(a textual research on the names and facts of plants)
[synonyms] qiaobiancao (herbal materials), xiaojinxingfengwei, tiejiaoji (lvyanbencao), shanjiwei, Jingqian (essential for medicinal herbs), jinglangcao, shichangsheng (textual research on plant names and facts), fenghuangcao (classified medicinal herbs), jingbianqian (records of Lingnan medicine Collection), xuanjitou, weijiwei (records of Chinese medicinal plants), fengweipteris, pheasant tail (Guangxi Chinese Veterinary Medicine) Medicinal plant), green fern (Luchuan materia medica), chicken foot grass (Nanning medicinal records), hundred foot grass, Gracilaria (Jiangxi folk herbal medicine), golden rooster tail, lashen grass (Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine records), hundred foot chicken (Chinese medicinal plant Atlas), Golden Rooster claw, Jingkou chicken tongue (Mindong materia medica), jinglanqian, xiaoyefengwei grass (Guangdong traditional Chinese Medicine II), xiaofengwei (Guangzhou Air Force Changfeng) Use Chinese herbal medicine manual).
[source] it is the whole grass or root of pteridiaceae.
[plant morphology] Fengwei grass, also known as Fengwei grass.
Perennial herbs, 30-70 cm high. Underground stem stout, densely covered with linear lanceolate dark brown scales. The sporophylls of sporangium are 2-pinnate, green on the top and light green on the bottom, with broad wings on the middle axis, 3-7 pairs of pinnae, opposite and nearly opposite. The upper part of the feather is sessile, undivided, apex acuminate, long linear, entire, the top of the feather is the longest, the lower part of the feather is petiolate, with 1-2 lobes at the base or pinnate division, with a few pinnules, long linear, pinnules on the leaf axis also extended into wings, veins clearly, veinlets from the midrib pinnate, single or bifurcate branches, straight to the edge; sporangium free The vegetative leaves are smaller, 2-turn pinnules are wider, linear or oval, with serrated edges. The sporangium group is linear, and grows along the lower edge of the sporophyll feather. The sporangium group covers slightly beyond the leaf edge and is membranous.
It grows in semi humid rocks and corner stone crevices. It is distributed in Yunnan, Sichuan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, Anhui, Jiangsu, Fujian, Taiwan, etc.
[collection] all year round.
[flavor] it is mild in taste and slightly bitter in nature.
① "Raw herbal medicine nature preparation": it is pungent in taste and flat in nature. "
② Classified herbal medicine nature: "cool nature, non-toxic. "
③ Fujian folk herbal medicine: "salty, cold, slightly toxic. "
④ "Materia medica push Chen": "bitter, cold. "
⑤ Guangzhou army "commonly used Chinese herbal medicine manual": "sweet light slightly bitter, cold. "
[Guijing] 1. Quanzhou materia medica: "entering the kidney and stomach. "
② "Mindong Materia Medica": "into the large intestine, kidney, heart, liver four channels. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat and dampness, cooling blood and stopping bleeding, detumescence and detoxification. It is used to treat jaundice hepatitis, enteritis, bacillary dysentery, drenching, leucorrhea, hematemesis, bloody stool, hematuria, tonsillitis, mumps, carbuncle, sore poison, eczema.
① "Preparation for the nature of raw herbal medicine": "wash chancre, treat hemorrhoids, disperse poison, apply sore. It can stop bleeding and promote muscle growth. It can also be used to mix wine with juice and apply residue to the affected area. At the end of the research, Qi and pain were treated by storage. "
② According to the record of Lingnan medicine collection, "drying in the sun is the end, which can cure Qi and heat pain. "
③ "To cure five kinds of gonorrhea, to stop urination pain. "
④ "Classification of herbal medicine nature": "treat all heat and toxin, detumescence, clear fire. Treatment of carbuncle sores, breast carbuncle, gonorrhea. "
⑤ "Zhixie" in Chinese medicine Zhi. "
⑥ Guizhou folk medicine collection: "antipyretic, diuretic. It can cure children's convulsion and cry at night. "
⑦ "Clearing the heat of large intestine and lung" in Guangxi medicine Zhi. It can cure heat dysentery and toothache and stop hematemesis. "
⑧ "Treating scabies". "
⑨ "Quanzhou Materia Medica": "treatment of dampness and heat, urinary obstruction, blood drenching, sore throat. "
⑩ "Hunan medicine records": "treatment of malnutrition, cold, eye Yi. "
(11) the manual of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine of Guangzhou Army: "clearing heat, removing dampness and cooling blood. Treatment of dysentery, enteritis, fever, urinary tract infection, leucorrhea, mumps, sores, eczema. "
(12) Jiangxi herbal medicine: "it is used to treat scrofula, epistaxis and hematochezia. "
⒀ "commonly used Chinese herbal medicine in Shanghai": "treatment of jaundice hepatitis, tonsillitis, spermatorrhea, pinworm disease. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 3-6 yuan (1-2 Liang fresh); grind powder or mash juice. External use: tamping or frying and washing.
[taboo] it should not be taken for deficiency cold syndrome.
① Lu Jian Yan Ben Cao: "the old man should not take too much, because his nature is cold. "
② "Mindong materia medica:" pregnant women, cold dysentery, rest dysentery should not take. "
[selection] ① for the treatment of febrile dysentery: five parts of Pteris multiflora, one part of Adiantum, one part of sargentodon haijinensis. Fried black, fried in water. (illustrated records of medicinal plants in Guangxi)
② Treatment of dysentery: fresh Fengwei grass 2 to 3 Liang. Take it in water or juice, three times a day. (Jiangxi herbal medicine)
③ Treatment of acute hepatitis: fresh Fengwei grass three Liang. Mash juice, three doses a day, five days as a course of treatment. (Jiangxi herbal medicine)
④ Treatment of urinary tract inflammation, hematuria: fresh Fengwei grass two to four Liang, decoction. (Guangzhou Air Force Manual of common Chinese herbal medicine)
⑤ Treatment of heat drenching, blood drenching: Fengweicao seven money to one or two. Fried with rice swill (take the second rice washing water). (Jiangxi folk herbal medicine)
⑥ Treatment of leucorrhea and Wulin: Fengweicao 2-3 money, jiacheqiancao, baijiguanhua 3 money each, ruichucao, mirengen, Guanzhong 5 money each. Take the same decoction. (Zhejiang folk herbal medicine)
⑦ Treatment of metrorrhagia and metrorrhagia: Fengweicao or two. Chop and fry in half with water and wine. (Chinese herbal medicine of mining West)
⑧ Treatment of epistaxis: Fengweicao seven money to one or two, kelp one or two (wash). Take it in water. (Jiangxi folk herbal medicine)
⑨ Treatment of fecal bleeding: Fengweicao seven money to one or two. Stew with large intestine, remove the dregs, eat intestines and soup. (Jiangxi folk herbal medicine)
⑩ Treatment of lung heat cough: fresh Fengwei grass one or two. Wash, fry soup and honey, twice a day.
(11) treatment of sore throat: fresh Fengwei grass five or six money. Wash, fry soup, rinse a little black sugar, take twice a day.
(12) treat children's mouth erosion: fresh Fengwei grass two to three money. Wash, fry, mix honey and cinnabar, take orally. (the following is Quanzhou materia medica)
The treatment of wool: fresh Fengwei grass one or two, mash juice service; or dry grinding powder, each take three money, warm water transfer service. Take ginger juice if you have cold. (Hengshan folk herbal medicine)
(14) cure five poisons on the back of hair: wash the tail and root of little Jinxing Phoenix, dry them with slow fire, weigh four Liang, and add one yuan of raw licorice. Mash is divided into four services, each taking a liter of wine, fried three or two boiling, but also with three or two liters of cold wine phase, into the bottle sealed, drink from time to time. Avoid cold and greasy poison. (Lu Yan Ben Cao)
Treatment of soup fire injury: Fengwei grass, baked grind, sesame oil transfer application. (Hunan medical records)
(16) treatment of rabies bite: Fengweicao 2 liang, decoction; or mash external application. (Hunan medical records)
For the treatment of phosphorus poisoning (also applicable to opium, arsenic, mushroom poisoning): four liang of Fengweicao (fresh). Chop, add a bowl of spring water, and serve with sauce. (Jiangxi herbal medicine)
(18) treatment of urticaria: appropriate amount of wind tail grass, a little salt. Fry in water. (Jiangxi herbal medicine)
(19) treatment of facial paralysis: Fengweicao Sanqian. Take it in water. (Shaanxi Chinese herbal medicine)
⒇ treatment of baldness: small Venus Phoenix grass root, oil coated head. (Lu Yan Ben Cao)
[clinical application] ① treatment of acute bacillary dysentery
For adults, take 25-30g of the whole herb every day (up to 2 children), add 200-250ml of water, fry it to about 100ml, and take it three times with sugar. Most of the 80 cases were cured within 2-7 days, abdominal pain and diarrhea disappeared, stool frequency and nature returned to normal, stool culture turned negative. At the same time of oral administration, decoction can also be used as retention enema.
② Treatment of infectious hepatitis
Take fresh grass to make 100% decoction, add sugar when taking. Adult sea day 100 ~ 150 ml, divided into 2 ~ 3 times, for a week. 143 cases were treated with vitamin B1 and vitamin C. The results showed that all cases were cured except 1 case with recurrent disease and 20 cases with significant progress.
③ Treating typhoid fever
Take four taels of Sargassum tenuifolium (dry) for adults every day (children's discretion), add 2500 ml of water, fry it into 750 mL, take 150 ml for the first time, then take 60 ml every two hours. 5 cases (2 light and 1 medium) were treated. 2 cases were severe, 4 cases were cured, 1 case of severe fever continued, and was cured by doxorubicin.
④ Treatment of biliary tract diseases
Take 3 liang of Pennisetum and fry it with sugar. Five cases of cholecystitis and cholelithiasis complicated with hemobilia were treated. After taking 6-8 doses, 4 cases were controlled and 1 case was invalid. It can also be used for biliary bleeding caused by infection.
In addition, it has been reported that Fengweicao (2 taels) and bayberry (2 taels) and sunflower (1 sunflower dish) were used to treat 1 case of choriocarcinoma and 1 case of malignant hydatidiform mole respectively, and the unexpected curative effect was obtained, which is worth exploring.
Chinese PinYin : Feng Wei Cao
Lotus leaf. He Ye Di
Bawanggen. Ba Wang Gen
Tibetan eggplant. Cang Qie
maesa japonica. Du Jing Shan
Tiger tail wheel. Hu Wei Lun
Pilose antler grass. Lu Rong Cao
Fallen flowers grow branches and leaves. Luo Hua Sheng Zhi Ye
Buckwheat seven. Qiao Mai Qi
Palmar ginseng. Shou Zhang Can
Sweet potato. Shu Liang
Wild horse meat. Ye Ma Rou