Chinese Name: Lysimachia christinae
[category] whole grass
[synonym] everywhere incense (Zhu Mu's prescription), earth money several (save the wilderness spectrum), cymbal grass (save the bitter sea), Lian Qian grass (query materia medica), Tong Qian grass (Cihang's living book), Bai Er grass, frankincense vine, Jiuli incense, Banchi lotus, qiannianleng, everywhere money (compendium Collection), Qian Qian AI (seek materia medica), horseshoe grass, Tougu Xiao (plant name and reality picture Research) 》）, tougufeng, Guoqiang Feng, xugufeng (classified herbal medicine), manzicao (Tianbao materia medica), humentha (Modern Practical Chinese Medicine), Chuanqiang Cao (single prescription of Jingxiao experiment), tuanjing Yao, fengcao (collection of Guizhou folk prescriptions), feifengcao, jinqianmint, shibacao (Fujian folk herbal medicine), Jiangsu Jinqiancao (Chinese Medicine Bulletin 5 (1): 271959), tougufeng There are four kinds of herbal medicines, namely, Kucao, yichuanqian, fangfangleigonggen, qianzaocao, qianzaowang, Luchuan Materia Medica, dayejincao, yementha, zangjiaojingcao and potongqian.
[source] it is the whole herb or the whole herb with roots of the Labiatae plant Huoxuedan.
[plant morphology] Huoxuedan
Perennial herbs. The rhizome is short. Stem slender, quadrangular, ascending or erect, usually simple, base purplish, finely hairy. Leaves opposite; petiole longer; leaf blade reniform heart-shaped, round heart-shaped or heart-shaped, 2.5 cm long, slightly equal in width and length, apex obtuse or slightly pointed, margin crenate, covered with fine hairs, with glandular spots below. Flowers axillary, 2 to several; calyx tubular, spiny hairy, 5-toothed, apex awned; corolla lavender, tubular funnel-shaped, about 18-25 mm long, corolla tube narrow, 2-3 times as long as calyx, outside hairy, apex 2-lipped, throat expanded, upper lip nearly flat, lower lip 3-lobed; stamens 4, 2-strong, filament tip 2-divergent; ovary 4-lobed, stigma 2-divergent. Nutlets, oblong, smooth. The flowering period is May. The fruit period is June.
Born in broad-leaved forest, shrub, riverside, field, roadside. It is distributed in Northeast, North and East China.
They were collected from April to May.
The stem is slender, square, often twisted, with longitudinal lines, grayish green or purplish, with short hairs and hollow section. The leaves are mostly shrunken, reniform or heart-shaped, with round obtuse teeth on the edge, grayish green, brittle and fragile. Petiole 4-44 mm long, twisted. Flowers and fruits are usually absent. The air is slightly fragrant and the taste is pungent and cool.
It is mainly produced in Jiangsu, Guangdong, Sichuan and Guangxi. In addition, it is also produced in Zhejiang, Hunan, Fujian and other places.
In addition to this species, there are several medicinal plants called Lysimachia christinae
① Primulaceae is a new species of Euphorbia.
② In the family Convolvulaceae, Dichondra repens, see "Desmodium christinae" for details.
③ Coriander and coriander of Umbelliferae, see "Jiangxi Lysimachia christinae" for details.
④ Lysimachia christinae Leguminosae, see "Lysimachia kwangtungensis" for details.
[chemical constituents] Lysimachia christinae can be divided into aromatic type and non aromatic type. The aromatic type contains many monoterpenones, the main components of which are l-pincamphene, l-menthone and l-menthone, and also contains α - pinene, β - pinene, limonene, p-cymene, isomenthone, isopincamphene, linalool, menthol and α - terpineol. In addition to the above volatile oil components, it also contains ursolic acid, β - sitosterol, palmitic acid, succinic acid, various amino acids, tannin, bitterness, choline, potassium nitrate, etc. The underground part contains stachyose.
[pharmacological action] 20 g (crude drug) / kg of Lysimachia christinae decoction was given to rats by gavage, which had significant diuretic effect, but the diuretic effect gradually decreased after continuous application. In the acute test of anesthetized rabbits, 10 g (crude drug) / kg gavage also has obvious diuretic effect, which is related to its ash or potassium salt. Whether there are other effective components remains to be studied. Its tincture has no diuretic effect. It has no cholagogic effect on cats and rats, and its good effect on hepatobiliary diseases may be related to its free amino acids.
The toxicity of this product is very low. The decoction was given to rats by gavage, 20 g / kg per day, for 6 days. The dogs were not dead. The dogs were given 100 g once by gavage, which had no significant effect on blood pressure.
Bitter, pungent and cool.
① "Gangmu Shiyi": "taste slightly sweet, nature slightly cold. "
② "Lingnan caiyao Lu": "it tastes astringent, fragrant and flat. "
③ Modern practical Chinese medicine: "bitter, cold. "
Functions and indications: heat clearing, diuresis, antitussive, detumescence, detoxification. Treatment of jaundice, edema, bladder stones, malaria, lung carbuncle, cough, hematemesis, drenching, leucorrhea, rheumatism, arthralgia, infantile malnutrition, convulsion, carbuncle swelling, sore ringworm, eczema.
① "Baicaojing": "treat traumatic injury, malaria, postpartum convulsion, stomach carbuncle, stool poison, hemorrhoids and leakage; wipe goose palm wind; gargle toothache. "
② Wang Anqing's "records of collecting herbs" said: "the head wind is spreading. Treatment of cerebral leakage, turbid heat drenching, swelling and pain of jade stem, mashing juice to drink. "
③ "Removing wind and dispersing poison". Decoct soup to wash all scabies. "
④ "Seeking the source of Materia Medica": "dispelling wind and dampness, stopping bone pain. Soaking wine can relax muscles and activate collaterals, stop falling and twinkling injury (pain), and mixing wine with juice is more effective. "
⑤ "The treatment of hematemesis and hypohematemesis" in the textual research on the names and facts of plants. "
⑥ It can be used as a strong agent. The treatment of chronic pneumonia. "
⑦ Modern practical Chinese medicine: "antipyretic, antitussive, thirst quenching, hemostasis, diuretic. Treatment of infantile epilepsy, fever, chancre disease, scrofula; research juice point burst red eye; with salt knead paste swelling toxin and tinea rubra. "
⑧ "Anhui herbal medicine": treatment of bladder stones. "
⑨ "Collection of commonly used folk herbal medicine": "fresh grass mashed juice applied to support ear cold (mumps). "
⑩ "Lu Chuan Materia Medica": "detumescence, pain, broken accumulation. It is used to treat women's abdominal pain. "
(11) Guiyang folk herbs: "the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis under the red avalanche belt. "
(12) Zhejiang folk herbal medicine: "treating hypertension. "
⒀ "Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals": "treat rheumatism, numbness, muscle and bone pain, jaundice, lung carbuncle. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 3-5 yuan (1-2 Liang fresh); or soak and sprinkle, pound juice. External use: tamping or juice coating.
[taboo] Fujian folk herbal medicine: "for those who suffer from Yin gangrene and diarrhea due to spleen deficiency, it is forbidden to take them raw with mashed juice. "
[prescription selection] ① treatment of jaundice and distention: seven to eight coins for lianqiancao, four to five coins for baimaogen and Plantago, and five coins for hebaocao. They were taken together. (Zhejiang folk herbal medicine)
② Treatment of nephritis edema: even money grass, sharp storage grass each one or two, shepherd's purse to spend five money. Take it by frying. (commonly used Chinese herbal medicine in Shanghai)
③ Diuresis, treatment of bladder stones: even money grass, Gracilaria, Plantago five money each. Take it by frying. (Zhejiang folk herbal medicine)
④ Treatment of malaria: before the onset of malaria, use seven leaves of lianqiancao as a pill to block the nose. (questioning materia medica)
Two even money grass one two five money to three Liang. Decoct in water, take twice, one dose a day for three days. (selected materials for investigation of unilateral and verified prescriptions)
⑤ Treatment of cold and cough: fresh lianqiancao five to eight money (dry three to five money) (wash), rock sugar half Liang. Add boiling water, simmer for one hour, take twice a day. (Fujian folk herbal medicine)
⑥ Treatment of fetal cough, swelling: tuanjing medicine, Jianjing medicine, amaranth, butterfly each three to five money. Stewed meat or chicken.
⑦ Treatment of leucorrhea: group medicine five money, Eucommia three money, wood a money five. Water and sugar.
⑧ Treatment of irregular menstruation, abdominal distension: group by medicine, on the leaf lotus each three money, big leaf AI two money. Drink and eat.
⑨ Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis: group by medicine, Chui Rong wine fried hot, external application. (6) the following prescription is Guiyang folk herbs.)
⑩ Treatment of infantile malnutrition: even money grass three money, add the right amount of animal liver, stew juice service. (commonly used Chinese herbal medicine in Shanghai)
(11) treatment of sores and boils, mumps, bruises and swelling of the skin: Smash and apply fresh Herba Lysimachiae externally. (commonly used Chinese herbal medicine in Shanghai)
(12) white tiger pill: fresh plantain, fragrant everywhere. Wash and mash, add less Baijiu, pick up juice, feather feather dip in the affected area. (Zhumu trial prescription)
It can treat eczema and pyorrhea. Paddy field dermatitis: fresh lianqiancao, wild chrysanthemum each half Jin. Add water to boil, scrub the affected area repeatedly by heat (those with pustules must be punctured), and then spread prickly heat powder or dental powder on the broken area once a day. If the effect is not obvious three times, you can add Hibiscus skin or leaves with half a Jin decocting. (selected materials of Jiangsu new Chinese herbal medicine therapy exhibition)
(14) treatment of scabies: cymbal grass, add a little salt, rub well, wipe frequently, and then take a bath. If you use decocting, it doesn't work. (save the bitter sea)
To cure snake bite: take the raw medicine of lianqiancao fresh, and apply it to the wound. (Zhejiang folk herbal medicine)
[clinical application] 1
Wash lianqiancao, mash it with a little salt, and apply it to the swelling area. No matter one side or both sides of parotid gland are swollen, both sides must be applied at the same time. 50 cases were cured, parotid gland swelling subsided and body temperature decreased for 12 hours on average.
② Treating burns
Wash 1 handful of fresh lianqiancao, wrap it in 2-3 layers of thick straw paper, soak it in water, bake it in high fire, take it out for 20-30 minutes, remove the paper, knead the herb by heat, grind the juice, put it in a cup, apply it on the injured face with disinfectant duck feather dipped in the juice, and apply it several times to dozens of times a day to keep the injured face moist; if the injury is serious, add appropriate amount of borneol or musk (grind into fine powder) If the wound is infected and purulent, it must be cleaned and disinfected before applying medicine. Thirty cases of second and third degree burn were treated. The area of burn ranged from 1% to 30%. Among them, 17 cases were infected and purulent, and 3 cases caused systemic symptoms. Results all patients were cured without dysfunction. When making medicine, we should pay attention to the heat. Herbs should be fully baked, but they should not be scorched, otherwise they will not be able to grind juice.
Chinese PinYin : Jin Qian Cao
Parasitic yellow. Ji Sheng Huang
Festuca arundinacea. Ban Mao
Onion juice. Cong Zhi
Dajin censer. Da Jin Xiang Lu
Pueraria lobata. Ge Man
Alternanthera philoxeroides. Lian Peng Cao
Sargassum villosum. Mao Da Ding Cao
Pumpkin whisker. Nan Gua Xu
Aconitum bracteatum. Qing Shi
Sunflower seed. Tian Kui Zi
Cherry water. Ying Tao Shui
Bigot. Zi Wei