(save famine materia medica)
[synonym] Suijun tea (salvaging materia medica), Vitex negundo, Vitex negundo, chuzi (Shengjing Tongzhi), Shupi, Huzhi (Qingdao woody plant list), hangzizhi (Chinese tree taxonomy), xiayishansu, huzhihua, lujihua, Shutiao (National forage plant), wild peanut (Fujian folk herbal medicine), guoshanlong, yangjiaozhi, douyechai (Jiangxi folk herb) In addition, it was also found that there were two kinds of herbs in this study.
[source] stems and leaves of Lespedeza bicolor.
Shrub, 0.5-2 m high. The leaflets are narrowly ovate, obovate or elliptic. The apical leaflets are 1.5-7 cm long and 1-4 cm wide. Lateral leaflets smaller, base narrower or rounded, apex often obtuse, slightly mucronate, entire, upper green, glabrous. Lower pale, puberulent, finally sometimes glabrous. Raceme axillary, panicle like, pedicel 4-15 cm long; bracteoles narrowly ovate, 1-1.5 mm long, brown, white pubescence outside; calyx 4.5-5 mm long, pubescence, 4-lobed, less than 1 / 2 of calyx, upper lobes 2-lobed, lobes often glabrous, ovate or broadly lanceolate; corolla purple, 2.5-3 times longer than calyx; flag petal ovoid, generally shorter than keel petal They are long; stamens 10, bisexual; pistils 1, style incurved. Pod obliquely obovate, with ovary stalk and short tip, somewhat pilose. The flowering period is from July to August. The fruit period is from September to October,
Born on the hillside. Distributed in Northeast, Inner Mongolia, Hebei, Shandong, Shanxi, Henan, Shaanxi, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Fujian and other places.
The root or root bark of this plant (Lespedeza bicolor) is also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] collected in summer and autumn. Fresh or cut to dry.
[chemical constituents] it contains quercetin, kaempferol, triglyceride, isoquercetin, orientin and isoorientin.
[pharmacological action] Lespedeza capitata, a plant of the same genus, contains substances that can reduce blood cholesterol and blood nitrogen levels. The flavonoid glycosides extracted from it can increase the excretion of urea and chloride ion, and have no effect on the excretion of Na +, K +, and diuretic effect. The alcohol extract of its stem and fresh leaves (without tannin but containing flavonoids and alkaloids) can be used as injection for extrarenal hyperazoemia, chronic nephritis and polycystic kidney disease.
Sweet and smooth.
① Fujian folk herbal medicine: "sweet, flat, non-toxic. "
② "Mindong Materia Medica": "it tastes slightly bitter and has a flat nature. "
[Guijing] Mindong materia medica: "entering the heart and liver meridians. "
Functions and indications: moistening the lung, clearing away heat, promoting diuresis and removing drenching. Treatment of lung heat, cough, pertussis, epistaxis, gonorrhea.
① Fujian folk herbal medicine: "moistening the lung, relieving fever, promoting water and removing drenching.". "
② "Mindong Materia Medica": "tendons and kidneys, spleen and dampness. It can cure dizziness, debilitation and snakebite. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 3-5 yuan (1-2 Liang fresh).
[selection] 1. Treatment of lung heat, cough and whooping cough: fresh whole herb of Lespedeza Lespedeza 1-2 Liang, rock sugar 5 yuan. Simmer in boiling water for one hour, three times a day. (Fujian folk herbal medicine)
② Treatment of epistaxis: Stewed with Lespedeza and rock sugar. (Mindong materia medica)
③ Treatment of urine leaching: Lespedeza fresh whole grass one to two liang, plantain grass five to eight money, rock sugar - two. Drink water to fry, take twice a day. (Fujian folk herbal medicine)
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