[Chinese name]: < U > Zi < / u > Zi
[category]: dodder seed
[synonym] Cuscuta chinensis (Wupu materia medica), Tusizi (seeking the source of Materia Medica), fujimi Wuniang (empirical identification of traditional Chinese Medicine), Zizi and longxuzi (records of northeast medicine), luosizi (records of Jiangsu medicine), zhanlongzi (manual of traditional Chinese Medicine), huangwanzi, huangwangzi, huangluozi and douxuzi (manual of Shandong traditional Chinese Medicine).
[source] the seeds of dodder or Cuscuta grandis in Convolvulaceae. See "Cuscuta" for plant morphology.
[collection] from July to September, when the seeds are mature, they are cut together with the host, dried in the sun, laid down and winnowed to remove impurities.
[medicinal materials] 1
The dried seeds are oblate or ovoid, often concave on both sides, with a long diameter of about 1.5 mm and a short diameter of about 1 mm. Testa reddish brown or brownish yellow, slightly rough. Under the enlarged microscope, there were fine dark dots on the surface, light dots on one end and linear hilum in the middle. It is hard and not easy to break. No gas, slightly bitter taste. It is better to have full particles, no dust and impurities.
It is mainly produced in Liaoning, Jilin, Hebei, Henan, Shandong, Shanxi, Jiangsu and other places.
② Cuscuta chinensis
The characters are similar to those of the above species, but larger, with a long diameter of about 3 mm and a short diameter of about 2-3 mm.
It is mainly produced in Shaanxi, Guizhou, Yunnan, Sichuan and other places.
The seeds of Cuscuta littoralis and Cuscuta soja are also used as Cuscuta in a few areas.
[chemical constituents] Cuscuta contains resinoside and sugar.
Cuscuta chinensis contains glucoside and vitamin A, and its content is 0.0378% according to vitamin A.
Soybean dodder contains β - carotene, γ - carotene, 5,6-epoxy - α - carotene, xanthin and lutein.
[pharmacological action] soy sauce (made from Cuscuta chinensis and bean cake), extract and tincture of Cuscuta chinensis can enhance the contractility of isolated toad heart, and the effect on heart rate is that the former increases. In anesthetized dogs, the blood pressure decreased, the volume of spleen reduced, the intestinal movement inhibited, and the isolated uterus was excited. The median lethal dose of alcohol extract of Cuscuta chinensis in mice was 2.465 g / kg, and there was no toxic symptom when the mice were given 30-40 g / kg of alcohol extract of Cuscuta chinensis by gavage; the rats were given 0.05 g / 120 g of Cuscuta chinensis soy sauce, extract and tincture by gavage for 70 days, which did not affect the growth and development of the animals, and there was no pathological change.
[processing] dodder: remove impurities, wash and dry. Cuscuta cake: put the Cuscuta seed in a pot and add water to boil until it explodes. When the brown gray congee appears, mash it to make cake or add rice wine and flour to make cake. Cut it into pieces and dry it in the sun.
① Lei Gong's treatise on frying: "to pick, remove the thick and thin shells, soak them in bitter wine for two days, percolate them out, soak them in natural juice for one night, till the Ming Dynasty, fry them in a slight fire until they are dry, put them in a mortar, heat them, and grind them into powder with an iron pestle of more than 3000. With bitter wine and Polygonatum natural juice and dodder relative use. "
② "The compendium of Chinese medicine" says, "where dodder is used to remove sand and mud with warm water, soak it in wine for one night, and then soak and pound it. If it is not enough, soak and pound it again, and you will know in a moment. Another method is to soak it in wine for four or five days, steam and expose it for four or five times, grind the cake and bake it, then grind it at the end, or cloud it. When it is exposed and dried, put several pieces of paper into it and pound them together to make powder immediately, which is also labor-saving. "
[flavor] sweet and pungent.
① Ben Jing: "the taste is pungent and the taste is flat. "
② Bielu: "sweet, nontoxic. "
③ "Ben Cao Zheng"; taste sweet and pungent, gas slightly warm. "
[Guijing] into the liver and kidney channels.
① "The three meridians of spleen, kidney and liver" in the classic of Materia Medica. "
② New edition of materia medica: "entering the heart, liver and kidney. "
Functions and indications: tonifying the liver and kidney, benefiting the essence and improving eyesight. It can cure back and knee ache, spermatorrhea, thirst, residual urine and dark eyes.
(1) Tonifying the liver and kidney: This product is commonly used for tonifying the kidney, reducing urine and stopping spermatorrhea. It is used for lumbago, impotence and spermatorrhea due to liver and kidney deficiency. This product is soft and moistening, and can tonify the liver and kidney without dryness.
(2) Tocolysis: for those who are weak and prone to miscarriage, often with.
① "Ben Jing" says: "it is the main way to continue the injury, to make up for the deficiency, to replenish qi and strength, to make people fat and healthy, and to keep their eyes bright after taking it for a long time. "
② "Lei Gong Pao Zhi Lun" said: "it can nourish people's health Qi and help people's muscles. "
③ Bielu: "nourishing muscles, strengthening Yin, strengthening muscles and bones, cold in the main stem, essence coming out from the body, drowning with residual fluid, bitter and thirsty mouth, cold blood accumulation. "
④ "Theory of medicinal properties": "to cure the deficiency and coldness of men and women, add lean marrow, remove the backache and knee cold, and master the thirst heat. "
⑤ Rihuazi materia medica: "tonifying five labors and seven injuries, treating ejaculation, urinating blood, moistening heart and lung. "
⑥ Wang haozhan: "tonifying liver wind deficiency. "
⑦ Shandong traditional Chinese medicine: "women often have abortion. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 3-5 yuan; or into pills, powder. External use: stir frying and dressing.
[taboo] 1. Notes to the classic of materia medica: "good wine. Dioscorea zingiberensis and oleoresin are used for it, and the bacteria are evil. "
② According to the classic of Materia Medica, "the kidney family is full of fire, which should be avoided for those who have strong Yang but not impotence, and those who have dry stool should also be avoided. "
③ It is forbidden for pregnant women, HAEMORRHEA, Yang strength, constipation, kidney fire and yin deficiency fire. "
[formula selection] ① tonifying kidney qi, strengthening yang, helping spirit, lightening waist and feet: one jin of Cuscuta (clean, boiled, mashed into cake, baked), four Liang (made). Altogether for the end, wine paste pill, Wuzi big, wine under 50 pills. (Tusizi pill in bianque Xinshu)
② Treatment of low back pain: dodder (soaked in wine), (peeled, fried broken silk) and so on. For the fine end, to paste pills such as Wuzi big. Take 50 pills each time, add salt, wine or salt soup. (Bai Yi Xuan Fang)
③ One or two cases of numbness, weakness or backache. Soak in wine for five days, and then dry it to the end. Add the original soaked wine into less alcohol wine to make paste, and then search for pills, such as a big barrel. Twenty pills of hollow wine. (behind the experience)
④ Cure waist knee wind cold, benefit color, bright eyes: dodder a dou. Soak the wine for a long time, drain out and dry, then diffuse, make the wine dry for degree, pound fine Luo for the end. Two yuan per serving, with warm wine, three days. After taking it, eat three or five spoonfuls of rice and water, and serve it for three days. (Puji Fang)
⑤ Treatment of liver qi, eyes dark: dodder two Liang. Soak in wine for three days, dry, mash for the end, and meatballs. Take 30 pills with warm wine. (Sheng Hui Fang)
⑥ Treatment cream drench: dodder (wine soak, steam, pound, bake) each half two, a point. The top is the fine powder, and the honey is the pill, just like the big one. Each take 20 pills, hollow with rice drink sent down. (TU Si Wan, a wonderful prescription)
⑦ Treatment of red and turbid urine, heart and kidney deficiency, less essence, blood dryness, dry mouth, dizziness, dizziness, etc. For the end, honey pill Wuzi big, salt soup every 70 pills. (compendium)
⑧ The treatment of heart qi deficiency, too much thinking, kidney deficiency damage, true Yang is not solid, drowning with residual Li, white urine, frequent dream discharge: five Liang dodder, white three Liang, stone (shell) two Liang. It is fine and fine, and the wine is boiled to paste as pills, such as Wutong. Take 30 pills each time, and take the hollow salt soup. Often take Zhenyi mind, Buxu Yangxue, clear urine. (Fu Tu Wan in Ju Fang)
⑨ It can't help but cure too much urination: two taels of dodder (steamed with wine), half taels of cuttlebone (fried with wine), one or two oysters (calcined with wine), two taels of Fuzi (fried, peeled and navel), one or two for each, half taels of chicken (slightly fried) and one or two for wine. On the end, wine paste pills, such as Wuzi big. Take 70 pills each time, and serve with salt and wine before eating. (Tusi pill in Shiyi Dehao prescription)
⑩ Treatment of spleen yuan deficiency, reduce diet, feces is not solid: dodder four Liang, astragalus, Yu (soil mix fried). One or two for each, eight for each. Make pills with sugar. Take three coins in the morning and three coins in the evening. (Fang Mai Zheng Zong)
Zhi Zhi Xiaoke: dodder not limited to how much, pick, water wash, wine soak three, dry, run run to make scattered, dry and then fine, refining honey and pills, such as Wutong big. Before eating, drink fifty grains, two days, three clothes; or make powder, drink to adjust three money. (Tusi pill in Quan Sheng Zhi Mi Fang)
(12) treatment of yin deficiency and Yang excess, limbs fever, every wind such as fire: dodder, Schisandra each one or two, raw and dry Rehmannia three Liang. The upper part is fine. Rice drink down two money, before eating. (Jifeng Puji recipe fried with dodder)
⒀ treatment of hemorrhoids lower itching pain, such as insect bite: dodder boil yellow black, end, with chicken yellow and painted. (behind the elbow)
(14) treatment of eyebrow tinea: stir fry, grind and apply with oil. (four essentials of Shanju)
He is thirsty. Take the decoction of Cuscuta chinensis at will, and take it to stop.
(16) white and turbid spermatorrhea (too much thinking, heart and kidney deficiency damage, true Yang is not solid, gradually there is residual fluid, urine white and turbid, dream ejaculation). Five taels of dodder, three taels of white Poria cocos, and two taels of stone lotus meat were used to grind into the end, and wine and paste wine were added to form balls, such as Wuzi. Take 30 to 90 pills each time. Take the salt soup. This prescription is called "Fu Tu Wan".
The urine drips. Drink with the juice of Cuscuta chinensis.
(18) pain in the waist and knees. Use dodder (washed) one or two, Achyranthes bidentata two, soak in wine, take out to dry, grind into powder, boil the original wine paste, mix medicine into a pill as big as Wuzi. Each take 20 or 30 pills, hollow service, wine sent down.
(19) body and face suddenly swollen. Soak one liter of dodder in five liters of wine for two or three nights, and drink one liter each. Three times a day.
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