[source] Aconitum carmichaeli (cultivated) is the accessory tuberous root (subroot) of Ranunculaceae. See "Aconitum carmichaeli" for plant morphology.
[collection] from the summer solstice to the summer heat, the seed roots attached to the mother roots were dug, and the soil was cleaned, which was called mud aconite
① Aconitum carmichaeli
Select the larger mud aconite to wash the soil, immerse it in the mixture of brine and salt, take it out and dry it every day, and gradually extend the drying time until a large number of crystalline salt particles appear on the surface of aconite and the body becomes hard.
② Heishun tablets
Select medium sized mud Aconitum carmichaeli, wash it, immerse it in brine for several days, boil it with brine, take it out, float it with water, cut it into thick pieces, then immerse it in dilute brine, add the toner made of yellow sugar and vegetable oil, dye the Aconitum carmichaeli into strong brown color, rinse it with water until the taste is not spicy, take it out, steam it, dry it to half dry, and then dry it in the sun.
③ Radix Aconiti Lateralis Preparata
Select the smaller mud Aconitum carmichaeli, wash it, immerse it in the brine for several days, and cook it with the brine until it's penetrating. Take it out, peel off the skin, and cut it into thin slices. Rinse it with water until it doesn't taste spicy. Take it out, steam it, sun it until it's half dry, smoke it with sulfur, and then dry it in the sun.
[Medicine] 1. Aconitum japonicum is conical, about 5-8 cm long and 3-4 cm in diameter. The top is wide, with sunken bud marks in the center, the upper body is full of fat, and there are nodular and uplifted branches around it. It is commonly known as "nail horn". Its surface is gray black and covered with salt frost. Body weight, grayish brown in cross section, with irregular veins or small gaps in the center, filled with salt frost. Odorless, salty and spicy. It's better to be big, solid and with salt frost on the surface.
② Heishunpian, also known as heifuzi (brief prescription). The length is 2.5-4 cm, the width is 1.5-2.5 cm, and the thickness is about 5 mm. The outer skin is dark brown, the inner is dark yellow, translucent, oily and glossy, and longitudinal veins can be seen. It is hard and brittle, and its broken surface is horny. Odorless, light taste. It is better to have a uniform film and a glossy surface.
③ Baifupian, also known as mingfupian, xiongpian. The shape is the same as that of heishun, but all of them are yellow white, translucent, thin, about 3 mm thick. The smell is the same as heishun tablets. It's better to be smooth, yellowish white, oily and translucent.
The above products are mainly produced in Sichuan, Shaanxi and other places.
[chemical constituents and pharmacological effects] see "Aconitum carmichaeli".
[processing] light Aconitum carmichaeli tablets: take salt Aconitum carmichaeli, dip and bleach with water, change water 2-3 times a day until the salt is completely rinsed, put it in the pot, add water with licorice and black beans, and cook thoroughly until the taste is slightly spicy after cutting. Take it out, remove licorice and black beans, scrape off skin, cut into two pieces, put it in the pot and add water for about 2 hours, take it out, dry it in the sun, repeatedly moisten it for several times, slice it and dry it in the sun. (100 kg of aconite, 5 kg of licorice and 10 kg of black beans per salt)
Fried Aconitum carmichaeli: wash the salt Aconitum carmichaeli, soak it in water overnight, remove the skin navel, slice it, then add water bubble to taste a little numb, take it out, soak it in ginger soup for 1-3 days, then steam it, then bake it until 70% dry, pour it into the pot, stir fry it with fire until the smoke rises, take it out and let cool.
① "Lei Gong Paozhi Lun" says: "in every practice (Fu Zi), Zi Wenwu's zhongpaoling is cracked. He scrapes the pregnant son with a knife, cuts off the tip of the bottom, and digs a pit on the ground, which can be one foot deep. He stays in zhongyisu and takes it out for baking in the Ming Dynasty. If you want to fire, don't use miscellaneous wood fire, only willow is the best. If it is made by Yin, the bottom of the skin will be removed. Cut it thinly. Soak it in East water and black beans for five days. Then it will be dried in the middle of the day Every ten taels, five taels of raw black beans and six liters of East water. "
② Compendium: "Aconitum carmichaeli is divergent when it is used raw, and tonic when it is used skillfully. For raw use, it is necessary to remove the skin and umbilicus as a medicine by yin method; for mature use, it is necessary to soak it in water, crack it by firing, remove the skin and umbilicus, slice it in hot water and stir fry it again to make the inside and outside yellow, and remove the fire poison as a medicine. Another method: each with licorice two money, salt water, ginger juice, children's urine each half, with boiling, fire poison night, use it to poison also. "
③ "Preparation of Materia Medica": "soak the noodles and simmer them to make them crack. Stir fry them with hot slices to remove fire poison. "
It's sweet, hot and poisonous.
① Ben Jing: "it tastes pungent and warm. "
② Wupu materia medica: "Qibo, Leigong: sweet, poisonous. Li Shi: bitter, poisonous, warm. "
③ Bielu: "Gan, great heat, great poison. "
④ "Ben Cao Zheng": "pickle is salty, hot and poisonous. "
[channel tropism] enters the heart, spleen and kidney channels.
① Tang Ye Ben Cao: "entering Sanjiao, life gate. "
② In the book of Materia Medica, it is said that "starting with Jueyin, Mingmen and shoushaoyang, you can enter the foot Shaoyin and Taiyin meridians as well as the sun. "
③ According to the interpretation of Materia Medica classic, "entering the liver meridian of foot Jueyin, kidney meridian of foot Shaoyin and lung meridian of hand Taiyin. "
④ "Ben Cao Zai Xin": "enter the heart, liver and kidney. "
Functions and indications: it can return yang to relieve adversity, replenish fire and Yang, disperse cold and remove dampness. It is used to treat Yin and Yang, sweating and Yang dying, Tuli and Jue, cold pain in the heart and abdomen, spleen diarrhea, beriberi edema, infantile bradycardia, wind cold and dampness arthralgia, fluorene contracture, impotence, cold Yin in the uterus, gangrene leakage and all chronic cold diseases.
(1) Huiyang jiuni: it has a strong function of Huiyang. It is used for cold, limb cold and weak pulse. It is often combined with ginseng, or dried ginger and licorice.
(2) Tonifying yang qi: Fuzi is hot and pungent. It can pass through the twelve meridians, so it can be used for all the syndromes of deficiency of Yang Qi, especially tonifying kidney yang. Tonifying kidney yang is often accompanied by cinnamon.
(3) Dispelling cold and relieving pain: This product has great heat and strong dispelling cold power, so it can treat stomach and abdomen pain, diarrhea caused by cold evil invasion, and Bi pain caused by cold dampness blocking collaterals.
① Ben Jing: "the main wind cold cough, adverse evil, warm, golden sore, broken hundred hard accumulation, blood, cold and wet fluorene, cramped knee pain, can not walk. "
② Bielu: "foot pain, cold and weak, waist and spine cold, cold and pain in the heart and abdomen, cholera, dysentery, red and white, strong muscle and bone, strong Yin, and falling into Yi, is a hundred medicine long. "
③ In the collection of materia medica: "vinegar soaked and peeled, like little finger, in the ear, to deafness. The skin is peeled and processed. The honey is spread on it and roasted. The honey is put into it. Do not swallow the juice. It is the main cause of throat obstruction. "
④ "Medical Qiyuan": "it is said in the main treatment secrets that removing the viscera and sinking the cold; subsidizing the deficiency of Yang Qi and warming the spleen and stomach. "
⑤ Li Gao: "in addition to viscera cold, three yin Jue inverse, dampness Yin abdominal pain, stomach cold Ascaris; treatment of meridians; Buxu Sanjiao. "
⑥ Wang Haogu: "the treatment of governor vessel disease, strong spine and syncope. "
⑦ "The compendium of Medical Sciences" says: "it is used to treat Sanyin typhoid fever, Yin toxin, cold hernia, moderate cold stroke, tanjue Qi syncope, soft epilepsy, infantile bradycardia, rheumatic paralysis, swollen beriberi, head wind, kidney syncope, headache, sudden diarrhea and Deyang, long-term dysentery and spleen discharge, cold malaria, long-term sickness, vomiting, nausea, choking diaphragm, carbuncle, long-term leakage and cold sores. He Cong Ti, Sai Er treat deafness. "
⑧ "The preparation of Materia Medica" says: "invigorating the kidney, activating fire, chasing wind, cold and dampness. "
⑨ "From the new materia medica:" the treatment of acne gray, all cold chronic cold syndrome. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1-3 Qian; or into the pill, powder. External use: grind and apply.
[should avoid] Yin deficiency and Yang excess, true heat and false cold and pregnant women are forbidden to take.
① "Di Dan is the envoy of the book of Materia Medica. The centipede. Radix Saposhnikoviae, Radix Glycyrrhizae, Radix Astragali, ginseng, black leek, soybean. "
② "Pinhuijingyao": "pregnancy is not acceptable. "
③ "Compendium": "fear of mung bean, black leek, tongpeng, rhinoceros horn. Avoid soy sauce and millet. Get Sichuan pepper, salt, the gate of life. "
④ "Ben Cao Hui Yan:" if the disease is Yin deficiency and internal heat or the anode is Yin like, misuse of it will lead to endless troubles. "
[prescription selection] ① for the treatment of sweating, fever and chills, acute extremities and cold hands and feet: two liang of licorice (fried), one liang of dried ginger and one piece of aconite (raw, peeled, broken eight pieces). On the three flavors, three liters of water, boil a liter of two, to dross, temperature again. Jiang Qiangzi and Jiang Qiangzi. (Sini Decoction in Treatise on Febrile Diseases)
② For the treatment of typhoid Yin and Yang, the person must be irritable and hot, but does not want to drink water: a big aconite is burned as ash, and its nature is preserved as the end; it is taken with honey and water. (the secret recipe of Heirs: Pili powder)
③ Treatment of Yin toxin, typhoid fever, green face, limbs, abdominal pain, cold body, all air conditioning: three pieces of aconite (cracked, peeled navel) as the end. Three yuan per serving, half ginger juice, half cold wine, mixed service. For a long time, the umbilicus was as warm as fire. (jishengfang Huiyang powder)
④ The treatment of typhoid fever has turned down, and has been sweating, internal and external deficiency, evil Qi has not been solved, exterior syndrome has not been seen, the body has no great heat, day and day irritable, can not sleep, night is quiet, do not vomit, do not thirst, pulse deep micro, should take it. It can also cure the wind and cold in the storm, long-term accumulation of phlegm and water, cold and pain in the heart and abdomen, cholera turning tendons, all asthenia and cold, and treat them all: one or two dried ginger (grind coarse powder), one or two aconite (raw, peeled navel, finely cut). The upper part is well blended. Each serving three money, water one and a half, fry to one, remove dross, warm clothes, before eating. (Jiang Fu Tang in Ju Fang)
⑤ Anti nausea stomach: a big aconite, ginger (file). Boil and grind like batter, drink rice. (empirical formula)
⑥ Treatment of all Jue Xintong, small intestine bladder pain, can not stop: Fuzi one or two (gun), Yujin, Juhong each one or two. On for the end, vinegar batter for the ball, such as jujube big, to cinnabar for clothing. Take one pill each time, under the man's wine and under the woman's Vinegar soup. (a cinnabar pill in xuanming recipe)
⑦ For seven cases of hernia, cold pain in the heart and abdomen, bowel sounds and Qi flow, cold and white sweat in the body, and slippery discharge in the big Fu organs: half liang of Muxiang (no fire), one or two of Xuanhusuo (fried, peeled), one or two of Fuzi (fried, peeled and navel) respectively. For the coarse powder, each take four money, water and a half, ginger seven pieces, fried to seven minutes, to dross, warm. (jishengfang Xuanfu Decoction)
⑧ Treatment rest dysentery and red white dysentery: aconite (crack, peel navel) half two, chicken two (to yellow white). For the two flavors, first make the aconite root and then make the white and the chicken as the pill, such as the Wutong seed.
Chinese PinYin : Fu Zi
Collect the fields. Hao Tian
Potherb. Fu Di Cai
Golden buckwheat. Jin Qiao Mai
Walnut leaf. Hu Tao Ye
Parnassia. Mei Hua Cao
Buddleja. Mi Meng Hua
Leaves of Capparis spinosa. Shan You Gan Ye
Perilla root. Shui Su Gen
Rhubarb. Tu Da Huang
Zhuli. Zhu Li