(Lei Gong Paozhi Lun)
[synonym] Trichosanthes kirilowii shell (empirical identification of traditional Chinese Medicine), melon shell (Sichuan Traditional Chinese Medicine).
[source] it is the pericarp of Trichosanthes kirilowii or Trichosanthes kirilowii. For plant morphology, please refer to "Trichosanthes kirilowii" and "Trichosanthes kirilowii".
[collection] the fruits were harvested from September to October. Cut in half, take out the pulp and seeds, wash the peel, turn inside out to dry, and then outside. In case of rain, it should be dried to avoid mildew. When drying, it should not make the fire too strong, and it should be turned in turn to avoid drying.
[medicinal materials] the dried pericarp is usually rolled into a tube shape, about 6-10 cm long; it is usually connected with a fruit stalk, about 2 cm long; the pericarp is very thin, with orange yellow on the outer surface, bright red patches and veinlets, and white to dark yellow on the inner surface, often accompanied by undeleted pulp. It's hard and brittle. Fragrant and spicy. It is better to have fresh color and no fruit stalk.
It is produced in most areas of China.
[processing] clean the impurities, wash them with water, take them out, cut them into shreds and dry them in the sun.
Sweet and cold.
① "Yinpianxinshen": sweet and bitter, slightly cool. "
② "Records of traditional Chinese medicine": "sweet, cold. "
[channel tropism] entering lung and stomach channels.
Sichuan records of traditional Chinese medicine: "entering the lung, stomach and large intestine.". "
[function indications] moisten the lung and remove phlegm, benefit Qi and widen the chest. Treatment of phlegm heat, cough, sore throat, chest pain, hematemesis, bleeding, thirst, constipation, carbuncle sore swelling poison.
① Ben Cao Bian Du: "clearing lung. "
② "Qingfei, lianfei, ningsou, Dingchuan" is one of the most important contents in Zhongshen Xilu. "
③ "Yinpianxinshen" says: "it can relieve chest pain, heat phlegm, generate fluid and moisten lung. "
④ "Chinese medicine shape and sex experience identification method": "moisten the lung, stop thirst, detumescence ulcer poison. "
⑤ Chinese medicine annals: "it can remove phlegm and stagnation, and relieve liver depression. Treatment of phlegm heat cough, chest pain. "
⑥ Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "moisten the lung, reduce Qi, relieve cough and remove phlegm. For sore throat, dry stool and mastitis. "
⑦ "Guangdong traditional Chinese medicine": "treatment of vomiting, vomiting, thirst, sore throat, constipation. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 3-4 yuan; or powder. External use: burn, deposit, grind and apply.
Spleen deficiency and phlegm dampness are not suitable.
"The Chinese wolfberry is used to make it. It's not dried ginger. Fear Achyranthes bidentata. Anti Aconitum. "
[prescription selection] ① at the beginning of treatment of febrile diseases, severe heat and cough: Trichosanthes kirilowii, almonds, peucedans, cicada clothing, Dalizi, licorice. Fried soup. (records of Sichuan Traditional Chinese Medicine)
② It can not be used for throat treatment: peel of Trichosanthes kirilowii (thin file, fried red and yellow with slow fire), white Bombyx Batryticatus (head removed, slightly fried yellow) and licorice (file, fried yellow). The upper part is fine. Take one or two yuan each time, mix it with warm wine, or thick ginger soup; even use half of the money to wrap it in soft tissue, and take it with water. Regardless of the time, take it three or two times a day. (Sheng San in Yuyao Yuanfang)
③ Treatment of lung heat cough, cough spit yellow phlegm or thick phlegm, lung carbuncle: Trichosanthes peel two to four money, big green leaf three money, wax gourd seed four money, raw Yiren five money, Peucedanum one money five. Fried soup.
④ Treatment of chest pain, costal pain: gualoupi four money (chest pain with xiebaitou five money, costal pain with Luffa three money, aurantium one money five points). Fried soup.
⑤ Treatment of breast carbuncle swelling: Trichosanthes four money, dandelion five money. Fried soup. (3) commonly used Chinese herbal medicine in Shanghai is listed below.)
⑥ Treatment of tooth pain: Trichosanthes peel, dew hive, burn ash to wipe teeth; with black mortar root, jingchai root, onion root decoction gargle. (Shi Yi De Xiao Fang)
Chinese PinYin : Gua Lou Pi
To the fern. Dui Ma Er Jue
Pear peel. Li Pi
Dragon Boat flower root. Long Chuan Hua Gen
Momordica grosvenori. Luo Han Guo
Cotyledon of Litsea officinalis. Mu Jiang Zi Ye
Wood bamboo oil. Mu Zhu Zi You
Cattle felt. Niu Mao Zhan
Root of Pinus tabuliformis. Pian Chi Tang Song Cao Gen
salt. Shi Yan
Melon leaves. Tian Gua Ye
Sorbaria sorbifolia. Zhen Zhu Mei
Scutellaria straight calyx. Zhi E Huang Qin