[synonyms] envoys of Qiang Qing and protecting Qiang (Ben Jing), envoys of King Hu (Wu Pu Ben Cao), envoys of Qiang Hua (Ben cao meng Yao), envoys of Tui Feng (pharmacology of traditional Chinese Medicine), envoys of black medicine (Qinghai medicinal materials).
[source] the roots and rhizomes of notopterygium Incisum, notopterygium latifolium or notopterygium chuanense.
[plant morphology] 1
Perennial herbs, up to more than 1 m high. Rhizome massive or long cylindrical. Stem erect, surface lavender, longitudinal furrow, hollow, glabrous. The leaves are alternate, the leaves in the lower part of the stem are 2-3 odd pinnate compound leaves; the petiole is 10-20 cm long, the base embraces the stem, and the two sides are sheath like; the leaflets are 3-4 pairs, ovate lanceolate, the leaflets are 2 pinnate, the last lobes have unequal obtuse serrations, the last pair of leaflets are petiolate, the last pair of leaflets are nearly sessile; the leaves in the upper part of the stem are nearly sessile. The base is enlarged to form a long ovate sheath and embracing the stem; the leaf blade is thin, dark green above and light green below, glabrous. The compound umbels are terminal or axillary, with 10-15 pedicels of different length and rough surface, without involucre. There are about 20-30 flowers in umbel; 5 sepals, triangular lobes; 5 petals, white, obovate, apex pointed, folded inward; 5 stamens; filaments thin, curved, anthers elliptic, 2-locular; 2 styles, short and reflexed, style base flat, compressed, conical, ovary oval, inferior, 2-locular. The fruit is ovoid, smooth and glabrous. The dorsal and middle ribs are winged, and the lateral ribs are wingless. There are usually 3-4 oil tubes between the grooves and 5-6 oil tubes on the commissural surface. The fruit splits into two parts and hangs at the top of the two fruit columns when it matures. The flowering period is from August to September. The fruit period is from September to October.
In alpine shrubs or grasses. It is distributed in Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan and Gansu.
② Notopterygium macrophyllum, also known as notopterygium Incisum.
Perennial herbs, 80-100 cm high. It has roots. The stem base is purplish red, with longitudinal furrows on the surface, glabrous. Hollow, pinnate compound leaf with 2 or nearly 3 leaves in the lower part of the stem, petiole 7-9 cm long, sheath like at the base, embracing the stem; the last lobes of leaflets ovate lanceolate, 2-4 cm long, 1-2 cm wide, apex acuminate, and irregular pinnate cleft at the edge; the leaves in the upper part of the stem gradually simplified into broad expanded purple sheath; glabrous on both sides, only slightly hairy on the lower veins . The compound umbel is densely covered with many flowers, the length of the petiole is 1 cm, the number of the small involucral bracts is linear, equal to or slightly shorter than the petiole; the calyx is 5 pieces, narrowly triangular; the petals are 5 pieces, yellow, ovate lanceolate, 2 mm long, 0.6 mm wide, first asthmatic and gradually pointed, folded inward; the stamens are 5 pieces, alternate with the petals, the anthers are elliptic, the filaments are soft and curved inward; the ovary is inferior, 2-locular, and the style is 2-locular It's very short. The dorsal and middle branches of the meristem are winged, while the lateral branches are wingless. The joint faces concave. The flowering and fruiting period is from July to August.
It is wild in the grass and Bush on the sunny hillside of high mountains. It is distributed in Sichuan, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Henan and other places.
③ Notopterygium Incisum
Perennial herbs, 60-100 cm high. The rhizome is thick and the internodes are very short. The base of stem is usually purple with longitudinal furrows on the surface. The leaves in the lower part of the stem are 3-2-pinnate compound leaves, about 30 cm long, sometimes up to 60 cm long; the petioles are about half of the total length, with thin edges and sheath like base; the leaflets are feathered, the first pair of leaflets in the lower part have petioles, the others are often sessile, the lobes are lanceolate or ovate, the edges have sharp or blunt coarse teeth, and the two sides are glabrous. Compound umbel terminal or axillary, total pedicel 15-20, branching, smooth, no involucre; small involucre linear; calyx teeth 5; petals 5, yellow green, obovate, apex narrow and involute; stamens 5; stylar base protruding, stigma 2. The fruit is broad ovate, with well-developed dorsal and middle ribs, winged and wingless lateral ribs. There are 3-4 sleeves between the grooves. The flowering period is from July to August.
It is distributed in Sichuan, Hubei, Shaanxi, Gansu and other places.
[collection] dig roots and rhizomes in spring and autumn, remove fine roots and soil from stems and leaves, and dry them in the sun or dry them.
[medicinal materials] there are several kinds of notopterygium Notopterygii, such as canqiang, zhujieqiang, dactouqiang, tiaoqiang and so on.
① Canqiang: also known as screw Qiang. It is a dry rhizome, similar to silkworm. It is cylindrical or slightly curved, about 4-10 cm long and 1-2 cm in diameter. There are stem and leaf residues at the top. The surface is brown with many close and raised links. The nodes are densely covered with verrucous fibrous root marks. It is easy to break, with uneven cross section, obvious chrysanthemum pattern and most cracks. The skin is brownish red; the xylem is light yellow, with yellow white pulp in the center and cinnabar spots (tubing). It has a special aroma, slightly bitter and numb.
② Bamboo Qiang: the link of rhizome is sparse, like bamboo, like silkworm Qiang and slightly larger.
③ Notopterygium macrocephalum: the link of rhizome is especially enlarged, showing irregular mass and different sizes, with most residual stem bases at the top, and the rest are the same as that of canqiang.
④ The root and branch of notopterygium. It is cylindrical or branched, 3-17 cm in length and 0.7-1.7 cm in diameter. There are rhizomes occasionally on the top, with brown surface, longitudinal lines and verrucous fibrous root marks. The upper end is thick, with sparse raised links, loose and brittle, easy to break, uneven section, light brown skin, yellowish white wood, chrysanthemum pattern, indistinct cinnabar spots, and no pith in the center. The smell is weak.
It is better to have thick and strong strips, high and zigzag rings, compact cross section, many cinnabar spots and rich aroma. It is generally believed that the quality of canqiang is the best, followed by Zhujie and Datou.
It is mainly produced in Sichuan, Gansu and Qinghai. In addition, it is also produced in Shaanxi, Yunnan, Xinjiang and Tibet.
[chemical constituents] notopterygium macrophyllum contains volatile oil, etc
[processing] remove impurities and wash. Moisten, slice and dry.
Hard work, warm.
① "On medicinal properties": "bitter and pungent taste, non-toxic. "
② "Medical Qiyuan": "secret of indications" says: warm in nature, pungent in taste. "
③ "Tang Ye Ben Cao": "the Qi is slightly warm, the taste is bitter and sweet, and the taste is flat. "
[channel tropism] entering bladder and kidney channels.
① "Pearl bag": the bladder meridian of foot Taiyang. "Hands, sun. "
② Tangye materia medica: "foot Taiyang, Jueyin meridians. "
③ According to the book of Materia Medica Mengluo, "the hand and foot of the sun, the foot of Shaoyin and Jueyin meridians. "
[function indications] dispersing exterior cold, dispelling wind and dampness, benefiting joints. It is used to treat cold, headache, no sweat, wind cold dampness arthralgia, neck strengthening, tendon urgency, arthralgia, Feng Shui edema, carbuncle, ulcer and poison.
For impotence, enuresis, frequent urination, waist and knee cold pain, kidney deficiency for asthma, diarrhea at Wugeng; external treatment of vitiligo, alopecia areata. Relieving exterior, dispersing cold, dispelling wind and dampness, relieving pain.
1. It is used for exogenous wind cold, aversion to cold, fever, headache and body pain. This product has strong effect of dispersing wind cold and relieving pain. It is often used with Fangfeng, Baizhi and Xixin, such as Jiuwei Qianghuo decoction.
2. It is more suitable for limb pain, shoulder and back pain caused by wind cold and dampness invasion, especially for upper body pain. This product can dispel wind and heat, disperse cold and relieve pain. Often used with Fangfeng, such as Juanbi decoction.
① According to the theory of medicinal properties, "it can cure the wind of thieves, aphasia, itching, blood itching, hand and foot failure, mouth and face evil, and stubborn arthralgia all over the body. "
② Rihuazi materia medica: "it can cure all kinds of wind and Qi, muscles and fists contracture, limb weakness, head rotation, red eye pain and water vapor of Fuliang, five pains and seven injuries, deficiency of cold air, soreness of bone joints, and benefit the five internal organs. "
③ "Pearl bag": "the sun meridian headache, to all the joints pain, also can warm the gallbladder. "
④ "Pin Hui Jing Yao" said: "the main body pain, muscle surface eight wind thief evil, in addition to the old and new rheumatism, row gangrene ulcers."
⑤ "Materia medica preparation": "diarrhea of liver qi, search of liver wind, treatment of rheumatic phase stroke, headache in the meridian (Taiyang), governor vessel disease, strong spine and syncope, rigid spasm and soft spasm, stroke, head rotation and red eyes. "
⑥ "Huiyue medical mirror": "it can cure pathogenic factors, close and hate cold, and strengthen heat without perspiration. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 2-5 yuan; or into pills, powder.
[should avoid] blood deficiency Bi pain should not be taken.
According to the classic of Materia Medica, "blood deficiency, headache, pain all over the body and bone pain lead to cold and heat, which belongs to internal syndrome, and is misused in Renzhi drama. "
[prescription selection] ① for cold, fever and tonsillitis: four to five coins of notopterygium, one or two of Radix Isatidis and one or two of dandelion. Fried in water, one dose a day, twice a day. (Longhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of traditional Chinese Medicine)
② Treatment of typhoid fever without sweat: notopterygium, angelica, Schizonepeta, Fangfeng, guangpi, licorice. Take it by frying. (medical grade Qianghuo Decoction)
③ Solution teeth cold: notopterygium, Fangfeng, Atractylodes, asarum, chuanxiong, Angelica dahurica, Shengdi, Scutellaria, licorice. Water decoction, if the sweat hot service, to soup porridge, if slow sweat warm service, but not soup. (Zhang Yuanyuan Jiuwei Qianghuo Decoction)
④ Treatment of taiyangjing headache: two points of Fangfeng, three points of notopterygium, two points of Hongdou. For the end, the nasal twitch. (Yuji Weiyi)
⑤ Treatment of cold attack brain, brain pain with teeth, cold hands and feet, cold nose and mouth syndrome: Qianghuo one money, aconite, dried ginger each five points, fried licorice eight points. Take it in water. (Qianghuo Fuzi Decoction in medical mind)
⑥ Treatment of rheumatic phase of the fight, body pain, pain can not be flexed and extended, or body swelling is not benevolent: notopterygium (to reed), aconite (gun, to skin navel), Atractylodes macrocephala, licorice (fried) etc. Four yuan for each serving, one and a half cup of water and five slices of ginger. Fry until seven minutes. Remove the dross and warm up at any time. (Ji Sheng Fang Qiang Fu Tang)
⑦ The treatment of shoulder and back pain can't be reviewed. The patients with strong spine pain, waist like fracture, and neck like pulling out are notopterygium notopterygium and Angelica pubescens, Ligusticum: Fangfeng, liquorice (fried), chuanxiong, and Vitex trifolia. All for a service, two water, fried to one, to slag, warm, hollow before eating. (Qiang Huo Sheng Shi Tang, differentiation of internal and external injuries)
(1) in Tang Ben Cao, Angelica pubescens should be used to treat wind and notopterygium should be used to treat water. "
② Qiyuan of Medicine: "Qiang Huo, treating limb pain, hand pain"
Chinese PinYin : Qiang Huo
Release Time:2022-01-27 03:15:55
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