in huligualu and kaiyuanlu of Liaoyang province. In 1206 (the first year of Genghis Khan), timuzhen, the leader of the Mongolian nationality, established the Mongolian Khanate and extended its territory to the Yellow River Basin. From Genghis Khan to mengge Khan, they successively conquered the Western Liao, Xixia, Jin and so on. In 1271 (the eighth year of Zhiyuan), Kublai Khan named the state yuan. In 1279, he conquered the Southern Song Dynasty and unified China. He established the capital of Dadu (Beijing) and set up various kings' fiefdoms in Northeast China. Jixi area is under the jurisdiction of Kaiyuan Road wanhufu (near Sanchakou of Dongning county) and huligue road wanhufu (Yilan County).
In the Ming Dynasty, it was subordinate to mailan Hewei, the West Nvzhen Department of nuergandus. In 1368 (the first year of Hongwu), Zhu Yuanzhang called himself Emperor, overthrew the rule of Yuan Dynasty, established the Ming Dynasty, and established the capital of Jinling (Nanjing). In 1421 (the 19th year of Yongle), Emperor Chengzu of Ming Dynasty moved his capital to Beijing. In 1409, in the vast area of Heilongjiang Basin. Jixi area is under the jurisdiction of mailan Hewei, nuergandus West Nvzhen department.
In the Qing Dynasty, it was under the jurisdiction of Jilin general ningguta. In 1644 (the first year of Shunzhi), Emperor Shizu of the Qing Dynasty led most Manchu people in Northeast China to enter the pass and exterminate the Ming Dynasty. He established the capital of Beijing and unified the whole country. The policy of banning Northeast China. In 1653 (the tenth year of Shunzhi), angbang Zhangjing was set up to garrison Ninggu pagoda. In 1662 (the first year of the reign of Emperor Kangxi), general ningguta was set up to govern Mudanjiang and its vast Xiamen area. In 1757 (the 22nd year of Qianlong's reign), his office was moved to Wula, Jilin Province, which was renamed General of Jilin Province and governed the eastern part of Northeast China. Ningguta general changed to ningguta deputy Dutong, Jixi area is under the jurisdiction of Jilin general ningguta deputy Dutong.
In the late Qing Dynasty, it belonged to Jilin Province. In 1882 (the eighth year of the reign of Emperor Guangxu of the Qing Dynasty), the government of the Qing Dynasty set up a Branch Bureau of land reclamation in Muling. In 1899, a bureau of land reclamation was set up in honey mountain, and post stations were set up in ningguta, honey mountain and Sanxing (Yilan County). Among them, ningguta to honey mountain post road, in Jixi area set up qinggouling post station (Lishu Township Houshigou), huangnihezi post station (Hengshan District).
In 1907, the Qing government changed the general system into the provincial system. In 1908, the Qing government set up Mishan Prefecture in Mishan. Zhangjiajie, jiguanshanzitun (Jiguan District), huangnihezi (Hengshan District), huangjiadian, Sihaidian, Pingyang Town, didahe (Didao District) and other villages in Jixi are under the jurisdiction of Mishan Prefecture. In 1909, Muling county was established. Lishu District, Liumao Township, Lanling Township and tudingzi village and Jixiang village in Mashan township of Jixi City were under the jurisdiction of Muling county.
In January 1912 (the first year of the Republic of China), the Beijing government promulgated the order of unifying the existing local administrative departments, which changed all the government departments and prefectures of the three northeastern provinces and the four Inner Mongolia leagues into counties. The county chief executive was called the county magistrate, and all the administrative organs were called the county magistrate's office. Mishan Prefecture of Jilin Province was renamed Mishan county. In 1919, Boli set up a county government. Most of Chengzihe District, Didao district and Jidong County of Jixi City belong to Mishan County of Jilin Province; all of Lishu District of Jixi City and tudingzi village, Gongrong village and Jixiang village of Mashan District belong to Muling county. Jixi City is under the jurisdiction of Mishan, Muling, Linkou and Boli counties.
In 1931, Japanese imperialism launched the September 18th Incident. Mishan county is called Mishan county. On March 1, 1932, puppet Manchukuo, a puppet regime concocted by Japanese Guandong army, was established in Changchun. On December 1, 1934, the former 15 counties and 1 banner of Hulan in Heilongjiang Province were merged with the former 12 counties of Acheng in Jilin Province to form the pseudo Binjiang province. Jixi City is under the jurisdiction of Mishan county and Muling County of Binjiang province instead of Jilin Province.
Chinese PinYin : Hei Long Jiang Sheng Ji Xi Shi
Jixi City, Heilongjiang Province
Release Time:2022-01-27 04:18:13
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