Hezhou City, a city under the jurisdiction of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, is located in the northeast of Guangxi. It was established in 2002. It is located at the junction of Hunan, Guangdong and Guangxi provinces (autonomous regions), with an administrative area of 11753 square kilometers. By the end of 2018, it has jurisdiction over Babu District, Pinggui District, Zhongshan County, Zhaoping County and Fuchuan Yao Autonomous County, with a permanent resident population of 2072600.
Hezhou is a subtropical Southern monsoon climate, with abundant sunshine, abundant rainfall, rainy and hot seasons, dry and wet seasons, long frost free period and other characteristics, is one of the key forest areas in Guangxi. By the end of 2016, Hezhou City had a forestland area of 900400 hectares, with a forest coverage rate of 72.87%.
In 2018, Hezhou achieved a GDP of 60.263 billion yuan, an increase of 8.9% over the previous year; fiscal revenue of 5.816 billion yuan, an increase of 9.5% over the previous year; per capita disposable income of urban residents was 30864 yuan, an increase of 6.8%; per capita disposable income of rural residents was 11548 yuan, an increase of 10.0% over the previous year.
On October 23, 2019, it was identified as "the third batch of demonstration cities for urban black and odorous water treatment". In September 2020, it was recognized as the second batch of prefabricated building model cities by the Ministry of housing and urban rural development.
Evolution of organizational system
Before the Shang and Zhou dynasties, Lingnan was called Jiaozhi in historical records, and Hezhou was the place of Jiaozhi.
In the 33rd year of the first emperor of Qin Dynasty (214 BC), Qin soldiers unified Lingnan and set up Guilin, Xiang and Nanhai counties. He county, Zhongshan and Fuchuan belong to Nanhai County, and Zhaoping to Guilin county. In the third year of emperor Gaozu of the Han Dynasty (204 BC), Zhao Tuo of the South China Sea attacked Pinxiang county and Guilin county to establish the state of Nanyue.
In the sixth year of the Ding reign of the Han Dynasty (111 B.C.), after Emperor Wu pacified the Nanyue state, seven counties were set up, including Jiaozhi county. Today, Guangxi mainly belongs to Yulin County, Cangwu county and Hepu County. Cangwu county has ten counties, including Guangxin (Cangwu), Linhe (Hezhou), Zhaoping, Fuchuan, Lipu, Mengling, etc. In the fifth year of Yuanfeng (106 BC), Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty moved the History Department of Jiaozhi to Guangxin county to govern the counties in Lingnan. At the end of Han Dynasty, Cangwu County governed Cangwu (Guangxin), Fengyang, Linhe, Fengcheng, Fuchuan, Lipu, Mengling and Zhangping counties.
From the Three Kingdoms to the northern and Southern Dynasties, the prefecture, county and county-level local administrative system replaced the county and county-level system in the Qin and Han Dynasties, and Cangwu County belonged to Jingzhou at the beginning. In the fifth year of Huangwu (226 A.D.), Linhe county was set up, and its administrative office was set up in the town of today's Hejie, where Linhe, Jianxing, Fuchuan and other six counties were unified. In the same year, it was transferred to Guangzhou, and later to Jiaozhou. In the seventh year of Yong'an (A.D. 264), it was restored to Guangzhou. In Jin Dynasty, Linhe County governed Linhe, xiemu, Fengcheng, Fengyang, Xing'an (formerly Jianxing county) and Fuchuan. In the northern and Southern Dynasties, the local governments were in chaos, and they did their own affairs.
In 470 A.D., Linhe county was changed into Linqing state, and its administrative office was located in Linhe county. In the second year of Qi Jianyuan (480 AD), Linhe county was restored. In 520 A.D., Emperor Wu divided Linhe County into Jingzhou, Liangshou and Jingwei counties.
From the early Sui Dynasty to the Song Dynasty, the two-level system of state, county or county replaced the three-level local administrative system of state, county and county. After emperor Yang of the Sui Dynasty, it was changed into a two-tier system of counties and counties. In 589 ad, Linhe county was abolished and Hezhou was established. Linhe, Fengcheng, xiemu, Fengyang, Guiling, Fuchuan, Dangshan and other counties were governed. Except for xiemu county and some counties in Hunan Province, and Fengcheng County in Hunan Province, the rest of the counties are in Wuzhou area, covering Babu, Fuchuan, Zhongshan and other counties. In the early year of Daye (AD 605), Hezhou was abolished. Guiling county was changed into Xiping County, Fengyang County into Cangwu County, and Linhe County, Dangshan County and Fuchuan County were changed into Hechuan County, belonging to Shi'an county.
In the early Tang Dynasty, prefectures and counties were abolished as prefectures and counties. Tianbao county was changed into prefectures and counties. After Qianyuan Dynasty, prefectures and counties were established. In the first year of Tianbao (742 AD), Hezhou was changed into Linhe county. In the first year of Qianyuan Dynasty (758 AD), the author analyzes that Fuchuan County of old Shi'an County, Guiling County of Xiping County, Fengcheng County of Lingling county and Fengyang County of Cangwu County restored Hezhou, Linhe county changed into Hezhou, and Linhe county was governed by Linhe County, which belongs to Hezhou with Fengyang, Guiling and Fuchuan.
In the period of Five Dynasties and ten states, the local administrative divisions followed the system of Tang Dynasty. Ma Yin, king of Chu, captured Hezhou and Zhaozhou, which belonged to Chu. In the first year of Qianyou in the later Han Dynasty (948 A.D.), Hezhou returned to the Southern Han Dynasty. It governed six counties, Linhe, Guiling, Fengcheng, Fengyang, Fuchuan and Dangshan.
In the Yuan Dynasty, in the 23rd year of Zhizheng period (1363 A.D.), Guangxi was promoted to the provincial level of xingzhongshu. Hezhou was a provincial level of Guangxi, leading Linhe, Fuchuan and HUAIJI counties.
In the Ming Dynasty, in September of the second year of Hongwu (1369 AD), Linhe County entered Hezhou, which is the capital of Xunzhou. Hongwu decade (1377) in May, withdraw Hezhou, renamed He county, this is the beginning of the name of He county, governance in today's Hejie Town, belongs to pingyuefu. In 1477, Yongan prefecture (Mengshan) was set up. He county, Fuchuan, Yongan Prefecture and Zhaoping are all pingyuefu.
In the Qing Dynasty, the administrative division of the Qing Dynasty basically followed the Ming system. At the beginning of Shunzhi period, Pingyue mansion and Wuzhou mansion were set up because of the old system of Ming Dynasty. Pingle prefecture has one office, one Prefecture and seven counties, namely xinduting, Yongan and Pingle, Gongcheng, Fuchuan, he, Lipu, xiuren and Zhaoping.
In April 1932, Pingle district and its subordinate counties were merged into Guilin district. In October of the next year, Pingle militia district was restored and its governing office was located in He county. In March 1934, Guangxi implemented the administrative supervision system, with the militia area as the supervision area. Pingle mintuan district was transformed into Pingle administrative supervision district, which is located in Babu of He county. In April 1940, Guangxi transformed its administrative supervision area into an administrative supervision area, and Pingle administrative supervision area into the second administrative supervision area of Guangxi, which was located in eight steps of He county. In March 1942, the number of administrative supervision districts in Guangxi was reduced from 12 to 7. The second district (Pingle) was changed to the first district, and the governing post remained unchanged. It has jurisdiction over Fuchuan, he County, Zhongshan, Zhaoping, Mengshan, Pingle, xiuren, Lipu, Gongcheng, Xindu, HUAIJI and other counties.
In August 1948, the central China Bureau of the CPC Central Committee established the Pingle local committee of the CPC in Wuhan. In November, the Pingle local committee of the CPC and the Pingle District Commissioner's office were established in Babu Town, He county. It has jurisdiction over 11 counties including He county, Xindu, Fuchuan, Zhongshan, Zhaoping, Mengshan, Pingle, Lipu, xiuren, Gongcheng, HUAIJI and Babu industrial and Mining District Committee.
In 1949, Guangxi Province was divided into 15 administrative supervision areas. The first district is located in Babu, which has jurisdiction over He county, Xindu County, HUAIJI County, Zhongshan County and Fuchuan County. The fourteenth district is located in Pingle, with jurisdiction over seven counties, including Pingle, Gongcheng, Zhaoping, Mengshan, xiuren, Lipu and Yangshuo. In October of the same year, the military and political authorities of Guangxi divided the whole province into seven military and political regions, namely, Eastern Guangxi, Western Guangxi, Northern Guangxi, Central Guangxi, Guangdong Guangxi border region, and Guizhou Guangxi border region. In August 1951, the CPC Pingle prefectural committee and Pingle special office moved to Pingle Town, Pingle county.
In May 1952, Dayaoshan Yao Autonomous Region was established under Pingle special region. In September of the same year, Zhongshan and Fuchuan counties merged into Fuzhong County, which still belongs to Pingle district.
On July 19, 1958, the Pingle district was abolished and the Wuzhou district was established. The Pingle prefectural committee of the CPC was renamed the Wuzhou prefectural committee of the CPC, and the Pingle Commissioner's office was renamed the Wuzhou Commissioner's office. At the beginning, it had jurisdiction over Cangwu, Teng, Cenxi and Mengshan, Zhaoping, he, and Fuzhong, which were originally in Rongxian District, and Pingle district. Wuzhou City is under the unified leadership of Wuzhou district. In October 1960, Wuzhou district was merged with Wuzhou City. On November 25, 1961, Wuzhou City was again directly under the central government of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.
In July 1961, Wuzhou District abolished Fuzhong county and restored Fuchuan and Zhongshan counties (officially approved by the State Council in March 1962).
In 1971, Wuzhou district was changed into Wuzhou District, and the original administrative region remained unchanged.
On August 30, 1983, Fuchuan County was abolished and Fuchuan Yao Autonomous County was established in Wuzhou. On October 8 of the same year, Cangwu county was under the jurisdiction of Wuzhou City (January 1984). Wuzhou Prefecture governs Teng County, Cenxi County, Mengshan County, Zhaoping County, he County, Zhongshan County and Fuchuan Yao Autonomous County.
On March 19, 1997, the administrative divisions of Wuzhou district and Wuzhou City were adjusted. He county was abolished and Hezhou City (county level) was established. The administrative office of Wuzhou district was moved from Wuzhou City to Babu town of Hezhou City, and Wuzhou district was renamed Hezhou district. It has jurisdiction over Zhaoping County, Zhongshan County, Fuchuan Yao Autonomous County and Hezhou City (county level). Teng County and Mengshan County in the former Wuzhou area are under the jurisdiction of Wuzhou City, and Cenxi city (county level) is under the jurisdiction of Wuzhou City.
On July 3, 2002, Hezhou Prefecture and county level Hezhou City were abolished and prefecture level Hezhou City was established. On November 2, 2002, prefecture level Hezhou City was officially established. Prefecture level Hezhou City governs Fuchuan Yao Autonomous County, Zhongshan County, Zhaoping County and Babu District (the former county-level Hezhou City).
By the end of 2018, Hezhou has jurisdiction over two municipal districts (Babu District and Pinggui District), two counties (Zhaoping County and Zhongshan County) and one autonomous county (Fuchuan Yao Autonomous County). There are 61 townships and streets (including 4 streets, 47 towns, 5 townships and 5 ethnic townships).
(reference source: < / I > < I >) < / I >
Hezhou City is located in the northeast of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, 23 ° 39 ′ 0 ″ north latitude
Chinese PinYin : Guang Xi Zhuang Zu Zi Zhi Qu He Zhou Shi
Release Time:2021-03-06 00:42:34
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