[synonyms] liquid stone, common stone, Tuoshi, Fanshi (another record), xileng (theory of medicinal properties), crisp stone, Liushi (Shiyao Erya), Huashi (Bencao Yanyi).
[source] it is a massive body of silicate mineral talc.
Monoclinic system. The crystal is hexagonal or rhombic plate shape, but the intact crystal is rare, usually granular and scaly dense block. Light green, white or gray. Streaks are white or light green. Glossy and fatty. The cleavage surface is pearly. Translucent to opaque. The cleavage is very complete along the bottom. Hardness 1, specific gravity 2.7-2.8. It's soft. It feels greasy. A piece of talc can be sawn into any shape, and a thin sheet can be bent, but not elastic. It mainly occurs in metamorphic rock, limestone, dolomite, magnesite and shale.
[collection] after harvesting, remove the soil and miscellaneous stones. Or scrape the talc block, crush it with a grinder, and then form talc powder after fine screening.
[herbal medicine] is flat, oblique square or irregular block with different sizes. All white, egg blue or yellow white, with pearl like luster on the surface, translucent or opaque. It's soft and delicate. It feels smooth when you touch it. You can scrape off the white powder with your nails. Odorless, tasteless, slightly cool. It is better to be clean, green and white, smooth and free from miscellaneous stones.
Produced in Jiangxi, Shandong, Jiangsu, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Hebei, Fujian, Zhejiang, Guangdong, Guangxi, Liaoning and other places.
[chemical composition] it mainly contains magnesium silicate, in which mgo31.7%, silica 63.5% and water 4.8%. Usually a part of MgO is replaced by FeO. In addition, it also contains impurities such as alumina
[pharmacological action] ① protection of skin and mucous membrane
Talc powder can absorb a lot of chemical irritants or poisons because of its small particle size and large total area. Therefore, when it is spread on the surface of inflamed or damaged tissues, it can have a protective effect. When taken orally, it can not only protect the inflamed gastrointestinal mucosa and play the role of antiemetic and antidiarrheal, but also prevent the absorption of poisons in the gastrointestinal tract. Talc is not completely harmless, in the abdomen, rectum, vagina can cause granuloma.
② Antibacterial action
Using plate method to make the medium contain 10% talc powder, it has inhibitory effect on Salmonella typhi and paratyphoid A; using paper method, it only has mild inhibitory effect on meningococci.
[processing] wash, smash into small pieces, or grind into fine powder, or fly in water.
Lei Gong's treatise on frying: "use white talc, scrape it with a knife, grind the powder, and boil the peony skin together. Remove the peony skin, take the talc, wash it with water, and dry it in the sun. "
Sweet and light, cold.
① Ben Jing: "it tastes sweet and cold. "
② Bielu: "cold, nontoxic. "
③ "Ben Cao Jing Shu": "it tastes sweet and light, has cold Qi, and is non-toxic. "
[channel tropism] entering stomach and bladder.
① "Tang Ye Ben Cao": "enter the Taiyang Jing. "
② "Lei Gong processed medicine solution": into the stomach, bladder two channels. "
③ According to the classic of Materia Medica, "when you enter the Foot Yangming, when you are in the hand Shaoyin, Taiyang and Yangming. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat, infiltrating dampness and promoting orifices. Treatment of summer heat, thirst, adverse urination, diarrhea, dysentery, gonorrhea, jaundice, edema, bleeding, beriberi, skin wet rotten.
① "Ben Jing" says: "the main body heat discharge? Women's milk difficult, closed, diuretic, stomach accumulation of cold and heat, Yijing Qi. "
② Bielu: "tongjiuqiao Liufu body fluid, quliujie, quench thirst, it is Li Zhong. "
③ "Theory of medicinal properties": "it can cure five kinds of gonorrhea, and it is mainly dystocia. "
④ "Rihuazi Materia Medica": "for the treatment of mastitis, Lijin liquid. "
⑤ The supplement to the meaning of materia medica: "dryness and dampness, divide the channels, consolidate the large intestine, transform the food poison, accumulate stagnation, remove blood coagulation, relieve dryness and thirst, tonify the spleen and stomach, and reduce heart fire.". "
⑥ "Compendium": "treatment of jaundice, edema, beriberi, hematemesis, bleeding, golden sores, various sores swelling poison. "
⑦ "Bencao tongxuan" says: "it can clear the orifices, remove heat, clear the triple energizers, cool the six prefectures, and melt the summer heat. "
⑧ New materia medica: "qinghuohuatan, Lishi Xiaoshu, Tongjing Huoxue, Zhixie dysentery and vomiting, xiaoedema huodu. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: Decoction (cloth bag), 3-4 money; or into the pill, powder. External use: grind the end to mix or adjust to apply.
[should avoid] the patients with spleen deficiency, weak Qi, fine slippery and heat disease should not take it. Pregnant women should take it with caution.
① "Shi Wei is the envoy of the book of Materia Medica. Evil once green. "
② According to the classic of Materia Medica, "it is forbidden for patients who have insufficient Yin essence and internal heat, which results in short water, red and astringent or unfavourable, and who are thirsty and hot due to yin deficiency and hot water. If the spleen and stomach are deficient, do not take it though it is used for catharsis. "
③ "Medicament of Justice:" thirst and self-interest in urination, is less body fluid; adverse urination and mouth is not thirsty, is hot in the lower Jiao blood, are not suitable for use. And the body slippery, also avoid before the tire. "
④ "Ben Jing Feng Yuan" says: "do not take it if you are depressed, clear and smooth in urination. "
[prescription selection] ① it is used to treat body heat, vomiting, diarrhea, red and white dysentery, dysentery, stone drenching; Shengjin liquid is used to remove and retain nodules, eliminate water storage, relieve thirst, relieve irritability, abdominal distension, stomachache, tooth crevasse, heatstroke, typhoid, epidemic diseases: Six Liang of talc, one or two of licorice. Last is the last. Three yuan per serving, three times a day in warm water. But pregnant women should not take, slippery also. (specimen of typhoid fever 6 - powder)
② Treatment of heat, urine red astringent heat pain: talc 42. It's better to smash it. Each take two money dagger, jianmutong soup adjustment, regardless of the time. (talc powder in Shengji Zonglu)
③ Treatment of Qi and plastic barrier, urine drenching knot, umbilical obstruction and pain: talc 8 points. Grind like noodles. Mix with five ingredients of water and take it. (guanglifang)
④ Treatment of postpartum gonorrhea: talc 52, Tongcao, Cheqianzi, kuizi each 42. On the four flavors, under the screen. It's a square inch dagger with vinegar and water. Add a little to two daggers. (talc powder in Qian Jin Fang)
⑤ Treatment of adverse urination, stem pain, less abdominal pain: talc, pollen Typhae, etc. The first two flavors, the second one. Wine eye square inch dagger, three clothes a day. (Qian Jin Fang)
⑥ For urination: talc 2 points, disorderly hair 2 points (burn), white fish 2 points. On three flavors, pestle for powder. Drink half money dagger, three times a day. (Synopsis of the Golden Chamber talc Baiyu powder)
⑦ Treatment of urinary obstruction: a liter of talc, with plantain juice and umbilical four sides, square four inches, heat is easy, winter water and also get. (milk producing prescription)
⑧ Jaundice treatment, day feeding fever, chilly, less abdominal urgency, yellow body, black forehead, loose stool black, foot heat, this is female labor, abdominal fullness is difficult to treat: talc, gypsum, etc. The first two flavors, the second one. To barley porridge juice drink square inch dagger, on the third day, urine is very convenient. (Qian Jin Fang)
⑨ The treatment of cold is long in the sun, causing heat to store the bladder. Red and astringent urine, or diarrhea due to constipation. Those who hate cold and strong heat, and have gray and greasy tongue coating: one or two talc, two licorice, three forsythia, three cicada (removing feet and soil), four raw hangshao. If the slide diarrhea, licorice must be doubled. (xuanjie Decoction in Zhongshen Xilu of Medicine)
⑩ Treatment of typhoid fever and bleeding: no matter how many talc powder. Rice balls are as big as tung trees. Take ten pills each time, chew them slightly and swallow them with fresh water. Only a large sum of money at the end of medicine and a little rice can be chewed at the same time. All ages can take it. (talc pill in benshifang)
(11) to cure violence, you can't eat: raw talc and two coin dagger. Warm water clothing, still urgent to hot half a cup, bet. (Ben Cao Yan Yi)
(12) it is used to treat the strange diseases of heat and toxin. The eyes are red, the nose is swollen, the body is full of asthma, and the hair is like iron. Because of the moderate heat, the poisonous gas is accumulated in the lower Jiao: talc and alum each two. For the end, make a service, three bowls of water, fried half, do not live to drink. (Xia Ziyi's prescription for treating strange diseases)
For a woman who turns around, she can't urinate for several days: two taels of talc, two taels of cold water stone, and one kuizi. Apply medicine and mash. Take three cups of water, fry one and a half, remove dross, and take two warm servings before eating. (shenghuifang talc powder)
(14) treatment of tianpao dampness heat and other sores: talc, powder licorice (this should be half used as yes), upper grade is divided into powder, apply. Add dampness bean powder to cure sore. (Jing Yue Quan Shu Jin Huang San)
Treatment of infantile body heat ulcer: three liang of talc, one or two of alum ash, four liang of jujube leaf. Add medicine and mash it. First wash the sore with warm water, then apply it with medicine. (shenghuifang talc powder)
(16) treatment of toe joint rot: one or two talc, gypsum (calcined) half Liang, a little dry alum. It can also treat damp sweat under Yin. (Linhu jijianfang)
[discussion of famous experts] 1. Medical Qiyuan: "talc, before treatment, is astringent and unfavorable in Yin orifices. It has a heavy nature, and can depress Qi and make people move up and down. Therefore, it is called" gliding is beneficial to orifices ", which is not the same as other drugs. White is good, pound with fine. Those who are red are drenched. "
② "Tang Ye Ben Cao": "talc, slippery, can benefit orifices, to channel, to dry agent. Zhuling Decoction with talc and donkey hide gelatin as slippery, to benefit the waterway. Fried with scallion, soy sauce and ginger, remove dregs and clarify to relieve diuresis. If you urinate for self-interest, you should not use this solution. "
③ According to the book of Materia Medica, talc is not really able to treat thirst. It can benefit the orifices and remove dampness and heat, then it can neutralize the temper and stop the thirst. If the dampness of heaven is too excessive and people are thirsty due to urination, it is appropriate to use it for seepage and discharge. If there is no dampness, and the urine is self-interest and thirsty, you will know that there is dryness and heat in the urine. Dryness should be moistened. If you take it by mistake, the more you die of body fluid, the more thirsty you become. "
④ The Compendium: "talc is not only good for urination, but also for the upper part of the body. The taste is sweet and light. It first enters the stomach, seeps through the meridians, and overflows the body fluid. The upper part of the body fluid is transported to the lung, and the lower part of the body fluid is transported to the bladder. The upper part of the body fluid is the source of the water, and the bladder is the source of the body fluid. The lower part of the body fluid is the agent of dampness and heat. The upper part of the body fluid is the source of dampness. The lower part of the body fluid is the agent of dampness and heat. If the heat is dispersed, the sanjiaoning will be harmonious with the exterior and the interior; if the dampness is removed, the door will be opened and the Yin and Yang will benefit. Liu Hejian's yongyiyuan powder
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