(records of traditional Chinese Medicine)
[synonym] Ixeris sonchifolia, Ixeris sonchifolia, Ixeris sonchifolia, Kuge Ma, Ixeris sonchifolia, Chuma CAI (records of Chinese materia medica), chicory (Handbook of Hebei Traditional Chinese Medicine).
[source] it is the whole plant of Sonchus arvensis.
[plant morphology] Sonchus Sonchus
It is a perennial herb with milk in the whole plant. Stem erect, 30-80 cm high. Leaves alternate, lanceolate or oblong lanceolate. It is 8-20 cm long and 2-5 cm wide, with obtuse apex, auricular amplexicaul base, sparsely notched or lobed margin, notches and lobes with sharp teeth; basal leaves with short petioles and stemmed leaves without petioles. The inflorescence is terminal, single or corymbose, 2-4cm in diameter, with bell shaped involucre; the flowers are all tongue shaped, yellow; stamen 5: pistil 1, ovary inferior, style slender, stigma 2-lobed. Achenes oblong, longitudinally ribbed, with fine soft corolla hairs. The flowering period is from July to March next year. The fruit period is from August to October to next April.
Born on the roadside, in the field. It is distributed in most areas of China.
The flowers of this plant (Sonchus Sonchus L.) are also used for medicine. See special section for details.
[collection] before flowering in spring, pull up the roots, wash them and dry them in the sun.
The root is dried. Rhizome four columnar, the lower part of the tapering, 3-10 cm long, light yellow brown surface, the upper part of the ring protuberance of the basal leaf mark, the top of the wrinkled or broken basal leaves, leaves below gray green, slightly deep above, no flowers or occasionally with broken flowers. It's brittle and fragile. It is better to be green, flowerless and impurity free.
It is mainly produced in Hebei, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Shandong and other places.
This product is used as Patrinia villosa in North China and artichoke in Northeast China; see "Patrinia villosa" and "artichoke".
[pharmacological action] antitumor effect. Methylene blue decolorization method was used to determine the activity of dehydrogenase in blood cells of leukemia patients in vitro. The concentrated alcohol extract of Sonchus Sonchus had obvious inhibitory effect on dehydrogenase in blood cells of patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia, acute and chronic myelocytic leukemia. However, there was no inhibitory effect on the respiration of baixibao in the first two kinds of patients (measured by wabb respirator).
[nature and taste] Hebei Traditional Chinese Medicine Manual: "cold in nature, bitter in taste. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat and toxin, tonifying deficiency and relieving cough. Treatment of dysentery, laryngitis, weak cough, hemorrhoids prolapse, leucorrhea.
① "Hebei Traditional Chinese medicine manual": "clearing heat and detoxifying. Treatment of acute bacillary dysentery, acute laryngitis, prolapse of internal hemorrhoids. "
② "Identification of common confused Chinese herbal medicine": "treatment of leucorrhea and postpartum blood stasis, abdominal pain, appendicitis. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: Jiantang 0.5-1 Liang. External use: smoked and washed with boiling water.
[prescription selection] ① for acute bacillary dysentery: one or two Sonchus Sonchus, fried in water.
② Treatment of acute pharyngitis: fresh Sonchus Sonchus one or two (chopped), Juncus one money. Take it in water.
③ Treatment of hemorrhoids prolapse inflammation: Sonchus Sonchus 22. Fry soup, fumigate and wash the affected area, once or twice a day. (1) Hebei Traditional Chinese medicine manual is published below.)
④ Treatment of appendicitis: five yuan to one or two yuan for Sonchus Sonchus and two Liang for Hongteng. Take it in water. (identification of common confused Chinese herbal medicines)
Chinese PinYin : Ju Mai Cai
Baiyaojian. Bai Yao Jian
Chicken meat. Chi Rou
Wutong seed. Chou Wu Tong Zi
Lobelia Emei. E Mei Ban Bian Lian
Cormorant bone. Lu Ci Gu
Fritillaria ovata. Luan Ye Bei Mu
Fluttering grass. Piao Fu Cao
woundwort. Shui Su
Iron hoop powder. Tie Gu San
Wild ginseng. Ye Yang Can
hazelnut. Zhen Zi
Purple green grass. Zi Lv Cao