[source] it is the seed of Aspidistra, a Cruciferae plant. For plant morphology, please refer to the article "Xi Shen".
[collection] from May to June, when the fruit is ripe, take the whole plant, lay the seeds, dry in the sun, and clean.
[medicinal material] the dried seeds are dark brown, small, about 1.5 mm in length and 1-1.5 mm in width, with centripetal raised ring lines on the surface and glabrous. It is better that the seeds are full, black, dry and free of lime soil impurities.
It is produced in most areas of China.
[chemical constituents] it contains glucosinolate. It contains 34% fat oil, 0.836% volatile oil, 1.8% sucrose and 1.6% lecithin.
[flavor] pungent, slightly warm.
① Ben Jing: "it tastes pungent and slightly warm. "
② Bielu: "non toxic. "
[function indications] it is used to treat redness, swelling, pain and tears.
① Ben Jing: "it can improve the eyesight, relieve pain and tear, remove arthralgia, tonify the five zang organs and benefit the essence.". "
② Bielu: "it can cure the pain of heart and abdomen. "
③ "Treatise on medicinal properties": "it is used to treat the accumulation of liver, redness and swelling of eyes. "
[usage and dosage] oral: decoction, 1.5 ~ 3 yuan. External use: research the end of the eye.
[taboo] 1. In the book of Materia Medica, it is said that "the fruit of Jingshi and Xixin are good. Ginger and Sophora flavescens. "
② On medicinal properties: "Sophora flavescens is the envoy. "
[selected prescription] to treat eye heat and pain, the tears are not enough: Xi Shenzi, smashing and sieving as the end, wants to lie down, points the eye with copper sheath, when there are hot tears and evil things, and goes to pterygium, can be 30 or 40 night point. (collected prescriptions on the sea)
Chinese PinYin : Xi Shen Zi
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Kumquat. Jin Ju Lu
Big tree bark. Da Shu Pi
Huixincao. Hui Xin Cao
Luohan pine leaf. Luo Han Song Ye
? fruit peel. Guo Shu Pi
Pumpkin pedicel. Nan Gua Di
Cattle tooth. Niu Chi
Sauerkraut. Shan Ku Cai
Aconitum (Aconitum carmichaeli, Aconitum carmichaeli). Wu Tou Fu Zi Chuan Wu
Little past Lu Huang. Xiao Guo Lu Huang
Dipsacus asperata. Xu Duan