(collection of compendium)
[synonym] mosquito branches and leaves, white back leaves, jiangjingye, pujiangye and jiangziye.
[source] it is the leaf of Vitex negundo of Verbenaceae, and the plant morphology is detailed in Vitex negundo.
[collection] at the beginning of summer, collect the clean leaves before flowering, stack them solidly to make them sweat, pour them out and sun them to half dry, then stack them solidly, wait for the green to turn black and moist, and then sun them to foot dry.
[herbal medicine] the dry leaves are wrinkled, gray black or green brown, the back color is dim, and covered with short hairs; they are palmately compound leaves, with 5 leaflets or 3 leaflets, long oval to lanceolate, apex long pointed, base cuneate; the petiole is square and covered with hairs. The leaves are crisp and fragrant.
Mainly produced in Guangdong, Guangxi and other places.
The leaves of the same genus Vitex trifolia are used as medicine in Tibet.
[chemical constituents] it contains Vitexin, luteolin-7-glucoside, tetrahydroxy methoxyflavone α - D-glucoside, 5-hydroxy-3,6,7,3 ", 4" - pentamethoxyflavone, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, 5-hydroxyisophthalic acid, 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid, etc. It also contains vitexine and vitamin C.
[pharmacological action] it has anti-inflammatory effect on formaldehyde induced arthritis in rats.
[taste] sweet and bitter, flat.
① "Cao Mu Bian Fang": "cold. "
② "Caiping, Lingnan medicine". "
③ "Manual of commonly used herbs in rural areas": "bitter, cold. "
Functions and indications: relieving exterior, clearing heat, promoting dampness and detoxification. Treatment of cold, heat stroke, vomiting and diarrhea, dysentery, malaria, jaundice, rheumatism, swelling and pain, sore, carbuncle and scabies.
① "Rescue the bitter sea": "treat nine orifices bleeding, mash juice, drink and take two. "
② "Seeking the source of Materia Medica": "washing ringworm scabies is vicious. "
③ "Lingnan caiyao Lu": "treating infantile five malnutrition. Decoction bath body, heat dissipation, eliminate sore swelling and pain. Stir fry with rice and drink with water to stop vomiting and diarrhea. "
④ Flora of Guangzhou: "it can cure dysentery for a long time, cholera turns tendons, and beriberi is swollen and full. "
⑤ "Guizhou folk medicine collection" says: "treat dysentery, blood drenching; diuresis, treat edema, jaundice. "
⑥ "Drug records of Nanning city": "mash wine, stir fry external application, treat Dieda, rheumatism. "
⑦ "Manual of commonly used herbs in rural areas": "relieve sweating, relieve heat and quench thirst. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, fresh 0.5 ~ 2 liang. External use: tamping or frying and washing.
[selection] 1. Cold treatment: one or two Vitex negundo leaves, one or two Vitex negundo leaves, two green onions and two ginger. Take it in water. (manual of commonly used herbs in rural areas)
② Treatment of heatstroke vomiting, abdominal pain, abdominal discharge: huangjingye two liang, red hot Polygonum two liang, raw Pinellia two Liang. Baking grind fine powder, refining honey for the ball, soybean big. Take it twice a day for two yuan each time. (manual of commonly used herbs in rural areas)
③ Treatment of Sha Qi abdominal pain: fresh Vitex negundo branches and leaves, fresh Polygonum hydropiper branches and leaves each one or two (chopped), Evodia rutaecarpa three money (research fine). Smash it to pieces, make it into bar spindle and dry it in the sun. Take one money from the ingot when you use it and grind it with cold water. (prescription of Jiangxi folk herbal medicine)
④ Treatment of malaria: Six taels of Vitex negundo leaves, one and a half bowls of boiling water and concentrated juice (take half four hours before attack, and half two hours after attack). Malaria or infirmity (not applicable). (Guangdong traditional Chinese Medicine)
⑤ Treatment of foot caries (tinea pedis): Vitex negundo leaves, mash on. (collection of compendium)
⑥ Treatment of snake bite, red and swollen foam all over the body: tender head of Vitex negundo, mash juice, apply foam, slag open bite. (on yeweng experimental formula)
⑦ Treatment of trauma, dog and centipede bite: huangjingye two to four Liang, mash, rub, apply the affected area. (manual of commonly used herbs in rural areas)
[clinical application] ① treatment of acute bacillary dysentery
Wash half a jin of fresh Vitex negundo leaves, add 800 ml water, decoct for 1.5 hours, filter, and concentrate for 100-120 ml. Adults take 30-40 ml each time, three times a day. 54 cases of acute bacillary dysentery were treated. On the second day after taking the medicine, the general symptoms were relieved, the frequency of defecation was reduced, and the body temperature was reduced to normal; abdominal pain, diarrhea, pus and mucus disappeared in 2-7 days respectively. The average time was 5.1 days. After 50 days of cure, 18 cases were followed up and no recurrence was found. It also has certain effect on chronic bacillary dysentery or as preventive medicine.
② Treatment of acute enteritis
Take 5 pieces of fresh leaves of Vitex negundo (Vitex negundo) and fry them, one dose a day; or use 1 jin of stems and leaves of Vitex negundo to fry them into 7500ML, 150 ml a day. More than 40 cases were treated, and they were basically controlled on the second day. In summer, boiling water instead of tea can prevent enteritis.
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