(Materia Medica from the beginning)
[synonym] child ginseng (new ginseng of decoction pieces), child ginseng (commonly used Chinese herbal medicine in Shanghai).
[source] it is the tuberous root of Pseudostellaria heterophylla.
Perennial herbs, 15-20 cm high. Tuberous roots long fusiform. The lower part of the stem is purple, nearly square, the upper part is nearly round, green, with 2 rows of fine hairs, and the nodes are slightly expanded. Leaves opposite, slightly endoplasmic, lower leaves spatulate or oblanceolate. The upper leaves are ovate lanceolate to long ovate. There are usually four leaves at the end of the stem, which are arranged in a cross shape, and the edge is slightly wavy. Flowers axillary, type 2: lower part of stem closed, axillary, small, pedicel thin, pilose; sepals 4; apetalous. Common flower 1-3, terminal, white; pedicel 1-4) cm long, purple; sepal 5, lanceolate, abaxially hairy; petal 5, obovate, apically 2-toothed; stamen 10, anther purple; pistil 1, style 3, stigma capitate. Capsule subglobose, 5-valved at maturity. Seeds oblate, verrucous. The flowering period is from April to May. The fruit period is from May to June.
It grows in the deep humus rich soil under the forest. It is distributed in East China, central China, North China, northeast and Northwest China.
[collection] before and after the heat. Wash the soil and soak it in boiling water for about 3-5 minutes. Then take it out and expose it to the sun. When the fibrous roots are dry, wipe the fibrous roots and dry them completely. It can also be dried directly after removing the fibrous roots without scalding.
[medicinal material] the dried root tuber is slender or spindle shaped, about 2-6 cm long and about 3-6 mm in diameter. The surface is yellowish white, translucent, with fine wrinkles and concave fibrous root marks. The root head is blunt and round, and there are often residual stem marks on it. The lower end is as thin as a rat tail. It is brittle and easy to break. The section is yellowish white and bright. The section dried directly is white and powdery. Slightly sweet. It's better to be fat, yellow white and without fibrous root.
It is mainly produced in Jiangsu and Shandong. In addition, it is also produced in Anhui and other places.
The root of Pseudostellaria Pseudostellaria (also known as: Lolium) is used as the same as this product in a few areas.
[chemical constituents] the root contains fructose, starch and saponin.
[flavor] sweet and bitter, slightly warm.
① "Ben Cao Zai Xin": "it is sweet in taste, warm in nature and non-toxic. "
② "Yinpianxinshen": sweet and moist, slightly bitter and flat. "
③ "Records of traditional Chinese medicine:" sweet and bitter, slightly cold. "
[Guijing] Bencao Zaixin: "entering the heart, spleen and lung meridians. "
[function indications] Bufei, Jianpai. Treatment of lung deficiency cough, spleen deficiency, less food, palpitations, sweating, mental fatigue.
Yiqi Jianpi, Shengjin Runfei. It is used for spleen deficiency, weakness after disease, deficiency of Qi and Yin, self sweating and thirst, lung noise and dry cough.
① Bencao from the new: "greatly invigorate the vitality. "
② "New Materia Medica": it can treat Qi deficiency and lung dryness, tonify spleen and soil, eliminate edema, resolve phlegm and quench thirst. "
③ "Yinpianxinshen": "invigorate the spleen and lung, stop sweating and generate fluid, and calm the deficiency and palpitation. "
④ "Treatment of weak stomach, dyspepsia, neurasthenia. "
⑤ "Traditional Chinese medicine annals": "treating cough due to lung deficiency and diarrhea due to spleen deficiency. "
⑥ Shaanxi Chinese herbal medicine: "Invigorating Qi and blood, strengthening spleen and promoting body fluid. After treatment, body deficiency, cough due to lung deficiency, diarrhea due to spleen deficiency, sweating due to deficiency of children, palpitation, dry mouth and no appetite. "
[usage and dosage] oral: decoction, 2-4 yuan.
[selection] to treat spontaneous sweating: Radix Pseudostellariae, Radix Pseudostellariae, Radix tritici, Radix tritici, decoction. (Shaanxi Chinese herbal medicine)
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