(rihuazi materia medica)
[synonym] Pinpu Mupi (materia medica Collection), palm hair (Puji Fang), palm skin (materia medica Qiuyuan).
[source] it is the leaf sheath fiber of palm.
[plant morphology] palm, also known as palm (Shanhaijing), palm (Yangfu's foreign body records), palm tree, Centella, dinghaizhen.
Evergreen trees, up to 15 m high. Rod cylindrical, unbranched. The leaves are round fan-shaped, leathery, about 70 cm long, folded, palmate when developing, and deeply split above the middle of the leaves. The lobes have main veins, the apex is 2-pointed, and both sides are smooth and glabrous. The petioles are more than 1 meter long, hard, flat on the top, convex on the bottom, prismatic, or sometimes convex on both sides, with spines on both sides. The petioles are divided into brown sheaths at the base of the petioles The leaf sheath falls off and leaves a ring-shaped section on the stem. The inflorescence is short, drawn from the leaf cluster, with many large sheath like bracts at the lower part; the flowers are small, many, pale yellow, unisexual, dioecious; the perianth is 6 pieces, ovate, arranged into 2 rings, the outer ring is smaller than the inner ring, tweezers; the stamen is 6, the anther is dorsal, the filament is very short; the ovary is superior, the pistil is 3, the base is united, 1-locular, and the ovule is 1. Drupe globose or subreniform, 7-9 mm in diam., shortly stipitate, often with persistent perianth segments. Seeds 1, oblate or reniform, dark gray or light black. The flowering period is from April to May. The fruit period is from November to December.
Cultivated in the village, streams, fields, hills or mountains. It is distributed in Henan, Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Taiwan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Jiangxi, Hunan, Hubei, Guizhou, Yunnan, Gansu, etc.
The root (palm root), heartwood (palm heart), leaf (palm leaf), flower (palm flower) and fruit (palm seed) of this plant are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] it can be harvested throughout the year, generally more than in September to October. The fibrous sheath pieces stripped off can be harvested to remove the residual skin and dried in the sun.
[medicinal material] the name of Chen Jiu is "Chen zongpi". There are some petioles or waste palm ropes in the commodity. It is called "Brown bone" to cut off the fiber outside the petiole and dry it in the sun; the waste Brown rope is mostly taken from the old brown bed, which is called "old brown".
① Tangerine peel
They are thick and long fibers, in bundles or sheets, 20-40 cm long and of different sizes. It is brown, tough and not easy to tear off. There is no breath, and the taste is light. It is better to have no coarse skin, impurities and aging.
② Brown bone
Also known as: Brown board. It is long strip, different in length, reddish brown, the base is wide and flat, or slightly inward curved, upward is gradually narrow and thick, the back is raised in the center, forming a triangle, the back is flat on both sides, with thick reddish brown Tricholoma, the abdomen is flat, or slightly inward concave, with left and right cross texture. After tearing off the epidermis, tough fibers can be seen. It is tough and cannot be broken. There is no breath, and the taste is light. It is better to be reddish brown, large, thick and aged.
③ Chen Zong
It is a broken network. Dark brown, rough. It is tough and not easy to break. The air is weak and the taste is light. Dark black and impurity free is preferred.
Produced in Jiangxi, Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang, Fujian, Taiwan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Hubei, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan and other places. In South China and southwest China, brown skin is commonly used; in North China, northeast and Northwest China, brown bone is commonly used; in East China, brown skin is commonly used.
[chemical composition] brown hair, leaves and flowers are rich in tannins.
[processing] palm charcoal: take out the palm skin, put it in the pot, cover a pot with a smaller diameter, paste a piece of white paper on the pot, seal the joint of the two pots with yellow mud, calcine it with low heat until the white paper is burnt yellow, and take it out after cold.
[flavor] bitter and astringent, flat.
① "Materia medica: bitter taste, flat, non-toxic. "
② Haiyao materia medica: "pingwen. "
[Guijing] yaoyaofenji: "entering the liver and spleen meridians. "
[function indications] astringency and hemostasis. It is used to treat hematemesis, hematemesis, hematochezia, hemogonorrhea, hematuria, dysentery, HAEMORRHEA, leucorrhea, golden sores and scabies.
① "Ben Ge Shi Yi": "burning as ash, the main bleeding hemostasis. "
② "Haiyao Materia Medica": "it can be used to control scabies, promote muscle growth and stop bleeding, and burn ashes. "
③ "Rihuazi Materia Medica": "it can stop the nose flood, hematemesis, break through the hundred, and treat the middle and lower part of collapse, intestinal wind, red and white dysentery. It can be used as medicine to burn ashes. "
④ "The essence of materia medica:" burning to black ash, stop women's blood dew and hematemesis, still with other drugs. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: Jiantang, 3-5 yuan; Yanmo, 1-2 yuan. External use: grind and sprinkle.
[taboo] "Ben Cao Jing Shu" says: "if you have to vomit blood and stagnate, you can move; if you have to collapse, you can't get rid of evil mould; if you have to be damp and hot, you can't use it quickly. It is also invalid. "
[prescription selection] 1. To treat nosebleed: palm ash, blow it from left to right. (on simple formulas)
② For a long time, the treatment of epistaxis is more than: palm, thorn thistle, birch skin, keel, etc. For the fine end, each take two money, rice drink adjustment. (Jifeng Puji Fang palm powder)
③ In the treatment of women's collapse, the number of lower blood rises, and the desire for Qi declines: three liang of brown tung tree (burnt ash), one or two of purple ginseng, one coin of musk (careful study), two liang of fulonggan (careful study). Apply the medicine and pound the fine Luo powder. Add the musk and make it even. Regardless of the time, mix two coins with hot wine. (shenghuifang palm powder)
④ Treatment of blood avalanche: palm skin (burning, fine research such as powder) one money, oyster (fire calcination, research such as powder) five points. Add a little musk, mix well, and adjust the hollow rice drink. (Bai Yi Xuan Fang)
⑤ Treatment of blood avalanche more than: palm skin burning, for the bundle, hollow thin wine take three money. (women's prescription)
⑥ To cure women's menstrual bleeding: palm skin (burnt ash), cypress leaf (baked) each one or two. The first two flavors are mashed into powder, and the second is mixed with wine
⑦ Treatment of red leucorrhea, metrorrhagia, fetal cold for a long time, abdominal pain: brown hair (burning), pollen Typhae (fried) each equal. Three yuan for each. Good wine tune, hollow food before the day into two services. (PU Ji Fang Zong Mao SAN)
⑧ Pregnancy, fetal movement, more than blood, abdominal pain: palm skin (burned), silkworm sand (fried) each one or two, donkey hide gelatin (fried) three. The three ingredients are daoluo powder. Take two daggers each, and adjust the wine. (Tan Hui San, Shengji Zonglu)
⑨ Treatment of intestinal wind diarrhea blood: palm ash two liang, ripe wormwood (rammed) one or two. Two pieces of cooked chicken are used in shangermi, and the research institute is the same. Don't cook aconite, remove skin and navel, and take it as powder. Take one cup of water for each serving, and one coin of aconite powder. Decoct and apply it, boil and warm it. Adjust the two coin dagger of premedication, and take it before hollow food. (Zong AI San, Shengji Zonglu)
⑩ Water valley dysentery: palm skin, burning research, water clothing square inch dagger. (Jin Xiao Fang)
(11) treatment of blood drenching: palm skin, half baked and half fried. It's very effective to take two yuan per serving. (health home formula)
(12) the treatment of urination: palm tree fur, burning ash to keep nature, water and wine to transfer two money. (the wonderful recipe for life)
Treatment of hypertension: fresh palm skin six money, fresh sunflower disk two Liang. Take it in water, one dose a day. (Jiangxi herbal medicine)
[discussion by famous experts] ① in the compendium of Medical Sciences, it is said that "the brown and gray astringency can be removed if the blood loss is excessive and the blood stasis is exhausted. It's better to use it with random hair. It's better to use it as medicine. "
② "Seeking the source of Materia Medica": "brown skin, can induce blood to channel, stop up and down blood loss, stop down blood is particularly good. Not only the astringent nature can also be taken off. With the hair gray, Platycladus orientalis, Selaginella gray rice pills or decoctions, stop the distant blood. It stops bleeding. It doesn't burn ash, but it stops when the blood is black. I've been used to it for a long time. "
Chinese PinYin : Zong Lv Pi
Release Time:2022-01-27 04:07:26
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