[synonym] white lily (rihuazi materia medica), garlic brain potato (compendium).
[source] Liliaceae Lilium, Lilium tenuifolia, Lilium musk and the scale leaves of bulbs of many plants of the same genus.
[plant morphology] ① Lilium, also known as chongmai and Zhongting (Wupu materia medica), chongxiang, Moluo, qiangqu, zhongfenghua (bielu), qiangqiu (Tao Hongjing), Lilium and garlic (Yupian), nocturnal flowers (materia medica Chongyuan). The white lily.
Herbaceous perennial, 60-100cm high. Bulb globose, white, fleshy, apex often open like lotus, 3.5-5 cm long, 3-4 cm in diameter, with many fibrous roots below. Stem erect, cylindrical, often brownish purple spots. Leaves 4-5 rows alternate; sessile; leaf blade linear lanceolate to long elliptic lanceolate, 4.5-10 cm long, 8-20 mm wide, apex acuminate, base narrower, entire or microwave-shaped, veins 5, parallel. The flower is big, single on the top of stem, few more than one; the pedicel is long. 3-10 cm; perianth 6 pieces, milky white or light brown, obovate; stamen 6, anther linear, T-shaped; pistil 1, ovary cylindrical, 3-locular, many ovules in each locule, stigma expanded, shield shaped. Capsule oblong, locular dehiscent, green; seeds numerous. The flowering period is from June to August. The fruiting period is September.
It grows on the edge of forest or grass where the soil is deep and fertile. It is distributed throughout the country and cultivated in most areas.
The flowers (Baihe) and seeds (Lilium) of this plant are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
② Lilium Lilium, also known as: Lilium lineatum, lotus roll, umbrellas, scattered lotus umbrella
Herbaceous perennial, 20-60 cm high. Bulb broadly elliptic, 2.5-4 cm long, 1.5-3 cm in diameter. Stem thin, cylindrical, green. Leaves alternate in 3-5 rows, less and smaller to the top of stem; sessile; leaves narrow linear, 3-14 cm long, 1-3 mm wide, apex acute, base narrower. The flowers are solitary on the top of stem or in the axils of the leaves on the top of stem, forming racemes and drooping; the pedicel is thick and strong, about 6cm long; the perianth is 6 pieces, red, rolling outward; the stamen is 6 pieces, shorter than the perianth; the pistil is 1, the ovary is slender, the apex is flat, the style is slender, the apex is extended, and the stigma is shallow. Capsule elliptic, 2-3 cm long. The flowering period is from June to August. The fruit period is from August to September.
It grows under the hillside forest and among the mountain rocks. Distributed in Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Hebei, Henan, Shandong, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Inner Mongolia and other places.
③ Musk Lily (history of Runan garden), also known as rock lily, red rock lily.
Herbaceous perennial, about 50-100 cm high, bulb subglobose, about 5 cm in diameter. Stem erect, base pale red. Leaves lanceolate or narrowly oblong, 10-15 cm long, 5-15 mm wide, apex acuminate or acute. Flowers terminal, 2-3, plain or slightly bent down; trumpet shaped, pure white, base dyed green; perianth 6 pieces, obovate or oblanceolate, slightly curved above; stamen 6; pistil 1, style slender, upper curved, stigma capitate. Capsule oblong. It blooms in early summer.
Cultivated or wild. Distributed in Guizhou, Guangdong and other places.
Plants of the same genus, such as: Lilium lancifolium (compendium) (northeast), Lilium lancifolium (dietotherapy materia medica) (see "Lilium lancifolium" for details), Lilium lancifolium (investigation of plant names and facts) (Yunnan), Lilium songye, wodan (Huajing), saiwodan (northeast), Lilium lunye, Lilium lancifolium (northwest and southwest), Lilium indicum (Xinjiang), can be used as medicine.
[collection] in autumn and winter, the above ground parts are removed, the soil is cleaned, the scales are peeled off, the scales are fished with boiling water or slightly steamed, and then baked or dried in the sun.
[herbal medicine] the dried scaly leaves are oblong, lanceolate or triangular in shape, about 2-4cm long and 0.5-1.5cm wide. They are fleshy, thick in the center, wavy at the edge, or curled inward. The surface is milky white or light yellowish brown, smooth, delicate and slightly glossy. There are several parallel longitudinal white vascular bundles in the valve. It is hard and slightly brittle, with flat fracture surface and yellowish white wax like appearance. The taste is slightly bitter. It is better to have uniform flap, thick meat, yellow and white color, strong quality and few tendons.
There are two kinds of medicinal Lily: domestic and wild. The scales of domestic Lily are broad and thin, and the taste is not very bitter. The scales of Wild Lily are small and thick, and the taste is bitter.
[chemical constituents] the bulb of Lily contains colchicine and other alkaloids, starch, protein, fat and so on. There are many kinds of carotenes in the anthers of Lilium lancifolium, most of which are CIS anther xanthates, accounting for 91.7-94%. The anther of Lilium lancifolium contained 2.68% water, 4.17% ash, 21.29% protein, 12.43% fat, 3.61% starch, 11.47% sugar and 11.47% vitamin B1_ 443 μ g%, B2_ 1829 μ g%, pantothenic acid 306 μ g%, vitamin C 21.2 mg%, and contain β - carotene.
[pharmacological action] Baihe decoction has antitussive effect on cough induced by ammonia water in mice. Lung perfusion in mice increases the flow rate, and can resist toad asthma induced by histamine.
[processing] Lily: remove impurities, black petals, dust and dust. Honey Lily: take the lily, add refined honey (Lily 100 Jin with refined honey 6 Jin 4 liang) and boiling water. Mix well, slightly stuffy, put in a pot, stir fry gently until it is yellow and does not touch hands. Take out and let cool.
"Pinhuijingyao": "lily, steamed. "
[flavor] sweet, slightly bitter, flat.
① Ben Jing: "it tastes sweet and flat. "
② Bielu: "non toxic. "
③ "Save famine Materia Medica": "taste sweet and pungent, flat. "
④ "Changsha medicine solution": "taste sweet, slightly bitter, slightly cold. "
[meridian tropism] entering heart and lung meridians.
① "Lei Gong processed medicine solution": into the heart and lung, large, small intestine four channels. "
② "Ben Cao Hui Yan": "enter hand and foot Taiyin, hand and foot Jueyin, hand and Foot Yangming Sutra. "
③ "Medicine Huayi": entering the lung, heart and gallbladder. "
[function indications] moisten the lung, relieve cough, clear the heart and calm the nerves. It takes a long time to cough the lung, cough phlegm and blood; after fever, the waste heat comes to clear, the deficiency is irritated, the palpitation is in a trance, and the beriberi is swollen. (1) Runfei Zhike: used for cough and hemoptysis of lung dryness or yin deficiency, often with Chuanbei. (2) Qingxinanshen: for heat after sexually transmitted diseases, heat is not clear, empty trouble does not sleep, trance, often with rehmannia.
① Ben Jing: "the main evil is abdominal distension and heartache. Benefit defecation, invigorate the middle and replenish qi. "
② Bielu: "in addition to swelling, distension, fullness, cold and heat, pain, and breast difficulty. Throat obstruction, stop tears. "
③ "On medicinal properties": "in addition to the heart under urgent, full, pain, treatment of beriberi, heat cough adverse. "
④ "Dietotherapy Materia Medica": "the main heart is yellow. "
⑤ "Rihuazi Materia Medica" says: "peace of mind, set courage, benefit ambition, raise five zang organs. It can cure epilepsy, crying, screaming, palpitation, killing poisonous gas, breast carbuncle, hair back and other sores, and cure postpartum blood circulation. "
⑥ Ben Cao Yan Yi: "treat Lily disease after typhoid fever. "
⑦ "In addition to the epidemic disease, cough and adverse reactions," said the book of Materia Medica. "
⑧ "Introduction to medicine": "treatment of lung flaccidity, lung carbuncle. "
⑨ "Clearing phlegm and fire, tonifying deficiency and damage. "
⑩ "Commonly used Chinese herbal medicine in Shanghai": "it is used to treat cough due to lung heat, dry cough for a long time, deficiency heat after fever, and restlessness. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 0.3-1 Liang; steamed food or porridge food. External use: tamping.
[should avoid] wind cold phlegm cough, cold and slippery avoid taking.
① "Ben Jing Feng Yuan" says: "if the middle Qi is deficient and cold, it is forbidden to let it slide. "
② "Ben Cao Qiu Zhen" says, "it's not suitable to use it suddenly when you cough for the first time. "
[storage] store in a well ventilated and dry place.
(1) to treat cough or phlegm with blood: Tussilago farfara, Lilium (baked, steamed), etc. On the fine powder, refining honey for the ball, such as longan big. Take each pill. After eating, lie down and chew it carefully. Swallow it with ginger soup. It's better to hold it. (jishengfang Baihua ointment)
② Treatment of bronchiectasis, hemoptysis: Lily two liang, white and four Liang, clam powder two liang, one or two hundred. The total is fine powder, refining honey for pills, each heavy two money, each time a pill, three times a day. (Xinjiang Chinese herbal medicine manual)
③ Cure lung disease hematemesis: new lily pound juice, and water ridge, also can cook. (Yi Jian Fang for health)
④ For the treatment of chest and lung heat, cough, sore throat, hemoptysis, chilly, hand and thumb along the white meat border, shoulder and back to the chest like a fire: cooked land, raw land, Guishen each three money, white peony, licorice each one money, Platycodon grandiflorum, Yuanshen preparation eight points, Fritillaria, Ophiopogon japonicus, Lily each half money. Such as cough, the first two days, add Schisandra 20 tablets. (Baihe Gujin Tang in shenzhai Yishu)
⑤ Treatment of lung dampness: new lily four Liang, with honey half fold, mix lily, steaming soft, always contain such as jujube big, pharyngeal fluid. (Sheng Hui Fang)
⑥ Cure Lily disease sweating latter: Lily seven (break), Anemarrhena three Liang (cut). First, wash the lily with water and soak it for one night. When the white foam comes out, remove the water and use two liters of spring water to decoct one liter and remove the dregs. Don't use two liters of spring water to decoct Anemarrhena asphodeloides. After removing the dregs, combine and decoct one liter and five combinations. Take it at different temperatures. (Baihe Zhimu Decoction)
⑦ After the treatment of Lily disease vomiting: seven lilies (brags), one chicken yellow. First, wash the lily with water and soak it for one night. When the white foam comes out, remove the water and add two liters of spring water. Decoct - liter, remove the dregs and add chicken yolk. Stir well, decoct for five minutes and take it warm. Lily and chicken soup
⑧ After the treatment of Lily disease: seven lilies (broken), three taels of talc (broken, soft wrapped), and one ochre as big as a pellet (broken, soft wrapped). First, wash the lily with water and soak it for one night. When the white foam comes out, remove the water. Then, use two liters of spring water to decoct and remove the dregs. Don't use two liters of spring water to decoct talc and ochre. After removing the dregs, combine and re decoct. Take five liters of spring water and separate warm clothes. (talc for ochre)
Chinese PinYin : Bai He
Xanthium sibiricum root. Cang Er Gen
Alum. Bai Fan
Lark. Bai Ling Cao
Legume grass. Hu Dou Cao
Panax notoginseng. Huang San Qi
keel. Long Gu
Longliye. Long Li Ye
Hemp leaf. Ma Ye
Green cotton vine root. Qing Mian Hua Teng Gen
Cymbidium perfoliatum. Quan Ye Qing Lan
Licorice. Ye Gan Cao
Pheasant feast. Zhi Zi Yan