Huanggang, a prefecture level city in Hubei Province, is located in the east of Hubei Province, the south foot of the Dabie Mountains, the North Bank of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, and the middle section of the Beijing Kowloon Railway. It gradually inclines from north to south, with the Dabie Mountains at the junction of Henan and Anhui in the northeast. It has jurisdiction over seven counties, two cities and two districts (including Longganhu county-level management area). It has a total area of 17453 square kilometers and a total population of 7.5 million in 2018.
Huanggang has a long history and culture, with a history of more than 2000 years. It has bred a large number of scientific achievements, such as Daoxin, Hongren, Huineng, the fourth ancestor of Chinese Buddhism, Bi Sheng, the inventor of movable type printing in Song Dynasty, Li Shizhen, the medical sage in Ming Dynasty, Li Siguang, the giant of modern geological science, Wen Yiduo, the patriotic poet and scholar, Huang Kan, the great master of Chinese culture, Xiong Shili, the philosopher, Hu Feng, the literary critic, etc Cultural giant. In addition, there are political figures such as president Li Xiannian and acting president Dong Biwu.
Huanggang is located at the junction of chutouwuwei and the four provinces of Hubei, Henan, Anhui and Jiangxi. On December 15, 2017, it won the top ten charming cities. On December 7, 2018, Huanggang was awarded the title of "annual charming city for cultural tourism poverty alleviation". On March 26, 2019, it was awarded "national positive energy city".
In 2020, the GDP of Huanggang city will reach 216.955 billion yuan, which is 6.6% lower than that of the previous year at comparable prices, and the decrease rate will be 30.8 percentage points lower than that of the first quarter. Among them: the added value of the primary industry was 43.828 billion yuan, down 0.4%, 25.0% lower than that in the first quarter; the added value of the secondary industry was 74.983 billion yuan, down 9.4%, 41.9% lower than that in the first quarter; the added value of the tertiary industry was 98.143 billion yuan, down 6.7%, 22.7% lower than that in the first quarter.
Huanggang was inhabited as early as the Paleolithic age.
In the Xia and Shang Dynasties, Yu "granted gaotao to Ying and Liu" (records of the historian · Xia Benji). This area was the fiefdom of the descendants of gaotao (Ying and Liu, Yingshan and Lu'an).
During the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period, it belonged to the state of Chu.
Qin unified the six countries and carried out the county system, which first belonged to Nanjun and Jiujiang County, and then to Hengshan County.
At the time of Chu and Han Dynasties, Chu Xiangyu established Hengshan state with Hengshan County as its capital Yingcheng (today's Yuwang city in Huangzhou).
In the fourth year of emperor Gaozu of Han Dynasty (203 BC), it was restored to Hengshan County, belonging to Huainan state.
In the second year of Yuanshou (121 BC) of Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty, there were 14 counties in Hengshan County and Nanjun County, Jiangxia county was set up and Xiling county was stationed. Huangzhou and Qichun belonged to Jiangxia County, Huangmei and Wuxue belonged to Lujiang County.
In the 23rd year of Jianwu (47th year) of the Eastern Han Dynasty, the Marquis state of Qichun was established, handed down to the third generation and restored to Qichun county. Jianan 13 years (208 years), divided into Jiangxia county set up Qichun County, resident Qichun, jurisdiction of today's Qichun, Huangmei, Huangzhou and other places.
During the Three Kingdoms period, this area belonged to weiyiyang county and wuqichun county respectively.
In 280, the first year of Taikang, Emperor Wu of Jin Dynasty, Qichun county was abolished and the jurisdiction was assigned to Wuchang county. In the second year, Xunyang county (now Huangmei) was assigned to Lujiang County, while Xiling County, Ying county and Qichun county were changed to Yiyang County. In the third year of Yongjia (309), Emperor Hui of Jin restored Sima as king of Xiyang, and successively assigned Xiling, Ying, Qichun and other counties to the state of Xiyang.
In 338, Emperor Cheng of Jin Dynasty set up Yuzhou in Ying county. In the fifth year of Xiankang, Yuzhou moved to Wuhu, and Xiyang County belonged to Yuzhou.
During the northern and Southern Dynasties, the armed separatist regime was established and changed frequently. The Southern Song Dynasty divided Xiyang County into Jianning left county (now southwest of Macheng).
In the Southern Qi Dynasty, in the second year of Jianyuan (480), Qi'an county was set up and stationed in Qi'an (southwest of Macheng), anmanzuo county was set up and Mulan (southwest of Hong'an today). During the Liang Dynasty, Xiyang County was still in Yingzhou and was divided into Xiyang County and Xin'an County. They also set up Dingzhou in Menglong city (now northeast of Macheng), Shazhou in baishaguan city (now northwest of Macheng), Xiangzhou in dahuoguan (now Dawu East), and beijiangzhou in luchengguan (now Hong'an).
When the Northern Dynasty occupied Jiangbei, it followed the old system of the Southern Dynasty. During the Tianbao period of the Northern Qi Dynasty, Bazhou (now Huangzhou), Hengzhou (now Macheng) and Luozhou (now qichundi) were built in the area. In the Northern Zhou Dynasty, Bazhou was abandoned and Yizhou was set up, Luozhou was changed to Qizhou, Yongning County was set up (now Wuxue City), and Nansi Prefecture in Huangcheng town (now Huangpi East) was renamed Huangzhou.
In the third year of Daye reign of Sui Dynasty (607), the two prefectures were changed into two counties, Huangzhou into Yong'an County, and its administration was moved to Huanggang (now Xinzhou), which governs four counties: Huanggang, Huangpi, Mulan and Macheng; Qizhou was changed into Qichun, which governs five counties: Qichun, Luotian, Xishui, Qishui and Huangmei. The region is still governed by two counties.
In 620, Yongan county was changed to Huangzhou, and the general manager's office was set up. In the eighth year of Wude (625), nanjinzhou, Tingzhou and Nansi were abolished, and their territories were Huangzhou and Qizhou.
In the Song Dynasty, Huangzhou and Qizhou still ruled together, and Huainan road was the first.
In the Yuan Dynasty, the two prefectures were changed into two roads, each of which set up a general office. In 1286, xuanweisi was abolished and Huangzhou and Qizhou were directly under Huguang province. In the 29th year (1292), it was changed to huaixidao, and in the second year it was changed to Jiangbei province of Henan Province. Huangzhou road governs Huanggang, Huangpi and Macheng counties, while Qizhou road governs Qichun, Luotian, Qishui, Guangji and Huangmei counties.
In 1368, the first year of Hongwu in Ming Dynasty, Huangzhou road and Qizhou road were changed into Huangzhou Prefecture and Qizhou Prefecture. The two prefectures were under the jurisdiction of Huguang Province, and the city was built in Huangzhou. In the ninth year of Hongwu (1376), Qizhou Prefecture was demoted as a prefecture, Qichun county was abolished, and the government was directly under the jurisdiction of Qizhou. Qizhou still governed other counties, and belonged to huguangbu political department with Huangzhou Prefecture, and soon changed to Henan.
In 1378, Qizhou only governed Guangji and Huangmei counties, which were under the jurisdiction of Huangzhou Prefecture. Since then, Qizhou and Huangzhou have become one. In 1391, Huangzhou Prefecture was still under the jurisdiction of huguangbo. Jiajing 42 years (1563), home Huang'an county. Up to now, Huangzhou Prefecture governs 8 counties of Huanggang, Macheng, Huangpi, Luotian, Huang'an, Qishui, Guangji, Huangmei and Qizhou.
The Qing Dynasty basically followed the Ming system. In the third year of Kangxi (1664), Qizhou no longer governs counties. Huangzhou Prefecture belongs to Hubei chief secretary. In the seventh year of Yongzheng (1729), Huangpi county belongs to Hanyang Prefecture. Huangzhou Prefecture governs Huanggang, Huang'an, Macheng, Luotian, Qishui, Guangji, Huangmei and Qizhou.
In 1912, Huangzhou Prefecture was abolished and Qizhou was changed into Qichun county. Each county belongs to huangdedao (later renamed Edong road and Jianghan Road) in Wuhan, Hubei Province.
In 1926, the road was abandoned and the counties were directly under the Hubei provincial government.
In 1932, the region was divided into three or four administrative supervision districts of Hubei Province, each of which set up a special office as an auxiliary organ of Hubei provincial government. The third special office is located in Qizhou, which governs Qichun, Guangji, Huangmei, Qishui, Luotian and Yingshan County which was transferred from Anhui in that year; the fourth special office is located in Huang'an, which governs Huang'an, Huanggang, Macheng and Huangpi County, which is also under the jurisdiction of the fourth special office.
In June 1933, Qishui county was changed to Xishui County.
In March 1936, the third and fourth administrative supervision districts were merged into the second administrative supervision district in Qizhou. In January of the second year, their administrative offices were moved to Huangzhou.
During the Anti Japanese War, in January 1940, the second Administrative Region Office was reorganized in Huangtuling in the north of Huanggang County into the Eastern Hubei Administrative Region Office, acting as the provincial government authority, and successively added jurisdiction over Xiaogan county and the third administrative region.
In 1945, after the victory of the Anti Japanese War, the Eastern Hubei administrative office moved back to Huangzhou and became the second office of the administrative inspector general of Hubei Province.
From March to mid May 1949, the counties in this region were liberated one after another. In early May, the fourth and fifth special offices merged in Xishui and became the office of the Commissioner of Huanggang district. In June, it was renamed the office of Huanggang district. In July, it moved to Huangzhou.
In May 1951, the administrative office of Huanggang district was renamed as the office of commissioner of Huanggang District, which is an agency of Hubei Provincial People's government. In June, Huanggang county was divided into Xinzhou county.
In June 1952, Daye, Yangxin, Echeng and Huang'an counties were under the jurisdiction of Huanggang special office.
In May 1955, the special office was renamed Huanggang Commissioner's office. In August, Shengli county was abolished. In October, Huanggang County moved from Tuanfeng to Huangzhou.
In January 1959, Daye was designated as Huangshi City.
In September 1965, Echeng and Yangxin counties were divided into Xianning district.
In January 1968, the Huanggang regional Revolutionary Committee was established. In November 1978, it was abolished and the Huanggang regional administrative office was set up as an agency of the provincial government.
In December 1979, Echeng county was put under the jurisdiction of Huanggang area, and the city of Echeng was established and also located in Echeng.
In October 1983, Huangzhou Town, designated as Echeng County, city and Huanggang County, was established as a prefecture level Ezhou City under the jurisdiction of the provincial government. Meanwhile, Xinzhou county was designated as Wuhan city.
In July 1986, Macheng county was abolished and Macheng City was established.
In May 1987, Huangzhou District of Ezhou city was abolished and restored to Huangzhou town and Huanggang county. In December, Guangji county was abolished and Wuxue City was established.
In December 1990, Huanggang county was abolished and Huangzhou City was established. Huanggang Prefecture Administrative Office governs Huangzhou, Macheng and Wuxue, and Hongan, Luotian, Yingshan, Xishui, Qichun and Huangmei counties.
On December 23, 1995, with the approval of the State Council, Huanggang Prefecture and Huangzhou City were abolished and Huanggang City at prefecture level was established, with its administrative office in Huangzhou. And set up Tuanfeng county and Huangzhou district.
As of 2018, Huanggang City has jurisdiction over Huangzhou District, Macheng City, Wuxue City, Tuanfeng County, Xishui County, Luotian County, Yingshan County, Qichun County, Huangmei County, Hong'an county and Longgan Lake Management area. Huanggang Municipal People's government is located at No. 8, Qiyi Road, Huangzhou district.
Huanggang city is located in the east of Hubei Province, at the south foot of Dabie Mountain
Chinese PinYin : Hu Bei Sheng Huang Gang Shi
Release Time:2021-03-06 00:39:00
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