[synonyms] sannaizi (haihaifang), sanlai (pinhuijingyao), Sannai, shanla (Gangmu), Santang (Nanyue notes), Shajiang (Lingnan caiyaolu).
[source] rhizome of Kaempferia kaempferi.
[plant morphology] Kaempferia kaempferi
Perennial perennial herbs. Massive rhizome, single or several connected, light green or green white, fragrant; thick root. No aerial stem. Leaves 2, almost sessile, lying flat on the ground; round or broadly ovate, 8-15 cm long, 5-12 cm wide, apex acute or nearly obtuse. Base broadly cuneate or round, thin, green, sometimes with purple color on leaf margin and tip; veins 10-12; petiole extending into sheath, 1-5 cm long. Spike is born from leaf sheath, with 4-12 fragrant flowers; bracts lanceolate, green, about 2.5cm long, calyx as long as bracts; corolla tube slender, 2.5-3cm long; corolla lobes narrowly lanceolate, white, 1.2-1.5cm long; labellum broad, about 2.5cm in diameter, deeply split in the middle, 2 lobes with white concave tips and purplish red throat; lateral staminodes petaloid , obovate, white, ca. 1.2 cm long; connective broad, apex connected with square corolla tube; ovary inferior, 3-locular, style slender, base with two slender rod-shaped appendages, stigma discoid, ciliate. The fruit is capsule. The flowering period is from August to September.
Cultivated in Taiwan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan and other places.
[collection] from December to march of the next year, when the aboveground stems withered, the biennial rhizomes were dug, the soil was washed away and cut into pieces. After fumigating with sulfur for 1 day, lay it on the bamboo mat and dry it. Do not fire, or become black, lack of aroma.
[medicinal materials] the dried rhizomes are round or nearly round thick slices, 1.5-2 cm in diameter and 2-6 mm in thickness. The skin is reddish brown, wrinkled, sometimes with root marks, scaly leaves and ring marks. The cross section is grayish white, rich in powder, smooth and delicate, slightly convex, while the skin is wrinkled, commonly known as "shrinking skin and protruding flesh". It is brittle and easy to break. It is aromatic, slightly like camphor; spicy (but different from ginger). It is better to be white, powdery, full, strong and spicy.
It is mainly produced in Guangxi. It is also produced in Yunnan, Guangdong and Taiwan.
[processing] remove impurities and screen ash.
It is pungent and warm
① "Pinhuijingyao": "pungent, warm, non-toxic. "
② "Ben Cao Hui Yan": "it tastes sweet, warm and nontoxic. "
[Guijing] entering stomach meridian.
① "Ben Cao Hui Yan": "enter the Foot Yangming, Dayin, Jueyin meridians. "
② New materia medica: "entering the heart, spleen and kidney. "
[function indications] warm, Xiaoshi, Zhitong. Treatment of cold abdominal pain, not to stop eating, traumatic injury, toothache. It is used for distending chest septum and cold abdominal pain. You can't eat well.
① The essence of pinhui: "dispel filthy Qi, wipe teeth at the end, dispel wind, relieve pain and relieve bad breath.". "
② The Compendium: "in the warmth, the evil atmosphere of miasma is dispelled. Treatment of cold abdominal pain, cold and damp cholera, wind worm toothache. "
③ "Materia medica Huiyan" says: "to stop eating and not to melt, all kinds of syndromes in cold. "
④ Lingnan caiyao Lu: "it can treat falls and injuries, but also reduce swelling. To treat bone choking, divide it into radix paeoniae rubra and Clematis, and take it in water. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1-2 yuan; or into pills, powder. External use: tamping, grinding, adjusting or blowing nose.
[should avoid] Yin deficiency and blood deficiency, stomach fire is taboo.
Store in a cool and dry place.
[prescription selection] 1. Cold pain in heart and abdomen: Kaempferia, clove, angelica, licorice, etc. For paste, vinegar Wuzi. Take 30 pills every time and drink. (Linhu jijianfang)
② Cure all toothache: kaempferi two money (with face wrapped simmer heat), musk half money. For the fine end, every three words, mouth with warm water, along with the tooth pain side of the nasal twitch, gargle spit, it can. (Shexiang yizisan in haihaifang)
③ Cure wind insect toothache: soap a, go to, in three Lai, sweet pine each three points, pepper, salt no matter how much, to plug soap full for degree, with bread, refining red, take research for the end, daily brush teeth. (the wonderful recipe for life)
Chinese PinYin : Shan Nai
Release Time:2022-01-27 03:23:37
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