Pingxiang Pingxiang, a prefecture level city in Jiangxi Province, is an important member of the urban agglomeration in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River. It is located in the west of Jiangxi Province, bordering Yichun City in the East, Ji'an City in the south, Zhuzhou City in Hunan Province in the west, and Liuyang City in Hunan Province in the north. The landform is complex, belonging to subtropical humid monsoon climate zone with four distinct seasons. It governs three counties and two districts, with a total area of 3823.99 square kilometers. By the end of 2018, the permanent resident population is 1933200. In 2019, the city's GDP will reach 93.002 billion yuan.
Pingxiang is the "west gate" of Jiangxi Province. It is in the central position in the pattern of economic development in the west of Jiangxi Province. It is known as the "thoroughfare of Hunan and Jiangxi" and the "throat of Wu and Chu". Pingxiang is located in the radiation core area of Changsha Zhuzhou Xiangtan economic circle, receiving the radiation of Pan Pearl River Delta economic zone and Southeast Fujian economic zone. The Shanghai Kunming railway crosses the hinterland of the city and connects with Beijing Guangzhou and Beijing Kowloon. National highways 319 and 320 cross in the urban area. Shanghai Kunming Expressway and pinghong Expressway run through the whole area. The downtown area is only 120 kilometers away from Changsha Huanghua Airport, Hunan Province, which has superior geographical conditions.
As far back as 5000 years ago in the Neolithic age, there were three Miao people living and working in Pingxiang. In the Western Zhou Dynasty, Pingxiang belonged to Yangzhou, the state of Wu in the spring and Autumn period, and Chu in the Warring States period.
In Han Dynasty, it belonged to Yichun County of Yuzhang county.
SUN Hao, the emperor of the Three Kingdoms, established Pingxiang County in 267, the second year of Baoding.
In the second year of Wude of Tang Dynasty (619), the county government moved from gugang of Luxi to fenghuangchi of Pingxiang. In Tang Dynasty, it belonged to Yuanzhou, the western route of Jiangnan. In 1295, Pingxiang was upgraded from county to prefecture.
In 1369, the state was changed into a county. The Ming and Qing Dynasties belonged to Yuanzhou Prefecture of Jiangxi Province.
In 1914, it belonged to Luling road. In the 15th year of the Republic of China, Zhili was established in Hunan Province. In the 20th year of the Republic of China, it was the eighth administrative region. In the year of the Republic of China, it was the second administrative region.
Pingxiang is not only one of the earliest heavy industry bases in China, but also has a glorious revolutionary history. The alliance led by Sun Yat Sen launched the Ping Liu Li uprising in December 1906, which opened the prelude of the revolution of 1911.
In September 1922, Liu Shaoqi, Li Lisan and others led the world-famous Anyuan road miners' strike, Pingxiang became the birthplace of the Chinese workers' movement. At the same time, it is also the source of Autumn Harvest Uprising.
After the founding of the people's Republic of China, it belonged to Nanchang special area. In January 1959, Nanchang special area was renamed Yichun special area, and Pingxiang special area belonged to Yichun special area.
In September 1960, the county was removed to establish a city, which was managed by Yichun district.
In March 1970, Pingxiang was a provincial city.
In 1971, four districts were established with the approval of Jiangxi Provincial Revolutionary Committee.
In January 1979, with the approval of Jiangxi Province, Pingxiang set up four county-level districts.
In 1983, she was changed into a township and Pingxiang township was abolished. Five streets (Fenghuang street, Bayi street, houbu street, Dongda street and Danjiang Street) were set up.
In 1984, Baiyuan town was set up in Pingxiang City to govern Changxi and HengBan brigades, and Guanghan, Wanlong, Jiguan and Wupi townships were set up.
On February 15, 1986, it was agreed that quantian township should be set up in Xiangdong District of Pingxiang City, with jurisdiction over Zhangli, qingni, Ganquan, penxing, Wuli and LiuTian villages of the Institute of Agricultural Sciences.
On June 20, 1992, Lianhua County in Ji'an Prefecture was put under the jurisdiction of Pingxiang City.
On November 13, 1997, Shangli District of Pingxiang City was abolished and Shangli County was established. The former administrative region of Shangli district was the administrative region of Shangli County, and the county people's government was stationed in Shangli town. Luxi District of Pingxiang City was abolished and Luxi County was established. The former administrative region of Luxi district was the administrative region of Luxi County, and the county people's government was stationed in Luxi town. Shangli County and Luxi County are under the jurisdiction of Pingxiang City.
As of 2017, Pingxiang has jurisdiction over Luxi, Shangli and Lianhua counties, Anyuan and Xiangdong districts, and Pingxiang economic and Technological Development Zone, a national economic development zone; there are 28 towns, 19 townships, 7 sub district offices, 136 residents' committees and 640 villagers' committees. The Municipal People's government is located in Anyuan District.
Pingxiang City is located in the west of Jiangxi Province, just west of Nanchang city. It borders Yichun City in the East, Ji'an City in the south, Zhuzhou City in Hunan Province in the West and Liuyang City in Hunan Province in the north. It is located between 26 ° 57 ′～ 28 ° 01 ′ N and 113 ° 35 ′～ 114 ° 17 ′ e, with a total area of 3823.99 square kilometers.
Pingxiang City is located in the hilly area of the south of the Yangtze River, which is dominated by hilly landforms. However, judging from the ups and downs of the whole city, mountains, hills and basins are intricately distributed, and the landforms are relatively complex. The majestic Wugong Mountain in the East and south is the boundary mountain between Pingxiang City and Lianhua, Anfu, Yichun and other cities and counties. The main peak of Jinding is 1918.3 meters above sea level, which is the highest peak in the city. The main peak of Yangqi mountain in the north is 947.6 meters above sea level. The highest point of Daping mountain in the west is 615 meters, which is the boundary mountain between Pingxiang in Jiangxi Province and Liling in Hunan Province. The vast area of central China has rolling hills and rivers. Shangbu Gaokeng Quanjiang downstairs. Hills and hills are connected, which is the watershed between Yuanshui, a tributary of Ganjiang River, and Lushui, a tributary of Xiangjiang River (Pingxiang is called Pingshui). The altitude of pitouzhou in the west is only 65.4 meters, which is the lowest in the city. The whole terrain of the city is high in the north and south, and slightly low in the middle, forming a saddle shape. The total land area of the city is 2764.93 square kilometers, of which the hilly area accounts for about two-thirds, the mountainous area accounts for about one-quarter, and the valley plain area accounts for about one-fifth.
Pingxiang is a subtropical humid monsoon climate zone with four distinct seasons, mild climate, sufficient light, short frost period and long crop growth period. In plain area, the time of summer and winter is longer, the days and nights are shorter in summer, the days and nights are shorter in winter, and the time of spring and autumn is shorter, about two months each. The characteristics of weather in four seasons are as follows: the spring is humid and mild, but the weather is changeable. It is hot in summer, and there are many showers or thunderstorms. Autumn is cool, dry and rainless. It is cold and rainy (snowy) in winter. There is more rain in spring and summer, but the annual rainfall is mainly concentrated in summer. In the alternate period of summer and autumn, it is sunny, hot, less rain, large evaporation, and prone to summer and autumn drought.
The water system in Pingxiang city belongs to Dongting Lake system and Poyang Lake system in the Yangtze River Basin. There are five main rivers in the city, namely Pingshui, Lishui, caoshui, Yuanshui and Lianshui. Yuanshui and Lianshui originated from Luoxiao mountain and Wugong Mountain and flowed into Ganjiang River; Pingshui, Lishui and caoshui originated from Wugong Mountain and Luoxiao mountain and Yangqi mountain and finally flowed into Xiangjiang River. The main tributaries are Changping River, Futian River, Dongyuan River, Louxia River, Gaokeng River, Wanlongshan River, Zhangjiafang River, Jinshan River, Dashanchong River, Yalu River, etc.
There are five main rivers in Pingxiang City, including Yuanshui, caoshui, Lishui, Pingshui and Heshui, with a drainage area of 3877.5 square kilometers. Among them, Yuanshui control basin area is 729 square kilometers; caoshui control basin area is 1376.1 square kilometers; Lishui control basin area is 413.4 square kilometers; caoshui control basin area is 412.7 square kilometers; Heshui control basin area is 946.3 square kilometers. There are 203 reservoirs of various types, including 6 medium-sized reservoirs, 27 small (I) reservoirs and 170 small (II) waterfront reservoirs, with a total effective storage capacity of 209 million cubic meters. There are mainly five types of groundwater in the territory: pore water of loose rock (sediment), carbonate fissure karst water, bedrock fissure water, weathering network of red rock and fissure water.
Pingxiang City has a wide range of wild animal resources. There are 40 species of mammals, including leopard, wolf, weasel (weasel), big civet, little civet, masked civet, wild goat, hedgehog, pangolin, South China rabbit, bamboo rat, wild boar, Swertia, water deer, river deer, macaque, Tibetan chieftain monkey and bat. There are 18 kinds of reptiles, such as tortoise, turtle, gecko, lizard, Agkistrodon halys, green bamboo snake, cauliflower snake, cobra, Agkistrodon acutus, Bungarus multicinctus and wuzhishe. Amphibians include giant salamander, toad, rain frog, tiger frog, black spotted frog, frog and bullfrog. There are 173 kinds of birds, such as swallow, goose, Nighthawk, cuckoo (cuckoo), white oriole, woodpecker, oriole, sparrow, iron sparrow, thrush, owl, bamboo chicken, stork, wild duck, water duck, kingfisher, warbler, gull, hundred tongue, Pulsatilla, parrot, yellow bellied pheasant, white necked long tailed pheasant, mandarin duck, spring call, crane, Harrier, Shrike, stone swallow, crow, etc. Other common species of animals are mussels, snails, snails, crabs and other crustaceans and insects. There are leopard, clouded leopard, yellow bellied horned pheasant, white necked long tailed pheasant, etc. distributed in the city; there are 12 species of national second level protected animals, including big civet, little civet, water deer, muntjac, macaque, Tibetan chieftain monkey, pangolin, giant salamander (salamander), tiger frog, mandarin duck, white oriole, etc. There are 17 kinds of protected animals in Jiangxi Province, including leopard cat (wild cat, beaver), wolf (wild dog), weasel (weasel), civet cat (masked civet), sharp snout snake (five step snake), black tip snake, black browed brocade snake, golden ring snake, cobra (fan Toufeng), Magpie (magpie), thrush, Shoudai bird, bamboo chicken, partridge, shrike (mountain monk), kingfisher, etc.
There are 30 species of gymnosperms in 20 genera of 9 families and 1295 species of angiosperms in 645 genera of 157 families in Pingxiang City. Among them, there are 64 families and 279 species of trees and shrubs, which are widely distributed. The main tree species are Castanopsis, Quercus, Castanea, Cunninghamia and Metasequoia of Fagaceae, sassafras, camphor and Machilus of Lauraceae, Schima superba, camellia and Eurya of Theaceae, Elaeagnus, houhuanxi of Duroc and Magnolia of Magnoliaceae
Chinese PinYin : Jiang Xi Sheng Ping Xiang Shi
Pingxiang City, Jiangxi Province
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