(Tang materia medica)
[synonyms] Jin jinu (rihuazi materia medica), wutengcai (Tongzhi), June snow, jiuliguang (collection of medicinal materials), baihuawei, tanbaobao, Qianli rice, banzaozi, qingbaihuacao, jiuniucao (Hunan materia medica), kulianpo (Mindong materia medica).
[source] it is the whole plant of Artemisia selengensis.
[plant morphology] Artemisia annua
Perennial erect herbs, 60-100 cm high. The stem has obvious longitudinal ribs and is covered with fine hairs. Leaves alternate; long elliptic or lanceolate, 6-9 cm long, 2-4 cm wide, apex acuminate, base narrow into short stalks, margin sharply serrate, upper green, lower gray green, with spider hair, midrib prominent; upper leaves small, lanceolate, about 1.5 cm long; lower leaves carved after anthesis. Inflorescence: capitate, campanulate, ca. 3 mm long, densely panicle shaped panicle cluster; involucral bracts 4-whorled, pale yellow, glabrous, imbricate; outer flower female, tubular, pistil 1; central flower bisexual, tubular, apex 5-lobed, stamen 5-anther, anther apex with triangular appendage, base with tail, pistil 1, stigma 2-lobed, brush like. Achenes oblong. The flowering period is from July to September. The fruit period is from August to October.
Wild in the hillside, under the forest. It is distributed in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Hunan, Hubei, Yunnan, Sichuan, Guizhou, Fujian, Guangxi, Guangdong and other places.
[collection] when it blooms in August, pull up the roots, dry them in the sun, remove the roots and soil, and bundle them.
[medicinal materials] the dried whole herb with flowers has branches and stems 60-90 cm long, usually bent, 2-4 mm in diameter, brown yellow to brown on the surface, often covered with white Tricholoma. The stem is hard and hard, the broken surface is fibrous, yellowish white, and the center is white and loose. The leaves are alternate, usually withered, shrunken or fallen off, dark green on the surface, gray green on the back, densely covered with white hairs, brittle and easy to break or fall off, with flower spikes on the branches and yellow withered. It's fragrant and tasteless. It is better to have green leaves, yellow flowers, no mildew and impurities.
It is mainly produced in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Jiangxi and other places.
Liu jinu goods, the varieties used in different places are very inconsistent. Only the one mentioned above is similar to that in Materia Medica, but it is only used in Jiangsu, Shanghai, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Fujian and other places. It is commonly known as "Nanliu jinu". Another kind of "beiliujinu" is a kind of fruit bearing grass of Scrophulariaceae. It is mainly produced in Hebei, Shandong, Henan, Jilin, Heilongjiang and other places. Although it is different from those recorded in Materia Medica, it has a long history of use. See "lingyinchen".
In addition, liujinu, also known as Artemisia rubra and artemisia selengensis, is the whole plant of Artemisia selengensis. Its characteristics: the stem is red purple. Leaves usually 3-4-lobed, lobes lanceolate or linear lanceolate, upper leaves lanceolate or linear lanceolate. Inflorescence erect, paniculate panicle; bracts slightly white villous.
[chemical composition] it contains 0.025% volatile oil and the oil is yellow.
[processing] remove impurities, remove roots, wash with water, soak slightly, cut into sections and dry in the sun.
"Lei Gong Pao Zhi Lun": "(Liu jinu) after picking to stem and leaf, only solid. For envoys, wipe the skin with cloth to make it clean, steam it with wine, and then dry it. "
Bitter and warm.
① Tang materia medica: "bitter taste, warm. "
② Rihuazi materia medica: "non toxic. "
[Guijing] entering the heart and spleen meridians.
① "Lei Gong processed medicine solution": into the heart, lung two channels. "
② New edition of materia medica: "entering the heart, spleen and bladder meridians. "
③ Ben Cao Zai Xin: "entering liver and kidney meridians. "
[function indications] it can break the blood and dredge the meridians, collect sores and reduce swelling. It can be used to treat amenorrhea, Baihuang, chest and abdomen pain, postpartum blood stasis, traumatic injury, golden sore bleeding, carbuncle toxin and swelling.
① "Tang Materia Medica": "it can break the blood and distend the lower part. "
② "Rihuazi materia medica:" it can cure heart and abdominal pain, lower Qi and water distension, blood gas, unblock women's meridians, and stop cholera and watery diarrhea. "
③ "Kaibao Materia Medica": "it is necessary to treat golden sores and stop bleeding; it is necessary to treat postpartum diseases and relieve pain. "
④ "Materia medica Mengluo": "eliminate the swelling and carbuncle poison, eliminate the hot and painful soup. "
⑤ "Compendium": "children's urine blood, new research at the end of the service. "
⑥ "Seeking the source of Materia Medica": "treating heart qi pain, chancre bleeding. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1.5-3 yuan; or powder. External use: tamping or grinding powder scattering.
[should avoid] Qi and blood weakness, spleen deficiency for the discharge of taboo.
① "Health Yi Jian Fang": "not too much, it is exhilarating. "
② "Materia medica Jing Shu": "patients with Qi and blood deficiency, spleen and stomach weak, easy to make catharsis do not take. "
[prescription selection] 1. To cure fullness of blood gas: Liu jinusui is the last. Three yuan per serving, fried wine. (Yi Jian Fang for health)
② The treatment of postpartum lochia endless, navel abdominal pain, strong heat hate cold. Dry throat: Liu jinu, Zhimu (baked) each one or two, Danggui (cut, baked), Guijianyu each two, Taoren (peeled, pointed, Shuangren, fried) one or two. Sift the five flavors. Take four daggers each time, one and a half cups of water, fry until eight minutes, remove the dregs, take warm clothes, before eating. (Liu jinu Tang, Shengji Zonglu)
③ Treatment of postpartum diseases blood supply: Liu jinu, licorice. Divide the two flavors equally and file them as big as beans. For each five money dagger, first take two pieces of water, and fry them into medicine until one piece, then add one piece of wine, and then fry them until one piece. Remove the dregs and take them warm. (Liu jinu Tang, Shengji Zonglu)
④ The treatment was broken, abdominal blood stasis: Liu jinu, yanhusuo, Drynaria each one or two. Finely cut the upper three flavors, add two liters of water, decoct the seven ingredients, combine the wine and urine, and take them warm. (Qian Jin Fang)
⑤ Collect gold sore, stop pain: Liu jinu blindly for the end, mixed with gold sore, wrapped. (Liu jinu's prose of the original party)
⑥ Liu jinu was the last one to cure the sore and pain. (Sheng Hui Fang)
⑦ Liu jinu was the last to cure the fire sores in the soup. First, he used glutinous rice paste and chicken feather to sweep the wound. Then he mixed the medicine on the wound. It didn't hurt and had no trace. If you are injured, you should mix it with salt to protect the meat, and then apply it with medicine. (the parties)
⑧ Treatment of red and white diarrhea: Liu jinu, Wumei, Baijiang, etc. Fried in water, red plum, white ginger. (ruyifang)
⑨ Treatment of cholera dysentery: Liu jinucao decoction. (Sheng Ji Zong Lu)
⑩ Treatment of hematochezia and hematochezia: Liu jinu as the last, tea tune, hollow take two money. (Linhu jijianfang)
[clinical application] ① treatment of acute infectious hepatitis
25 cases of icteric and non icteric infectious hepatitis were observed by oral administration of Artemisia selengensis decoction. Among them, 23 cases were cured recently (main symptoms disappeared, hepatomegaly returned to normal or no change, liver function examination was normal), 2 cases were improved obviously (main symptoms disappeared, hepatomegaly returned to normal or no change, liver function examination, thymol turbidity test improved, other items were normal). The average cure time was 20 days. The recovery of appetite was the most rapid and significant. After 2 days of treatment, the appetite improved and returned to normal after 9 days. The average time of recovery of liver function was 16.5 days, the average time of recovery of serum bilirubin was 13.8 days, and the average time of recovery of thymol turbidity test was 24.7 days. Among the cured cases, 13 cases had liver function reexamination within 3 months after discharge, of which 12 cases were normal; 1 case had glutamic pyruvic transaminase above 119 units one month after discharge (which may be related to premature drug withdrawal and immediate physical exercise), and then returned to normal after treatment with Artemisia selengensis. Preparation and usage: wash and chop the whole herb (dry product) of Artemisia selengensis, decoct it in water twice, 1 hour each time, combine the solution, concentrate it to 500 grams of crude drug in 500 ml solution, and add appropriate amount of preservative. Adults should take it twice a day, 50-100ml each time, and children should reduce it. At the same time, vitamin B1, vitamin C and yeast tablets were taken orally; patients with high fever or a few patients who could not eat at the initial stage were given 10% glucose solution intravenously for 1-3 days. After taking the above dosage of Artemisia selengensis Decoction for a short time, the liver function of individual patients did not recover quickly, but recovered to normal soon after taking double dosage of Artemisia selengensis decoction. Therefore, when the therapeutic effect is not significant, the adult dose can be increased to 200 grams per day (crude drug), and no adverse reactions are found. One patient took 250 ml of decoction daily without side effects.
② Treating burns
Take 40 grams of Liu jinu's whole grass and 1 gram of borneol and grind them in sterilized bowl. After mixing, add proper amount of sesame oil (about 60 ml) which has been sterilized by dry heat to make a thin paste for external use. When using, mix well. If there is massive condensation, it must be stirred and ground before using. Twenty four cases of second and third degree burns were treated. Some of them were applied 2-4 times and healed after 3-5 days. Others were changed 6-10 times and healed after 2-3 weeks. For severe burn patients, attention should be paid to the treatment of systemic complications, such as transfusion, blood transfusion, plasma transfusion, and the application of antibiotics.
Chinese PinYin : Liu Ji Nu
River crossing Dragon. Guo Jiang Long Zi
Golden ear. Jin Wa Er
Tiger eyes. Hu Jing
Chestnut hairball. Li Mao Qiu
Qingmuxiang 1. Qing Mu Xiang
Scorpio. Quan Xie
Sour is not smooth. Suan Bu Liu
Mantis falls. Tang Lang Die Da
Small fern chicken. Xiao Jue Ji
Duck Soap Bark. Ya Zao Shu Pi
Yantuo. Yan Tuo
Rose leaves. Yue Ji Hua Ye