Lianyungang, a prefecture level city in Jiangsu Province, is called Lianyungang for short. In ancient times, it was called Qu, Donghai, Haizhou, Yuzhou and Haining. It was also called the port city. It was named Lianyungang because it faced Liandao, backed by Yuntai Mountain and the harbor. Lianyungang is located in the coastal area of eastern China, northeast of Jiangsu Province, West Bank of Haizhou Bay, east of the Yellow Sea, west of Xuzhou and Suqian, south of Huai'an and Yancheng, north of Rizhao and Linyi in Shandong Province. It has three districts and three counties, covering a total area of 7615 square kilometers, with a temperate monsoon climate.
Lianyungang is the eastern bridgehead of the new Eurasian Continental Bridge and a national comprehensive transportation hub city, with the advantages of combining sea transportation and land transportation. The Longhai and coastal trunk railways and the Tongsan and Lianhuo expressways, which are the longest in China from north to South and east to west, meet at Lianyungang.
Lianyungang is a famous historical and cultural city in Jiangsu Province and a world heritage city on the maritime Silk Road, with a history of more than 2200 years. Tenghualuo site is one of the sites of Longshan Culture in China. More than 2500 years ago, Confucius came here to climb a mountain and watch the sea, "asking officials about tan.". In the Qin Dynasty, Qu county was set up, and a stone palace was set up as the east gate of the Qin Dynasty. Lianyungang is the cultural origin of Jinghuayuan and journey to the West. It is known as a "giant town in huaikou and a famous county in the East China Sea".
Lianyungang is an excellent tourist city and national garden city in China. It has many tourist attractions, such as Huaguo Mountain, Liandao, Kongwang mountain, Yuwan, Haihai Yuntai Mountain, Lianyun old street, Yunlong stream, Taohua stream, Kongquegou, Dayi mountain, xishuanghu, etc. it is a city with mountains, sea, port and city. It is known as the first scenic spot in the East China Sea.
China is one belt, one road city in Lianyungang, the first strategic node in the New Asia Europe continental bridge, the strategic supporting city in Jiangsu, the strategic center for coastal development in Jiangsu, the regional economic integration city in the Yangtze River Delta region, the national innovative pilot city, the National East Central and Western Region Cooperation Demonstration Area, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization's maritime base, the world crystal capital and the national civilized city. It is a part of China (Jiangsu) pilot free trade zone.
Qin and Han Dynasties
Xia and Shang Dynasties: belong to the Dongyi people of Xuzhou.
Western Zhou Dynasty: belong to the East Yi of Qingzhou.
During the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period, it first belonged to Lu, then to Chu, and then to Tanzi.
The Qin Dynasty belonged to Donghai County, which governed 12 counties including Qu county, Tancheng County, Lanling County, Xiangben County, Za County, xiapi County, Huaiyin County, Xuyi county, Dongyang County, Tangyi County, Guangling county and Lingling county.
The Western Han Dynasty belongs to Donghai County of Xuzhou governor's department. The county governs Qu county, Tancheng, Lanling, Xiangben, Zhuang, Liangcheng, xiapi, Pingqu, Qi, Kaiyang, Linyi, Licheng, Haixi, Lanqi, Nancheng, Shanxiang, namely Qiu, Zhuqi, Fei, houqiu, Rongqiu, Dong'an, Hexiang, Cheng, Jianyang, Quyang, Siwu, Yuxiang, duyang, Yinping, Wuyang, Xinyang, Jianling, Changwu There are 38 counties in duping, Jianxiang and Pingqu.
During the Eastern Han Dynasty, it was subordinate to Donghai County of Xuzhou governor's Department, which had jurisdiction over 13 counties, including Qu county, Tancheng County, Lanling County, Xiangben County, Qi County, Licheng County, Zhuqi County, Cheng County, houqiu County, Hexiang County, Changwu County, Ganyu County and Yinping County.
Three Kingdoms, two Jin Dynasties, southern and Northern Dynasties
During the Wei Dynasty, the Three Kingdoms belonged to Donghai state, which governed 11 counties, including Qu county, Tancheng County, Lanling County, Xiangben County, Qi County, Licheng County, Zhuqi County, Cheng County, houqiu County, Changwu county and Hecheng county.
In the Western Jin Dynasty, it was subordinate to Donghai County of Xuzhou, which governed 12 counties, including Qu county, Tancheng County, Lanling County, Xiangben County, Qi County, Licheng County, Zhuqi County, Cheng County, houqiu County, Changwu County, Hexiang county and Ganyu County.
The Eastern Jin Dynasty belongs to Donghai County, which successively belongs to the later Zhao, the former Yan, the Southern Yan and the Eastern Jin. It has jurisdiction over seven counties, namely Qu county, Tancheng County, Licheng County, Xiangben County, Zhuqi County, houqiu county and Ganyu County.
In the early period of the Southern Dynasty, it belonged to Donghai County, which governed Qi County, Dongguan County, Langya County, Xihai County, Donghai County and Beihai County; in the late period of the Southern Dynasty, the overseas Chinese set up Qingzhou and Jizhou, and the jurisdiction was the same as above.
In the Southern Dynasties, qiqiaozhi and liangqiaozhi: Dongguan county and Langxie County, which have jurisdiction over three counties, namely Qiu county, southern Dongguan county and Northern Dongguan County; Beihai County, which has jurisdiction over seven counties, namely Duchang County, Guangrao County, Ganyu County, Jiaodong County, Ju county, Xiami county and Pingshou County; Qijun County, which has jurisdiction over five counties, namely Xiangben County, Tong County, xiapi County, houqiu county and qucheng county. Jurisdiction Linzi, Qi'an, Suyu, Weishi, Pingwu, Changguo, Yidu, Xi'an, Tai nine counties. In the Eastern Wei Dynasty, the overseas Chinese set up Langya county (called Haizhou Qu county): < ol > < li > East Pengcheng County, which governs Longju, Anton and Bohai counties. < li > < li > Donghai County governs Ganyu, Anliu, Guangrao and Xiami counties; < li > < li > Haixi County governs Xiangben, Haixi and Linhai counties; < li > < li > Shuyang County governs PI, Linzha, Huaiwen and Fuwu counties; < li > < li > langye County governs Qu, Hai'an and Shanning counties; < li > < li > Wuling County governs Shangxian and Yu'an counties. In the Northern Qi Dynasty and the Northern Zhou Dynasty, Haizhou was established: < ol > < li > Donghai County governs Guangrao and Donghai counties; < li > < li > Qushan County governs Qushan County; < li > < li > Wuling County governs Xian and luo'an counties; < li > < li > Shuyang County governs Shuyang County; < li > < li > Hai'an County governs Xiangben county. The song and Yuan Dynasties
In the third year of the reign of Emperor Taizong of the Song Dynasty (998), there were 15 roads in the world, and Haizhou belonged to Huainan road. In the fifth year of Xining reign of emperor Shenzong of Song Dynasty (1073), Huainan road was divided into Huainan East Road and Huainan West Road, and Haizhou belonged to Huainan East Road. During the reign of Emperor Gaozong of Song Dynasty (1127-1131), Haizhou was occupied by Jin. In 1162, Haizhou returned to the Southern Song Dynasty. During the reign of emperor Xiaozong of Song Dynasty (1163-1165), Haizhou ceded the state of Jin again. In 1220, Haizhou returned to the Southern Song Dynasty. In 1262, Haizhou was changed to xihaizhou. In 1275, xihaizhou was occupied by the Yuan Dynasty, and was replaced by Haizhou.
In 1279, the emperor Shizu of the Yuan Dynasty was promoted to the office of the general manager of Haizhou Road, leading Qushan, Shuyang, Ganyu (Huairen county), Donghai County and the Department of recording. Later, it was changed to Haining house. In 1284, Haining Prefecture was changed into Haining Prefecture, and both the recording department and Donghai County were merged into Qushan county. Haining Prefecture changed to Huai'an Fu Road. In the 28th year of the reign of emperor Shizu of the Yuan Dynasty (1292), Jiangbei of Henan Province was established. Haining Prefecture belongs to Xuanwei Department of huaidong Road, Zhongshu Province, Jiangbei huaidong Road, Henan Province. In 1367, Haining Prefecture was returned to Wu, belonging to the province of letters in the south of the Yangtze River.
Ming and Qing Dynasties
In 1368, Haining Prefecture was renamed Haizhou, which belongs to Huai'an Prefecture. Qushan county was abandoned, and Shuyang County is directly under Huai'an Prefecture. Since then, the situation of Haizhou and Ganyu County has been broken, which is equivalent to Lianyungang District, Ganyu County, Donghai County, Guanyun county and Guannan county. In the same year, Jiangnan was abolished as the province of Zhongshu, and Haizhou belonged to Huai'an Prefecture. In the 13th year of Hongwu (1381), Emperor Taizu of the Ming Dynasty abolished Zhongshu Province, and Huai'an Prefecture was under the jurisdiction of six ministries. In 1644, Haizhou was occupied by the Qing Dynasty.
In the second year of Shunzhi (1645) of the Qing Dynasty, Jiangnan province was established, belonging to Huai'an Prefecture of Jiangnan province. In 1667, Jiangnan province was divided into Jiangsu Province, and Haizhou belonged to Huai'an Prefecture of Jiangsu Province. In 1724, Haizhou was promoted to Zhili Prefecture, which governed Ganyu and Shuyang counties. It was separated from Huai'an Prefecture, and was equivalent to Lianyungang District, Ganyu County, Donghai County, Shuyang County, Guanyun County, Guannan county and Xiangshui county.
the Republic of China era
In the first year of the Republic of China (1912), Haizhou Zhili Prefecture was changed into Donghai County. The county is located in today's Haizhou District. Because the East is close to the sea, it is called the East China Sea. In April, Guanyun County, a new County, was set up in 11 towns in the east of the county. Donghai county belongs to xuhaidao of Jiangsu Province at first, and then to the 13th and 8th administrative supervision district of Jiangsu Province. In 1933, Longhai railway terminal port was built. In 1935, the national government divided Donghai and Guanyun into two parts, and established Lianyun city. The area is south of linhongkou, north of Shaoxiang River, east to dongxiliandao, west along Linhong River, and east to Xinpu and Banpu. It is the third city under the jurisdiction of Jiangsu Province and the earlier city under the jurisdiction of Jiangsu Province.
During the Anti Japanese War, due to the blockade of Longhai Railway by Japanese army, Donghai County was divided into North and south parts. Taking the Longhai Railway as the boundary, the Communist Party of China has established two anti Japanese democratic governments. The democratic government of Donghai County, established in November 1940, belongs to Huaihai District of central China Railway Bureau. Most of the areas belong to Shuyang County, including Anfeng Town, Quyang Town, Fangshan Town, pingming town and the south of Zhangwan town. Railway North established the democratic government of Hailing County in August 1941, which successively belonged to central and southern Shandong administrative region, Binhai District and Linyi district.
In November 1945, hailing county changed its name to Donghai County (in May 1949, Lunan Donghai County was abolished, and its jurisdiction was merged into Shuyang County and Guanyun county. Since then, there has been only one Donghai County, which belongs to Linyi District of Shandong Province. The northern County of Longhai railway is located in the western part of the country. After 1933, it belongs to Tancheng County, including Taolin Town, shanzuokou Township and the western part of linian township.
On April 1, 1946, the first mayor of Lianyun City, Zhang Zhenhan, took office. Because of the outbreak of the Anti Japanese War, the preparation of Lianyun city was forced to stop, so the mayor appeared in 1946.
On November 20, 1948, the central and southern Shandong administrative office of the Communist Party of China transferred the Shandong provincial government to order the establishment of new hailiante in the areas of Xinpu, Haizhou, Lianyungang and Yuntaishan in Donghai County
Chinese PinYin : Jiang Su Sheng Lian Yun Gang Shi
Release Time:2021-03-06 00:31:28
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