Sanming Sanming City, a prefecture level city under the jurisdiction of Fujian Province, is located in the central part of Fujian Province, connecting with the northwest corner. It is located between 25 ° 30 ′～ 27 ° 07 ′ N and 116 ° 22 ′～ 118 ° 39 ′ e, covering an area of 22965 square kilometers. It is adjacent to Fuzhou City in the East, Jiangxi Province in the west, Quanzhou City in the south, Nanping City in the north and Longyan City in the southwest. It is a new industrial city, a national civilized city and a national health city City, national garden city and excellent tourism city in China. In September 2016, it was awarded the title of "National Forest City" by the State Forestry Administration. In 2017, Sanming City confirmed that it would continue to retain the honorary title of national civilized city.
Sanming City has a cross-strait (Sanming) modern forestry cooperation experimental zone. It is a national collective forestry comprehensive reform experimental demonstration zone. It enjoys the reputation of "green treasure house" in Fujian. It is one of the four cities with a standing stock of more than 100 million cubic meters. As of June 2015, 79 metal and non-metal minerals have been found, 49 have been proved reserves, and 43 have been developed and utilized. The city has two world-class brands, Taining world natural heritage site and World Geopark, and more than 50 national and provincial tourism brands, ranking first in terms of quantity and grade.
In 2019, Sanming will achieve a GDP of 260.156 billion yuan, an increase of 8.0% over 2018. By the end of 2019, the city's permanent resident population was 2.59 million, an increase of 10000 over the end of 2018.
In ancient times, it belonged to Baiyue, Yangzhou in Xia and Shang Dynasties, Qimin in Zhou Dynasty, Chu in Warring States period, Minzhong county and Dongye County in Yangzhou Kuaiji County in Qin and Han Dynasties.
In the third year of Wu Yong'an in the Three Kingdoms (260), Jiangle County and sui'an county were established (sui'an county was changed into Suicheng County in the first year of Yixi in the Eastern Jin Dynasty (405) and did not resume its organizational system after it was finally abandoned in the third year of Zhenguan in the Tang Dynasty (629)).
In the first year of Yixi in the Eastern Jin Dynasty (405), shashubao was promoted to Shacun County, which was the beginning of the establishment of Shaxian County. Later, it was renamed Shaxian County in the fourth year of Wude in the Tang Dynasty (621), which was subordinate to Jianan county and Jianzhou County successively.
In the 13th year of Kaiyuan (725) of Tang Dynasty, Huanglian town in the former huangliandong area in the west of Shaxian County was upgraded to Huanglian county. Later, in the first year of Tianbao (742), it was renamed Ninghua county and subordinate to linting county. In the 29th year of Kaiyuan (741), Youxi County was set up in the former Youxi Shandong area and subordinate to Fuzhou.
In the first year of Zhongxing in the Southern Tang Dynasty (958), Yonganchang and guihuachang in Suicheng county were upgraded to Jianning county and Guihua county respectively (later Guihua county was renamed Taining County in 1086).
In the first year of Fu in the Song Dynasty (1098), Qingliu County was set up in Ninghua County, which was subordinate to Tingzhou.
In the third year of Jingtai (1452), Yongan county was set up to the south of Xinling in Jiesha county and the west of Baoshan in Youxi County, which was subordinate to Yanping Prefecture; in the seventh year of Chenghua (1471), Guihua county was set up to Tingzhou Prefecture, which was renamed Mingxi County in April 1933; in the fourteenth year of Jiajing (1535), Youxi County, Yongan County, zhangpinghe county were set up Dehua set up Datian County, under the Yanping Prefecture. In the first year of Longqing (1567), Longyan, Datian and Yong'an were located in Ningyang County, which was subordinate to Zhangzhou Prefecture.
In the Qing Dynasty, there were nine prefectures and two prefectures under the jurisdiction of Fujian provincial government, and Longyan Prefecture, Yongchun Prefecture and Taiwan prefecture were added successively. In 1734, Datian County was changed into Yongchun prefecture (Zhili prefecture). The next year, Ningyang was transferred to Longyan Prefecture.
In the early years of the Republic of China (1912), the government was changed to the road, and the Department and prefecture were changed to the county. Sanming territory belongs to the North Road observation office.
In 1914, the road was changed to Dao. Sha county, Jiangle County, Taining County, Youxi County, Jianning county and Yong'an County belonged to Jian'an Road; Ninghua County, Qingliu County, Guihua county and Ningyang County belonged to tingzhang road; Datian County belonged to Xiamen road.
In 1928, the Dao system was abolished and a new provincial and county system was implemented. All counties were directly under the Fujian provincial government.
In November 1933, the "Fujian change" took place. The 19th Route Army of the Kuomintang established the people's revolutionary government of the people's Republic of China (Fujian people's Government) in Fujian, which governed minhai, Yanjian, Xingquan and Longting provinces and Fuzhou and Xiamen special cities. Sha county, Jiangle County, Youxi County, Yong'an County, Taining County and Jianning County belong to Yanjian province; Qingliu County, Mingxi County (formerly Guihua county), Ninghua county and Ningyang County belong to Longting province; Datian county belongs to Xingquan province.
In 1934, the "Fujian change" failed and the four provinces abolished it.
In July 1934, the restructured Fujian provincial government implemented the system of district inspector, which divided the whole province into 10 administrative regions. Shaxian and Youxi belong to the third district (Nanping special office); Datian belongs to the fourth district (Xianyou special office); Yong'an, Ningyang, Qingliu, Mingxi and Ninghua belong to the eighth district (Changting special office); Jiangle, Taining and Jianning belong to the ninth district (Shaowu special office).
In October of 1935, the original 10 administrative supervision districts were reduced to 7 administrative districts. Youxi County, Yong'an County, Jiangle County and Sha county belong to the second administrative region; Datian County and Ningyang County belong to the sixth administrative region; Ninghua County, Mingxi County, Qingliu County, Jianning county and Taining County belong to the seventh administrative region.
In April 1938, the provincial government moved to Yong'an. In June, the provincial security office, the county government personnel training institute, the three Youth League and other Kuomintang party, political and military organizations moved to Sanyuan and Meilie one after another.
In February 1939, the Fujian provincial government decided to set Sanyuan town as the center and set up Sanyuan special zone with a population of more than 10000, which governs Sanyuan Chengguan, Liedong, liexi and so on. It is still regarded as a part of Shaxian County.
In the 29th year of the Republic of China (1940), due to the small territory of Sanyuan special zone, the financial revenue was not enough to make ends meet. So the former three counties of Sha county, Yong'an county and Mingxi County were divided into three special zones, and Sanyuan county was established. The county covers an area of 1031 square kilometers and has a population of about 38000, which is subordinate to the second administrative region.
In September 1946, the administrative regions of the whole province were adjusted to nine administrative supervision regions. Sha county, Jiangle County, Taining County, Jianning county and Youxi County in Sanming still belong to the second district (Nanping special office); Ninghua county belongs to the seventh district (Changting special office); Yong'an County, Ningyang County, Datian County, Qingliu County, Mingxi County and Sanyuan County belong to the ninth district (Yong'an special office).
In 1947, the province's administrative districts were further divided into seven administrative supervision districts. The Yong'an special office was renamed the Sixth District, and the counties in the Sanming area remained unchanged.
After the founding of the people's Republic of China, from the winter of 1949 to the spring of 1950, all parts of Sanming territory were liberated successively, belonging to Longyan, Yong'an and Nanping special offices.
In February 1950, the people's Government of Fujian Province established the seventh Office of the Commissioner of administrative supervision in Yong'an county. In April of the same year, it was renamed the office of Yong'an administrative inspector general. It has jurisdiction over Sanyuan County, Yong'an County, Mingxi County, Qingliu County, Ninghua County, Datian County, Ningyang County and Dehua county (which was designated as Jinjiang District on October 27 of the same year).
In June 1956, the Yong'an special office was abolished. In July, Sanyuan and Mingxi counties merged to form Sanming County, which is subordinate to Nanping special office. Yongan County, Qingliu County, Ninghua county and Ningyang County (abolished by the 34th meeting of the State Council on July 9, 1956) are subordinate to Longyan District, while Datian County is subordinate to Jinjiang District.
In April 1958, after Sanming was established as a heavy industry base, Sanming heavy industry construction committee was established. It is the leading organization of the party and government. It is responsible for leading the industrial construction and municipal construction and management of Sanming industrial zone. It is directly under the leadership of the provincial Party committee and the Provincial People's Committee, and leads Sanming county with Nanping Prefecture Party committee and administrative office.
In February 1959, with the approval of the central government, Sanming heavy industry Construction Committee and Sanming county were merged to form the Sanming people's commune Preparatory Committee (under the provincial jurisdiction).
In January 1960, the Preparatory Committee of Sanming people's commune was renamed Sanming people's Committee (Sanming City under the provincial jurisdiction).
In November 1961, Sanming county was restored to its original administrative area of Mingxi County. In the same month, Qingliu, Ninghua and Yong'an counties were transferred from Longyan district to Sanming City, and the jurisdiction was expanded to four counties.
In May 1963, the State Council approved the establishment of the office of Sanming Commissioner, which reduced Sanming City to a prefecture level city. The office has jurisdiction over Sanming City, Sanming County, Yong'an County, Qingliu County, Ninghua County, and Datian County (which was transferred from Jinjiang District in the same month), with a total of one city and five counties.
In April 1964, Sanming county was restored to the original name of Mingxi County.
From February to march in 1967, the Sanming military division was ordered to intervene in the local areas to carry out the task of "three branches and two armies" and set up a production leading group to be responsible for the industrial and agricultural production in Sanming area. In July of the same year, the Party committee of Fuzhou Military Region decided to establish the military control committee of Sanming special region.
In October 1968, the Sanming District Revolutionary Committee was established as a leading body integrating the party and government, exercising all the functions of the original local Party committee and the special office. On June 18, 1970, the provincial Revolutionary Committee decided to put Youxi, Shaxian, Jiangle, Taining and Jianning counties under the Sanming special area, which was officially included in July. Sanming District expanded into one city and ten counties. In December of the same year, the Sanming Revolutionary Committee was changed into the Sanming regional Revolutionary Committee.
On March 29, 1978, the Sanming regional Revolutionary Committee was renamed the Sanming regional administrative office.
In April 1983, with the approval of the State Council, Sanming City was changed into a provincial city, and Sanming District was abolished
Chinese PinYin : Fu Jian Sheng San Ming Shi
Release Time:2021-03-06 00:34:13
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