[synonyms] Yuandang (Lei Gong Paozhi Lun), Yuanqing (BIE Lu), qingniangzi, acacia (Suzhou native medicinal materials), qingchong (records of traditional Chinese Medicine).
[source] it is a dry whole insect of meloideae.
[animal morphology] green Yuanqing
The body is green or blue-green, glossy, and the Coleoptera of some insects are sometimes blue purple. Body length 12-20 mm. There is a pair of hemispherical compound eyes in the front of the forehead. There are three small depressions between the compound eyes. There is a small red round spot in the center of the forehead and a longitudinal groove in the center of the top of the head. One pair of antennae, 11 segments, several terminal segments inflated, like a rosary, the terminal segment sharp. The anterior chest is broad, the anterior bundle is narrow, the incisions of the anterior chest are weak and sparse, there is a longitudinal groove in the center, and a transverse groove in the front of the posterior margin. The small piece is triangular, with thick and raised edge. The front wing is leathery Coleoptera, and the back wing is membranous, parallel on both sides. The incised points on the wing surface are dense and wrinkled, with three inconspicuous longitudinal ridges. Foot 3 pairs, slender, body abdomen with fine villi.
The adults can fly and mainly harm broad bean and other leguminous plants. Distribution of Hebei, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia and other places
[collection] from April to may, they were caught and scalded to death in boiling water. Or put it in a container to steam, take it out to dry or dry.
[medicinal materials] the dried worm is oblong, 1-2 cm long and 4-5 mm wide. Its head is slightly triangular, blue purple, glossy; its eyes are small and protuberant. The Coleoptera are all bright green, blue purple or red purple with beautiful luster; the membranous wing is light brown with 4 obvious veins. Chest protuberant, abdomen with 5 segments. Three pairs of feet have fallen off. It's slightly smelly. The body, integrity, green, bright and lustrous are preferred.
Produced in Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang and other places.
[chemical composition] it contains cantharidin and fat.
[processing] remove impurities and stir fry with rice until the rice is brown. Remove the grains, feet and wings. (each qingniangzi weighs 10 kg and uses 2 kg of rice)
"Lei Gong's theory on frying and frying" says: "in every practice, you should stir fry the dragonfly with glutinous rice and pockmarked seeds. When the rice is yellow and black, go out, remove the hemp and so on, and remove the wings and feet at the same time. "
It is pungent, warm and poisonous.
Bielu: "it is pungent, slightly warm and poisonous. "
[function indications] attack poison and remove blood stasis. It is used to treat scrofula and rabies bite.
① Bielu: "abortion. "
② Tao Hongjing: "treating rat fistula. "
③ "Compendium": "main hernia, benefit small water, eliminate rash. The next phlegm. It can cure deafness, eyesight and dog poisoning. Yu Gong is the same as cantharidin. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: stir fry and decoct 1-2 pieces of soup, or put into pills or powder.
[should avoid] it is highly toxic and should be taken with caution; it should not be taken for weak and pregnant women.
"Gangmu": "fear and evil are the same as cantharidin. "
[selection of prescriptions] ① treatment of fistulae and tumefaction: Forty spotted cats (head, feet and wings removed, boiled), four pieces of cinnamon, ten pieces of Yuanqing (feet and wings removed, boiled), thirty pieces of geshangting (boiled). Four flavors on the next screen, wine half money dagger, one day. Avoid green onion. (Liu Juanzi's ghost prescription)
② Treatment of mad dog bites: qingniangzi three (to wing, foot, 40 plus one, 50, 60 plus two). There are two red maidens, five spotted cats (with wings and feet removed, one for each at 40 and two for each at 50), half seahorse, one for each, half frankincense, aloes and Platycodon grandiflorum, and a little butter. At the end of the year, four clothes were made for the 10-year-old, three clothes for the 15-year-old, two clothes for the 20-year-old, and one for the 30-year-old. (Tan Weng experimental formula)
③ Treatment of small intestinal Qi: qingniang, Hongniang ten each, stir fried with white flour yellow, to two insects, to white soup transfer service. (the wonderful recipe for life)
Chinese PinYin : Qing Niang Zi
Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz. Bai Shu
Rhizoma Imperata. Bai Mao Gen
Pseudophysalis alkekengi. Jia Suan Jiang
Rosa multiflora. Di Qiang Wei
Megalobrama amblycephala. Fang Yu
Maple leaves. Feng Xiang Shu Ye
Yellow Jue. Huang Jue Jiang
Deer tail. Lu Wei
Shuihema. Shui He Ma
Myrtle seed. Wei Zi
Nocturnal sand. Ye Ming Sha
Camphor willow head. Zhang Liu Tou