(differentiation of adding and revising fake drug strips)
[synonyms] shilianzi (preparation of raw herbal medicine), Laoya pillow (collection of medicinal materials), shilianzi, qingshezi (Nanning medical records), maoerhe (Guangxi medical records), guangshilianzi (Sichuan Medical Records).
[source] it is the seed of nanshefang, a leguminous plant.
[plant morphology] Nanshe, also known as Lianzi, huishe, Yunshi, shilianle, nansherong, langramiao, quebuzhan, nanshele, shilianteng, feitianlong and qingshele.
Spiny liana, pubescent throughout. Double pinnate compound leaves, 5-8 pairs of pinnae, stipules conical; leaflets 12-24, subsessile, rectangular or obovate, about 1.6-3.5 cm long, 0.8-1.2 cm wide, apex acute to apical, base rounded, entire. Panicle terminal, rachis spiny, pilose; bracts large, elliptic, oblanceolate, villous on both sides; calyx tube broad obovate, 7mm long, lobes 5, rectangular, the lowest sepal slightly longer; petals 5, reddish purple, obovate, 18mm long, 12mm wide, the upper petal shorter; stamens 10, unequal, filaments separated, the lower part densely pilose, anthers 4 Ovary densely spiny, style slightly longer than stamen, glabrous. The pods are oblong rectangular, 8-14 cm long and 4.5-5 cm wide, densely covered with brown needlelike spines, with rounded apex and sharp beak, and 7 seeds inside. The flowering period is from March to April. The fruit period is from May to September.
It grows in the open stream, roadside or bush in the valley. Distributed in Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan and other places.
The roots (roots) and seedlings (seedlings) of this plant are also used for medicine. See the special section for details.
[collection] from August to September, the ripe fruits were collected, the seeds were taken out and dried in the sun.
[medicinal materials] the dried seeds are oval or oblong in shape, blunt at both ends, about 1.2-2.2 cm in length and about 0.7-1.2 cm in diameter. The outer surface is dark brown or dark brown, smooth, and some have fine and dense ring-shaped transverse striations or cracks. There are petiole residues at the base and small round chalazal points beside them. It is hard and hard to break. The seed coat is about 1 mm thick, and the inner surface is grayish yellow, smooth and glossy; after removing the seed coat, there are two brown thick cotyledons, rich in oil, with light brown germ and radicle in the middle of cotyledons. The taste is very bitter. It is better to be dark brown and full grain.
It is mainly produced in Yunnan and Guangxi. In addition, it is also produced in Guangdong, Sichuan, Jiangxi and Fujian.
① "The taste is very bitter and astringent. "
② "Bitter, cold, non-toxic. "
[Guijing] Sichuan records of traditional Chinese medicine: "entering the heart, spleen and kidney. "
Functions and indications: dispersing blood stasis, relieving pain, clearing heat and removing dampness. It can be used to treat dyspnea, dysentery, drenching turbid, blood in urine and traumatic injury.
① "Preparation of raw herbal medicine nature": "treat falls and injuries, relieve pain, beat rotten and apply it. "
② "Guangxi wild resources plants": treatment of Longsha disease. "
③ "Treatment of sore and blood in urine" in Nanning medical records. "
④ "Guangxi Traditional Chinese medicine annals": "for the treatment of oral dysentery, dreaminess, drenching turbidity and other syndromes. It is used to treat influenza. "
⑤ Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "appetizer, clear heart, remove trouble, remove dampness and heat. It is not enough to cure the disease. "
⑥ "Guangdong traditional Chinese medicine": "treat typhoid fever with Jiase; wash your hair with boiling water. "
[usage and dosage] oral: decoction, 2-3 yuan. External use: fried, washed or tamped.
[taboo] 1. In the records of Guangxi Traditional Chinese medicine, it is forbidden to use it in the case of deficiency cold without fire. "
② Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "it's forbidden to use when the stool is dry. "
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