[source] it is the ossified old horn of sika deer or red deer. The animal morphology is detailed in "pilose antler".
[collection] there are two kinds: cutting angle and retreating angle. Chopping horns: from October to February of the next year, after killing the deer, cut off the skull and bone, remove the residual meat, wash and air dry. Retroflexion: also known as "jiejiao", "chujiao" or "Tuojiao", it is the natural abscission of male deer during the horn changing period, so it does not have a brain bone. Most of them are harvested in March to April.
[medicinal materials] 1
It is the old horn of sika deer. It is branched, with three or four branches. It is about 30-50 cm long, and its left and right branches are symmetrical. The main branch is slightly bent back, with a diameter of 2.5-4.5 cm. The branches extend to both sides; the ends of the branches become thinner. There is a disc-shaped protrusion at the base, commonly known as "Pearl disc". The surface is yellowish verrucous, yellowish brown. It's hard. It is white around the section, gray in the center, and has small honeycomb holes. There is no gas, and the taste is slightly salty. It is better to have solid quality, bone nail and luster.
It is mainly produced in Jilin, Liaoning, Heilongjiang, Hebei, Beijing and other places.
② Horse antler
It's the old horn of the red deer. Its shape is similar to that of Hualu horn, with 3-6 branches per branch. The total length is 50-60 cm and the diameter is about 3-6 cm. The surface is grayish brown or grayish yellow, the bone nail is not obvious, and there is a pearl disk at the base. The bone is hard, the white layer around the section is very thick, the center is mostly gray black, some are slightly red, with thick honeycomb pores. There is no gas, and the taste is slightly salty. It is better to be strong and solid without decay.
It is mainly produced in Heilongjiang, Jilin, Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang and Qinghai, and also in Gansu, Yunnan, Hunan and Tibet.
In addition to the above species, the antlers of wild white deer, white lipped deer and water deer are also used as antlers. The products are called caojiao (white deer horn), Yanjiao (white lip deer horn) and Chunjiao (water deer horn) in Sichuan, with low yield and poor quality.
[chemical composition] it contains 25% colloid, 50-60% calcium phosphate, calcium carbonate and nitride.
[processing] antler slices: saw long sections, soak them in hot water, take out pounds, slice them and dry them in the sun. Antler powder: take pound pieces and grind them into fine powder.
"Qianjin Shizhi" says: "a liter of antlers is taken by mistake, and five liters of white honey is poured over it. The small antlers will change color after being boiled by low fire, dry suddenly and sift even more. "
[flavor] salty, warm.
① Ben Jing: "Wen. "
② Bielu: "it tastes salty, slightly warm and nontoxic. "
[Guijing] into the liver and kidney channels.
① "To match the materia medica": "start Shaoyang, foot Shaoyin meridians blood points. "
② "Yao Yao Fen Ji": it enters into the kidney meridian and the heart and liver meridians. "
[function indications] blood circulation, detumescence, kidney. It is used to treat sores, ulcers, swelling, blood stasis, internal injuries due to asthenia and fatigue, and lumbago.
① "Ben Jing" says: "it is mainly used to treat ulcers and carbuncle, expel evil Qi and keep blood in Yin. "
② Bielu: "in addition to abdominal blood acute pain, lumbar pain, broken blood, Yiqi. "
③ "Qianjin? Shizhi" says: "if you take Fangcun dagger, you can benefit Qi, strengthen bone marrow, and eliminate injuries. "
④ Meng Shen: "women who dream of making friends with each other have three fingers at the end of their antlers, and they wear sake clothes. Women who do not want to die with blood in their cells use sake and antlers to wear square inch daggers, three days and one night. "
⑤ "Rihuazi Materia Medica": "for the treatment of sore, carbuncle, swelling, heat toxin, etc., rub with vinegar; remove essence, urine and blood, rub with water; for children with severe tongue thrush, burn and iron it. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1.5-3 yuan; or into pills, powder. External use: grinding juice or grinding powder.
[should avoid] it should not be taken for yin deficiency and yang hyperactivity.
① "Eucommia ulmoides Oliv" is the envoy of the book of Materia Medica. "
② According to the classic of Materia Medica, "those who do not have blood stasis should not take it, those who have excessive Yang and deficiency Yin should not take it, and those who have stomach fire and toothache should not take it. "
③ "To match the materia medica": "the door of life is burning, the wound poison should be cool, and forbidden. "
[selection] 1. For the treatment of milk and hair, carbuncle and back: burn antlers, mash them, and apply them with bitter wine. (behind the elbow)
② Treatment of foot ulcers: antlers, burning, into the light powder with the research, oil adjustment of the coating. (Yilin Jiyao)
③ Treatment of pregnancy sudden blood, lumbago unbearable: antler (file) one or two, Angelica (file) one or two. On two flavors for a service, with water two, fry one, to dross, warm, before eating. (Hong Shi Ji Yan Fang)
④ Treatment of postpartum bleeding, upset abdominal pain: antlers, burning charcoal, pound screen, boiled soy sauce, take square inch dagger, three days and night again, a little to two daggers. Do not use soy sauce, boiling water for soup. (Qian Jin Fang)
⑤ No less than 3% antlers. For the end, ginger soup. (milk producing prescription)
⑥ Treatment of low back pain: antler scraps, boil yellow and red, research, wine service, square inch dagger, five or six days service. (milk producing prescription)
⑦ Treatment of muscle and bone pain: antlers, burning, for the end, wine, one money, two days. (compendium)
⑧ For the treatment of bone deficiency, the face is swollen and black, the back pain can't stand for a long time, the Qi is weak, the teeth are withered, and the waist and back pain. If you feel it, you will like to spit: two antlers and one or two Sichuan Achyranthes bidentata (removing the reed, soaking in wine and baking). For the fine, the honey is the pill, for example, the Wutong seed is big. Take 70 pills each time, and send down the hollow salt soup. (jishengfang Lujiao pill)
⑨ Treatment of women white, slippery number of virtual cold: antler crumbs, fried yellow, for the end, wine two money. (women's prescription)
⑩ In the process of treatment and elimination, seven or eight liters of urine were made every day and night: antlers were roasted to make them scorched. At the end of the treatment, five daggers were taken with wine. On the second day, it was gradually added to the square inch dagger. (Qian Jin Fang)
(11) those who have been drowning for a long time and whose pulse count is small: eight taels of antlers (burnt ash), one or two taels of autumn stones (burnt ash). Altogether for the end, honey pill, black plum soup under three money. (Lu Jiao Qiu Shi Wan in six books of medical strategy)
[clinical application] treatment of acute mastitis
File antlers into fine powder and put them into capsules, 0.5g each. Take 2-4 capsules each time, 4-6 times a day. 27 cases were treated, except one case was invalid for 3 days, and other cases were cured. The curative effect is better in the early stage.
[discussion by famous experts] 1. In the Compendium: "antlers, when used raw, can dissipate heat and promote blood circulation, eliminate swelling and ward off evil spirits; when used skillfully, they can benefit kidney, tonify deficiency, strengthen essence and activate blood circulation. Refining Cream and boiling cream is good for nourishing. "
② "The classic of materia medica:" antlers, raw antlers taste salty, but heat dissipation, blood detumescence, evil gas. Therefore, it is also characterized by evil sores, carbuncle swelling, expelling evil Qi, blood retention in Yin, less abdominal blood pain, and broken blood. Deficiency of liver and kidney is lumbago, so it is called lumbago. Qi belongs to Yang, so it can replenish qi. "
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