(collection of compendium)
[synonyms] Melia azedarach head and aftertaste (physical knowledge), huanggutou and Lanxiang (Food Research), Huanglian bud (compendium of Chinese materia medica), Huangli bud (plant name and actual picture Research), huangcatechu and Huanglian tea (Chinese tree taxonomy).
[source] it is the leaf bud of Pistacia chinensis.
[plant morphology] Pistacia chinensis (Guangxi Tongzhi), also known as Melia azedarach (rescue grass), herbal tea tree (Bamin Tongzhi), Clematis chinensis (Qiaonan suoji), regular script (Huainan grass and wood spectrum), Shilian, huangyuya, Jiguan, Yangyang, langxinmu and Huanghua.
Deciduous trees, up to 25 meters high. The winter buds are red with special smell; the branchlets are villous. The leaves are lanceolate to ovate lanceolate, 5-8 cm long and 2 cm wide. The apex is acuminate, the base is oblique, and there are fine hairs between the main veins on both sides. Flowers unisexual, dioecious; male flowers in racemes, 5-8 cm long, with bracteoles 2, sepals 1-2, stamens 3-5, filaments short; female flowers in loose panicles, 18-22 cm long, with bracteoles 2, sepals 2-5, ovary superior, style short, 3-lobed. Drupe obovate spherical, apical with a small tip, about 6 mm in diameter, yellow white at the beginning, red and purple blue at maturity. The flowering period is from March to April. The fruit period is from September to November.
Born in low mountains, hills and plains. It is distributed in Hebei, Henan, Anhui, Hubei, Hunan, Guizhou, Sichuan, Shaanxi, Yunnan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Taiwan, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Shandong, etc.
[chemical constituents] heartwood contains 1.21% fisetin, 0.015% yellow pigment lignin, 0.01% quercetin, 0.005% flagellin, 0.13% gallic acid and 0.03% β - sitosterol.
Bitter and astringent, cold.
① "Saving famine Materia Medica": bitter taste. "
② "Food research": "bitter slightly sweet. "
③ Food Taboo: "bitter taste, cold nature. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat, detoxifying and relieving thirst. Treatment of summer heat, thirst, Sha disease, dysentery, sun sore throat, tongue erosion, rheumatic ulcer, lacquer sore.
① Xiaozhi of Physics: "treating dysentery and cholera. "
② "Food research": "salt is sour and sweet, it can relieve the limp and choking of throat, taste like olive, eliminate heat and wake up after drinking, have rotten tongue and mouth, chew juice to relieve the handle. "
③ "Food taboo": "relieve heat, quench thirst, convenient. "
④ "Drug inspection": "Shengjin Mingmu, Qingji heat, detoxification. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, soaking or salting. External use: daub with mashed juice or wash with fried water.
[selected formula] the first treatment for rheumatic ulcer and lacquer ulcer: half a jin of the leaves or bark of Coptis chinensis, four or five liang of the root bark of chestnut. Pound fine, with the first boiling rice soup brewing, cover stuffy 1 ~ 2 hours, scrub the affected area. (Jiangxi herbal medicine manual)
Chinese PinYin : Huang Lian Ya
Gouji Guanzhong. Gou Ji Guan Zhong
Cinnabar root. Ai Jing Zhu Sha Gen
Chicken crop flower. Ji Su Zi Hua
Lychee root. Jia Li Zhi Gen
Castor seed. Bi Ma Zi
Kudzu juice. Ge Zhi
Shaoshen. Shao Shen
Mianma Guanzhong. Mian Ma Guan Zhong
Achyranthes bidentata. Niu Xi
cinnamon. Rou Gui
Three tendons. San Gu Jin
Self deconvolution. Zi Xiao Rong