Baoshan Baoshan, a prefecture level city under the jurisdiction of Yunnan Province, is located in the southwest of Yunnan Province. It borders Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture and Lincang City in the East, Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture in the north, Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture in the west, Myanmar in the northwest and due south. The border line is 170 kilometers long, covering a total area of 19600 square kilometers, of which the mountainous and semi mountainous areas account for about 92%.
Baoshan, located in the middle of Western Yunnan, is a necessary passage for China to South Asia, Southeast Asia and even European countries. Tengchong is one of the important birthplaces of modern industry and Commerce in Yunnan. The terrain is high in the north and low in the south. Most of the area has a subtropical monsoon climate. Lignite reserves and geothermal resources are very rich. It is the largest coffee planting base in the world, the largest planting base of wasabi, Dendrobium, walnut and Camellia oleifera in China, and the famous "granary in western Yunnan" in China.
As of 2016, Baoshan has jurisdiction over one district, one city and three counties. In 2017, Baoshan had a total permanent population of 2.614 million, an urban population of 933 thousand, and 13 ethnic minorities. Baoshan is the birthplace of the Dai and Thai ethnic groups and a famous hometown of overseas Chinese in China, with 289 thousand overseas Chinese, their relatives and returned overseas Chinese. In 2017, Baoshan achieved a GDP of 67.89 billion yuan.
Baoshan Southern Silk Road, Yunnan Burma Road and Stilwell Road pass through the territory. The main tourist attractions include huoshanrehai, Heshun ancient town, Gaoligong Mountain, lujiangba, Songshan Anti Japanese War site, anti Japanese War Memorial Hall in western Yunnan, Shanzhou forest farm, etc. In December 2017, Baoshan won the title of "China's most beautiful cultural eco-tourism city". In March 2018, Baoshan won the title of national health city. In December 2018, Baoshan won the title of the second batch of national ecological civilization construction demonstration cities and counties. On February 2, 2019, it was rated as the national advanced unit of grass-roots TCM work at the municipal level by the State Administration of traditional Chinese medicine.
Place name source
Taibaoshan, formerly known as Songshan. In 1524, when Yongchang County was set up, because its name was the same as that of Yongchang County in Gansu Province, "Baoshan" in Taibaoshan was borrowed as the county name. The name "Baoshan" began at this time.
History of construction
Baoshan is one of the earliest developed areas in Yunnan history. Historically, it is the hometown of Ailao ancient country. Mengzhang, the capital of Ailao king, is located in today's Baoshan Basin. Baoshan has a long history of division and management, which has lasted for more than 2000 years.
Since the second year of Yuanfeng (109 BC) in the Western Han Dynasty, Buwei county was set up, belonging to Yizhou County, which was the beginning of the establishment of Ailao Prefecture.
In the 12th year of Yongping (69th year) of the Eastern Han Dynasty, Ailao King Liu mangju was attached to the Eastern Han Dynasty, which was known as "Han de Guang, Fu bubin; Sui Ailao, Kai Yongchang". In the Eastern Han Dynasty, the king analyzed six counties, such as Buwei of Yizhou County, and established eight counties, including Ailao and Bonan, which were newly established in the hometown of Ailao state.
Yongchang County lasted for 488 years. It belonged to ningzhou from the Western Jin Dynasty to the southern and Northern Dynasties, and ended in the Southern Dynasty.
Baoshan belonged to Nanzhao state in Tang Dynasty, and Yongchang County was divided into three parts, including Zhenxi County, Kainan county and Yongchang County.
At the beginning of the Yuan Dynasty, there were 3000 households in Yongchang and 1000 households in Tengchong, which were under the jurisdiction of Dali. In 1274, 3000 households in Yongchang were changed into Yongchang Prefecture, and 1000 households in Tengchong into Tengyue Prefecture. In 1277 and 1278, Tengchong Prefecture and Yongchang prefecture were established. In the 22nd year of Zhiyuan (1285), Dali Duan's Jinchi (Zhenxi) town was incorporated into Dali Road, where Dali Jinchi and other Xuanwei departments were set up, and the hospital was moved to Yongchang, where Yongchang was called Jinchi.
In the Ming Dynasty, Jinchi military and civilian command department and Yongchang military and civilian office were successively set up. The name "Baoshan" was first used in 1524 when Baoshan county was established as "Fu Fu Fu Guo". Yongchang prefecture has jurisdiction over two counties, three prefectures, two pacification divisions and three chief lawsuits.
In the Qing Dynasty, there were Yongchang Prefecture, one territorial Prefecture, two departments, two counties, two prefectures, two chief executive departments, three appeasement departments, and five Xuanfu departments. It was the most complicated Prefecture with the largest number of prefectures and counties in the province. In July 1730, Yongchang Road was changed to Yixi road and moved to Dali city. In the 35th year of the reign of Emperor Qianlong (1770), the hall of the Dragon mausoleum was set up. In 1820, Tengyue Prefecture was changed into Zhili hall. It was the second Hall of Yongchang prefecture (Tengchong, Longling), the second county (Baoshan, Yongping), and the surrounding chieftains. In the autumn of 1903, Yixi road was moved to Tengyue.
In the second year of the Republic of China (1913), the government of the Republic of China implemented the three-level administrative system of province, road and county, abolished Yongchang Prefecture, and retained Baoshan County, which was subordinate to Dianxi road.
In the third year of the Republic of China (1914), the western Yunnan Road was changed to Tengyue Road, which governs Baoshan, Lincang, Lijiang, Dali, Dehong, Nujiang, Diqing, etc.
In 1930, Tengyue Road (formerly Dianxi Road) was abolished and the first frontier governor was set up, which governed 12 counties and 10 administrative regions in western Yunnan.
In the 22nd year of the Republic of China (1933), Fudong, Fuxi, Junyao, sanyuodi, duluwajia, Datianba iron factory, Tongchang, silakuan, guochanghe, zhuluwa and other places in the southeast of Baoshan were designated as new Changning County.
In 1938, the county level administrative region was under the jurisdiction of the Commissioner of administrative supervision sent by the provincial government. Today, Baoshan is under the jurisdiction of dianxidao (Tengyue Road), the first frontier governor and the Commissioner of administrative supervision sent by the provincial government.
In May 1942, because Tenglong and Tenglong were trapped in the Japanese invaders, the Tenglong border administrative supervision office was dissolved on its own; in July, the Sixth District Administrative Supervision Office of Yunnan Province was set up in Baoshan (the office was temporarily located in Kunming, and then moved to Baoshan).
In October 1944, the office of the Sixth District administrative inspector moved to Tengchong.
In 1947, the 12th district office of the Commissioner of administrative supervision was set up, which has jurisdiction over 4 counties and 7 administrative bureaus. The office is located in Tengchong (1948).
In 1950, Baoshan District was set up, with jurisdiction over Baoshan County, Changning County, Shuangjiang County, zhenkang County, Tengchong County, Longling County, Luxi County, Gengma Administrative Bureau, Lushui Administrative Bureau, Ruili Administrative Bureau, Longchuan Administrative Bureau, Lianshan Administrative Bureau, Yingjiang Administrative Bureau and Lianghe Administrative Bureau.
In 1956, Baoshan Prefecture was abolished, and Baoshan County, Changning County, Tengchong County and Longling County under its jurisdiction were included in Dehong Dai and Jingpo autonomous prefecture (formerly Dehong Tai autonomous prefecture)
Chinese PinYin : Yun Nan Sheng Bao Shan Shi
Baoshan City, Yunnan Province
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