(Henan traditional Chinese medicine manual)
[synonyms] laoyaban, laoyatou, mianhuabao, maodi pear, Guanggu and Shandan.
[source] it is the bulb of crow petal.
[plant morphology] crow petal
The underground bulb is ovoid, 1.5-2.5 cm long, with many layers of red membranous scales, and many slender golden brown villi in each. Leaves usually 2, linear, up to 30 cm long, flat, obliquely ascending or retrovolved, apex pointed, entire, base decurrent, sheath shaped, with parallel veins, smooth on both sides, glabrous, green above, reddish near base. Floral stems 1-3, weak; bracts 2, opposite; flowers solitary at stem end, campanulate, erect, spreading; perianth 6, long and narrow elliptic lanceolate, white, with reddish purple longitudinal stripes on the back; stamens 6, 3, long and 3, short, pistil 1, ovary elliptic. Capsule triangular obovate. The flowering period is from February to March.
Born in the wild. It is distributed in the Yangtze River Basin of China.
In addition, there are also Yili plants of the same genus. The underground bulbs are spherical and covered with multilayer Brown membranous scales; the aboveground stems are erect and unbranched. Leaves 2-3 basal, narrowly lanceolate, parallel veins, entire, base decumbent, amplexicaul. Flowers terminal, campanulate, yellow, 6-valved. Capsule oblong, triangular. It is distributed in Xinjiang and also used as a light arrowhead.
[collection] it can be harvested in spring, autumn and winter. Dig the bulbs, wash them, remove the fibrous roots and skin, and dry them in the sun. Store in a dry place.
[medicinal material] the dried bulb is oval or conical in shape, about 0.7-1.5 cm in height and about 0.5-1 cm in diameter. The bottom is round and concave with root mark, the upper end is sharp, and one side has a longitudinal groove extending from the base to the top. The surface is yellow white and smooth. It is hard and brittle, yellow white and powdery in cross section. Five aroma, light taste. It is better to have white color and full constitution.
Produced in Anhui, Henan, Jiangsu, Yunnan, Shanxi and other places.
[chemical constituents] it contains colchicine and other alkaloids and starch.
[pharmacological action] 1. Anti tumor effect
Colchicine is contained in the bulb of mice. Subcutaneous injection of 2 mg / kg colchicine can inhibit the mitosis of cells and make them stop at the metaphase, which is similar to the effect of radiation. Embryos and tumor cells with rapid division are most sensitive to colchicine. It's too toxic for cancer treatment. At 1.5 g / ml, Sagittaria guangcigu could inhibit the dehydrogenase activity of blood cells in patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia and acute myelocytic leukemia (decolorization of methylene blue in test tube). It can also inhibit the respiration of leukocytes in the former type of leukemia
② Anti gout effect
Colchicine has a special effect in the treatment of acute gouty arthritis. The swelling, pain and heat of the joints disappear within a few hours, but it can not prevent recurrence. It has no effect on general pain, inflammation and chronic gout, and does not affect the excretion of uric acid.
Sweet, cold and poisonous.
① Textual research on the names and facts of plants: "sweet in taste, warm in nature. "
② "Lingnan caiyao Lu" says: "it tastes sweet and light, and has a flat nature. "
③ "Hunan medicine annals": "sweet, cold, have small poison. "
[function and indications] dispersing and removing stasis. It is used to treat sore throat, rash, carbuncle, sore swelling and postpartum stasis.
① "Lingnan caiyao Lu": it is used to treat tuberculosis, tuberculosis, and pork cooking. "
② "Henan traditional Chinese medicine manual": "Baidu. Treatment of postpartum blood stasis. "
③ "The manual of Chinese herbal medicine": "blood circulation, detoxification, detumescence, stone drenching. For carbuncle and gangrene, it is difficult to produce, and the cytosol cannot be removed. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1-2 yuan. External use: tamping or juice coating.
[prescription selection] 1. For sore throat: guangcigu Wuqian, decoction.
② Treatment of unknown swelling poison: guangcigu, tamping.
③ Treat small sores on the face: guangcigu, rub the juice. (selected prescriptions from Hunan Pharmacopoeia)
Chinese PinYin : Guang Ci Gu
Gramineae. He Chong
Ground gall. Di Dan
Flax grass. Hu Ma Cao
Fox heart. Hu Xin
Falling frost red. Luo Shuang Hong
Lacquer leaf. Qi Ye
Loquat leaf water. Shui Pi Pa Ye
Rumex. Suan Mo
Rex fur. Ta Pi Mao
Wang Guazi. Wang Gua Zi
Castanopsis carlesii. Zhu Zi
Buddlefish flower. Zui Yu Cao Hua