Deng Anbang, also known as Baochen, was born in Qiaotou, Dongguan County, Guangzhou Prefecture, Guangdong Province. During the Xianfeng, Tongzhi and Guangxu periods of the Qing Dynasty, he served as the commander of the Zuoying capital of Guangxie and the general of Fubao. He was also the Deputy General of Guangzhou and the commander in chief of Chaozhou Town. He was as famous as the then governor Fang Yao and Zheng Shaozhong and was known as the "three generals of eastern Guangdong".
In the fourth year of the Xianfeng rebellion, Deng was promoted to the post of Ren. In the seventh year of Xianfeng, the British invaded Guangzhou. Deng Anbang led 500 warriors to repel the British. Soon after, due to the suppression of bandits and pirates in Guangdong, Fujian and other places, Ji Gong was promoted to Dusi, and Dai Hualing and batulu were rewarded. In the sixth year of tongzhi (1867), he followed the governor of Guangdong, Jiang Yili, to suppress the bandits in Guangdong, and was granted the title of "general and deputy general". In 1883, during the Sino French war, Deng Anbang supervised the construction of Yuzhu fort, resisted the French attack together with the Guangdong army and people, and was later promoted to the commander in chief of Chaozhou Town. He died in 1889 at the age of 68. Emperor Guangxu gave him a gift and paid it to the Qing History Museum to establish a biography for Deng Anbang.
Deng Anbang was poor since he was a child. When he was young, he lived with his father in Guangzhou, where he served as a laborer for support. He has strong physical strength and is good at fighting. He likes to help others when they are in trouble. He has the style of an ancient chivalrous man. In the early days of emperor Xianfeng's accession to the throne, there were robbers in eastern Guangdong, so he was recruited as a military training officer. In the fourth year of Xianfeng, Li Wenmao gathered tens of thousands of people to attack the north gate of Guangzhou. The government army was defeated. Deng Anbang led 300 soldiers to resist in xiaomopan mountain, and they were invincible. Li Wenmao and other thieves were defeated. Ye Mingchen, the governor of Guangdong Province, was watching the battle on the fifth floor. When he saw Deng Anbang fighting the thief bravely, he sent someone to ask for his name. Later, he was promoted to be the capital of the left camp of Guangdong Association. His colleagues called him "Deng warrior".
In the seventh year of Xianfeng, the British invaded Guangzhou. Deng Anbang led 500 eastern Guangdong warriors to resist in the eastern suburbs and beat back the British in the battle of sanshixu. The Sino British peace negotiation was successful. When the British saw Deng Anbang in the crowd, they were regarded as "brave general". Soon after, due to repeated defeats of Xiaodaohui, bandits and pirates, he was promoted to Dusi and rewarded Dai Hualing. After that, Shunde, Heping County, Zhenping county and Jiaying were recovered. They transferred aid to Fujian, recovered Wuping and Zhaoan counties, and successively broke seven bandit camps, such as mianjiuling and Chayuan. There are more than ten bandit camps in the old ruins of Anren, including pit mouth, Chaozhu, Dazhe and other bandit nests. Deng Anbang's achievements are described with "all stocks are wiped out", and he is granted the title of "guerrilla plus general" and the title of ruiyong batulu.
In 1867, he followed the governor of Guangdong, Jiang Yili, to suppress the bandits of Xinning and Cao Chong. After the suppression, he was granted the official title of "participating general plus deputy general".
In the fourth year of Guangxu (1878), the Hakka bandits who occupied Fogang and tingcheng were exterminated. They were called "chief soldiers" by recording merits.
In 1883, the French army, relying on superior equipment, invaded Vietnam and provoked the Sino French war. The following year (1884), Deng Anbang garrisoned Yuzhu and created military facilities such as battery, mine and camp to strengthen the defense force. Soon after, he was promoted to chief of Chaozhou Town. On September 10, 1887, it was published in Shenbao that Deng Anbang, together with the army and people of Guangdong, devoted himself to fighting against the French. The French could not attack Guangdong. Deng Anbang was promoted to the commander-in-chief of Chaozhou Town and took up his post on the seventh day of the seventh day of the seventh lunar month. Three official ships were towed by fireboats. At the same time, the cannons were like a string of beads, and the cannons were sent off by the cannons. It was very lively. "
Deng Anbang died at the age of 68. On March 6, 1889, Shenbao published: "Deng Baochen, the former commander of Chaozhou Town, hanged himself on the 19th and 20th of last month. All the officials of the provincial military saluted, and they came in an endless stream. There are nine sons and more than ten grandchildren in the town army. They are blessed with longevity, and there are no two for a while. "
Deng Anbang was a clean and honest official, lenient to the soldiers and courteous to the literati and officials; he dealt with problems objectively and impartially, so his subordinates obeyed the command and were strong and brave. Even the barbarians were willing to do their best as long as they were taught by him. He severely rectified the arresting work, arrested and beheaded the thieves many times, and maintained the social order of the counties. In areas under his jurisdiction, if there were fights, robberies, resistance to public grain delivery and other phenomena in the past, Deng Anbang's name was the only thing he heard, and then he disappeared. Zhang Zhidong, the governor of Guangdong and Guangxi, wrote about Deng Anbang. Emperor Guangxu gave him a compassionate gift. He should pay the Qing History Museum to establish a biography for Deng Anbang and keep it in mind.
Chinese PinYin : Deng An Bang
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