(essential preparation of raw herbs)
[synonyms] dahliao, erdaocao (essential preparation of raw herbal medicine), jintsao (Ben Ge Qiu yuan), hanxincao (Nanning medicinal records), shunjingcao (Guiyang folk medicinal records), tiaoshengcao, hongyelietoujian (Hunan medicinal records), Daye, xiaohuacao (Guangxi Chinese herbal medicine), hubitong and xiangtianzhan (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine).
[source] it is the whole plant with roots of hanxincao, a Labiatae plant.
[plant morphology] hanxincao
Herbs perennial, all hairy, 10-37 cm high. Stem tetragonal, erect, base decumbent, branched. Leaves opposite, round, ovoid or reniform, 8-29 mm long, 10-28 mm wide, apex obtuse, base heart-shaped, margin serrate, both sides densely hairy; petiole 5-15 mm long. Flower ring with 2 flowers, integrated into lateral terminal raceme; bracts ovate, pubescent on both sides; pedicel base with 1 pair of setiform bracts; calyx campanulate, 2 mm long, mucilaginous outside, with 2 lips, entire, calyx tube dorsal with 1 cystic scutellum; corolla purple, 2-lipped, about 19 mm long, glandular and pubescent outside, upper lip apex concave, lower lip with 3 lobes ; stamens 2 pairs, not protruding, anther locules close; style bearing ovary base, apex 2-lobed, nutlets transverse, ovoid, with tuberculate processes. The flowering period is from April to May. The fruit period is from June to September.
It grows on roadsides and hillsides. It is distributed in the middle, Southeast and southwest of China.
[chemical constituents] the whole herb contains flavonoids, phenolic components, amino acids and organic acids.
It's hard, it's smooth.
① "Raw herbal medicine nature preparation": it is pungent in taste and flat in nature. "
② "The taste is bitter and pungent, the nature is flat. "
③ Guiyang folk herbs: "bitter, cold, non-toxic. "
[Guijing] Quanzhou materia medica: "entering the heart, liver and lung meridians. "
Functions and indications: dispel wind, activate blood circulation, detoxify and relieve pain. It is used to treat traumatic injury, hematemesis, hemoptysis, carbuncle, toxin, laryngopathy and toothache.
① "Preparation of raw herbal medicine nature": "it is good for treating contusion and snakebite, dispelling wind and dispersing blood, strengthening muscles and bones, detumescence and soaking wine. "
② "Drug records of Nanning city": "detumescence and pain relief, dispelling wind and blood stasis. It is used to treat traumatic injuries, snakebite and sore. "
⑧ Guiyang folk herbs: "calming the liver and clearing away heat. Treatment of liver fire, irritability. "
④ Quanzhou materia medica: "clearing away heat and toxin, removing swelling and pain, removing blood stasis, removing pus and carbuncle, cooling blood and stopping bleeding, benefiting throat. It is mainly used to treat all kinds of sore throat, as well as lung fire, high fever, asthma, cough, hematemesis, hemoptysis, pain caused by blood stasis, bleeding from knife wounds, ulcers, carbuncle swelling, tiger and dog bites. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 2-3 yuan (mashed juice, 1-2 Liang). External use: tamping.
[taboo] Guangxi Chinese herbal medicine: "pregnant women should take it with caution. "
[selection] ① for traumatic injury and hematemesis: fresh hanxincao (2 liang). Mash, grind juice, stew and serve. (Quanzhou materia medica)
② Treatment of hematemesis, hemoptysis: fresh hanxincao one or two. Pound, grind juice, mix rock sugar and stew. (Quanzhou materia medica)
③ Han Xincao is one or two. Take it in water. Or half a catty of whole grass. Wine - Jin, soak for three days. One or two times a time, twice a day. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
④ Treatment of carbuncle, nameless swelling poison: fresh Hanxin grass mashed, applied to the affected area. (Quanzhou materia medica)
⑤ Treat all throat diseases: fresh hanxincao 1 to 22. Pound, grind juice, mix honey. (Quanzhou materia medica)
⑥ Treatment of toothache: Han Xincao, Jinniu each two money. Take it in water. (collection of herbs in Lingnan)
⑦ Treatment of turbidity, leucorrhea: Han Xincao one or two. Decoction with water or small intestine. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
⑧ Treatment of snakebite: fresh hanxincao 2 liang. Mash the juice, rinse with cold boiled water, and apply the residue to the affected area. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
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