[synonyms] Lu Chang (Ben Jing), Lu Shou, Ma Cao, Ze Bai (BIE Lu), Lu Jiang (on medicinal properties), suaiyi (rihuazi materia medica), Kucai, kutiao (compendium), yekucai (textual research on plant names and facts), kuzhucai (Jiangxi traditional Chinese Medicine), kuzhaigong (Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals), Douchi grass, Douzha grass (Chongqing herbal medicine), baikuda, kuju (Mindong materia medica) 》)。
[source] Patrinia villosa, Patrinia villosa or its related plants.
[plant morphology] 1. Patrinia villosa, also known as rouge ma.
Perennial herbs, 50-100 cm high. The rhizome is horizontal or oblique, with special odor, such as rotten sauce smell. Stem erect, with inverted White coarse hairs, upper part slightly branched. Leaves opposite; ovate, 3-10 cm long, 1.5-5 cm wide, margin coarsely serrated, or 3-lobed, basal lobes very small, both sides with coarse hairs, apex sharp, base narrow; lower leaves with winged petiole, upper leaves nearly sessile. Cyme many branch, take shape of corymbose panicle; corolla 5 crack, white, tube ministry is short, without distance; stamen 4; ovary inferior, 3 rooms, stigma head shape. The fruit is obovate, about 2 mm long, with round wings formed by a bract on the back, about 5 mm long and 5 mm wide. The flowering period is September.
It grows on hillside, grassland and roadside. It is distributed in most parts of the country.
② Patrinia villosa, also known as: yellow flower Longya, wild yellow flower, wild celery, Chinese cabbage, yellow flower grass, chicken sausage grass.
Perennial herbs. The shape is similar to that of the upper species, but the root leaves are ovate lanceolate with long stalks; the stem leaves are short stalked or nearly sessile, the leaves are pinnately divided, the upper leaves are larger, lobes 5-11, lanceolate, apex acuminate, acute, margin irregularly serrate, both sides glabrous or covered with white setae. The flowers are yellow. Fruit elliptic, 2.5-3.5 mm long, 1.7-2.2 mm wide, without pterygoid bracts. The flowering period is from July to September.
It grows on hillside grassland. It is distributed in most parts of the country.
The flower branch of this plant is also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] generally, it is harvested in summer, and the whole plant is pulled up to remove sediment and then dried in the sun.
[medicinal material] the dried whole plant of Patrinia villosa is different in length; the rhizome is nodal and has fine whisker like roots. Stem cylindrical, yellowish brown or yellowish green, longitudinally textured, coarsely hairy. It is brittle, easy to break, hollow and white in cross section. Most of the leaves are shrunk, broken or fallen off. The whole plant has stale bean paste flavor and bitter taste. It is better to be dry, with many leaves, dense air and no sediment weeds.
Produced in Sichuan, Jiangxi, Fujian and other places.
According to the records of Materia Medica, Patrinia villosa should be the patriniaceae plants mentioned above, but except for Sichuan, Jiangxi, Anhui, Fujian and other places, it is customary in most areas to use the whole grass with roots of endive (Compositae) and the whole grass with fruits of Xushen (Cruciferae) as Patrinia villosa. The former is used in the north; the latter is used in the south. See "Sonchus Sonchus" and "Xi Shen".
[chemical constituents] Patrinia villosa contains volatile oil and black mustard glucoside in dried fruit branches. The roots and rhizomes contain Lonicera japonica Thunb, muscovigenin and Patrinia villosa Thunb.
The root and rhizome of Patrinia villosa contain oleanolic acid, Ivy sapogenin, β - sitosterol - β - D-glucoside. The known structures of various saponins are Patrinia villosa saponins C, D, C1, D1, Patrinia villosa saponins a, B, C, D, e, F, G. The content of volatile oil and alkaloid in the root was 8%. Tannin, starch.
Bitter and smooth.
① Ben Jing: "it tastes bitter and flat. "
② Bielu: "salty, slightly cold, nontoxic. "
③ "On medicinal properties": "taste hard, slightly cold. "
④ "The compendium of works" says: "a little bitterness brings sweetness. "
[channel tropism] into liver, stomach and large intestine.
① "Tang Ye Ben Cao": "enter the foot Shaoyin and hand Jueyin meridians. "
② The compendium of Chinese medicine: "hands and feet are Yangming and Jueyin. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat and toxin, expelling pus and breaking blood stasis. Treatment of intestinal carbuncle, dysentery, red leucorrhea, postpartum stasis abdominal pain, eye red swelling pain, carbuncle swelling scabies.
① "Ben Jing" says: "it is mainly characterized by heat ulcer, red Qi, scabies, pruritus, gangrene and hemorrhoids, and saddle heat. "
② Bielu: "in addition to carbuncle swelling, edema, heat, insufficient wind arthralgia, postpartum pain. "
③ "Treatise on medicinal properties": "it can cure the stubborn Bi of toxic wind, mainly break the blood stasis for many years, and can turn purulence into water. And postpartum diseases. Stop abdominal pain, rash and thirst. "
④ Rihuazi materia medica: "it is used to treat red eye, barrier membrane, pterygium, ear, blood gas, heart and abdominal pain, broken knots, diseases before and after childbirth, birth, cell loss, blood circulation, pus discharge, fistula filling, nose flood and hematemesis. Under the red and white belt. Scarring, scabies, erysipelas. "
⑤ Modern Practical Traditional Chinese medicine: "treating enteritis and dysentery. "
Usage: fresh Decoction and decoction (2-5). External use: tamping.
[taboo] "Ben Cao Hui Yan" says: "for a long time, the deficiency of stomach is weak, diarrhea is not eating, and for all diseases of deficiency cold, salt is taboo. "
[prescription selection] ① for the treatment of intestinal carbuncle, the body nail is wrong, the abdominal skin is urgent, and it is like swelling. There is no accumulation in the abdomen, no heat in the body, and the number of pulse. This is carbuncle pus in the intestine: coix seed is ten, aconite is two, Patrinia sauce is five. On the three flavors, pestle for the end, take the square inch dagger, two liters of water, fried half, Dunfu, urinate. (Yiyi Fuzi Baijiang powder in Synopsis of the Golden Chamber)
② After treatment of lochia for seven or eight days, there were six points for Patrinia sauce and Angelica sinensis, eight points for Dipsacus asperata and Paeonia lactiflora, four points for xiongpi and Zhuru, and twelve points for raw Rehmannia (stir fried). Water two liters, boil eight, hollow clothing. (waitai)
③ For postpartum low back pain, Qi and blood flow into the waist and legs, and the pain can not be reversed: eight points for Patrinia sauce and Angelica sinensis, six points for xiongyao, Shaoyao and Guixin. Two liters of water, boiled eight, divided into two service. Avoid scallion. (Guangji Fang)
④ Treatment of postpartum abdominal pain, such as cone Thorn: Patrinia five Liang, four liters of water, boil two liters, each take two, three times a day. (Yi Jian Fang for health)
⑤ Treatment of red eye, barrier pain and pterygium: a grasp of Patrinia, Schizonepeta tenuifolia, Cassia obtusifolia, equisetaria each two money, Tribulus terrestris one money five. Take it in water. (shuohuzhai provincial medical language)
⑥ Treatment of carbuncle swelling poison, whether it has ulcerated or not: fresh Patrinia four Liang, sweet potato wine four Liang. Take the right amount of boiling water and make it stewed. Mash the dregs and apply honey to the affected area.
⑦ Treatment of hematemesis: Decoction of Patrinia villosa.
⑧ Cure red white dysentery: fresh Patrinia two liang, rock sugar five money. Stew in boiling water.
⑨ Snake bite treatment: Patrinia villosa half a Jin, fried soup meal service. Use fresh Patrinia villosa pestle for external application. (6) the herbal medicine of Mindong is published below the prescription.)
[clinical application] treatment of mumps
Take a proper amount of fresh leaves of Patrinia villosa sauce, add 0.5-1 liang of gypsum to mash, mix well with 1 duck egg white, apply it to the swelling and pain area, and remove it after 24 hours. If it is serious, it should be applied twice. Patients with complications should take 20-50% Patrinia villosa Decoction 3-4 times a day, 20-30 ml each time, or as tea. More than 200 cases were treated, 90% of the cases disappeared within 24 hours after local application, and the general symptoms of severe patients (including those with orchitis complications) disappeared after the second application. In addition, this product also has effect on furuncle, carbuncle, mastitis, lymphangitis, etc.
[famous treatise] 1. In the compendium of Chinese medicine: "Patrinia sauce is good at expelling pus and breaking blood, so it is used by Zhong Jing in the treatment of carbuncle and in the ancient gynecology. It's easy to get, but later generations don't know how to use it. "
② "The justice of Materia Medica" says: "this herb is stale, so it is named after Patrinia. It can clear away heat, eliminate swelling, break blood stasis and discharge pus. Only suitable for the body of solid heat. None of the books in Ben Jing, BIE Lu, theory of medicinal properties, and RI Hua Zi is the syndrome of excess heat and stasis. But postpartum pain should be caused by blood stasis. However, bielu, quoted by Linhu, actually refers to postpartum pain; and Daming Materia Medica, which refers to postpartum diseases, has a lot of disadvantages. "
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