Nanhua County Nanhua County is under the jurisdiction of Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture. The original name of Zhennan was changed to Nanhua County in 1954, which means "a beautiful place in Southwest China".
Nanhua County is located in the west of Chuxiong Prefecture, adjacent to Mouding County in the East, Chuxiong City in the southeast, Jingdong Yi Autonomous County in the south, Midu County in the west, Xiangyun County and Yao'an County in the north. The county is 33 kilometers away from Chuxiong City, 192 kilometers away from Kunming City, and 175 kilometers away from Dali city.
Nanhua County is one of the key counties in the national poverty alleviation and development work, and also one of the 47 old revolutionary base counties in Yunnan during the war of liberation. On February 2, 2019, it was rated as the county-level advanced unit of Chinese medicine by the State Administration of traditional Chinese medicine. On April 30, 2019, the people's Government of Yunnan Province decided to withdraw Nanhua County from the sequence of poverty-stricken counties.
Nanhua County, Yizhou County in the Western Han Dynasty, Yizhou County in the Eastern Han Dynasty. Shu Han in the Three Kingdoms is the prefecture of Yunnan in Yizhou. in the Western Jin Dynasty, it was the Yunnan county of ningzhou; in the Eastern Jin Dynasty to the Southern Dynasties, it was the Xingning County of ningzhou; in the Northern Dynasties, it was Nanning. in the Sui Dynasty, it belonged to the general manager's office of Nanning Prefecture. At the beginning of the Tang Dynasty, Qiuzhou was set up, which belonged to Rongzhou Dudu Fu at the beginning, and then to Yaozhou Dudu Fu at the end of the Tang Dynasty. In the Song Dynasty, Dali state was a stone drum, which belonged to Weichu Prefecture.
In the seventh year of Xianzong (1257) of the Yuan Dynasty, 1000 households were set up; in the twelfth year of Zhiyuan (1275), it was changed into zhennanzhou, which governed the present Shaqiao town and belonged to Weichu Road, and two counties, Dingbian and shigu, were set up, which belonged to zhennanzhou; in the 24th year of Zhiyuan (1287), Dingbian and shigu provinces entered zhennanzhou as townships. in the Ming Dynasty, it was Zhennan Prefecture, which was moved to Longchuan town today, belonging to Chuxiong Prefecture. In the early Qing Dynasty, it was Zhennan Prefecture under the system of Ming Dynasty, and was subordinate to Chuxiong Prefecture. In July 1730, the eighth year of Yongzheng reign, Chuxiong Prefecture belonged to yixidao Prefecture.
In April 1913, yixidao was changed to dianxidao, and zhennanzhou was changed to Zhennan County, belonging to dianxidao; in June 1914, dianxidao was changed to Tengyue Dao (in Tengchong County), belonging to Zhennan County; in 1929, Tengyue Dao was abolished, directly under Yao'an County; in 1946, it belonged to the eighth administrative supervision district (in Yao'an County).
In 1950, Zhennan County belonged to Chuxiong Prefecture; on June 30, 1954, it was renamed Nanhua County; in October 1957, Nanhua County belonged to Chuxiong Prefecture; in September 1960, Nanhua County was abolished and the former administrative region of Nanhua County was merged into Chuxiong County; in March 1962, Nanhua County was restored and the former administrative region of Nanhua County merged into Chuxiong county was the administrative region of Nanhua County.
As of 2011, Nanhua County has jurisdiction over 6 towns and 4 townships, including Longchuan Town, Shaqiao Town, WuJie Town, Hongtupo Town, tujie Town, Majie Town, Yulu Town, Yijie Town, luowuzhuang town and wudingshan Town, with a total of 5 community residents committees and 128 villagers committees.
Nanhua County is located in the west of the central Yunnan Plateau, which spans between 100 ° 44 '- 101 ° 20' e and 24 ° 44 '- 25 ° 21' n. The county is 64.6 km from east to west and 71.7 km from north to south, covering an area of 2343 square kilometers. It is adjacent to Chuxiong and mouding in the East, Chuxiong and Jingdong in the south, Midu in the west, Xiangyun and Yao'an in the north. It is 192 km away from Kunming, the provincial capital, 33 km away from Chuxiong, 175 km away from Dali in the west, and 225 km away from Panzhihua City in Sichuan Province in the north.
The terrain of Nanhua County is high in the northwest and low in the southeast, with mountains in the southwest and hills in the northeast, with a few flat dams and narrow valleys. The highest peak in the territory is shaoxiangsi mountain in Longtan mountain, Hongtupo Town, with an altitude of 2861.1 meters, and the lowest point is daozuoyao, weiche village, Majie Town, with an altitude of 963 meters.
Nanhua County is located in the low latitude and high altitude area, the climate is dominated by the north subtropical monsoon climate, with the characteristics of continental and marine climate, and the three-dimensional climate is obvious. The annual average temperature is 14.9 ℃, the average annual rainfall is 823 mm, and the annual sunshine is 2611.4 hours.
Up to 2011, 20 kinds of mineral resources have been proved in Nanhua County, including coal, iron, arsenic, copper, lead, zinc, gold, silver, limestone, asbestos and white marble. Among them, the reserves of coal mine are 130 million tons, gypsum 120 million tons, zinc 13000 tons, gold 20 tons and arsenic 69000 tons.
As of 2011, the wildlife in Nanhua County is mainly distributed in the provincial nature reserve of Zhongshan. The plants mainly include Cycas castor tooth, Ginkgo biloba, Manglietia, Zhoubing tea, Magnolia officinalis, Camellia yunnanensis, etc.; the animals mainly include monkey, Green Peacock, red panda, red and white pheasant, etc.
By the end of 2017, there were 242600 permanent residents in Nanhua County, with a birth rate of 11.78 ‰, a mortality rate of 7.08 ‰, and a natural population growth rate of 4.70 ‰. According to the registered residence population statistics, the total number of households in the county decreased by 1330 at the end of the year, and the total population was 242472, with an increase of 529, an increase of 0.22% at the end of the year. 86583 Among them, the rural population is 193674, the urban population is 48798, and the female population is 119665, with a gender ratio of 102.6 (calculated as 100 females). There were 3499 births and 2909 deaths. There were 48837 people under 17 years old, 57816 people between 18 and 34 years old, 98412 people between 35 and 59 years old, and 37407 people over 60 years old.
By the end of 2017, there were 107391 ethnic minorities in Nanhua County, accounting for 44.3% of the total population, including 94520 Yi people, accounting for 38.9% of the total population, 9565 Bai people, accounting for 3.9% of the total population, and 2123 Hui people, accounting for 0.9% of the total population.
In 2017, Nanhua County achieved a GDP of 6049.33 million yuan (current price, calculation speed using comparable price), an increase of 12.1%. Among them, the added value of the primary industry was 1462.74 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 6.3%, driving the economic growth by 1.62 percentage points; the added value of the secondary industry was 2043.43 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 18.3%, driving the economic growth by 6.12 percentage points; the added value of the tertiary industry was 254316 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 10.6%, driving the economic growth by 4.36 percentage points. The contribution rates of the primary, secondary and tertiary industries to GDP growth were 13.4%, 50.6% and 36.0% respectively. The proportion of added value of primary, secondary and tertiary industries in GDP is 24.2:33.8:42.0.
In 2017, the total output value of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery in Nanhua County was 2848.12 million yuan (current price, calculation speed using comparable price), an increase of 132.65 million yuan, an increase of 6.3%. Among them, the agricultural output value was 1324.63 million yuan, with a year-on-year increase of 3.4%; the forestry output value was 316.99 million yuan, with a year-on-year increase of 9.1%; the animal husbandry output value was 1180.52 million yuan, with a year-on-year increase of 9.0%; the fishery output value was 25.98 million yuan, with a year-on-year increase of 3.0%. The grain planting area of the whole county was 380160 mu, an increase of 204 mu, an increase of 0.1%. The sown area of economic crops was 204263 mu, a decrease of 581 mu, a decrease of 0.3%, including 74900 mu of flue-cured tobacco, a decrease of 3330 mu, a decrease of 4.3%; 35443 mu of oil, an increase of 139 mu, an increase of 0.4%. The annual total grain output was 126114 tons, an increase of 2136 tons or 1.7%, including 35054 tons of summer grain, an increase of 2.3%, and 91060 tons of autumn grain, an increase of 1.5%. the collection volume of main forest products was 8135 tons of walnut, an increase of 17.0%, and 114 tons of chestnut, an increase of 13%. A total of 4678 tons of wild edible fungi were collected throughout the year, an increase of 780 tons or 20% over the previous year, including 131 tons of Tricholoma matsutake, an increase of 6.8%; 1476 tons of Boletus, an increase of 16.6%; and 3071 tons of other wild fungi, an increase of 22.4%. During the year, there were 299425 live pigs, 38563 cattle, 73877 sheep and 2668994 poultry, with an increase of 3.3%, 3.4%, 4.5% and 3.2% respectively. The annual total meat output was 37501 tons, an increase of 1493 tons, an increase of 4.1%, including 32814 tons of pork, beef and mutton, an increase of 4.3%. The output of poultry eggs was 1601 tons, an increase of 13.3%. The output of aquatic products was 1750 tons, an increase of 2.9%.
the secondary industry
In 2017, the total output value of industries above Designated Size in Nanhua County was 5810.98 million yuan, an increase of 651.044 million yuan, an increase of 12.6% (current price calculation), including mining industry 302.59 million yuan, an increase of 11.2%; manufacturing industry 4790.25 million yuan, an increase of 7.9%; power, heat, gas and water production and supply industry 718.14 million yuan, an increase of 59.6%. In 2017, the total output value of seven qualified construction enterprises in Nanhua County was 2547.81 million yuan, an increase of 39.1%, and the added value of construction industry was 532.24 million yuan, an increase of 23.2%; the main business income of project settlement was 934.28 million yuan, an increase of 33.3%; the total profit was 117.22 million yuan, an increase of 45.1%; the tax and surcharges were 72.92 million yuan, an increase of 22.3%.
the service sector; the tertiary industry
In 2017, the total retail sales of social consumer goods in Nanhua County reached 205105
Chinese PinYin : Yun Nan Sheng Chu Xiong Yi Zu Zi Zhi Zhou Nan Hua Xian
Nanhua County, Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Province
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