(collection of compendium)
Another name is xuefengteng.
[source] it is the stem of leguminous plants, such as Phaseolus vulgaris, Lepidoptera fortunei, Phaseolus xianghuaensis or Phaseolus luminiferus.
[plant morphology] 1. Dense flower bean, also known as Spatholobus Trifolium.
Climbing shrubs. Stem glabrous. Leaflets 3, broadly elliptic, 12-20 cm long, 7-15 cm wide, apex acute, base rounded or subcordate, sparsely covered with short bristles above, sparsely covered with short bristles below along veins, and bearded between vein axils. Flowers numerous, arranged in large panicles; flowers ca. 10 mm long; calyx tubular, both sides covered with white bristles, calyx teeth 5, triangular, upper 2 teeth nearly connate; corolla butterfly, white; anthers 2-type, 5 large, 5 slightly small; ovary densely covered with white bristles. The pods are knife-shaped, 8-10.5 cm long and 2.5-3 cm wide, tomentose, reticulate, thickened along the abdominal suture, with only one seed at the top.
Growing in forests or shrubs. Distributed in Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan and other places.
② Caulis Cynanchi
Liana. The leaves are pinnate. Narrow leaflets 3, leathery, oblong elliptic to ovate elliptic, 8-16 cm long, 2.5-7.5 cm wide, apex acuminate, base broadly cuneate, glabrous or sparsely hairy on both sides. Lateral leaflets smaller, base oblique; petioles glabrous, petioles sparsely hirsute; stipules ovate, caducous. Raceme axillary, 30-38 cm long, with 20-30 flowers; calyx campanulate, calyx teeth 5, upper 2 teeth united, with sparse brown long bristles; corolla butterfly shaped. It is grayish white, 7.5-8.5 cm long, with broad oval flag petal, about 1 / 2 of keel petal; stamens in two groups of 9 + 1, anther type 2; ovary densely rusty pubescent, style filiform. The pods are woody, long rectangular, 22-40 cm long and about 3 cm wide, covered with brown pubescence, narrow wings on both sides, and tight between seeds. There are more than 10 kidney shaped black seeds. The flowering and fruiting period is from April to September.
Distributed in Guangdong, Guangxi and other places.
③ Xianghuayandouteng, also known as: shanjixueteng, guanchangxueteng, Kuteng, zhupoteng, dahuoxue, guoshanlong, yenaidou.
Climbing shrubs. Young branches and inflorescences covered with golden tomentose. Pinnate compound leaves alternate, leaflets 5, narrowly elliptic, or lanceolate, 5-15 cm long, 2.5-5 cm wide, apex obtuse, base cuneate, below sparsely short hairy or glabrous; stipules conical. Panicle terminal, 15 cm long. Calyx campanulate, dense rusty hairs; flower butterfly shaped, purple, 1.2-2 cm long; petal elliptic, base with short claws, outside white, densely covered with rusty filamentous hairs; stamens in two groups of 9 + 1; ovary of pistil densely covered with long villi. Pods strip-shaped, 7-12 cm long, 2 cm wide, nearly woody, densely covered with yellowish brown tomentose. Seeds oblong oblong. It blooms in summer. The fruit period is autumn.
It grows in the shrub on the hillside. Distributed in Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Hubei, Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou and other places.
The root of this plant (Sophora tonkinensis) is also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
④ It is also known as sanguineus, sanguineus and sanguineus.
Climbing shrubs. The morphology is similar to that of the above species, with flat filiform hairs on the young branches and later becoming smooth. Leaflets lanceolate or ovate, 5-8 cm long, bright on both sides. Panicle terminal, 6-10 cm long; flower about 2 cm long; calyx campanulate, dense sericeous; corolla purple, petal outside white, sericeous, base with two callosum like appendages. The pods are oblong, 10-14 cm long, villous, with 4-5 seeds
By the stream, in the valley, under the forest. It is distributed in Guangdong and Guangxi.
[collection] it can be harvested throughout the year, or from September to October, cut into a section about 40 cm long and dried in the sun.
[medicinal materials] 1. The vine stem of pachyrhiza mihuadou is flat cylindrical, slightly curved, and 2-7 cm in diameter. The surface is grayish brown, the place where the embolus falls off is reddish brown, with obvious longitudinal groove and small punctate lenticels. In the transverse section, there are small pith, leaning to one side. The xylem is light red, and the vessels are arranged irregularly in the shape of holes. There are resin like secretions in the phloem, which are reddish brown or dark brown. They are arranged alternately in eccentric semicircular rings. It is hard to break, and the fracture surface is irregular. It is weak in Qi and astringent in taste.
Produced in Guangxi.
② The dry stem of the rattan is flat cylindrical, slightly curved, about 40 cm long, 4.5 cm long and 3 cm short. The surface is grayish brown, the exfoliated part of the embolus is reddish brown, with obvious longitudinal groove and transverse lenticels, and the nodes are slightly raised, sometimes with branching marks. There are eccentric pith in the center of cross section (centrality is very rare), the xylem is reddish brown, the phloem is reddish brown to brownish black ring, and the outside of phloem is a concentric half ring arranged alternately between xylem and phloem. When it is fresh, there is bright red juice flowing out of the brown ring like chicken blood. After the liquid is dried, it coagulates into bright black colloidal filaments. It is hard in quality and cracked when broken. It is weak in Qi and astringent in taste. It is better to have uniform strip, reddish brown layer and exudate.
It is mainly produced in Guangxi.
③ The dried stem of Gymnema odoratum, also known as' Fengcheng Spatholobus'. It is cylindrical with grayish brown surface and longitudinal lines. The cuticle of the cross section accounts for 1 / 4 of the radius, densely covered with reddish brown colloidal spots, gradually sparse outward, the xylem is yellow, and the vessels are in the shape of pores. Solid quality. It is slightly bitter and astringent. It is better to have gray brown outer skin, light yellow inner color and five layer circle.
Produced in Jiangxi, Fujian, Yunnan, Sichuan and other places.
④ The dry stems of limonella luminifera are similar to those of the above species.
It is produced in Guangxi.
In addition to the above-mentioned varieties, there are also the following kinds of Caulis Spatholobi
① The stem of Caulis Sargentodoxa of akebiaceae is widely used in Henan, Fujian and Guangdong. See "Caulis Spatholobi".
② The vine stem of the leguminous plant Eupatorium. Its surface is grayish brown, rough, with longitudinal grooves, transverse ring lines, warty raised lenticels, and warty raised lateral branches. On the transverse section, the skin is thin, the phloem has resin like secretion, which is brown, the essence is grayish yellow, the duct is porous, and the radioactivity is arranged in order. The phloem and xylem are arranged alternately in concentric rings, the pith is small, and the rays are dense and radial. It is hard to break and its breaking surface is fibrous. Weak Qi, astringent and slightly sweet taste. Produced in Fujian. See "niumatong".
③ The stem of Spatholobus KUNMINGENSIS, a leguminous plant, is produced in Guangdong, Guangxi, Gansu and other places. See the article "Kunming Spatholobus".
[chemical constituents] spatholol was found in the stem of Spatholobus xianghuaensis.
[pharmacological effects] 1. Fengcheng jixueteng tincture (40%, 0.5 ml / 100 g) has a significant effect on formaldehyde induced arthritis in rats. When the decoction or tincture is injected intravenously, equivalent to crude drug 0.01-0.4 g / kg, it has no significant effect on respiration, blood pressure and lower limb vascular perfusion in anesthetized dogs. Intraperitoneal injection of tincture (10 ml / kg) had sedative and hypnotic effects in rats. The dog died of poisoning after intravenous injection of 4.25 g / kg of crude drug. By measuring the "relative specific radioactivity" of total P32 in tissues of mice after injection of P32, it was observed that the decoction of Caulis Spatholobi (not specified in the variety) could promote the metabolism of total phosphorus in kidney and uterus of mice. It was considered that Caulis Spatholobi could enhance the energy metabolism of kidney and uterus of mice And anabolism. In addition, it can promote the excretion of water and chloride in mice.
② The results showed that the decoction of dried root of Sophora alopecuroides could inhibit the heart of toad in vitro and in vivo, reduce the blood pressure of anesthetized rabbits and dogs, but contract the blood vessels of toad and rabbit ears in vitro.
[processing] moisten with water, slice, or steam to soften, then slice with heat, and dry in the sun.
[flavor] bitter and sweet, warm.
① "Yinpianxinshen": bitter and astringent, fragrant and slightly sweet. "
② Ben Cao Zheng Yi: "Wen. "
③ Jiangxi Chinese herbal medicine: "bitter, warm and slightly sweet. "
[Guijing] Bencao Zaixin: "entering the heart and spleen meridians. "
Functions and indications: promoting blood circulation and relaxing tendons. The treatment of lumbago, numbness, paralysis, irregular menstruation.
① "Gangmu Shiyi": "activating blood circulation, warming waist and knees, has wind paralysis. "
② "New Materia Medica": "Buzhong zaowei. "
③ New ginseng of Yinpian: "removing blood stasis, generating new blood, fluencing meridians. Treatment of heat Sha, wind and blood Bi syndrome. "
④ Modern practical Chinese medicine: "it is a strong blood tonic, suitable for anaemic paralysis, such as limb and waist pain, numbness, etc. Also used for irregular menstruation, menstruation stop, etc., has the effect of promoting blood circulation and analgesia. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 3-5 yuan (1 Liang large dose); or soak in wine.
[selection of prescription] to treat leukemia caused by radiation: Caulis Spatholobi. Long term decocting. (Jiangxi Chinese herbal medicine)
[clinical application] treatment of amenorrhea
Jixueteng syrup (10-30 ml) was taken three times a day for 1-4 weeks. 190 cases were treated and 65 cases were effective in the near future. Generally, the menstruation should be unblocked 7-20 days after taking the medicine.
Chinese PinYin : Ji Xue Teng
Sea Sands. Hai Jin Sha
silver pheasant. Bai Xian
Tooth edge drilling wind. Chi Yuan Zuan Di Feng
Smelly elixir. Chou Ling Dan
Ginseng. E Can
Phellodendron amurense. Huang Bai
Horseshoe leaf. Ma Ti Ye
Sunflower seed. Shu Kui Zi
Sweet potato. Shu Liang
Boar fat. Ye Zhu Zhi
Pig blood. Zhu Xue