(notes to the classic of Materia Medica)
[synonyms] baigua, Shuizhi (Ben Jing), Shuzhen (Guang Zhi), baidonggua (BIE Lu), dizhi (Shen Xian Ben Cao), pugua (Meng Shen), Shuzhen (Qunfang PU), Donggua (Lei Ya Sheng Lan) and Zhengua (Chinese medicine Zhi).
[source] it is the fruit of Cucurbitaceae plant wax gourd.
[plant morphology] wax gourd
Annual climbing herbs. The stem is long, strong and slightly square, densely covered with yellowish brown bristles and tendrils branched. The leaves are broad ovate or nearly kidney shaped, 15-30 cm long, 5-7-angled or lobed, apex pointed, base heart-shaped, margin serrate, both sides coarsely hairy, veins reticulate. Flowers unisexual, monoecious, solitary in leaf axils; male pedicel 5-15 cm long, calyx tubular, 5-lobed, lobes triangular ovate, margin serrate, corolla yellow, 5-lobed to base, 6-10 cm in diameter, petals abducted, 3-5 cm long, stamens 5, united into 3, of which 2 are wider, anthers 2-locular, the other one is narrower, anthers 1-locular; female petiole short, less than 5 cm long Ovary inferior, oblong, densely pilose, stigma 3-lobed, slightly twisted. The flesh of the bottle gourd is good. Oval or oblong oval, sometimes nearly round, 30-60 cm long, 20-35 cm in diameter; light green peel, white waxy powder on the surface, white and thick flesh: cylindrical peduncle, with longitudinal groove. Most seeds are white or yellow white; ovate or long ovate, edge usually with an edge, some cultivars have smooth edge. The flowering period is from May to June. The fruit period is from June to August.
It is cultivated all over the country.
The stem (wax gourd vine), leaf (wax gourd leaf), pericarp (wax gourd skin), fruit pulp (wax gourd pulp) and seed (wax gourd seed) of this plant are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] in late summer and early autumn, the fruits are picked when they are ripe.
[chemical constituents] each kilogram of wax gourd contains 1.5g protein, 8g sugar, 15g crude fiber, 1.1g ash, 72mg calcium, 45mg phosphorus, 1.1mg iron, 0.04mg carotene, 0.04mg thiamine, 0.08mg riboflavin, 1.1mg niacin and 1mg vitamin c61mg.
Compared with male flowers, female flowers contain more arginine, aspartic acid and glutamic acid, and aspartic acid, but no aspartic acid in male flowers.
Sweet and light, cool.
① Bielu: "it tastes sweet and slightly cold. "
② Tao Hongjing: "the nature is cold and sharp. "
③ "Yinshan Zhengzheng" says: "it tastes sweet, mild cold and nontoxic. "
④ "Diannan Materia Medica": "he has a harmonious temperament and a sweet taste. "
⑤ "Yucatalpa medicine solution": "taste sour and sweet, slightly cold. "
[channel tropism] entering lung, intestine and bladder.
① "Diannan Materia Medica": "entering the spleen and lung meridians. "
② "Lei Gong processed medicine solution": into the spleen, stomach, large, small intestine four channels. "
③ "Yuluoyaojie" says: "start with Taiyin lung, foot Taiyang bladder meridian. "
④ In Bencao Zaixin: "entering the heart and spleen meridians. "
[function indications] diuretic, expectorant, heat clearing, detoxification. It can treat edema, fullness, beriberi, gonorrhea, phlegm roar, cough and asthma, summer heat, depression, thirst, diarrhea, carbuncle swelling, hemorrhoids and hemorrhoids; it can also relieve fish poison and wine poison.
① Bielu: "it is mainly used to treat abdominal distension, urinate and quench thirst. "
② Tao Hongjing: "antidote, quench thirst, stop boredom, directly grind juice to take it. "
③ Meng Shen: "replenishing qi and resisting aging, removing chest and heart fullness, removing head and face heat. "
④ "Rihuazi Materia Medica": "get rid of trouble. It can cure chest diaphragm heat, eliminate heat toxin, carbuncle and swelling, and cut and rub prickly heat. "
⑤ "The book of Materia Medica" says: "it can relieve thirst, relieve accumulated heat, and benefit the large intestine and small intestine. "
⑥ Ben Cao Yan Yi: "when suffering from carbuncle on the back of the hair, cut a large piece of it and put it on the sore. If it is hot, it is easy to disperse the poisonous gas of heat. "
⑦ "Daily use Materia Medica": "Huang Wulin. "
⑧ "Diannan Materia Medica": "treat phlegm roar, asthma, ginger soup. It can also relieve miasma in the distance and cure infantile convulsion. "Moisten the lung, eliminate heat and phlegm, stop coughing and facilitate urination. "
⑨ New materia medica: "clearing heart fire, purging spleen fire, removing dampness and wind, relieving swelling and thirst, relieving summer heat and transforming heat. "
⑩ According to suixiju diet, it can clear away heat, nourish stomach and generate fluid, remove filth and trouble, remove carbuncle and water, treat fullness, diarrhea and cholera, and detoxify fish and wine. It can also cure edema and eliminate heat and dampness. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 2-4 Liang; simmer or pound juice. External use: tamping or frying and washing.
[taboo] ① Meng Shen: "it's better to eat hot food, and it's better to eat thin food when it's cold. "
② Cui Yuhao's "food classic" said: "cold people don't eat, benefit disease, and make stomach disease. "
③ According to the classic of Materia Medica, "if the kidney is cold due to deficiency, and the disease is long and slippery, you should not eat it. "
④ Yilin zuanyao: "those who are weak are afraid of food, and they are good at breaking. "
[prescription selection] 1. To cure edema and wheezing: cut a big wax gourd with a cover on the side of the head, take out the middle pulp, and then fill it with red beans (clean with water), then close the cover, sign with bamboo stick, tie it with hemp thread, paper tendon and yellow mud, smell it dry, break it with glutinous grain, take two large baskets of bran pieces, bury it in wax gourd, simmer it in the bran, remove the mud and scrape it in winter Melon Ling Jing, thin cut into pieces, and beans a baking. It is fine, and boiled batter is pellet, such as Wutong. Every time you take 50 pills, you can fry the winter melon seed soup and send it to me. No matter when you take it, you can get the benefit from it
② Treatment of diabetes: a wax gourd, peeled, buried in the wetland, will come out in January, broken open, take juice drink. (Sheng Ji Zong Lu)
③ It can drink water and urinate sweetly. It's like a piece of fat bran. It starts at 60 or 70 days and nights: one wax gourd and ten Liang Coptis. Cut off the head of the melon, remove the flesh, and add the end of Coptis chinensis. Simmer it in the fire. After the Coptis chinensis is cooked, wring the cloth to get the juice. Take a large cup, and then take it every day, but take two or three melons, with the degree of Huang. A cloud, to melon juice and Coptis powder, and pills such as Wuzi big. To melon juice empty stomach under 30 pills, daily service, not bad, increase the number of pills. Avoid pork and cold water. (Jin Xiao Fang)
④ Treatment of children born - months to may, first cold first hot thirsty: Wring wax gourd juice service. (Qian Jin Fang)
⑤ Treatment of children's thirst: single pound wax gourd juice drink. (Qian Jin Fang)
⑥ After the treatment of typhoid dysentery, body fluid dried up, swollen limbs, dry mouth: a wax gourd, five inches thick wrapped in Loess mud, simmer to make thoroughly cooked, take it with juice. (ancient and modern prescriptions)
⑦ Treatment of the dead: cut off the head of wax gourd, close the sore, when rotten melon, cut off the more appropriate. (behind the elbow)
⑧ Treatment of Hemorrhoids Pain: wax gourd soup wash. (empirical formula)
⑨ Treatment of summer monthly heat rash: sliced wax gourd, mashed and coated. (Qian Jin Fang)
⑩ Cure horse sweat into sore: dry wax gourd burn research, wash and apply it. (compendium)
(11) treatment of fish poisoning: drink wax gourd juice. (xiaopinfang)
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